Optimizing tempdb Performance
SQL Server 2000
General recommendations for the physical placement and database options set for the tempdb database include:
- Allow the tempdb database to automatically expand as needed. This ensures that queries that generate larger than expected intermediate result sets stored in the tempdb database are not terminated before execution is complete.
- Set the original size of the tempdb database files to a reasonable size to avoid the files from automatically expanding as more space is needed. If the tempdb database expands too frequently, performance can be affected.
- Set the file growth increment percentage to a reasonable size to avoid the tempdb database files from growing by too small a value. If the file growth is too small compared to the amount of data being written to the tempdb database, then tempdb may need to constantly expand, thereby affecting performance.
- Place the tempdb database on a fast I/O subsystem to ensure good performance. Stripe the tempdb database across multiple disks for better performance. Place the tempdb database on disks different from those used by user databases. For more information, see Expanding a Database.