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PullSubscription.Create Method

Creates the pull subscription on the Subscriber.

Namespace: Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication
Assembly: Microsoft.SqlServer.Rmo (in microsoft.sqlserver.rmo.dll)

public void Create ()
public void Create ()
public function Create ()

After creating the subscription at the Subscriber, you must call the MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown or MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown method to register the subscription at the Publisher.

The Create method can only be called by members of the sysadmin fixed server role at the Subscriber or by members of the db_owner fixed database role on the subscription database.

Calling Create and specifying a value of true for CreateSyncAgentByDefault is equivalent to executing sp_addpullsubscription (Transact-SQL) and sp_addpullsubscription_agent (Transact-SQL) for a subscription to a transactional or snapshot publication or executing sp_addmergepullsubscription (Transact-SQL) and sp_addmergepullsubscription_agent (Transact-SQL) for a subscription to a merge publication.

Calling Create and specifying a value of false for CreateSyncAgentByDefault is equivalent to executing sp_addpullsubscription (Transact-SQL) for a subscription to a transactional or snapshot publication or executing sp_addmergepullsubscription (Transact-SQL) for a subscription to a merge publication.

This namespace, class, or member is supported only in version 2.0 of the .NET Framework.


This example creates a pull subscription to a transactional publication.

// Define the Publisher, publication, and databases.
string publicationName = "AdvWorksProductTran";
string publisherName = publisherInstance;
string subscriberName = subscriberInstance;
string subscriptionDbName = "AdventureWorksReplica";
string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";

//Create connections to the Publisher and Subscriber.
ServerConnection subscriberConn = new ServerConnection(subscriberName);
ServerConnection publisherConn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);

// Create the objects that we need.
TransPublication publication;
TransPullSubscription subscription;

try
{
    // Connect to the Publisher and Subscriber.
    subscriberConn.Connect();
    publisherConn.Connect();

    // Ensure that the publication exists and that 
    // it supports pull subscriptions.
    publication = new TransPublication();
    publication.Name = publicationName;
    publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;
    publication.ConnectionContext = publisherConn;

    if (publication.IsExistingObject)
    {
        if ((publication.Attributes & PublicationAttributes.AllowPull) == 0)
        {
            publication.Attributes |= PublicationAttributes.AllowPull;
        }

        // Define the pull subscription.
        subscription = new TransPullSubscription();
        subscription.ConnectionContext = subscriberConn;
        subscription.PublisherName = publisherName;
        subscription.PublicationName = publicationName;
        subscription.PublicationDBName = publicationDbName;
        subscription.DatabaseName = subscriptionDbName;

        // Specify the Windows login credentials for the Distribution Agent job.
        subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin;
        subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword;

        // Make sure that the agent job for the subscription is created.
        subscription.CreateSyncAgentByDefault = true;

        // By default, subscriptions to transactional publications are synchronized 
        // continuously, but in this case we only want to synchronize on demand.
        subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyType = ScheduleFrequencyType.OnDemand;

        // Create the pull subscription at the Subscriber.
        subscription.Create();

        Boolean registered = false;

        // Verify that the subscription is not already registered.
        foreach (TransSubscription existing
            in publication.EnumSubscriptions())
        {
            if (existing.SubscriberName == subscriberName
                && existing.SubscriptionDBName == subscriptionDbName)
            {
                registered = true;
            }
        }
        if (!registered)
        {
            // Register the subscription with the Publisher.
            publication.MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown(
                subscriberName, subscriptionDbName,
                SubscriptionSyncType.Automatic,
                TransSubscriberType.ReadOnly);
        }
    }
    else
    {
        // Do something here if the publication does not exist.
        throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
            "The publication '{0}' does not exist on {1}.",
            publicationName, publisherName));
    }
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    // Implement the appropriate error handling here.
    throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
        "The subscription to {0} could not be created.", publicationName), ex);
}
finally
{
    subscriberConn.Disconnect();
    publisherConn.Disconnect();
}

This example creates a pull subscription to a merge publication.

// Define the Publisher, publication, and databases.
string publicationName = "AdvWorksSalesOrdersMerge";
string publisherName = publisherInstance;
string subscriberName = subscriberInstance;
string subscriptionDbName = "AdventureWorksReplica";
string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";
string hostname = @"adventure-works\garrett1";

//Create connections to the Publisher and Subscriber.
ServerConnection subscriberConn = new ServerConnection(subscriberName);
ServerConnection publisherConn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);

// Create the objects that we need.
MergePublication publication;
MergePullSubscription subscription;

try
{
    // Connect to the Subscriber.
    subscriberConn.Connect();

    // Ensure that the publication exists and that 
    // it supports pull subscriptions.
    publication = new MergePublication();
    publication.Name = publicationName;
    publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;
    publication.ConnectionContext = publisherConn;

    if (publication.LoadProperties())
    {
        if ((publication.Attributes & PublicationAttributes.AllowPull) == 0)
        {
            publication.Attributes |= PublicationAttributes.AllowPull;
        }

        // Define the pull subscription.
        subscription = new MergePullSubscription();
        subscription.ConnectionContext = subscriberConn;
        subscription.PublisherName = publisherName;
        subscription.PublicationName = publicationName;
        subscription.PublicationDBName = publicationDbName;
        subscription.DatabaseName = subscriptionDbName;
        subscription.HostName = hostname;

        // Specify the Windows login credentials for the Merge Agent job.
        subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin;
        subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword;

        // Make sure that the agent job for the subscription is created.
        subscription.CreateSyncAgentByDefault = true;

        // Create the pull subscription at the Subscriber.
        subscription.Create();

        Boolean registered = false;

        // Verify that the subscription is not already registered.
        foreach (MergeSubscription existing
            in publication.EnumSubscriptions())
        {
            if (existing.SubscriberName == subscriberName
                && existing.SubscriptionDBName == subscriptionDbName
                && existing.SubscriptionType == SubscriptionOption.Pull)
            {
                registered = true;
            }
        }
        if (!registered)
        {
            // Register the local subscription with the Publisher.
            publication.MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown(
                subscriberName, subscriptionDbName,
                SubscriptionSyncType.Automatic,
                MergeSubscriberType.Local, 0);
        }
    }
    else
    {
        // Do something here if the publication does not exist.
        throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
            "The publication '{0}' does not exist on {1}.",
            publicationName, publisherName));
    }
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    // Implement the appropriate error handling here.
    throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
        "The subscription to {0} could not be created.", publicationName), ex);
}
finally
{
    subscriberConn.Disconnect();
    publisherConn.Disconnect();
}

Any public static (Shared in Microsoft Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Development Platforms

For a list of the supported platforms, see Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2005.

Target Platforms

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