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Acronyms

Published: May 31, 2006

Acronym Definitions

Acronym

Definition

ABC

Abstract Base Class

ACE

Access Control Entry

ACID

Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability

ACL

Access Control List

ACPI

Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

ADO

ActiveX® Data Objects

ADSI

Active Directory Service Interfaces

AIC

Application Integration Component

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

ANSI SQL

American National Standards Institute Structured Query Language

API

Application Programming Interface

APM

Advanced Power Management

APPC

Advanced Program-to-Program Communication

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASP

Active Server Pages

ATL

ActiveX® Library Template

ATM

Asynchronous Transfer Mode

AXFR

Asynchronous Full Transfer Zone

BASH

Bourne Again Shell

BDC

Backup Domain Controller

BDM

Business Development Manager

BIOS

Basic Input/Output System

BINL

Boot Information Negotiation Layer

BLOB

Binary Large Object

BSD

Berkeley Software Distribution

CA

Certification Authority

CAL

Client Access License

CDFS

Compact Disk File System

CICS

Customer Interface Control System

CIFS

Common Internet File System

CIM

1. Common Information Model
2. Computer Information Model

CIP

Commerce Interchange Pipeline

CLB

Component Load Balancing

CLSID

Class Identifier

CMOS

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

COFF

Common Object File Format

COM

Component Object Model

COMAdmin

Component Services Administration

CORBA

Common Object Request Broker Architecture

CRM

Compensating Resource Manager

CSMI

CICS Mirror Transaction

CTM

Coordinating Transaction Manager

DACL

Discretionary Access Control List

DB

Database

DBG

Debug Format

DBMS

Database Management System

DCOM

Distributed Component Object Mode

DDF

1. Distributed Database Facility
2. Data Decryption Field

DDL

Data Definition Language

DDM/DRDA

Distributed Data Management / Distributed Relational Data Access

DDNS

Dynamic Domain Name Service

DFS

Distributed File System

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DHTML

Dynamic HTML

DLL

Dynamic-link Library

DMI

Desktop Management Interface

DML

Data Manipulation/Modification Language

DMTF

1. Distributed Management Task Force
2. Desktop Management Task Force

DNA

Distributed InterNet Applications

DNS

Domain Name System

DPA

Demand Protocol Architecture

DPL

Distributed Program Link

DRF

Data Recovery Field

DSA

Directory System Agent

DSN

1. Data Source Name
2. Domain Server Name

DTC

Distributed Transaction Coordinator

DTD

Document Type Definition

DTS

Data Transformation Services

DVD

Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk

EAP

1. Extensible Authentication Protocol
2. Early Adopter Program

ECMA

European Computer Manufacturing Association

EFS

Encrypting File System (Windows 2000)

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange

EHLLAPI

Extended HLLAPI

ELSA

Electronic Library Services and Applications

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning

EXE

Executable File

FAT

File Allocation Table  

FEK

File Encryption Key

FPNW

File and Print Services for NetWare

FQDN

Fully Qualified Domain Name

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GC

Global Catalog

GDB

GNU Debugger

GINA

Graphical Identification and Authentication

GIT

Global Interface Table

GPE

Group Policy Editor

GPL

General Public License

GPO

Group Policy Object

GSSC

Global Solutions Support Center

GSNW

Gateway Services for NetWare

GTM

Go to Market

GUI

Graphic User Interface

HAL

Hardware Abstraction Layer

HCL

Hardware Compatibility List

HIP

High Impact Project

HLLAPI

High Level Language Application Programming Interface

HKCU

HKey_Current_User

HKLM

HKey_Local_Machine

HSM

Hierarchical Storage Management

HTML

Hypertext Markup Language

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

IANA

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

IPC

Interprocess Communication

IDE

1. Integrated Development Environment
2. Integrated Drive Electronics

IDL

1. Interface Description Language
2. Interface Definition Language

IDOC

Intermediate Document

IEAK

Internet Explorer Administrator Kit

IID

Interface Identifier

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IIS

Internet Information Services (Internet Information Server)

IME

Input Method Editor

IMS

Information Management System

IP

1. Internet Protocol
2. Intellectual Property

IPsec

Internet Protocol security

IPX

Internetwork Packet eXchange

IrDA

Infrared Data Association

ISAM

Indexed Sequential Access Method

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISV

Independent Software Vendor

ITIL

Information Technology Infrastructure Library

ITS

Incompatible Time-Sharing System

IXFR

Incremental Transfer

JDBC

Java Data Base Connectivity

JIT

Just-in-Time

JMS

Java Message Service

JNDI

Java Naming and Directory Interface

JRMI

Java Remote Method Invocation

JTS

Java Transaction Service

KCC

Knowledge Consistency Checker

KDC

Key Distribution Center

L2TP

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol

LAN

Local Area Network

LCE

Loosely Coupled Events

LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

LISP

List Processor

LORG

Large Organization

LSA

Local Security Authority

LU

Logical Unit

MDAC

Microsoft Data Access Components

MICR

Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MIME

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MLV

Multilanguage Version

MMC

Microsoft Management Console

MOF

Managed Object Format

MOM

Microsoft Operations Manager

MORG

Medium-sized Organization

MQS

Message Queue Series

MRO

Maintenance Repair and Operations

MSCS

Microsoft Cluster Service

MSDE

1. Microsoft Data Engine
2. Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine

MSF

Microsoft Solutions Framework

MSI

Microsoft Windows Installer

MSMQ

Message Queuing

MSP

1. Managed Service Provider
2. Messaging Service Provider
3. Message Security Protocol

MTA

Multi-threaded Architecture

MTS

1. Microsoft Transaction Server

2. Microsoft Technical Support

MVS

Multiple Virtual System

NAL

NetWare Applications Launcher

NAV

Net Asset Value

NCP

1. Network Control Program
2. Network Control Protocol
3. NetWare Core Protocol

NDIS

Network Driver Interface Specification

NDPS

Novell Distributed Print Services

NDS

NetWare Directory Service

NFS

Network File System

NIC

Network Adapter

NIS

Network Information Service

NLB

Network Load Balancing

NLS

National Language Support

NNTP

Network News Transport Protocol

NTLM

NT LAN-Manager

NTP

Network Time Protocol

NTW

New Technology Workstation

NVT

Network Virtual Terminal

OCR

Optical Character Recognition

OCX

1. OLE Custom Control
2. OLE Control Extension

ODBC

Open Database Connectivity

OLAP

Online Analytical Processing

OLTP

Online Transaction Processing

OMG

Object Management Group

OO

Object Oriented

OOAD

Object Oriented Analysis and Design

OPP

Order Processing Pipeline

ORB

Object Request Broker

OS

Operating System

OSTA

Optical Storage Technology Association

OTM

Object Transaction Middleware

PAC

Privilege Attribute Certificate

PCL

Printer Control Language

PCMCIA

Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PDC

Primary Domain Controller

PEC

Primary Enterprise Controller

PG

Product Group

PK

Primary Key

PKI

Public Key Infrastructure

PMI

Project Management Institute

PnP

Plug and Play

POS

1. Programmable Option Select
2. Point of Sale
3. Point of Service
4. Packet Over Sonet
5. Persistent Object Server

POSIX

Portable Operating System Interface

PPP

Point-to-Point Protocol

PPTP

Point to Point Tunneling Protocol

PSS

Product Support Services

PTM

Participating Transaction Manager

PTR

Point-in-Time Repair

PXE

Pre-boot Execution Environment

QCE

Quality Customer Experience

QFE

Quick Fix Engineering

RADIUS

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

RAID

Redundant Array of Independent Disks

RAS

Remote Access Services

RDO

Remote Data Object

RDP

1. Remote Display (or Desktop) Protocol
2. Reliable Datagram Protocol

RDS

Remote Data Services

RFC

Request for Comment

RID

1. Relative Identifier
2. Record ID

RIS

Remote Installation Services

RM

Resource Manager

ROLAP

Relational Online Analytical Processing

RPC

Remote Procedure Call

RSM

Removable Storage Management

RR

Resource Records

RSS

Remote Storage

RTL

Register Transfer Language

RUP

Roaming User Profile

SAA

System Application Architecture

SACL

System Access-Control List

SAM  

Security Accounts Manager

SAN

Storage Area Network

SAS

Secure Attention Sequence

SCA

Security Configuration and Analysis

SCE

Security Configuration Editor

SCM

1. Service Control Manager
2. Security Control Monitor

SCSI

Small Computer System Interface

SCTS

Security Configuration Toolset

SD

Security Descriptor

SDI

1. Secure Dial-In
2. Single Document Interface
3. Smart Database Interface

SDK

Software Development Kit

SFU

Windows Services for UNIX

SI

System Integrator

SID

Security Identifier

SIS

Single Instance Store

SMB

Server Message Block

SMS

Systems Management Server

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNA

Systems Network Architecture

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

SP

Stored Procedure

SPM

Shared Property Manager

SRM

Security Reference Monitor

SSD

Solid State Disk

SSL

Secure Socket Layer

SSO

Single Sign-on

SSPI

Security Support Provider Interface

SVID

System V Interface Definition

TCE

Tightly Coupled Events System

TCO

Total Cost of Ownership

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TCT

Terminal Control Table

TFTP

Trivial File Transfer Protocol

TGS

Ticket-Granting Service

TGT

1. Transaction Group Type
2. Ticket Granting Ticket
3. Target Tracker

TIP

Transaction Internet Protocol

TLB

Type Library

TLS

Thread Local Storage

TM

Transaction Manager

TP

Transaction Program

TPD

Transactions Per Day

TPH

Transactions Per Hour

TPM

Transactions Per Minute

TPS

Transactions Per Second

TSA

Target Service Agent

TTL

Time to Live  

UCS

1. User Coordinate System
2. Universal Character Set
3. Unicode Conversion Support

UDF

1. Universal Disk Format
2. User-defined function
3. Uniqueness Database File

UDP

User Datagram Protocol

UI

User Interface

UML

1. Unified Modeling Language
2. Universal Markup Language

UNC

Universal Naming Convention

UPN

User Principal Name

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

USB

Universal Serial Bus

USMT

User State Migration Tool

USN

Update Sequence Numbers

UTF

Unicode Transformation Format

VAN

Value Added Network

VPN

Virtual Private Network

VxD

Virtual Device Driver

WAN

Wide Area Network

WBEM

Web-based Enterprise Management

WDM

Win32 Driver Model

WFP

Windows File Protection

WHQL

Windows Hardware Quality Lab

WINS

Windows Internet Name Service

WMI

Windows Management Instrumentation  

WQL

WMI Query Language

WSH

Windows Script Host

XA

Extended Architecture

XDR

External Data Representation

XML

Extensible Markup Language

XML TI

XML Transaction Integration

XSL

Extensible Style Language

XSLT

Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations

ZAW

Zero Administration for Windows

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