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sys.fn_builtin_permissions (Transact-SQL)

Returns a description of the built in permissions hierarchy of the server.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

sys.fn_builtin_permissions ( [ DEFAULT | NULL ]
    | empty_string | '<securable_class>' } )

<securable_class> ::= 
      APPLICATION ROLE | ASSEMBLY | ASYMMETRIC KEY
    | CERTIFICATE | CONTRACT | DATABASE | ENDPOINT | FULLTEXT CATALOG
    | LOGIN | MESSAGE TYPE | OBJECT | REMOTE SERVICE BINDING | ROLE
    | ROUTE | SCHEMA | SERVER | SERVER ROLE | SERVICE | SYMMETRIC KEY | TYPE 
    | USER | XML SCHEMA COLLECTION
DEFAULT

When it is called with the DEFAULT option, the function will return a complete list of built in permissions.

NULL

Equivalent to DEFAULT.

empty_string

Equivalent to DEFAULT.

'<securable_class>'

When it is called with the name of one securable class, sys.fn_builtin_permissions will return all permissions that apply to the class. <securable_class> a string literal that requires quotation marks. nvarchar(60)

Column name

Data type

Collation

Description

class_desc

nvarchar(60)

Collation of the server

Description of the securable class.

permission_name

sysname

Collation of the server

Permission name.

type

char(4)

Collation of the server

Compact permission type code. See the table that follows.

covering_permission_name

sysname

Collation of the server

If not NULL, this is the name of the permission on this class that implies the other permissions on this class.

parent_class_desc

nvarchar(60)

Collation of the server

If not NULL, this is the name of the parent class that contains the current class.

parent_covering_permission_name

sysname

Collation of the server

If not NULL, this is the name of the permission on the parent class that implies all other permissions on that class.

Compact Permission Types

Permission type

Permission name

Applies to securable or class

AAES

ALTER ANY EVENT SESSION

SERVER

ADBO

ADMINISTER BULK OPERATIONS

SERVER

AL

ALTER

APPLICATION ROLE

AL

ALTER

ASSEMBLY

AL

ALTER

ASYMMETRIC KEY

AL

ALTER

CERTIFICATE

AL

ALTER

CONTRACT

AL

ALTER

DATABASE

AL

ALTER

ENDPOINT

AL

ALTER

FULLTEXT CATALOG

AL

ALTER

FULLTEXT STOPLIST

AL

ALTER

SEARCH PROPERTY LIST

AL

ALTER

LOGIN

AL

ALTER

MESSAGE TYPE

AL

ALTER

OBJECT

AL

ALTER

REMOTE SERVICE BINDING

AL

ALTER

ROLE

AL

ALTER

ROUTE

AL

ALTER

SCHEMA

AL

ALTER

SERVER ROLE

AL

ALTER

SERVICE

AL

ALTER

SYMMETRIC KEY

AL

ALTER

USER

AL

ALTER

XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

ALAA

ALTER ANY SERVER AUDIT

SERVER

ALAK

ALTER ANY ASYMMETRIC KEY

DATABASE

ALAR

ALTER ANY APPLICATION ROLE

DATABASE

ALAS

ALTER ANY ASSEMBLY

DATABASE

ALCD

ALTER ANY CREDENTIAL

SERVER

ALCF

ALTER ANY CERTIFICATE

DATABASE

ALCO

ALTER ANY CONNECTION

SERVER

ALDA

ALTER ANY DATABASE AUDIT

DATABASE

ALDB

ALTER ANY DATABASE

SERVER

ALDS

ALTER ANY DATASPACE

DATABASE

ALED

ALTER ANY DATABASE EVENT NOTIFICATION

DATABASE

ALES

ALTER ANY EVENT NOTIFICATION

SERVER

ALFT

ALTER ANY FULLTEXT CATALOG

DATABASE

ALHE

ALTER ANY ENDPOINT

SERVER

ALLG

ALTER ANY LOGIN

SERVER

ALLS

ALTER ANY LINKED SERVER

SERVER

ALMT

ALTER ANY MESSAGE TYPE

DATABASE

ALRL

ALTER ANY ROLE

DATABASE

ALRS

ALTER RESOURCES

SERVER

ALRT

ALTER ANY ROUTE

DATABASE

ALSB

ALTER ANY REMOTE SERVICE BINDING

DATABASE

ALSC

ALTER ANY CONTRACT

DATABASE

ALSK

ALTER ANY SYMMETRIC KEY

DATABASE

ALSM

ALTER ANY SCHEMA

DATABASE

ALSR

ALTER ANY SERVER ROLE

SERVER

ALSS

ALTER SERVER STATE

SERVER

ALST

ALTER SETTINGS

SERVER

ALSV

ALTER ANY SERVICE

DATABASE

ALTG

ALTER ANY DATABASE DDL TRIGGER

DATABASE

ALTR

ALTER TRACE

SERVER

ALUS

ALTER ANY USER

DATABASE

AUTH

AUTHENTICATE

DATABASE

AUTH

AUTHENTICATE SERVER

SERVER

BADB

BACKUP DATABASE

DATABASE

BALO

BACKUP LOG

DATABASE

CL

CONTROL

APPLICATION ROLE

CL

CONTROL

ASSEMBLY

CL

CONTROL

ASYMMETRIC KEY

CL

CONTROL

CERTIFICATE

CL

CONTROL

CONTRACT

CL

CONTROL

DATABASE

CL

CONTROL

ENDPOINT

CL

CONTROL

FULLTEXT CATALOG

CL

CONTROL

FULLTEXT STOPLIST

CL

CONTROL

SEARCH PROPERTY LIST

CL

CONTROL

LOGIN

CL

CONTROL

MESSAGE TYPE

CL

CONTROL

OBJECT

CL

CONTROL

REMOTE SERVICE BINDING

CL

CONTROL

ROLE

CL

CONTROL

ROUTE

CL

CONTROL

SCHEMA

CL

CONTROL

SERVER ROLE

CL

CONTROL

SERVICE

CL

CONTROL

SYMMETRIC KEY

CL

CONTROL

TYPE

CL

CONTROL

USER

CL

CONTROL

XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

CL

CONTROL SERVER

SERVER

CO

CONNECT

DATABASE

CO

CONNECT

ENDPOINT

CORP

CONNECT REPLICATION

DATABASE

COSQ

CONNECT SQL

SERVER

CP

CHECKPOINT

DATABASE

CRAG

CREATE AGGREGATE

DATABASE

CRAK

CREATE ASYMMETRIC KEY

DATABASE

CRAS

CREATE ASSEMBLY

DATABASE

CRCF

CREATE CERTIFICATE

DATABASE

CRDB

CREATE ANY DATABASE

SERVER

CRDB

CREATE DATABASE

DATABASE

CRDE

CREATE DDL EVENT NOTIFICATION

SERVER

CRDF

CREATE DEFAULT

DATABASE

CRED

CREATE DATABASE DDL EVENT NOTIFICATION

DATABASE

CRFN

CREATE FUNCTION

DATABASE

CRFT

CREATE FULLTEXT CATALOG

DATABASE

CRHE

CREATE ENDPOINT

SERVER

CRMT

CREATE MESSAGE TYPE

DATABASE

CRPR

CREATE PROCEDURE

DATABASE

CRQU

CREATE QUEUE

DATABASE

CRRL

CREATE ROLE

DATABASE

CRRT

CREATE ROUTE

DATABASE

CRRU

CREATE RULE

DATABASE

CRSB

CREATE REMOTE SERVICE BINDING

DATABASE

CRSC

CREATE CONTRACT

DATABASE

CRSK

CREATE SYMMETRIC KEY

DATABASE

CRSM

CREATE SCHEMA

DATABASE

CRSN

CREATE SYNONYM

DATABASE

CRSO

CREATE SEQUENCE

SCHEMA

CRSR

CREATE SERVER ROLE

SERVER

CRSV

CREATE SERVICE

DATABASE

CRTB

CREATE TABLE

DATABASE

CRTE

CREATE TRACE EVENT NOTIFICATION

SERVER

CRTY

CREATE TYPE

DATABASE

CRVW

CREATE VIEW

DATABASE

CRXS

CREATE XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

DATABASE

DL

DELETE

DATABASE

DL

DELETE

OBJECT

DL

DELETE

SCHEMA

EX

EXECUTE

DATABASE

EX

EXECUTE

OBJECT

EX

EXECUTE

SCHEMA

EX

EXECUTE

TYPE

EX

EXECUTE

XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

IM

IMPERSONATE

LOGIN

IM

IMPERSONATE

USER

IN

INSERT

DATABASE

IN

INSERT

OBJECT

IN

INSERT

SCHEMA

RC

RECEIVE

OBJECT

RF

REFERENCES

ASSEMBLY

RF

REFERENCES

ASYMMETRIC KEY

RF

REFERENCES

CERTIFICATE

RF

REFERENCES

CONTRACT

RF

REFERENCES

DATABASE

RF

REFERENCES

FULLTEXT CATALOG

RF

REFERENCES

FULLTEXT STOPLIST

RF

REFERENCES

SEARCH PROPERTY LIST

RF

REFERENCES

MESSAGE TYPE

RF

REFERENCES

OBJECT

RF

REFERENCES

SCHEMA

RF

REFERENCES

SYMMETRIC KEY

RF

REFERENCES

TYPE

RF

REFERENCES

XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

SHDN

SHUTDOWN

SERVER

SL

SELECT

DATABASE

SL

SELECT

OBJECT

SL

SELECT

SCHEMA

SN

SEND

SERVICE

SPLN

SHOWPLAN

DATABASE

SUQN

SUBSCRIBE QUERY NOTIFICATIONS

DATABASE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

ASSEMBLY

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

ASYMMETRIC KEY

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

CERTIFICATE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

CONTRACT

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

DATABASE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

ENDPOINT

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

FULLTEXT CATALOG

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

FULLTEXT STOPLIST

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

SEARCH PROPERTY LIST

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

MESSAGE TYPE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

OBJECT

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

REMOTE SERVICE BINDING

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

ROLE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

ROUTE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

SCHEMA

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

SERVER ROLE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

SERVICE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

SYMMETRIC KEY

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

TYPE

TO

TAKE OWNERSHIP

XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

UP

UPDATE

DATABASE

UP

UPDATE

OBJECT

UP

UPDATE

SCHEMA

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

APPLICATION ROLE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

ASSEMBLY

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

ASYMMETRIC KEY

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

CERTIFICATE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

CONTRACT

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

DATABASE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

ENDPOINT

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

FULLTEXT CATALOG

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

FULLTEXT STOPLIST

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

SEARCH PROPERTY LIST

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

LOGIN

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

MESSAGE TYPE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

OBJECT

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

REMOTE SERVICE BINDING

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

ROLE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

ROUTE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

SCHEMA

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

SERVER ROLE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

SERVICE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

SYMMETRIC KEY

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

TYPE

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

USER

VW

VIEW DEFINITION

XML SCHEMA COLLECTION

VWCT

VIEW CHANGE TRACKING

OBJECT

VWCT

VIEW CHANGE TRACKING

SCHEMA

VWAD

VIEW ANY DEFINITION

SERVER

VWDB

VIEW ANY DATABASE

SERVER

VWDS

VIEW DATABASE STATE

DATABASE

VWSS

VIEW SERVER STATE

SERVER

XA

EXTERNAL ACCESS ASSEMBLY

SERVER

XU

UNSAFE ASSEMBLY

SERVER

sys.fn_builtin_permissions is a table-valued function that emits a copy of the predefined permission hierarchy. This hierarchy includes covering permissions. The DEFAULT result set describes a directed, acyclic graph of the permissions hierarchy, of which the root is (class = SERVER, permission = CONTROL SERVER).

sys.fn_builtin_permissions does not accept correlated parameters.

sys.fn_builtin_permissions will return an empty set when it is called with a class name that is not valid.

Requires membership in the public role.

A. Listing all built in permissions

SELECT * FROM sys.fn_builtin_permissions(DEFAULT);

B. Listing permissions that can be set on a symmetric key

SELECT * FROM sys.fn_builtin_permissions(N'SYMMETRIC KEY');

C. Listing classes on which there is a SELECT permission

SELECT * FROM sys.fn_builtin_permissions(DEFAULT) 
    WHERE permission_name = 'SELECT';
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