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SET STATISTICS IO (Transact-SQL)

Causes SQL Server to display information regarding the amount of disk activity generated by Transact-SQL statements.

Topic link iconTransact-SQL Syntax Conventions


SET STATISTICS IO { ON | OFF }

When STATISTICS IO is ON, statistical information is displayed. When OFF, the information is not displayed.

After this option is set ON, all subsequent Transact-SQL statements return the statistical information until the option is set to OFF.

The following table lists and describes the output items.

Output item

Meaning

Table

Name of the table.

Scan count

Number of index or table scans performed.

logical reads

Number of pages read from the data cache.

physical reads

Number of pages read from disk.

read-ahead reads

Number of pages placed into the cache for the query.

lob logical reads

Number of text, ntext, image, or large value type (varchar(max), nvarchar(max), varbinary(max)) pages read from the data cache.

lob physical reads

Number of text, ntext, image or large value type pages read from disk.

lob read-ahead reads

Number of text, ntext, image or large value type pages placed into the cache for the query.

The setting of SET STATISTICS IO is set at execute or run time and not at parse time.

NoteNote

When Transact-SQL statements retrieve LOB columns, some LOB retrieval operations might require traversing the LOB tree multiple times. This may cause SET STATISTICS IO to report higher than expected logical reads.

To use SET STATISTICS IO, users must have the appropriate permissions to execute the Transact-SQL statement. The SHOWPLAN permission is not required.

For more information, see Showplan Security.

This example shows how many logical and physical reads are used by SQL Server as it processes the statements.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO       
SET STATISTICS IO ON;
GO
SELECT * 
FROM Production.ProductCostHistory
WHERE StandardCost < 500.00;
GO
SET STATISTICS IO OFF;
GO

Here is the result set:

Table 'ProductCostHistory'. Scan count 1, logical reads 5, physical 
reads 0, read-ahead reads 0, lob logical reads 0, lob physical reads 0, 
lob read-ahead reads 0.
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