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Remove-Message

Applies to: Exchange Server 2010

Topic Last Modified: 2011-03-19

Use the Remove-Message cmdlet to delete a message from a queue on a computer that has the Hub Transport server role or the Edge Transport server role installed.


Remove-Message -Identity <MessageIdentity> [-Confirm [<SwitchParameter>]] [-WhatIf [<SwitchParameter>]] [-WithNDR <$true | $false>]


Remove-Message -Filter <String> [-Confirm [<SwitchParameter>]] [-Server <ServerIdParameter>] [-WhatIf [<SwitchParameter>]] [-WithNDR <$true | $false>]

Parameter Required Type Description

Filter

Required

System.String

The Filter parameter requires an expression that specifies the property value criteria for the messages that you want to remove. The expression includes a property name followed by a comparison operator and value. The following message properties are valid criteria for the Filter parameter:

  • DateReceived   The date that the message was received.
  • ExpirationTime   The time that a message will expire.
  • FromAddress   The SMTP address of the sender of a message. This value is taken from MAIL FROM in the message envelope.
  • Identity   An integer that represents a particular message and an optional server and queue identity.
  • InternetMessageId   The value of the Message-ID header field. This property is expressed as a GUID followed by the SMTP address of the sending server, as in this example: 67D7543D6103DC4FBEBA6BC7205DACABA61231@exchange.contoso.com.
  • LastError   A text string of the last error recorded for a message.
  • MessageSourceName   A text string of the name of the component that submitted this message to the queue.
  • Queue   The identity of the queue that holds the message. Enter the queue identity in the form of Server\destination, where destination is a remote domain, Mailbox server, or persistent queue name.
  • RetryCount   The number of times that delivery of a message to a destination was tried.
  • SCL   The spam confidence level (SCL) of the message. Valid SCL entries are integers 0 through 9. An empty SCL property value indicates that the message hasn't been processed by the Content Filter agent.
  • Size   The size of a message.
  • SourceIP   The IP address of the external server that submitted the message to the Exchange organization.
  • Status   The current message status. Message status options are Active, Retry, Suspended, PendingSuspend, and PendingRemove.
  • Subject   A text string that represents the e-mail subject. The value is taken from the Subject header field.

You can specify multiple filter criteria by using the and comparison operator. Property values that aren't expressed as a single integer must be enclosed in quotation marks (").

Identity

Required

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.QueueViewer.MessageIdentity

The Identity parameter specifies the MessageIdentity integer that represents a particular message and an optional server and queue identity. The syntax for this parameter is as follows:

  • Server\QueueIdentity\MessageIdentity
  • QueueIdentity\MessageIdentity
  • Server\*\MessageIdentity
  • MessageIdentity

Confirm

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The Confirm switch can be used to suppress the confirmation prompt that appears by default when this cmdlet is run. To suppress the confirmation prompt, use the syntax -Confirm:$False. You must include a colon ( : ) in the syntax.

Server

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.ServerIdParameter

The Server parameter specifies the name of the server to connect to by using the remote procedure call (RPC) that contains the queues that hold the messages that you want to remove. Enter the Server parameter as a host name or a fully qualified domain name (FQDN). If this parameter isn't used, the local server is queried.

WhatIf

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The WhatIf switch instructs the command to simulate the actions that it would take on the object. By using the WhatIf switch, you can view what changes would occur without having to apply any of those changes. You don't have to specify a value with the WhatIf switch.

WithNDR

Optional

System.Boolean

The WithNDR parameter specifies whether a non-delivery report (NDR) is returned to the sender of a message. The default value is $true. This parameter can be used with both the Identity parameter and Filter parameter sets.

The Remove-Message cmdlet deletes one or more messages in a queue on a Hub Transport server or an Edge Transport server. A message being transmitted to multiple recipients might be located in multiple queues. If you specify an Identity parameter, the message is removed from a single queue if that identity matches only a single message. If the identity matches more than one message, you receive an error. To remove a message from more than one queue in a single operation, you must use the Filter parameter. If you try to remove a message currently being delivered, the message status changes to PendingDelete. Message delivery isn't interrupted, but if the delivery fails and causes the message to re-enter the queue, it's then removed.

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although all parameters for this cmdlet are listed in this topic, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To see what permissions you need, see the "Queues" entry in the Transport Permissions topic.

This example removes all messages that meet the following criteria without generating NDRs:

  • The messages are sent by the sender Kweku@contoso.com.
  • The messages are queued on the server Server1.
Remove-Message -Server Server1 -Filter {FromAddress -eq "Kweku@contoso.com"} -WithNDR $false
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