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Bulk Copy Data Using IRowsetFastLoad (OLE DB)

This sample shows the use of IRowsetFastLoad for bulk copying of records into a table.

The consumer notifies SQLOLEDB of its need for bulk copying by setting the SQLOLEDB provider-specific property SSPROP_ENABLEFASTLOAD to VARIANT_TRUE. With the property set on the data source, the consumer creates a SQLOLEDB session. The new session allows the consumer access to IRowsetFastLoad.

A complete sample is available that illustrates the use of IRowsetFastLoad for bulk copying of the records into a table. In this sample, 10 records are added to the table IRFLTable. You need to create the table IRFLTable in the database.

This sample requires the AdventureWorks sample database, which you can download from the Microsoft SQL Server Samples and Community Projects home page.

Security note Security Note

When possible, use Windows Authentication. If Windows Authentication is not available, prompt users to enter their credentials at run time. Avoid storing credentials in a file. If you must persist credentials, you should encrypt them with the Win32 crypto API.

To bulk copy data into a SQL Server table

  1. Establish a connection to the data source.

  2. Set the SQLOLEDB provider-specific data source property SSPROP_ENABLEFASTLOAD to VARIANT_TRUE. With this property set to VARIANT_TRUE, the newly created session allows the consumer access to IRowsetFastLoad.

  3. Create a session requesting the IOpenRowset interface.

  4. Call IOpenRowset::OpenRowset to open a rowset that includes all the rows from the table (in which data is to be copied using bulk-copy operation).

  5. Do the necessary bindings and create an accessor using IAccessor::CreateAccessor.

  6. Set up the memory buffer from which the data will be copied to the table.

  7. Call IRowsetFastLoad::InsertRow to bulk copy the data in to the table.

In this example, 10 records are added to the table IRFLTable. You need to create the table IRFLTable in the database. This sample is not supported on IA64.

Execute the first (Transact-SQL) code listing to create the table used by the application.

Compile with ole32.lib oleaut32.lib and execute the following C++ code listing. This application connects to your computer's default SQL Server instance. On some Windows operating systems, you will need to change (localhost) or (local) to the name of your SQL Server instance. To connect to a named instance, change the connection string from L"(local)" to L"(local)\\name" , where name is the named instance. By default, SQL Server Express installs to a named instance. Make sure your INCLUDE environment variable includes the directory that contains sqlncli.h.

Execute the third (Transact-SQL) code listing to delete the table used by the application.

USE AdventureWorks
GO

IF EXISTS (SELECT name FROM sysobjects WHERE name = 'IRFLTable')
     DROP TABLE IRFLTable
GO

CREATE TABLE IRFLTable (col_vchar varchar(30))
// compile with: ole32.lib oleaut32.lib
#define DBINITCONSTANTS
#define OLEDBVER 0x0250   // to include correct interfaces

#include <oledb.h>
#include <oledberr.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stddef.h>   // for offsetof
#include <sqlncli.h>

// @type UWORD    | 2 byte unsigned integer.
typedef unsigned short UWORD;

// @type SDWORD   | 4 byte signed integer.
typedef signed long SDWORD;

WCHAR g_wszTable[] = L"IRFLTable";
WCHAR g_strTestLOC[100] = L"localhost";
WCHAR g_strTestDBName[] = L"AdventureWorks";
const UWORD g_cOPTION = 4;
const UWORD MAXPROPERTIES = 5;
const ULONG DEFAULT_CBMAXLENGTH = 20;
IMalloc* g_pIMalloc = NULL;
IDBInitialize* g_pIDBInitialize = NULL;

// Given an ICommand pointer, properties, and query, a rowsetpointer is returned.
HRESULT CreateSessionCommand( DBPROPSET* rgPropertySets, ULONG ulcPropCount, CLSID clsidProv );

// Use to set properties and execute a given query.
HRESULT ExecuteQuery ( IDBCreateCommand* pIDBCreateCommand,
                       WCHAR* pwszQuery,
                       DBPROPSET* rgPropertySets,
                       ULONG ulcPropCount, 
                       LONG* pcRowsAffected,
                       IRowset** ppIRowset,
                       BOOL fSuccessOnly = TRUE );

// Use to set up options for call to IDBInitialize::Initialize.
void SetupOption ( DBPROPID PropID, WCHAR *wszVal, DBPROP * pDBProp );

// Sets fastload property on/off for session.
HRESULT SetFastLoadProperty(BOOL fSet);

// IRowsetFastLoad inserting data.
HRESULT FastLoadData();

// How to lay out each column in memory.
struct COLUMNDATA {
   DBLENGTH dwLength;   // Length of data (not space allocated).
   DWORD dwStatus;   // Status of column.
   BYTE bData[1];   // Store data here as a variant.
};

#define COLUMN_ALIGNVAL 8

#define ROUND_UP(Size, Amount)(((DWORD)(Size) + ((Amount)-1)) & ~((Amount)-1))

int main() {
   HRESULT hr = NOERROR;
   HRESULT hr2 = NOERROR;

   // OLE initialized?
   BOOL fInitialized = FALSE;

   // One property set for initializing.
   DBPROPSET rgPropertySets[1];

   // Properties within above property set.
   DBPROP rgDBProperties[g_cOPTION]; 

   IDBCreateCommand* pIDBCreateCommand = NULL;
   IRowset* pIRowset = NULL;
   DBPROPSET* rgProperties = NULL;
   IAccessor* pIAccessor = NULL;

   // Basic initialization.
   if ( FAILED(CoInitialize(NULL)) )
      goto cleanup;
   else
      fInitialized = TRUE;

   hr = CoGetMalloc(MEMCTX_TASK, &g_pIMalloc);
   if ((!g_pIMalloc) || FAILED(hr))
      goto cleanup;

   // Set up property set for call to IDBInitialize in CreateSessionCommand.
   rgPropertySets[0].rgProperties = rgDBProperties;
   rgPropertySets[0].cProperties = g_cOPTION;
   rgPropertySets[0].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_DBINIT;

   SetupOption(DBPROP_INIT_CATALOG, g_strTestDBName, &rgDBProperties[0]);

   SetupOption(DBPROP_AUTH_INTEGRATED, L"SSPI", &rgDBProperties[1]);

   SetupOption(DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE, g_strTestLOC, &rgDBProperties[3]);

   if (!SUCCEEDED( hr = CreateSessionCommand(rgPropertySets, 1, CLSID_SQLNCLI11)))
      goto cleanup;

   // Get IRowsetFastLoad and insert data into IRFLTable.
   if (FAILED(hr = FastLoadData()))
      goto cleanup;

cleanup:
   // Release memory.
   if (rgProperties && rgProperties->rgProperties)
      delete [](rgProperties->rgProperties);
   if (rgProperties)
      delete []rgProperties;
   if (pIDBCreateCommand)
      pIDBCreateCommand->Release();

   if (pIAccessor)
      pIAccessor->Release();

   if (pIRowset)
      pIRowset->Release();
   if (g_pIMalloc)
      g_pIMalloc->Release();

   if (g_pIDBInitialize) {    
      hr2 = g_pIDBInitialize->Uninitialize();
      if (FAILED(hr2))
         printf("Uninitialize failed\n");
   }

   if (fInitialized)
      CoUninitialize();

   if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
      printf("Test completed successfully.\n\n");
   else
      printf("Test failed.\n\n");
}

HRESULT FastLoadData() {
   HRESULT hr = E_FAIL;
   HRESULT hr2 = E_FAIL;
   DBID TableID;

   IDBCreateSession* pIDBCreateSession = NULL;
   IOpenRowset* pIOpenRowsetFL = NULL;
   IRowsetFastLoad* pIFastLoad = NULL;

   IAccessor* pIAccessor = NULL;
   HACCESSOR hAccessor = 0;
   DBBINDSTATUS oneStatus = 0;

   DBBINDING oneBinding;
   ULONG ulOffset = 0;
   TableID.uName.pwszName = NULL;
   LONG i = 0;
   void* pData = NULL;
   COLUMNDATA* pcolData = NULL;

   TableID.eKind = DBKIND_NAME;
   // if ( !(TableID.uName.pwszName = new WCHAR[wcslen(g_wszTable) + 2]) )
   LPOLESTR x = TableID.uName.pwszName = new WCHAR[wcslen(g_wszTable) + 2];
   if (!x)
      return E_FAIL;
   wcsncpy_s(TableID.uName.pwszName, wcslen(g_wszTable) + 2, g_wszTable, wcslen(g_wszTable)+1);
   TableID.uName.pwszName[wcslen(g_wszTable)+1] = (WCHAR) NULL;

   // Get the fastload pointer.
   if (FAILED(hr = SetFastLoadProperty(TRUE)))
      goto cleanup;

   if ( FAILED( hr = 
      g_pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface( IID_IDBCreateSession, (void **) &pIDBCreateSession )))
      goto cleanup;

   if ( FAILED( hr = 
      pIDBCreateSession->CreateSession( NULL, IID_IOpenRowset, (IUnknown **) &pIOpenRowsetFL )))
      goto cleanup;

   // Get IRowsetFastLoad initialized to use the test table.
   if (FAILED(hr = 
      pIOpenRowsetFL->OpenRowset(NULL, 
                                 &TableID, 
                                 NULL, 
                                 IID_IRowsetFastLoad, 
                                 0, 
                                 NULL, 
                                 (LPUNKNOWN *)&pIFastLoad)))
      goto cleanup;

   // Set up custom bindings.
   oneBinding.dwPart = DBPART_VALUE | DBPART_LENGTH | DBPART_STATUS;
   oneBinding.iOrdinal = 1;
   oneBinding.pTypeInfo = NULL;
   oneBinding.obValue = ulOffset + offsetof(COLUMNDATA,bData);
   oneBinding.obLength = ulOffset + offsetof(COLUMNDATA,dwLength);
   oneBinding.obStatus = ulOffset + offsetof(COLUMNDATA,dwStatus);
   oneBinding.cbMaxLen = 30;   // Size of varchar column.
   oneBinding.pTypeInfo = NULL;
   oneBinding.pObject = NULL;
   oneBinding.pBindExt = NULL;
   oneBinding.dwFlags = 0;
   oneBinding.eParamIO = DBPARAMIO_NOTPARAM;
   oneBinding.dwMemOwner = DBMEMOWNER_CLIENTOWNED;
   oneBinding.bPrecision= 0;   
   oneBinding.bScale = 0;  
   oneBinding.wType = DBTYPE_STR;  
   ulOffset = oneBinding.cbMaxLen + offsetof(COLUMNDATA, bData);
   ulOffset = ROUND_UP( ulOffset, COLUMN_ALIGNVAL );

   if ( FAILED( hr = 
      pIFastLoad->QueryInterface(IID_IAccessor, (void **) &pIAccessor))) 
      return hr;

   if (FAILED(hr = pIAccessor->CreateAccessor( DBACCESSOR_ROWDATA, 
                                               1, 
                                               &oneBinding, 
                                               ulOffset, 
                                               &hAccessor, 
                                               &oneStatus)))
      return hr;

   // Set up memory buffer.
   pData = new BYTE[40];
   if (!(pData /* = new BYTE[40]*/ )) {
      hr = E_FAIL;
      goto cleanup;
   }

   pcolData = (COLUMNDATA*)pData;
   pcolData->dwLength = (SDWORD)strlen("Show the data") + 1;
   pcolData->dwStatus = 0;
   memcpy(&(pcolData->bData), "Show the data", strlen("Show the data") + 1);

   for ( i = 0 ; i < 10 ; i++ )
      if (FAILED(hr = pIFastLoad->InsertRow(hAccessor, pData)))
         goto cleanup;

   if (FAILED(hr = pIFastLoad->Commit(TRUE)))
      printf("Error on IRFL::Commit\n");

cleanup:
   if (FAILED(hr2 = SetFastLoadProperty(FALSE)))
      printf("SetFastLoadProperty(FALSE) failed with %x", hr2);

   if (pIAccessor && hAccessor)
      if (FAILED(pIAccessor->ReleaseAccessor(hAccessor, NULL)))
         hr = E_FAIL;

   if (pIAccessor)
      pIAccessor->Release();

   if (pIFastLoad)
      pIFastLoad->Release();

   if (pIOpenRowsetFL)
      pIOpenRowsetFL->Release();

   if (pIDBCreateSession)
      pIDBCreateSession->Release();

   if (TableID.uName.pwszName)
      delete []TableID.uName.pwszName;

   return hr;
}

HRESULT SetFastLoadProperty(BOOL fSet) {
   HRESULT hr = S_OK;
   IDBProperties* pIDBProps = NULL;
   DBPROP rgProps[1];
   DBPROPSET PropSet;

   VariantInit(&rgProps[0].vValue);

   rgProps[0].dwOptions = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
   rgProps[0].colid = DB_NULLID;
   rgProps[0].vValue.vt = VT_BOOL;
   rgProps[0].dwPropertyID = SSPROP_ENABLEFASTLOAD;

   if (fSet == TRUE)
      rgProps[0].vValue.boolVal = VARIANT_TRUE;
   else
      rgProps[0].vValue.boolVal = VARIANT_FALSE;

   PropSet.rgProperties = rgProps;
   PropSet.cProperties = 1;
   PropSet.guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_SQLSERVERDATASOURCE;

   if (SUCCEEDED(hr = g_pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBProperties, (LPVOID *)&pIDBProps)))
      hr = pIDBProps->SetProperties(1, &PropSet);

   VariantClear(&rgProps[0].vValue); 

   if (pIDBProps)
      pIDBProps->Release();

   return hr;
}

HRESULT CreateSessionCommand( DBPROPSET* rgPropertySets,// @parm [in] property sets
                              ULONG ulcPropCount,   // @parm [in] count of prop sets.
                              CLSID clsidProv) {  // @parm [in] Provider CLSID.

   HRESULT hr = NOERROR;
   IDBCreateSession* pIDBCreateSession = NULL;
   IDBProperties* pIDBProperties = NULL;
   UWORD i = 0, j = 0;   // indexes.

   if (ulcPropCount && !rgPropertySets) {
      hr = E_INVALIDARG;
      return hr;
   }

   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr = CoCreateInstance(clsidProv, 
                                        NULL,CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER,
                                        IID_IDBInitialize,
                                        (void **)&g_pIDBInitialize)))
      goto CLEANUP;

   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr = g_pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface( IID_IDBProperties,
                                                         (void **)&pIDBProperties)))
      goto CLEANUP;

   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr = pIDBProperties->SetProperties(ulcPropCount, rgPropertySets)))
      goto CLEANUP;

   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr = g_pIDBInitialize->Initialize())) {
      printf("Call to initialize failed.\n");
      goto CLEANUP;
   }

CLEANUP:
   if (pIDBProperties)
      pIDBProperties->Release();
   if (pIDBCreateSession)
      pIDBCreateSession->Release();

   for (i = 0 ; i < ulcPropCount ; i++)
      for (j = 0 ; j < rgPropertySets[i].cProperties ; j++)
         VariantClear(&(rgPropertySets[i].rgProperties[j]).vValue);
   return hr;
}

void SetupOption (DBPROPID PropID, WCHAR *wszVal, DBPROP * pDBProp ) {
   pDBProp->dwPropertyID = PropID;
   pDBProp->dwOptions = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
   pDBProp->colid = DB_NULLID;
   pDBProp->vValue.vt = VT_BSTR;
   pDBProp->vValue.bstrVal = SysAllocStringLen(wszVal, wcslen(wszVal));
}
USE AdventureWorks
GO

IF EXISTS (SELECT name FROM sysobjects WHERE name = 'IRFLTable')
     DROP TABLE IRFLTable
GO
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