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Certutil

Aktualizováno: duben 2012

Rozsah platnosti: Windows Server 2008

Certutil.exe is a command-line program that is installed as part of Certificate Services. You can use Certutil.exe to dump and display certification authority (CA) configuration information, configure Certificate Services, back up and restore CA components, and verify certificates, key pairs, and certificate chains.

For examples of how to use this command, see Certutil tasks for managing certificates.

Certutil <-parameter> [-parameter]

 

Parameters Description
-dump

Dump configuration information or files

-asn

Parse ASN.1 file

-decodehex 

Decode hexadecimal-encoded file

-decode

Decode a Base64-encoded file

-encode

Encode a file to Base64

-deny

Deny a pending certificate request

-resubmit   

Resubmit a pending certificate request

-setattributes

Set attributes for a pending certificate request

-setextension

Set an extension for a pending certificate request

-revoke

Revoke a certificate

-isvalid

Display the disposition of the current certificate

-getconfig

Get the default configuration string

-ping

Attempt to contact the Active Directory Certificate Services Request interface

-pingadmin

Attempt to contact the Active Directory Certificate Services Admin interface

-CAInfo

Display information about the certification authority

-ca.cert

Retrieve the certificate for the certification authority

-ca.chain

Retrieve the certificate chain for the certification authority

-GetCRL

Get a certificate revocation list (CRL)

-CRL

Publish new certificate revocation lists (CRLs) [or only delta CRLs]

-shutdown

Shutdown Active Directory Certificate Services

-installCert 

Install a certification authority certificate

-renewCert

Renew a certification authority certificate

-schema

Dump the schema for the certificate

-view

Dump the certificate view

-db

Dump the raw database

-deleterow

Delete a row from the server database

-back up

Backup Active Directory Certificate Services

-backupDB

Backup the Active Directory Certificate Services database

-backupKey

Backup the Active Directory Certificate Services certificate and private key

-restore

Restore Active Directory Certificate Services

-restoreDB

Restore the Active Directory Certificate Services database

-restoreKey

Restore the Active Directory Certificate Services certificate and private key

-dynamicfilelist  

Display a dynamic file list

-databaselocation 

Display database locations

-hashfile

Generate and display a cryptographic hash over a file

-store

Dump the certificate store

-addstore

Add a certificate to the store

-delstore

Delete a certificate from the store

-verifystore 

Verify a certificate in the store

-repairstore

Repair a key association or update certificate properties or the key security descriptor

-viewstore

Dump the certificates store

-viewdelstore 

Delete a certificate from the store

-dsPublish

Publish a certificate or certificate revocation list (CRL) to Active Directory

-Template

Display certificate templates

-TemplateCAs      

Display the certification authorities (CAs) for a certificate template

-CATemplates

Display the certificate templates for a certification authority (CA)

-InstallDefaultTemplates

Install default certificate templates

-URLCache

Display or delete URL cache entries

-pulse

Pulse auto enrollment events

-MachineInfo      

Display information about the Active Directory machine object

-DCInfo

Display information about the domain controller

-EntInfo

Display information about an enterprise CA

-TCAInfo

Display information about the CA

-SCInfo

Display information about the smart card

-SCRoots

Manage smart card root certificates

-verifykeys

Verify a public or private key set

-verify

Verify a certificate, certificate revocation list (CRL), or certificate chain

-sign

Re-sign a certificate revocation list (CRL) or certificate

-vroot

Create or delete web virtual roots and file shares

-vocsproot

Create or delete web virtual roots for an OCSP web proxy

-oid

Display the object identifier or set a display name

-error

Display the message text associated with an error code

-getreg

Display a registry value

-setreg

Set a registry value

-delreg

Delete a registry value

-ImportKMS

Import user keys and certificates into the server database for key archival

-ImportCert

Import a certificate file into the database

-GetKey

Retrieve an archived private key recovery blob

-RecoverKey

Recover an archived private key

-MergePFX

Merge PFX files

-ConvertEPF

Convert a PFX file into an EPF file

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