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Appendix K: Acronym List

Published: June 27, 2006

Acronym List: These terms have been used in this guide.

Acronym

Definition

ACL

access control list

ADAM

Active Directory Application Mode

ADSI

Active Directory Service Interfaces

API

application programming interface

AS

Authentication Service

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASID

Access, Searching, and Indexing of Directories

AXFR

Asynchronous Full Transfer Zone

BDC

backup domain controller

BIND

Berkeley Internet Name Domain

CA

certification authority

CCITT

International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee

DAP

Directory Access Protocol

DAS

Directory Access Service

DCE

distributed computing environment

DES

Data Encryption Standard

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DIT

Directory Information Tree

DIXIE

Directory Interface to X.500 Implemented Efficiently

DN

distinguished name

DNS

Domain Name System

DNSSEC

DNS Security

DSA

Directory System Agent

DTD

Document Type Definition

DUA

Directory User Agent

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning

ESE

Extensible Storage Engine

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GECOS

General Electric Comprehensive Operating System

GID

Group Identification

GINA

Graphical Identification and Authentication

GPS

Global Positioning System

GSS-API

Generic Security Service Application Programming Interface

GUI

graphical user interface

GUID

globally unique identifier

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

IANA

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

ICMP

Internet Control Message Protocol

IDE

integrated development environment

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IIS

Internet Information Services (Internet Information Server for versions earlier than 5.0)

IP

Internet Protocol

IPCC

Interprocess Communication Call

ISAM

indexed sequential access method

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

IT

information technology

ITIL

Information Technology Infrastructure Library

ITU

International Telecommunications Union

IXFR

Incremental zone transfer

KCC

Knowledge Consistency Checker

KDC

Key Distribution Center

LAN

local area network

LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

LADAPv3

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol 3

LAM

Loadable Authentication Module

LDIF

LDAP Interchange Format

LSA

Local Security Authority

MAPI

Messaging Application Programming Interface

MCIS

Microsoft Commercial Internet System

MIB

management information base

MIT

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MMC

Microsoft Management Console

MOF

Microsoft Operations Framework

MOM

Microsoft Operations Manager

MSF

Microsoft Solutions Framework

MTA

message transfer agent

MTU

Maximum Transmission Unit

MUA

Message User Agents

MUI

Multilingual User Interface Pack

NAT

network address translation

NDR

Network Data Representation

NDS

Novell Directory Services (formerly NetWare Directory Services)

NIS

Network Information Service

NLB

Network Load Balancing

NNTP

Network News Transport Protocol

NSCD

Name Service Cache Daemon

NSS

Name Service Switch

NTFS

NTFS file system

NTLM

Windows NT LAN Manager

NTP

Network Time Protocol

OSI

Open Systems Interconnection

OU

organizational unit

PAM

pluggable authentication modules

PDA

Personal Digital Assistant

PDC

primary domain controller

PKCS

Public-Key Cryptography Standards

PM

program manager

PRNG

Pseudo-Random Name Generator

RDN

relative distinguished name

RFC

Request for Comments

RIS

Remote Installation Service

RPC

remote procedure call

RR

Resource Record

SACL

system access control list

SAM

Security Accounts Manager

SAS

Secure Attention Sequence

SASL

Simple Authentication and Security Layer

SID

security identifier

SLA

service level agreement

SLAPD

Stand-alone LDAP Directory

SMB

server message block

SMF

service management function

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

SNTP

Simple Network Time Protocol

SPN

service principal name

SRV

service locator records

SSL

Secure Sockets Layer

SSP

security support provider

SSPI

Security Support Provider Interface

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TGS

Ticket Granting Service

TGT

Ticket-Granting Ticket

TLS

Transport Layer Security

TSIG

Transaction Signatures

TTL

Time to Live

UDP

User Datagram Protocol

UI

user interface

UID

User Identification

UMPG

UNIX Migration Project Guide

UTC

Coordinated Universal Time

VAS

Vintela Authentication Services

WAN

wide area network

WSH

Windows Script Host

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