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GetAncestor (Database Engine)

Returns a hierarchyid representing the nth ancestor of this.

-- Transact-SQL syntax
child.GetAncestor ( n ) 
-- CLR syntax
SqlHierarchyId GetAncestor ( int n )
n

An int, representing the number of levels to go up in the hierarchy.

SQL Server return type: hierarchyid

CLR return type: SqlHierarchyId

Used to test whether each node in the output has the current node as an ancestor at the specified level.

If a number greater than GetLevel() is passed, NULL is returned.

If a negative number is passed, an exception is raised.

A. Finding the child nodes of a parent

GetAncestor(1) returns the employees that have david0 as their immediate ancestor (their parent). The following example uses GetAncestor(1).

DECLARE @CurrentEmployee hierarchyid
SELECT @CurrentEmployee = OrgNode FROM HumanResources.EmployeeDemo
WHERE LoginID = 'adventure-works\david0'

SELECT OrgNode.ToString() AS Text_OrgNode, *
FROM HumanResources.EmployeeDemo
WHERE OrgNode.GetAncestor(1) = @CurrentEmployee ;

B. Returning the grandchildren of a parent

GetAncestor(2) returns the employees that are two levels down in the hierarchy from the current node. These are the grandchildren of the current node. The following example uses GetAncestor(2).

DECLARE @CurrentEmployee hierarchyid
SELECT @CurrentEmployee = OrgNode FROM HumanResources.EmployeeDemo
WHERE LoginID = 'adventure-works\ken0'

SELECT OrgNode.ToString() AS Text_OrgNode, *
FROM HumanResources.EmployeeDemo
WHERE OrgNode.GetAncestor(2) = @CurrentEmployee ;

C. Returning the current row

To return the current node by using GetAncestor(0), execute the following code.

DECLARE @CurrentEmployee hierarchyid
SELECT @CurrentEmployee = OrgNode FROM HumanResources.EmployeeDemo
WHERE LoginID = 'adventure-works\david0'

SELECT OrgNode.ToString() AS Text_OrgNode, *
FROM HumanResources.EmployeeDemo
WHERE OrgNode.GetAncestor(0) = @CurrentEmployee ;

D. Returning a hierarchy level if a table is not present

GetAncestor returns the selected level in the hierarchy even if a table is not present. For example the following code designates a current employee and returns the hierarchyid of the ancestor of the current employee without reference to a table.

DECLARE @CurrentEmployee hierarchyid ;
DECLARE @TargetEmployee hierarchyid ;
SELECT @CurrentEmployee = '/2/3/1.2/5/3/' ;
SELECT @TargetEmployee = @CurrentEmployee.GetAncestor(2) ;
SELECT @TargetEmployee.ToString(), @TargetEmployee ;

E. Calling a common language runtime method

The following code snippet calls the GetAncestor() method.

this.GetAncestor(1)
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