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sys.dm_tran_transactions_snapshot

Updated: 5 December 2005

Returns a virtual table for the sequence_number of transactions that are active when each snapshot transaction starts. The information that is returned by this view can you help you do the following:

  • Find the number of currently active snapshot transactions.
  • Identify data modifications that are ignored by a particular snapshot transaction. For a transaction that is active when a snapshot transaction starts, all data modifications by that transaction, even after that transaction commits, are ignored by the snapshot transaction.

For example, consider the following output from sys.dm_tran_transactions_snapshot:

transaction_sequence_num snapshot_id snapshot_sequence_num
------------------------ ----------- ---------------------
59                       0           57
59                       0           58
60                       0           57
60                       0           58
60                       0           59
60                       3           57
60                       3           58
60                       3           59
60                       3           60

The transaction_sequence_num column identifies the transaction sequence (XSN) number of the current snapshot transactions. The output shows two: 59 and 60. The snapshot_sequence_num column identifies the transaction sequence number of the transactions that are active when each snapshot transaction starts.

The output shows that snapshot transaction XSN-59 starts while two active transactions, XSN-57 and XSN-58, are running. If XSN-57 or XSN-58 makes data modifications, XSN-59 ignores the changes and uses row versioning to maintain a transactionally consistent view of the database.

Snapshot transaction XSN-60 ignores data modifications made by XSN-57 and XSN-58 and also XSN 59.


dm_tran_transactions_snapshot

Column name Data type Description

transaction_sequence_num

bigint

Transaction sequence number (XSN) of a snapshot transaction.

snapshot_id

int

Snapshot ID for each Transact-SQL statement started under read-committed using row versioning. This value is used to generate a transactionally consistent view of the database supporting each query that is being run under read-committed using row versioning.

snapshot_sequence_num

bigint

Transaction sequence number of a transaction that was active when the snapshot transaction started.

When a snapshot transaction starts, the Database Engine records all of the transactions that are active at that time. sys.dm_tran_transactions_snapshot reports this information for all currently active snapshot transactions.

Each transaction is identified by a transaction sequence number that is assigned when the transaction begins. Transactions start at the time a BEGIN TRANSACTION or BEGIN WORK statement is executed. However, the Database Engine assigns the transaction sequence number with the execution of the first Transact-SQL statement that accesses data after the BEGIN TRANSACTION or BEGIN WORK statement. The transaction sequence numbers are incremented by one.

Requires VIEW SERVER STATE permission on the server.

Release History

5 December 2005

Changed content:
  • Expanded the Introduction section to include information about the purpose of this dynamic management view.
  • Expanded the Remarks section to clarify the transaction sequence number assignment.
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