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New-WebServicesVirtualDirectory

 

Applies to: Exchange Server 2013

Topic Last Modified: 2014-03-05

This cmdlet is available only in on-premises Exchange Server 2013.

Use the New-WebServicesVirtualDirectory cmdlet to create an Exchange Web Services virtual directory on a server running Microsoft Exchange Server 2013.

You can use this cmdlet to create multiple virtual directories. However, you can create only one Exchange Web Services virtual directory organization.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Syntax.

New-WebServicesVirtualDirectory [-ApplicationRoot <String>] [-AppPoolId <String>] [-AppPoolIdForManagement <String>] [-BasicAuthentication <$true | $false>] [-Confirm [<SwitchParameter>]] [-DigestAuthentication <$true | $false>] [-DomainController <Fqdn>] [-ExtendedProtectionFlags <MultiValuedProperty>] [-ExtendedProtectionSPNList <MultiValuedProperty>] [-ExtendedProtectionTokenChecking <None | Allow | Require>] [-ExternalUrl <Uri>] [-Force <SwitchParameter>] [-GzipLevel <Off | Low | High | Error>] [-InternalNLBBypassUrl <Uri>] [-InternalUrl <Uri>] [-MRSProxyEnabled <$true | $false>] [-OAuthAuthentication <$true | $false>] [-Path <String>] [-Role <ClientAccess | Mailbox>] [-Server <ServerIdParameter>] [-WebSiteName <String>] [-WhatIf [<SwitchParameter>]] [-WindowsAuthentication <$true | $false>] [-WSSecurityAuthentication <$true | $false>]

This example creates a virtual directory under the non-default website www.contoso.com. It also sets the external URL to https://www.contoso.com/webservices.aspx.

New-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -WebSiteName "www.contoso.com" -ExternalUrl "https://www.contoso.com/webservices.aspx"

You can create multiple virtual directories by using this cmdlet. However, you can only create one Exchange Web Services virtual directory for each website.

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although all parameters for this cmdlet are listed in this topic, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To see what permissions you need, see the "Exchange Web Services virtual directory settings" entry in the Clients and mobile devices permissions topic.

 

Parameter Required Type Description

ApplicationRoot

Optional

System.String

The ApplicationRoot parameter sets the metabase path of the virtual directory. By default, this path is the same as the website in which the virtual directory is created.

AppPoolId

Optional

System.String

The AppPoolId parameter sets the pool of programs that can be used with the virtual directory.

AppPoolIdForManagement

Optional

System.String

The AppPoolIdForManagement parameter specifies the pool of programs that manages the virtual directory.

BasicAuthentication

Optional

System.Boolean

The BasicAuthentication parameter specifies whether Basic authentication is enabled on the Exchange Web Services virtual directory.

Confirm

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The Confirm switch causes the command to pause processing and requires you to acknowledge what the command will do before processing continues. You don't have to specify a value with the Confirm switch.

DigestAuthentication

Optional

System.Boolean

The DigestAuthentication parameter specifies whether Digest authentication is enabled on the virtual directory.

DomainController

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Fqdn

The DomainController parameter specifies the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the domain controller that writes this configuration change to Active Directory.

ExtendedProtectionFlags

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.MultiValuedProperty

The ExtendedProtectionFlags parameter is used to customize the options you use if you're using Extended Protection for Authentication. The possible values are:

  • None   Default setting.

  • Proxy   Specifies that a proxy is terminating the SSL channel. A Service Principal Name (SPN) must be registered in the ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter if proxy mode is configured.

  • ProxyCoHosting   Specifies that both HTTP and HTTPS traffic may be accessing the Client Access server and that a proxy is located between at least some of the clients and the Client Access server.

  • AllowDotlessSPN   Specifies whether you want to support valid SPNs that aren't in the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) format, for example ContosoMail. You specify valid SPNs with the ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter. This option makes extended protection less secure because dotless certificates aren't unique, so it isn't possible to ensure that the client-to-proxy connection was established over a secure channel.

  • NoServiceNameCheck   Specifies that the SPN list won't be checked to validate a channel binding token. This option makes Extended Protection for Authentication less secure. We generally don't recommend this setting.

ExtendedProtectionSPNList

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.MultiValuedProperty

The ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter specifies a list of valid Service Principal Names (SPNs) if you're using Extended Protection for Authentication on the specified virtual directory.

The possible values are:

  • Null   This is the default value.

  • Single SPN or comma delimited list of valid SPNs   By default, you must specify the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) (for example mail.contoso.com) for each SPN. If you want to add an SPN that's not an FQDN (for example, ContosoMail), you must also use the ExtendedProtectionTokenChecking parameter with the AllowDotlessSPN value. You specify the domain in SPN format. The SPN format is <protocol>/<FQDN>. For example, a valid entry could be HTTP/mail.contoso.com.

ExtendedProtectionTokenChecking

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Directory.SystemConfiguration.ExtendedProtectionTokenCheckingMode

The ExtendedProtectionTokenChecking parameter defines how you want to use Extended Protection for Authentication on the specified Exchange virtual directory. Extended Protection for Authentication isn't enabled by default. The available settings are:

  • None   Extended Protection for Authentication won't be used. Connections between the client and Exchange won't use Extended Protection for Authentication on this virtual directory. This is the default setting.

  • Allow   Extended Protection for Authentication will be used for connections between the client and Exchange on this virtual directory if both the client and server support Extended Protection for Authentication. Connections that don't support Extended Protection for Authentication on the client and server will work, but may not be as secure as a connection using Extended Protection for Authentication.

NoteNote:
If you have a proxy server between the client and the Client Access server that's configured to terminate the client-to-proxy SSL channel, you must also configure one or more Service Principal Names (SPNs) by using the ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter.
  • Require   Extended Protection for Authentication will be used for all connections between clients and Exchange servers for this virtual directory. If either the client or server doesn't support Extended Protection for Authentication, the connection between the client and server will fail. If you set this option, you must also set a value for the ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter.

NoteNote:
If you have a proxy server between the client and the Client Access server that's configured to terminate the client-to-proxy SSL channel, you must also configure one or more SPNs using the parameter ExtendedProtectionSPNList.

ExternalUrl

Optional

System.Uri

The ExternalUrl parameter specifies the host name used to connect to the Exchange server from outside the firewall. This setting is also important when Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is used.

Force

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The Force switch specifies whether to suppress the warning or confirmation messages that appear during specific configuration changes.

GzipLevel

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Directory.SystemConfiguration.GzipLevel

The GzipLevel parameter sets Gzip configuration information for the Exchange Web Services virtual directory. This parameter can be set to the following values:

  • Off   This value results in no compression.

  • Low   This value results in static compression only. Don't use this setting for Exchange Web Services because Exchange Web Services content is dynamic. You'll get a warning if you set the GzipLevel parameter to this value. If you use this setting, it behaves the same as the Off setting.

  • High   This value results in static and dynamic compression. Content from Exchange Web Services is compressed if clients have indicated support for Gzip compression in their requests.

  • Error   This value identifies errors in the Gzip compression configuration.

InternalNLBBypassUrl

Optional

System.Uri

The InternalNLBBypassUrl parameter specifies the URL of the Client Access server, regardless of whether it's behind a Network Load Balancing (NLB) array. Although the InternalUrl parameter is set to the URL of the NLB array, the InternalNLBBypassUrl parameter should always be set to the URL of the Client Access server.

InternalUrl

Optional

System.Uri

The InternalUrl parameter specifies the host name of the Exchange server for a connection from inside the firewall. This setting is also important when SSL is used.

MRSProxyEnabled

Optional

System.Boolean

The MRSProxyEnabled parameter specifies whether to enable MRSProxy for the Client Access server. MRSProxy is a service that runs on Client Access servers in a remote forest and helps to proxy a mailbox move. For more information, see Mailbox moves in Exchange 2013.

OAuthAuthentication

Optional

System.Boolean

The OAuthAuthentication parameter specifies whether OAuth authentication is enabled.

Path

Optional

System.String

The Path parameter sets the path of the virtual directory in the metabase.

Role

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Management.SystemConfigurationTasks.VirtualDirectoryRole

The Role parameter specifies the configuration that should be used when the virtual directory is created. The following are the values that can be used with this parameter:

  • FrontEnd   Configures the virtual directory for use on a Client Access server.

  • BackEnd   Configures the virtual directory for use on a Mailbox server.

Server

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.ServerIdParameter

The Server parameter specifies the Exchange server on which you want to create the virtual directory. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the server, for example:

  • Name

  • FQDN

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • Exchange Legacy DN

If you don't use the Server parameter, the virtual directory is created on the server where the Remote PowerShell session is established This will always be a Mailbox server. If you want to create the virtual directory on a Client Access server or another Mailbox server, you must use the Server parameter.

WebSiteName

Optional

System.String

The WebSiteName parameter specifies the name of the website under which to create the virtual directory. This parameter shouldn't be used when you're creating a virtual directory under the default website.

WhatIf

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The WhatIf switch instructs the command to simulate the actions that it would take on the object. By using the WhatIf switch, you can view what changes would occur without having to apply any of those changes. You don't have to specify a value with the WhatIf switch.

WindowsAuthentication

Optional

System.Boolean

The WindowsAuthentication parameter specifies whether Integrated Windows authentication is permitted on the new Exchange Web Services virtual directory.

WSSecurityAuthentication

Optional

System.Boolean

The WSSecurityAuthentication parameter specifies whether Web Services Security authentication is enabled on the Exchange Web Services virtual directory. This parameter can be used with the BasicAuthentication, DigestAuthentication, and WindowsAuthentication parameters.

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t accept input data.

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t return data.

 
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