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Remote Desktop Services Migration: Overview

Aktualizováno: listopad 2010

Rozsah platnosti: Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

This guide provides an overview of the Remote Desktop Services migration and what will be migrated for Remote Desktop Services role services, tasks that apply to migrating all the role services, and the migration process.

The overview topics contain the steps that are required to migrate all role services. These steps are not repeated in the topics for specific role services. The overview also contains information about supported operating systems, order of migration, dependencies, expected downtime, impact on other role services, and permissions required for migration.

notePoznámka
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This guide is intended for the following audiences:

  • IT architects who are responsible for computer management and security throughout an organization

  • IT operations engineers who are responsible for the day-to-day management and troubleshooting of networks, servers, client computers, operating systems, or applications

  • IT operations managers who are accountable for network and server management

When you migrate the Remote Desktop Services role services, you will be migrating the following:

  • RD Session Host

    • Registry settings, including cache pointers and some session data

  • Hostitel virtualizace VP

    • RD Virtualization Host servers

    • Virtual machines

  • Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP

    • Virtual desktop pool settings

    • Personal virtual desktop settings

    • RemoteApp sources

    • RD Session Host servers

    • Terminal servers

    • Registry settings

  • Program RD Web Access

    • Paths to other role services

    • Security settings

    • RemoteApp sources

  • RD Licensing

    • Terminal Services client access licenses (TS CALs) and Remote Desktop Services client access licenses (RDS CALs)

  • Brána VP

    • Zásady autorizace připojení ke vzdálené ploše (RD CAP)

    • Zásady Vzdálené plochy pro autorizaci prostředků (zásady VP pro autorizaci prostředků)

    • Brána VP server properties

This guide does not cover migration of the following:

  • Customizations made to any Vzdálená plocha role service. In particular, this may apply to the Hostitel relace vzdálené plochy, Hostitel virtualizace VP, Program RD Web Access, or Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP role services.

  • Third-party application settings, programs, or plugins

  • More than one server role at the same time

  • More than one role service at a time

  • Group Policy settings

  • User profiles, including roaming profiles

  • Event history

  • Microsoft applications or application settings

  • RD Session Host servers or terminal servers in a farm environment

  • Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP or Zprostředkovatel relace TS servers configured in a clustered or load-balanced environment

  • RD Session Host servers running in redirection mode

This guide does not contain instructions for migration when the source server is running multiple roles. If your server is running multiple roles, it is recommended that you design a custom migration procedure specific to your server environment, based on the information provided in other role migration guides. Migration guides for additional server roles are available on the Windows Server 2008 R2 TechCenter (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=128554).

CautionUpozornění
If your source server is running multiple roles, some migration steps in this guide, such as those for computer name and IP configuration, can cause other roles that are running on the source server to fail.

This guide provides you with instructions for the following:

  • Migrating a server that is running Terminal Services on Windows Server 2008 to a server that is running Remote Desktop Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • Migrating between two servers running Remote Desktop Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

For migration scenarios described in this guide, each of the Remote Desktop Services role services is migrated separately. You can migrate one, some, or all role services by following the steps in this guide. In some cases, if you change the order of the migration of the role services, you may have to modify the migration steps. For information about the order of migration, see the section in this topic Order of migration for multiple role services.

Some Vzdálená plocha settings can be configured by using Group Policy. Migrating Group Policy settings is not covered in this migration guide. For more information about Group Policy settings for Vzdálená plocha in Windows Server 2008 R2, see Group Policy Settings for Remote Desktop Services in Windows Server 2008 R2 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=138134).

The Windows Firewall is on by default in Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. Windows Firewall helps control which programs or ports can be used to communicate between Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2 and other computers on the network or the Internet. To allow a program or port to communicate through Windows Firewall, you must create a Windows Firewall exception. To enable the Remote Service Management Windows Firewall exception, follow the steps in the Remote Desktop Services Deployment Guide (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=195232).

Vzdálená plocha deployments require the opening of specific ports. Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP accesses RD Session Host through the firewall by using port 3389. Brána VP requires port 80 to be open for HTTP connections and port 443 for HTTPS connections. If Program RD Web Access is configured for forms-based authentication, an HTTPS connection is required and port 443 should be opened. If Program RD Web Access is configured for Windows Authentication, it may use HTTP, in which case, it would use port 80.

Brána VP and Program RD Web Access servers can be deployed in a perimeter network. In this case additional ports must be opened.

Vzdálená plocha is available in Windows Server 2008 R2 in the following editions:

  • All Vzdálená plocha role services are available on Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard, Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise, and Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter.

  • Program RD Web Access is available on Windows Web Server 2008 R2.

  • Hostitel relace vzdálené plochy, Licencování VP, Program RD Web Access, and Brána VP are available on Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation.

Migrations between physical operating systems and virtual operating systems are supported for the Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP, Licencování VP, and Brána VP role services. However, the Hostitel relace vzdálené plochy, Program RD Web Access, and Hostitel virtualizace VP role services, and the Hyper-V role do not run on virtual machines.

You can migrate Vzdálená plocha role services from Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows Server 2008 Terminálová služba deployments. In Windows Server 2008 R2 migrations, both x86 and x64-based deployments can be migrated to Vzdálená plocha x64 deployments.

This migration guide describes how to migrate the Vzdálená plocha role services from a Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 source server to a Windows Server 2008 R2 destination server. For Windows Server 2008 R2, Terminálová služba was renamed to Vzdálená plocha. It includes major enhancements to the existing role services and the addition of the Hostitel virtualizace VP role service.

The first table shows the Vzdálená plocha role services and features that can be migrated to Windows Server 2008 R2. The second table shows features that cannot be migrated.

Remote Desktop Services role service migration support

Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 R2

Terminal Server

RD Session Host

N/A

RD Virtualization Host (new in Windows Server 2008 R2)

TS Session Broker

Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP

TS Web Access

Program RD Web Access

TS Licensing

RD Licensing

TS Gateway

Brána VP

 

Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 R2

N/A

RD Session Host server running in redirection mode

TS RemoteApp

RemoteApp

This guide treats the migration of certificates for Vzdálená plocha by feature instead of role service because Vzdálená plocha certificates are integrated across role services. For example, a deployment with Remote Desktop Services Web Single Sign-on requires configuration steps that use certificates on the Hostitel relace vzdálené plochy, Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP, and Program RD Web Access servers. It might also require configuration of the client computers. To migrate certificates, see the Remote Desktop Services Migration Overview: Migrating Certificates topic in the Remote Desktop Services Migration Overview.

The following migration scenarios are not supported:

  • Upgrading the Windows Server 2008 Terminálová služba server role or role services

  • Migrating or upgrading from Windows Server 2003 or Windows Server 2003 R2

  • Migrating from a source server to a destination server that is running an operating system in a different system UI language (that is, the installed language) than the source server

  • Migrating from physical to virtual machines for the RD Virtualization Host or RD Session Host role services

  • Migrating any applications or application settings from the RD Session Host server or the terminal server

The following topics contain information about how to migrate Vzdálená plocha from a computer that is running Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 to a computer that is running Windows Server 2008 R2:

The steps in this guide are based on migrating the role services in the following order when migrating more than one role service:

  1. Hostitel relace vzdálené plochy

  2. RD Virtualization Host

  3. Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP

  4. Program RD Web Access

The following role services can be migrated at any time during the migration:

  • RD Licensing

  • Brána VP

Each role service can be migrated independently of the others; however, in a migration of multiple role services, the Hostitel relace vzdálené plochy server or terminal server and the RD Virtualization Host servers should be migrated before you migrate the Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP servers. The Program RD Web Access servers must be migrated after the Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP servers. Changing the order may change the steps slightly. If you plan to do this, you should create a custom migration plan based on the order in which you plan to do the migration.

The Remote Desktop license server can be migrated at any time, but if the new license server does not have the same name as the source server, the Hostitel relace vzdálené plochy server that uses that license server must be configured to use the new license server after migration.

The Brána VP server migration is not dependent on the other role services for migration. It can be migrated at any time.

Migrating certificates is a separate process. For more information, see Migrating certificates for Remote Desktop Services.

A Vzdálená plocha role service will not be available during migration. This is also the case for any role services that are dependent on it. In addition, applications and add-ons on the affected servers will not be available.

Migration times will be affected by the dependencies between role services. For example, Hostitel virtualizace VP servers are dependent on Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP servers, and applications served by Hostitel relace vzdálené plochy may require Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP. These dependencies should be considered when you are estimating downtime.

Plan your data migration to occur during off-peak hours to minimize downtime and reduce impact to users. Notify users that the resources will be unavailable during that time.

In some deployments, replication may extend the length of time that the services are unavailable.

For all role services except RD Virtualization Host, Licencování VP, and Brána VP, you must remove the source server before you join the destination server to the domain.

 

Role service Dependent role services Impact of migration Downtime estimates

RD Session Host/Terminal Server

Program RD Web Access may be dependent on RD Session Host/Terminal Server in your deployment.

RemoteApp programs will not be available until they are installed on the destination server.

One hour

Hostitel virtualizace VP

Hostitel virtualizace VP is dependent on Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP. Hostitel virtualizace VP might be dependent on Program RD Web Access.

Virtual desktop pools and personal virtual desktops will not be available until migration of the destination server is complete.

Three hours or more depending on the number of virtual machines being migrated

Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP/TS Session Broker

Hostitel virtualizace VP, RD Session Host/Terminal Server, Program RD Web Access

Users will not have access to any of the resources managed by the RD Connection Broker/TS Session Broker server being migrated. These include RemoteApp programs, virtual desktop pools, and personal virtual desktops.

Three hours

Program RD Web Access/TS Web Access

Program RD Web Access will not be able to serve connections to the RD Session Host server or RD Virtualization Host server while they are being migrated.

Resources accessed by Program RD Web Access and managed by the associated Zprostředkovatel připojení k VP server will not be available. These include RemoteApp programs, virtual desktop pools, and personal virtual desktops.

One hour

Licencování VP/TS Licensing

RD Session Host/Terminal Server must be configured with at least one Remote Desktop license server that is available to serve licenses. If not, users will not be able to connect to the RD Session Host servers while they are being migrated.

Terminal servers and RD Session Host servers configured to use the license server may not be able to receive licenses during the migration.

One hour

Brána VP/TS Gateway

Brána VP

Users will not be able to access the network with the RD Gateway server that is being migrated. The Remote Desktop Gateway service may be slow or not available.

One hour

If there is more than one role service on the source server, after you remove the source server from the domain, you will not have access to role services that you didn’t migrate.

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