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SET SHOWPLAN_ALL

SQL Server 2000

Causes Microsoft® SQL Server™ not to execute Transact-SQL statements. Instead, SQL Server returns detailed information about how the statements are executed and provides estimates of the resource requirements for the statements.

Syntax

SET SHOWPLAN_ALL { ON | OFF }

Remarks

The setting of SET SHOWPLAN_ALL is set at execute or run time and not at parse time.

When SET SHOWPLAN_ALL is ON, SQL Server returns execution information for each statement without executing it, and Transact-SQL statements are not executed. After this option is set ON, information about all subsequent Transact-SQL statements are returned until the option is set OFF. For example, if a CREATE TABLE statement is executed while SET SHOWPLAN_ALL is ON, SQL Server returns an error message from a subsequent SELECT statement involving that same table; the specified table does not exist. Therefore, subsequent references to this table fail. When SET SHOWPLAN_ALL is OFF, SQL Server executes the statements without generating a report.

SET SHOWPLAN_ALL is intended to be used by applications written to handle its output. Use SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT to return readable output for Microsoft MS-DOS® applications, such as the osql utility.

SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT and SET SHOWPLAN_ALL cannot be specified inside a stored procedure; they must be the only statements in a batch.

SET SHOWPLAN_ALL returns information as a set of rows that form a hierarchical tree representing the steps taken by the SQL Server query processor as it executes each statement. Each statement reflected in the output contains a single row with the text of the statement, followed by several rows with the details of the execution steps. The table shows the columns that the output contains.

Column name Description
StmtText For rows that are not of type PLAN_ROW, this column contains the text of the Transact-SQL statement. For rows of type PLAN_ROW, this column contains a description of the operation. This column contains the physical operator and may optionally also contain the logical operator. This column may also be followed by a description that is determined by the physical operator. For more information, see Logical and Physical Operators.
StmtId Number of the statement in the current batch.
NodeId ID of the node in the current query.
Parent Node ID of the parent step.
PhysicalOp Physical implementation algorithm for the node. For rows of type PLAN_ROWS only.
LogicalOp Relational algebraic operator this node represents. For rows of type PLAN_ROWS only.
Argument Provides supplemental information about the operation being performed. The contents of this column depend on the physical operator.
DefinedValues Contains a comma-separated list of values introduced by this operator. These values may be computed expressions which were present in the current query (for example, in the SELECT list or WHERE clause), or internal values introduced by the query processor in order to process this query. These defined values may then be referenced elsewhere within this query. For rows of type PLAN_ROWS only.
EstimateRows Estimated number of rows output by this operator. For rows of type PLAN_ROWS only.
EstimateIO Estimated I/O cost for this operator. For rows of type PLAN_ROWS only.
EstimateCPU Estimated CPU cost for this operator. For rows of type PLAN_ROWS only.
AvgRowSize Estimated average row size (in bytes) of the row being passed through this operator.
TotalSubtreeCost Estimated (cumulative) cost of this operation and all child operations.
OutputList Contains a comma-separated list of columns being projected by the current operation.
Warnings Contains a comma-separated list of warning messages relating to the current operation. Warning messages may include the string "NO STATS:()" with a list of columns. This warning message means that the query optimizer attempted to make a decision based on the statistics for this column, but none were available. Consequently, the query optimizer had to make a guess, which may have resulted in the selection of an inefficient query plan. For more information about creating or updating column statistics (which help the query optimizer choose a more efficient query plan), see UPDATE STATISTICS. This column may optionally include the string "MISSING JOIN PREDICATE", which means that a join (involving tables) is taking place without a join predicate. Accidentally dropping a join predicate may result in a query which takes much longer to run than expected, and returns a huge result set. If this warning is present, verify that the absence of a join predicate is intentional.
Type Node type. For the parent node of each query, this is the Transact-SQL statement type (for example, SELECT, INSERT, EXECUTE, and so on). For subnodes representing execution plans, the type is PLAN_ROW.
Parallel 0 = Operator is not running in parallel.
1 = Operator is running in parallel.
EstimateExecutions Estimated number of times this operator will be executed while running the current query.

Permissions

SET SHOWPLAN_ALL permissions default to all users.

Examples

The two statements that follow use the SET SHOWPLAN_ALL settings to show the way SQL Server analyzes and optimizes the use of indexes in queries.

The first query uses the Equals comparison operator (=) in the WHERE clause on an indexed column. This results in the Clustered Index Seek value in the LogicalOp column and the name of the index in the Argument column.

The second query uses the LIKE operator in the WHERE clause. This forces SQL Server to use a clustered index scan and find the data meeting the WHERE clause condition. This results in the Clustered Index Scan value in the LogicalOp column with the name of the index in the Argument column, and the Filter value in the LogicalOp column with the WHERE clause condition in the Argument column.

The values in the EstimateRows and the TotalSubtreeCost columns are smaller for the first indexed query, indicating that it is processed much faster and uses less resources than the nonindexed query.

USE pubs
GO
SET SHOWPLAN_ALL ON
GO
-- First query.
SELECT au_id 
FROM authors 
WHERE au_id = '409-56-7008'
GO
-- Second query.
SELECT city
FROM authors
WHERE city LIKE 'San%'
GO
SET SHOWPLAN_ALL OFF
GO

See Also

SET

SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT

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