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Exchange Network Port Reference

Exchange 2010
 

Applies to: Exchange Server 2010 SP3, Exchange Server 2010 SP2

Topic Last Modified: 2012-09-25

This topic provides information about ports, authentication, and encryption for all data paths that are used by Microsoft Exchange Server 2010. The “Notes” sections that follow each table clarify or define non-standard authentication or encryption methods.

Exchange 2010 includes two server roles that perform message transport functionality: Hub Transport server and Edge Transport server.

The following table provides information about ports, authentication, and encryption for data paths between these transport servers and other Exchange 2010 servers and services.

Transport server data paths

Data path Required ports Default authentication Supported authentication Encryption supported? Encrypted by default?

Hub Transport server to Hub Transport server

25/TCP (SMTP)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using Transport Layer Security (TLS)

Yes

Hub Transport server to Edge Transport server

25/TCP (SMTP)

Direct trust

Direct trust

Yes, using TLS

Yes

Edge Transport server to Hub Transport server

25/TCP (SMTP)

Direct trust

Direct trust

Yes, using TLS

Yes

Edge Transport server to Edge Transport server

25/TCP (SMTP)

Anonymous, Certificate

Anonymous, Certificate

Yes, using TLS

Yes

Mailbox server to Hub Transport server via the Microsoft Exchange Mail Submission Service

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM. If the Hub Transport and the Mailbox server roles are on the same server, Kerberos is used.

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Hub Transport to Mailbox server via MAPI

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM. If the Hub Transport and the Mailbox server roles are on the same server, Kerberos is used.

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Unified Messaging server to Hub Transport server

25/TCP (SMTP)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using TLS

Yes

Microsoft Exchange EdgeSync service from Hub Transport server to Edge Transport server

50636/TCP (SSL)

Basic

Basic

Yes, using LDAP over SSL (LDAPS)

Yes

Active Directory access from Hub Transport server

389/TCP/UDP (LDAP), 3268/TCP (LDAP GC), 88/TCP/UDP (Kerberos), 53/TCP/UDP (DNS), 135/TCP (RPC netlogon)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using Kerberos encryption

Yes

Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS) access from Hub Transport server

443/TCP (HTTPS)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using SSL

Yes*

SMTP clients to Hub Transport server (for example, end-users using Windows Live Mail)

587 (SMTP)

25/TCP (SMTP)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using TLS

Yes

  • All traffic between Hub Transport servers is encrypted by using TLS with self-signed certificates that are installed by Exchange 2010 Setup.
    noteNote:
    In Exchange 2010, TLS can be disabled on Hub Transport servers for internal SMTP communication with other Hub Transport servers in the same Exchange organization. We don't recommend that you do this unless it is absolutely required. For more information, see Disabling TLS Between Active Directory Sites to Support WAN Optimization.
  • All traffic between Edge Transport servers and Hub Transport servers is authenticated and encrypted. Mutual TLS is the underlying mechanism for authentication and encryption. Instead of using X.509 validation, Exchange 2010 uses direct trust to authenticate the certificates. Direct trust means that the presence of the certificate in Active Directory or Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) acts as validation for the certificate. Active Directory is considered a trusted storage mechanism. When direct trust is used, it doesn't matter whether the certificate is self-signed or signed by a certification authority (CA). When you subscribe an Edge Transport server to the Exchange organization, the Edge Subscription publishes the Edge Transport server certificate in Active Directory for the Hub Transport servers to validate. The Microsoft Exchange EdgeSync service updates AD LDS together with the set of Hub Transport server certificates for the Edge Transport server to validate.
  • EdgeSync uses a secure LDAP connection from the Hub Transport server to subscribed Edge Transport servers over TCP 50636. AD LDS also listens on TCP 50389. Connections to this port don't use SSL. You can use LDAP utilities to connect to the port and to check AD LDS data.
  • By default, traffic between Edge Transport servers in two different organizations is encrypted. Exchange 2010 Setup creates a self-signed certificate, and TLS is enabled by default. This allows any sending system to encrypt the inbound SMTP session to Exchange. Also by default, Exchange 2010 tries TLS for all remote connections.
  • Authentication methods for traffic between Hub Transport servers and Mailbox servers differ when the Hub Transport server roles and Mailbox server roles are installed on the same computer. When mail submission is local, Kerberos authentication is used. When mail submission is remote, NTLM authentication is used.
  • Exchange 2010 also supports Domain Security. Domain Security refers to the functionality in Exchange 2010 and Microsoft Outlook 2010 that provides a low-cost alternative to S/MIME or other message-level, over-the-Internet security solutions. Domain Security provides you a way to manage secure message paths between domains over the Internet. After you configure these secure message paths, messages that have successfully traveled over the secure path from an authenticated sender are displayed to Outlook and Outlook Web Access users as "Domain Secured." For more information, see Understanding Domain Security.
  • Many agents can run on Hub Transport servers and Edge Transport servers. Generally, anti-spam agents rely on information that's local to the computer on which the agents run. Therefore, a minimum of communication with remote computers is required. Recipient filtering is the exception. Recipient filtering requires calls to either AD LDS or Active Directory. As a best practice, run recipient filtering on the Edge Transport server. In this case, the AD LDS directory is on the same computer as the Edge Transport server. Therefore, no remote communication is required. When recipient filtering has been installed and configured on the Hub Transport server, recipient filtering accesses Active Directory.
  • The Sender Reputation feature in Exchange 2010 uses the Protocol Analysis agent. This agent also makes various connections to outside proxy servers to determine inbound message paths for suspect connections.
  • All other anti-spam functionality uses such data as safelist aggregation and recipient data for recipient filtering. This data is gathered, stored, and accessed only on the local computer. Frequently, the data is pushed to the local AD LDS directory by using the Microsoft Exchange EdgeSync service.
  • Information Rights Management (IRM) agents on Hub Transport servers make connections to Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS) servers in the organization. AD RMS is a Web service that's secured by using SSL as a best practice. Communication with AD RMS servers occurs by using HTTPS, and Kerberos or NTLM is used for authentication, depending on the AD RMS server configuration.
  • Journal rules, transport rules, and message classifications are stored in Active Directory and accessed by the Journaling agent and the Transport Rules agent on Hub Transport servers.

Whether NTLM or Kerberos authentication is used for Mailbox servers depends on the user or process context that the Exchange Business Logic layer consumer is running under. In this context, the consumer is any application or process that uses the Exchange Business Logic layer. As a result, many entries in the Default Authentication column of the Mailbox server data paths table are listed as NTLM/Kerberos.

The Exchange Business Logic layer is used to access and communicate with the Exchange store. The Exchange Business Logic layer is also called from the Exchange store to communicate with external applications and processes.

If the Exchange Business Logic layer consumer is running as Local System, the authentication method is always Kerberos from the consumer to the Exchange store. Kerberos is used because the consumer must be authenticated by using the Local System computer account, and a two-way authenticated trust must exist.

If the Exchange Business Logic layer consumer isn't running as Local System, the authentication method is NTLM. For example, NTLM is used when you run an Exchange Management Shell cmdlet that uses the Exchange Business Logic layer.

The RPC traffic is always encrypted.

The following table provides information about ports, authentication, and encryption for data paths to and from Mailbox servers.

Mailbox server data paths

Data path Required ports Default authentication Supported authentication Encryption supported? Encrypted by default?

Active Directory access

389/TCP/UDP (LDAP), 3268/TCP (LDAP GC), 88/TCP/UDP (Kerberos), 53/TCP/UDP (DNS), 135/TCP (RPC netlogon)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using Kerberos encryption

Yes

Admin remote access (Remote Registry)

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using IPsec

No

Admin remote access (SMB/File)

445/TCP (SMB)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using IPsec

No

Availability Web service (Client Access to Mailbox)

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Clustering

135/TCP (RPC) See Notes on Mailbox Servers after this table.

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using IPsec

No

Content indexing

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Log shipping

64327 (customizable)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes

No

Seeding

64327 (customizable)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes

No

Volume shadow copy service (VSS) backup

Local Message Block (SMB)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

No

No

Mailbox Assistants

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

No

No

MAPI access

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Microsoft Exchange Active Directory Topology service access

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Microsoft Exchange System Attendant service legacy access (Listen to requests)

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

No

No

Microsoft Exchange System Attendant service legacy access to Active Directory

389/TCP/UDP (LDAP), 3268/TCP (LDAP GC), 88/TCP/UDP (Kerberos), 53/TCP/UDP (DNS), 135/TCP (RPC netlogon)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using Kerberos encryption

Yes

Microsoft Exchange System Attendant service legacy access (As MAPI client)

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Offline address book (OAB) accessing Active Directory

135/TCP (RPC)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Recipient Update Service RPC access

135/TCP (RPC)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Recipient update to Active Directory

389/TCP/UDP (LDAP), 3268/TCP (LDAP GC), 88/TCP/UDP (Kerberos), 53/TCP/UDP (DNS), 135/TCP (RPC netlogon)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using Kerberos encryption

Yes

  • The Clustering data path listed in the preceding table uses dynamic RPC over TCP to communicate cluster status and activity between the different cluster nodes. The Cluster service (ClusSvc.exe) also uses UDP/3343 and randomly allocated, high TCP ports to communicate between cluster nodes.
  • For intra-node communications, cluster nodes communicate over User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port 3343. Each node in the cluster periodically exchanges sequenced, unicast UDP datagrams with every other node in the cluster. The purpose of this exchange is to determine whether all nodes are running correctly, and also to monitor the health of network links.
  • Port 64327/TCP is the default port used for log shipping. Administrators can specify a different port for log shipping.
  • For HTTP authentication in which Negotiate is listed, Kerberos is tried first, and then NTLM.

Unless noted, client access technologies, such as Outlook Web App, POP3, or IMAP4 are described by the authentication and encryption from the client application to the Client Access server.

The following table provides information about ports, authentication, and encryption for data paths between Client Access servers and other servers and clients.

Client Access server data paths

Data path Required ports Default authentication Supported authentication Encryption supported? Encrypted by default?

Active Directory access

389/TCP/UDP (LDAP), 3268/TCP (LDAP GC), 88/TCP/UDP (Kerberos), 53/TCP/UDP (DNS), 135/TCP (RPC netlogon)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using Kerberos encryption

Yes

Autodiscover service

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

Basic/Integrated Windows authentication (Negotiate)

Basic, Digest, NTLM, Negotiate (Kerberos)

Yes, using HTTPS

Yes

Availability service

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM, Kerberos

Yes, using HTTPS

Yes

Mailbox Replication Service (MRS)

808/TCP

Kerberos/NTLM

Kerberos, NTLM

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Outlook accessing OAB

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using HTTPS

No

Outlook Web App

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

Forms Based Authentication

Basic, Digest, Forms Based Authentication, NTLM (v2 only), Kerberos, Certificate

Yes, using HTTPS

Yes, using a self-signed certificate

POP3

110/TCP (TLS), 995/TCP (SSL)

Basic, Kerberos

Basic, Kerberos

Yes, using SSL, TLS

Yes

IMAP4

143/TCP (TLS), 993/TCP (SSL)

Basic, Kerberos

Basic, Kerberos

Yes, using SSL, TLS

Yes

Outlook Anywhere (formerly known as RPC over HTTP )

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

Basic

Basic or NTLM

Yes, using HTTPS

Yes

Exchange ActiveSync application

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

Basic

Basic, Certificate

Yes, using HTTPS

Yes

Client Access server to Unified Messaging server

5060/TCP, 5061/TCP, 5062/TCP, a dynamic port

By IP address

By IP address

Yes, using Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) over TLS

Yes

Client Access server to a Mailbox server that is running an earlier version of Exchange Server

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

NTLM/Kerberos

Negotiate (Kerberos with fallback to NTLM or optionally Basic,) POP/IMAP plain text

Yes, using IPsec

No

Client Access server to Exchange 2010 Mailbox server

RPC. See Notes on Client Access Servers.

Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Client Access server to Client Access server (Exchange ActiveSync)

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

Kerberos

Kerberos, Certificate

Yes, using HTTPS

Yes, using a self-signed certificate

Client Access server to Client Access server (Outlook Web Access)

80/TCP, 443/TCP (HTTPS)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using SSL

Yes

Client Access server to Client Access server (Exchange Web Services)

443/TCP (HTTPS)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using SSL

Yes

Client Access server to Client Access server (POP3)

995 (SSL)

Basic

Basic

Yes, using SSL

Yes

Client Access server to Client Access server (IMAP4)

993 (SSL)

Basic

Basic

Yes, using SSL

Yes

Office Communications Server access to Client Access server (when Office Communications Server and Outlook Web App integration is enabled)

5075-5077/TCP (IN), 5061/TCP (OUT)

mTLS (Required)

mTLS (Required)

Yes, using SSL

Yes

noteNote:
Integrated Windows authentication (NTLM) is not supported for POP3 or IMAP4 client connectivity. For more information, see the "Client Access Features" sections in Discontinued Features.
  • In Exchange 2010, MAPI clients such as Microsoft Outlook connect to Client Access servers.
  • The Client Access servers use many ports to communicate with Mailbox servers. With some exceptions, those ports are determined by the RPC service, and they aren't fixed.
  • For HTTP authentication where Negotiate is listed, Kerberos is tried first, and then NTLM.
  • When an Exchange 2010 Client Access server communicates with a Mailbox server that runs Microsoft Exchange Server 2003, it's a best practice to use Kerberos and disable NTLM authentication and Basic authentication. It's also a best practice to configure Outlook Web App to use forms-based authentication with a trusted certificate. For Exchange ActiveSync clients to communicate through the Exchange 2010 Client Access server to the Exchange 2003 back-end server, Windows Integrated Authentication must be enabled on the Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync virtual directory on the Exchange 2003 back-end server. To use Exchange System Manager on an Exchange 2003 server to manage authentication on an Exchange 2003 virtual directory, download and install the hotfix referenced in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 937031, Event ID 1036 is logged on an Exchange 2007 server that is running the CAS role when mobile devices connect to the Exchange 2007 server to access mailboxes on an Exchange 2003 back-end server.
    noteNote:
    Although the Knowledge Base article is specific to MicrosoftExchange Server 2007, it's also applicable to Exchange 2010.
  • When a Client Access server proxies POP3 requests to another Client Access server, the communication occurs over port 995/TCP. This is true regardless of whether the connecting client uses POP3 and requests TLS (on port 110/TCP) or connects on port 995/TCP using SSL. Similarly, for IMAP4 connections, the requesting server uses port 993/TCP to proxy requests regardless of whether the connecting client uses IMAP4 and requests TLS (on port 443/TCP) or connects to port 995 using IMAP4 with SSL encryption

In addition to having a Client Access server in every Active Directory site that contains a Mailbox server, it’s important to avoid restricting traffic between Exchange servers. Make sure that all defined ports that are used by Exchange are open in both directions between all source and destination servers. The installation of a firewall between Exchange servers or between an Exchange 2010 Mailbox or Client Access server and Active Directory isn’t supported. However, you can install a network device if traffic isn’t restricted and all available ports are open between the various Exchange servers and Active Directory.

IP gateways and IP PBXs support only certificate-based authentication that uses mutual TLS for encrypting SIP traffic and IP-based authentication for Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)/TCP connections. IP gateways don't support either NTLM or Kerberos authentication. Therefore, when you use IP-based authentication, the connecting IP address or addresses are used to provide authentication mechanism for unencrypted (TCP) connections. When IP-based authentication is used in Unified Messaging (UM), the UM server verifies that the IP address is allowed to connect. The IP address is configured on the IP gateway or IP PBX.

IP gateways and IP PBXs support mutual TLS for encrypting SIP traffic. After you successfully import and export the required trusted certificates, the IP gateway or IP PBX will request a certificate from the UM server, and then it will request a certificate from the IP gateway or IP PBX. Exchanging the trusted certificate between the IP gateway or IP PBX and the UM server enables the IP gateway or IP PBX and UM server to communicate over an encrypted connection by using mutual TLS.

The following table provides information about port, authentication, and encryption for data paths between UM servers and other servers.

Unified Messaging server data paths

Data path Required ports Default authentication Supported authentication Encryption supported? Encrypted by default?

Active Directory access

389/TCP/UDP (LDAP), 3268/TCP (LDAP GC), 88/TCP/UDP (Kerberos), 53/TCP/UDP (DNS), 135/TCP (RPC netlogon)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using Kerberos encryption

Yes

Unified Messaging Phone interaction (IP PBX/VoIP Gateway)

5060/TCP , 5065/TCP, 5067/TCP (unsecured), 5061/TCP, 5066/TCP, 5068/TCP (secured), a dynamic port from the range 16000-17000/TCP (control), dynamic UDP ports from the range 1024-65535/UDP (RTP)

By IP address

By IP address, MTLS

Yes, using SIP/TLS, SRTP

No

Unified Messaging Web Service

80/TCP, 443/TCP (SSL)

Integrated Windows authentication (Negotiate)

Basic, Digest, NTLM, Negotiate (Kerberos)

Yes, using SSL

Yes

Unified Messaging server to Client Access server

5075, 5076, 5077 (TCP)

Integrated Windows authentication (Negotiate)

Basic, Digest, NTLM, Negotiate (Kerberos)

Yes, using SSL

Yes

Unified Messaging server to Client Access server (Play on Phone)

Dynamic RPC

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

Unified Messaging server to Hub Transport server

25/TCP (TLS)

Kerberos

Kerberos

Yes, using TLS

Yes

Unified Messaging server to Mailbox server

135/TCP (RPC)

NTLM/Kerberos

NTLM/Kerberos

Yes, using RPC encryption

Yes

  • When you create a UM IP gateway object in Active Directory, you must define the IP address of the physical IP gateway or IP PBX (Private Branch eXchange). When you define the IP address on the UM IP gateway object, the IP address is added to a list of valid IP gateways or IP PBXs (also called SIP peers) that the UM server is allowed to communicate with. When you create the UM IP gateway, you can associate it with a UM dial plan. Associating the UM IP gateway with a dial plan allows the Unified Messaging servers that are associated with the dial plan to use IP-based authentication to communicate with the IP gateway. If the UM IP gateway has not been created, or if it is not configured to use the correct IP address, authentication fails and the UM servers don't accept connections from that IP gateway's IP address. Also, when you implement mutual TLS and IP gateway or IP PBX and UM servers, the UM IP gateway must be configured to use the FQDN. After you configure the UM IP gateway with an FQDN, you must also add a host record to the DNS forward lookup zone for the UM IP gateway.
  • In Exchange 2010, a UM server can either communicate on port 5060/TCP (unsecured) or on port 5061/TCP (secured), and can be configured to use both.

For more information, see Understanding Unified Messaging VoIP Security and Understanding Protocols, Ports, and Services in Unified Messaging.

Windows Firewall with Advanced Security is a stateful, host-based firewall that filters inbound and outbound traffic based on firewall rules. Exchange 2010 Setup creates Windows Firewall rules to open the ports required for server and client communication on each server role. Therefore, you no longer have to use the Security Configuration Wizard (SCW) to configure these settings. To learn more about Windows Firewall with Advanced Security, see Windows Firewall with Advanced Security and IPsec.

This table lists the Windows Firewall rules created by Exchange Setup, including the ports opened on each server role. You can view these rules using the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security MMC snap-in.

 

Rule name Server roles Port Program

MSExchangeADTopology - RPC (TCP-In)

Client Access, Hub Transport, Mailbox, Unified Messaging

Dynamic RPC

Bin\MSExchangeADTopologyService.exe

MSExchangeMonitoring - RPC (TCP-In)

Client Access, Hub Transport, Edge Transport, Unified Messaging

Dynamic RPC

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.Management.Monitoring.exe

MSExchangeServiceHost - RPC (TCP-In)

All roles

Dynamic RPC

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.ServiceHost.exe

MSExchangeServiceHost - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

All roles

RPC-EPMap

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.Service.Host

MSExchangeRPCEPMap (GFW) (TCP-In)

All roles

RPC-EPMap

Any

MSExchangeRPC (GFW) (TCP-In)

Client Access, Hub Transport, Mailbox, Unified Messaging

Dynamic RPC

Any

MSExchange - IMAP4 (GFW) (TCP-In)

Client Access

143, 993 (TCP)

All

MSExchangeIMAP4 (TCP-In)

Client Access

143, 993 (TCP)

ClientAccess\PopImap\Microsoft.Exchange.Imap4Service.exe

MSExchange - POP3 (FGW) (TCP-In)

Client Access

110, 995 (TCP)

All

MSExchange - POP3 (TCP-In)

Client Access

110, 995 (TCP)

ClientAccess\PopImap\Microsoft.Exchange.Pop3Service.exe

MSExchange - OWA (GFW) (TCP-In)

Client Access

5075, 5076, 5077 (TCP)

All

MSExchangeOWAAppPool (TCP-In)

Client Access

5075, 5076, 5077 (TCP)

Inetsrv\w3wp.exe

MSExchangeAB-RPC (TCP-In)

Client Access

Dynamic RPC

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.AddressBook.Service.exe

MSExchangeAB-RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Client Access

RPC-EPMap

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.AddressBook.Service.exe

MSExchangeAB-RpcHttp (TCP-In)

Client Access

6002, 6004 (TCP)

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.AddressBook.Service.exe

RpcHttpLBS (TCP-In)

Client Access

Dynamic RPC

System32\Svchost.exe

MSExchangeRPC - RPC (TCP-In)

Client Access, Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.RpcClientAccess.Service.exe

MSExchangeRPC - PRCEPMap (TCP-In)

Client Access, Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.RpcClientAccess.Service.exe

MSExchangeRPC (TCP-In)

Client Access, Mailbox

6001 (TCP)

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.RpcClientAccess.Service.exe

MSExchangeMailboxReplication (GFW) (TCP-In)

Client Access

808 (TCP)

Any

MSExchangeMailboxReplication (TCP-In)

Client Access

808 (TCP)

Bin\MSExchangeMailboxReplication.exe

MSExchangeIS - RPC (TCP-In)

Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\Store.exe

MSExchangeIS RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\Store.exe

MSExchangeIS (GFW) (TCP-In)

Mailbox

6001, 6002, 6003, 6004 (TCP)

Any

MSExchangeIS (TCP-In)

Mailbox

6001 (TCP)

Bin\Store.exe

MSExchangeMailboxAssistants - RPC (TCP-In)

Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\MSExchangeMailboxAssistants.exe

MSExchangeMailboxAssistants - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\MSExchangeMailboxAssistants.exe

MSExchangeMailSubmission - RPC (TCP-In)

Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\MSExchangeMailSubmission.exe

MSExchangeMailSubmission - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\MSExchangeMailSubmission.exe

MSExchangeMigration - RPC (TCP-In)

Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\MSExchangeMigration.exe

MSExchangeMigration - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\MSExchangeMigration.exe

MSExchangerepl - Log Copier (TCP-In)

Mailbox

64327 (TCP)

Bin\MSExchangeRepl.exe

MSExchangerepl - RPC (TCP-In)

Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\MSExchangeRepl.exe

MSExchangerepl - RPC-EPMap (TCP-In)

Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\MSExchangeRepl.exe

MSExchangeSearch - RPC (TCP-In)

Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.Search.ExSearch.exe

MSExchangeThrottling - RPC (TCP-In)

Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\MSExchangeThrottling.exe

MSExchangeThrottling - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\MSExchangeThrottling.exe

MSFTED - RPC (TCP-In)

Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\MSFTED.exe

MSFTED - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\MSFTED.exe

MSExchangeEdgeSync - RPC (TCP-In)

Hub Transport

Dynamic RPC

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.EdgeSyncSvc.exe

MSExchangeEdgeSync - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Hub Transport

RPC-EPMap

Bin\Microsoft.Exchange.EdgeSyncSvc.exe

MSExchangeTransportWorker - RPC (TCP-In)

Hub Transport

Dynamic RPC

Bin\edgetransport.exe

MSExchangeTransportWorker - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Hub Transport

RPC-EPMap

Bin\edgetransport.exe

MSExchangeTransportWorker (GFW) (TCP-In)

Hub Transport

25, 587 (TCP)

Any

MSExchangeTransportWorker (TCP-In)

Hub Transport

25, 587 (TCP)

Bin\edgetransport.exe

MSExchangeTransportLogSearch - RPC (TCP-In)

Hub Transport, Edge Transport, Mailbox

Dynamic RPC

Bin\MSExchangeTransportLogSearch.exe

MSExchangeTransportLogSearch - RPCEPMap (TCP-In)

Hub Transport, Edge Transport, Mailbox

RPC-EPMap

Bin\MSExchangeTransportLogSearch.exe

SESWorker (GFW) (TCP-In)

Unified Messaging

Any

Any

SESWorker (TCP-In)

Unified Messaging

Any

UnifiedMessaging\SESWorker.exe

UMService (GFW) (TCP-In)

Unified Messaging

5060, 5061

Any

UMService (TCP-In)

Unified Messaging

5060, 5061

Bin\UMService.exe

UMWorkerProcess (GFW) (TCP-In)

Unified Messaging

5065, 5066, 5067, 5068

Any

UMWorkerProcess (TCP-In)

Unified Messaging

5065, 5066, 5067, 5068

Bin\UMWorkerProcess.exe

UMWorkerProcess - RPC (TCP-In)

Unified Messaging

Dynamic RPC

Bin\UMWorkerProcess.exe

  • On servers that have Internet Information Services (IIS) installed, Windows opens the HTTP port (port 80, TCP) and HTTPS port (port 443, TCP). Exchange 2010 Setup doesn't open these ports. Therefore, these ports don't appear in the preceding table.
  • In Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Firewall with Advanced Security allows you to specify the process or service for which a port is opened. This is more secure because it restricts usage of the port to the process or service specified in the rule. Exchange Setup creates firewall rules with the process name specified. In some cases, an additional rule that isn't restricted to the process is also created for compatibility. You can disable or remove the rules that aren't restricted to the processes, and then keep the corresponding rules restricted to processes if your deployment supports them. The rules that are not restricted to processes are distinguished by the word (GFW) in the rule name.
  • Many Exchange services use remote procedure calls (RPCs) for communication. Server processes that use RPCs contact the RPC Endpoint Mapper to receive dynamic endpoints and register those endpoints in the Endpoint Mapper database. RPC clients contact the RPC Endpoint Mapper to determine the endpoints used by the server process. By default, the RPC Endpoint Mapper listens on port 135 (TCP). When it configures the Windows Firewall for a process that uses RPCs, Exchange 2010 Setup creates two firewall rules for the process. One rule allows communication with the RPC Endpoint Mapper, and the other rule allows communication with the dynamically assigned endpoint. To learn more about RPCs, see How RPC Works. For more information about creating Windows Firewall rules for dynamic RPC, see Allowing Inbound Network Traffic that Uses Dynamic RPC.
noteNote:
You can't modify the Windows Firewall rules created by Exchange 2010 Setup. You can create custom rules based on them, and then disable or delete them.

For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 179442, How to configure a firewall for domains and trusts.

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