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Call

Published: April 17, 2012

Updated: April 17, 2012

Applies To: Windows 8, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2012, Windows Vista

Calls one batch program from another without stopping the parent batch program. The call command accepts labels as the target of the call.

noteNote
Call has no effect at the command prompt when it is used outside of a script or batch file.

For examples of how to use this command, see Examples.

Syntax
call [Drive:][Path]<FileName> [<BatchParameters>] [:<Label> [<Arguments>]]
Parameters

 

Parameter Description

[<Drive>:][<Path>]<FileName>

Specifies the location and name of the batch program that you want to call. The FileName parameter is required, and it must have a .bat or .cmd extension.

<BatchParameters>

Specifies any command-line information required by the batch program.

:<Label>

Specifies the label that you want a batch program control to jump to.

<Arguments>

Specifies the command-line information to be passed to the new instance of the batch program, beginning at :Label.

/?

Displays help at the command prompt.

Batch parameters

The batch script argument references (%0, %1, ...) are listed in the following tables.

%* in a batch script refers to all the arguments (for example, %1, %2, %3...)

You can use the following optional syntaxes as substitutions for batch parameters (%n):

 

Batch Parameter Description

%~1

Expands %1 and removes surrounding quotation marks (" ").

%~f1

Expands %1 to a fully qualified path.

%~d1

Expands %1 to a drive letter only.

%~p1

Expands %1 to a path only.

%~n1

Expands %1 to a file name only.

%~x1

Expands %1 to a file name extension only.

%~s1

Expands %1 to a fully qualified path that contains short names only.

%~a1

Expands %1 to the file attributes.

%~t1

Expands %1 to the date and time of file.

%~z1

Expands %1 to the size of the file.

%~$PATH:1

Searches the directories listed in the PATH environment variable, and expands %1 to the fully qualified name of the first directory found. If the environment variable name is not defined or the file is not found by the search, then this modifier expands to the empty string.

The following table shows how you can combine modifiers with the batch parameters for compound results:

 

Batch Parameter with Modifier Description

%~dp1

Expands %1 to a drive letter and path only.

%~nx1

Expands %1 to a file name and extension only.

%~dp$PATH:1

Searches the directories listed in the PATH environment variable for %1, and then expands to the drive letter and path of the first directory found.

%~ftza1

Expands %1 to display output similar to the dir command.

In the above examples, %1 and PATH can be replaced by other valid values. The %~ syntax is terminated by a valid argument number. The %~ modifiers cannot be used with %*.

Remarks
  • Using batch parameters

    Batch parameters can contain any information that you can pass to a batch program, including command-line options, file names, the batch parameters %0 through %9, and variables (for example, %baud%).

  • Using the Label parameter

    By using call with the Label parameter, you create a new batch file context and pass control to the statement after the specified label. The first time the end of the batch file is encountered (that is, after jumping to the label), control returns to the statement after the call statement. The second time the end of the batch file is encountered, the batch script is exited.

  • Using pipes and redirection symbols

    Do not use pipes (|) and redirection symbols (< or >) with call.

  • Making a recursive call

    You can create a batch program that calls itself. However, you must provide an exit condition. Otherwise, the parent and child batch programs can loop endlessly.

  • Working with command extensions

    If command extensions are enabled, call accepts Label as the target of the call. The correct syntax is as follows:

    call :<Label> <Arguments>

Examples

To run the Checknew.bat program from another batch program, type the following command in the parent batch program:

call checknew

If the parent batch program accepts two batch parameters and you want it to pass those parameters to Checknew.bat, type the following command in the parent batch program:

call checknew %1 %2