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Get-MessageTrackingLog

Applies to: Exchange Server 2010

Topic Last Modified: 2011-03-19

Use the Get-MessageTrackingLog cmdlet to search message information stored in the message tracking log.


Get-MessageTrackingLog [-DomainController <Fqdn>] [-End <DateTime>] [-EventId <String>] [-InternalMessageId <String>] [-MessageId <String>] [-MessageSubject <String>] [-Recipients <String[]>] [-Reference <String>] [-ResultSize <Unlimited>] [-Sender <String>] [-Server <ServerIdParameter>] [-Start <DateTime>]

Parameter Required Type Description

DomainController

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Fqdn

The DomainController parameter specifies the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the domain controller that retrieves data from Active Directory. The DomainController parameter isn't supported on the Edge Transport server role. The Edge Transport server role reads only from the Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) instance.

End

Optional

System.DateTime

The End parameter specifies the end date and time to return message tracking log entries. Entries are returned up to, but not including, the specified date and time. The specified date and time uses the regional format of the computer on which the command is run.

EventId

Optional

System.String

The EventId parameter specifies the event categories to return message tracking log entries with. The following are possible event categories: BadMail, Defer Deliver, DSN, Expand, Fail, PoisonMessage, Receive, Redirect, Resolve, Send, Submit, and Transfer.

InternalMessageId

Optional

System.String

The InternalMessageId parameter specifies the message identifier of the message tracking log entries to return. The InternalMessageID parameter is a message identifier assigned by the computer running Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 currently processing the message.

A specific message's value of the InternalMessageID parameter is different in the message tracking log of every Exchange 2010 server involved in the delivery of the message.

MessageId

Optional

System.String

The MessageId parameter specifies the Message-ID header field of the message tracking log entries to return. If the Message-ID header field is blank or doesn't exist, an arbitrary value is assigned. This value is constant for the lifetime of the message.

MessageSubject

Optional

System.String

The MessageSubject parameter specifies the Subject header field of the messages in the message tracking log entries to return. By default, message subjects are stored in the message tracking logs. To disable logging of message subjects, use the following command: Set-TransportServer <Identity> -MessageTrackingLogSubjectLoggingEnabled $false

Recipients

Optional

System.String[]

The Recipients parameter specifies the recipient's SMTP e-mail addresses of the messages in the message tracking log entries to return. Multiple individual recipients included in a single message are logged by using a single message tracking log entry. Unexpanded distribution group recipients are logged by using the distribution group's SMTP e-mail address. Multiple recipient values can be specified by using commas as a delimiter.

Reference

Optional

System.String

The Reference parameter specifies the Reference field value of the messages in the message tracking log to return.

The Reference field contains additional information for specific types of EventID:

  • Send   The Reference field contains the Internet-Message-Id of any delivery status notification (DSN) messages.
  • Transfer   The Reference field contains the Internal-Message-Id of the message being forked.
  • DSN   The Reference field contains the Internet-Message-Id of the message that caused the DSN.

For all other types of EventID, the Reference field is blank.

ResultSize

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Unlimited

The ResultSize parameter specifies the maximum number of message tracking log entries to display. By default, a maximum of 1,000 entries are displayed. To display all entries, use the value Unlimited.

Sender

Optional

System.String

The Sender parameter specifies the sender's SMTP e-mail address for messages in the message tracking log entries to return.

Server

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.ServerIdParameter

The Server parameter specifies the Exchange 2010 server that contains the message tracking logs to be searched. The Server parameter can take any of the following values for the target server:

  • Name
  • FQDN
  • Distinguished name (DN)
  • Legacy Exchange DN
  • GUID

Start

Optional

System.DateTime

The Start parameter specifies the start date and time to return message tracking log entries. The specified date and time uses the regional format of the computer on which the command is run.

A unique message tracking log exists on each computer that has the Hub Transport server role, the Mailbox server role, or the Edge Transport server role installed. The message tracking log is a comma-separated value (CSV) file that contains detailed information about the history of each e-mail message as it travels through an individual server.

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although all parameters for this cmdlet are listed in this topic, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To see what permissions you need, see the "Message tracking" entry in the Transport Permissions topic.

This example uses the Get-MessageTrackingLog command to retrieve message tracking log entries that were created between March 13, 2010 at 09:00 and March 15, 2010 at 17:00 with a Sender parameter value of john@contoso.com.

Get-MessageTrackingLog -Start "03/13/2010 9:00AM" -End "03/15/2010 5:00PM" -Sender "john@contoso.com"
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