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How to Set Credentials for Accessing UNIX and Linux Computers

Updated: November 1, 2013

Applies To: System Center 2012 - Operations Manager, System Center 2012 R2 Operations Manager, System Center 2012 SP1 - Operations Manager

This topic contains procedures for how to set credentials in wizards for the following tasks, as set by wizards in System Center 2012 – Operations Manager:

These wizards define credentials to be authenticated on the UNIX or Linux computer and follow a similar process. For an overview of how credentials are provided, see Accessing UNIX and Linux Computers in Operations Manager.

Credentials for Discovering UNIX and Linux Computers

The following procedure begins in Computer and Device Management Wizard, on the Discovery Criteria page, when you click the Set Credentials button. For more information, see Install Agent on UNIX and Linux Using the Discovery Wizard.

To set a user (unprivileged) account for discovery of an installed agent with a signed certificate.

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Default Credentials tab, and then click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and the password confirmation.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not have privileged access, and then click OK.

  4. Click OK to return to the Discovery Criteria page and continue with the wizard.

Credentials for Installing Agents or Signing Certificates of Installed Agents

The following procedures begin in the Computer and Device Management Wizard, on the Discovery Criteria page, when you click the Set Credentials button.

To set a privileged credential by using an SSH key

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Default Credentials tab, and then click the SSH key option.

  2. Type a user name, the path, and name of the key, or click Browse.

  3. Enter a passphrase if the key requires it.

  4. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account has privileged access, and then click OK.

  5. Click the Agent Verification tab, and on the Agent Verification page, type a user name and password for an account on the targeted computer. This can be a user (unprivileged) account.

  6. Click OK to return to the Discovery Criteria page and continue with the wizard.

To set a unprivileged credential with elevation by using an SSH key

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Default Credentials tab, and then click the SSH key option.

  2. Type a user name, the path, and name of the key, or click Browse.

  3. Enter a passphrase if the key requires it.

  4. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not have privileged access, and then click OK.

  5. Click the Elevation page, and select su or sudo elevation.

    If you select su elevation, type the superuser password as established on the UNIX or Linux computer. The su password is also used for agent verification.

    If you selected sudo elevation, click the Agent Verification tab, and type a user name and password for an account on the targeted computer. This can be a user (unprivileged) account.

  6. Click OK to return to the Discovery Criteria page and continue with the wizard.

To set a privileged credential by using a password

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Default Credentials tab, and then click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and password confirmation.

    This password is used for agent verification.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account has privileged access.

  4. Click OK to return to the Discovery Criteria page and continue with the wizard.

To set an unprivileged credential with elevation by using a password

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Default Credentials tab, and then click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and the password confirmation.

    This password is used for agent verification.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not privileged access, and then click OK.

  4. Click the Elevation page, and select su or sudo elevation.

    If you select su elevation, type the superuser password you established on the UNIX or Linux computer.

  5. Click OK to return to the Discovery Criteria page and continue with the wizard.

Credentials for Run As Accounts

The following procedures begin in the Create UNIX/Linux Run As Account Wizard when you select the type for a Run As Account (Monitoring Account or Agent Maintenance Account), a name and password and provided a description. For more information, see How to Configure Run As Accounts and Profiles for UNIX and Linux Access.

To set a privileged credential for a monitoring account

  1. On the Account Credentials page, type a user name, a password, and the password confirmation.

  2. In the Do you want to use elevation for privileged access list, click Do not use elevation with this account.

  3. Click Next to continue with the wizard.

To set an unprivileged credential with elevation for a monitoring account

  1. On the Account Credentials page, type a user name, a password, and the password confirmation.

  2. In the Do you want to use elevation for privileged access list, click Elevate this account using sudo for privileged access.

  3. Click Next to continue with the wizard.

To set a privileged credential by using an SSH key for an agent maintenance account

  1. On the Account Credentials page, click the SSH key option.

  2. Type a user name, the path, and name of the key, or click Browse.

  3. Enter a passphrase if the key requires it.

  4. In the Does the account have privileged access list, click This account has privileged access.

  5. Click Next to continue with the wizard.

To set an unprivileged credential by using an SSH key with elevation for an agent maintenance account

  1. On the Account Credentials page, click the SSH key option.

  2. Type a user name, the path, and name of the key, or click Browse.

  3. Enter a passphrase if the key requires it.

  4. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not have privileged access, and then click Next.

  5. Select the Elevation tab, and select su or sudo elevation.

    If you select su elevation, type the superuser password as established on the UNIX or Linux computer.

  6. Click Next to continue with the wizard.

To set a privileged credential by using a password for an agent maintenance account

  1. On the Account Credentials page, click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and the password confirmation.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account has privileged access.

  4. Click Next to continue with the wizard.

To set a privileged credential by using a password with elevation for an agent maintenance account

  1. On the Account Credentials page, click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and the password confirmation.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not have privileged access, and then click Next.

  4. Click the Elevation tab, and select su or sudo elevation.

    If you select su elevation, type the superuser password as established on the UNIX or Linux computer.

  5. Click Next to continue with the wizard.

Credentials for Upgrading an Agent

The following procedures begin in the UNIX/Linux Agent Upgrade Wizard on the Credentials page, when you select Provide Upgrade Credentials. For more information, see Upgrading and Uninstalling Agents on UNIX and Linux Computers.

To set a privileged credential by using an SSH key

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the SSH key option.

  2. Type a user name, the path, and name of the key, or click Browse.

  3. Enter a passphrase if the key requires it.

  4. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account has privileged access, and then click OK.

  5. On the Agent Verification page, type a user name and password for an account on the targeted computer. This can be a user (unprivileged) account.

  6. Click OK to return to the Credentials page and continue with the wizard.

To set a unprivileged credential with elevation by using an SSH key

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the SSH key option.

  2. Type a user name, the path, and name of the key, or click Browse.

  3. Enter a passphrase if the key requires it.

  4. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not have privileged access, and then click OK.

  5. Click the Elevation page, and select su or sudo elevation.

    If you select su elevation, type the superuser password as established on the UNIX or Linux computer, and then click OK. The su password is also used for agent verification.

    If you select sudo elevation, click Agent Verification. On the Agent Verification page, type a user name and password for an account on the targeted computer. This can be a user (unprivileged) account.

  6. Click OK to return to the Credentials page and continue with the wizard.

To set a privileged credential by using a password

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and password confirmation.

    This password is used for agent verification.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account has privileged access .

  4. Click OK to return to the Credentials page and continue with the wizard.

To set an unprivileged credential with elevation by using a password

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and the password confirmation.

    This password is used for agent verification.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not privileged access, and then click OK.

  4. On the Elevation page, select su or sudo elevation.

    If you select su elevation, type the superuser password as established on the UNIX or Linux computer.

  5. Click OK to return to the Credentials page and continue with the wizard.

Credentials for Uninstalling an Agent

The following procedures begin in the UNIX/Linux Agent Uninstall Wizard, on the Credentials page, when you select Provide Uninstall Credentials. For more information, see, Upgrading and Uninstalling Agents on UNIX and Linux Computers.

To set a privileged credential by using an SSH key

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the SSH key option.

  2. Type a user name, the path, and name of the key, or click Browse.

  3. Enter a passphrase if the key requires it.

  4. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account has privileged access, and then click OK.

  5. Click OK to return to the Credentials page and continue with the wizard.

To set a unprivileged credential with elevation by using an SSH key

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the SSH key option.

  2. Type a user name, the path, and name of the key, or click Browse.

  3. Enter a passphrase if the key requires it.

  4. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not have privileged access, and then click OK.

  5. On the Elevation page, select su or sudo elevation.

    If you select su elevation, type the superuser password as established on the UNIX or Linux computer, and then click OK. The su password is also used for agent verification.

  6. Click OK to return to the Credentials page and continue with the wizard.

To set a privileged credential by using a password

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and password confirmation.

    This password is used for agent verification.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, select This account has privileged access .

  4. Click OK to return to the Credentials page and continue with the wizard.

To set an unprivileged credential with elevation by using a password

  1. On the Credential Settings page, click the Password option.

  2. Type a user name, a password, and the password confirmation.

    This password is used for agent verification.

  3. In the Does this account have privileged access list, click This account does not privileged access, and then click OK.

  4. On the Elevation page, select su or sudo elevation.

    If you select su elevation, type the superuser password as established on the UNIX or Linux computer.

  5. Click OK to return to the Credentials page and continue with the wizard.

See Also

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For additional resources, see Information and Support for System Center 2012.

Tip: Use this query to find online documentation in the TechNet Library for System Center 2012. For instructions and examples, see Search the System Center 2012 Documentation Library.
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