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Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard

You can use the Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard to create scripts for transferring a database between instances of the SQL Server Database Engine or Azure SQL Database. You can generate scripts for a database on an instance of the Database Engine in your local network, or from SQL Database. The generated scripts can be run on another instance of the Database Engine or SQL Database. You can also use the wizard to publish the contents of a database directly to a Web service created by using the Database Publishing Services. You can create scripts for an entire database, or limit it to specific objects.

  1. Before you begin: Publishing to a Hosted Service, Permissions

  2. To generate or publish a script, using: The Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard

The source and target database can be on SQL Database, or an instance of the Database Engine running SQL Server 2005 or later.

Publishing to a Hosted Service

In addition to creating scripts, the Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard can be used to publish a database to a specific type of hosted SQL Server Web service. The SQL Server Hosting Toolkit provides Database Publishing Services as a shared source project on CodePlex. The Database Publishing Services project can be used by Web hosting providers to build a set of Web services that make it easy for their customers to deploy databases to the Web service. For more information about downloading the SQL Server Hosting Toolkit, see SQL Server Database Publishing Services.

To publish a database to a Web hosting service, select the Publish to Web Service option on the Set Scripting Options page of the wizard.

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Permissions

The minimum permission to publish a database is membership in the db_ddladmin fixed database role on the origin database. The minimum permission to publish a database script to an instance of SQL Server at the hosting provider is membership in the db_ddladmin fixed database role on the target database.

The user also has to supply a user name and password to access their hosting provider account to publish with the wizard. The target database must be created at the hosting provider before the source database is published. Publishing overwrites objects in that existing database.

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To generate a publish a script

  1. In Object Explorer, expand the node for the instance containing the database to be scripted.

  2. Point to Tasks, and then click Generate Scripts.

  3. Complete the wizard dialogs:

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Introduction Page

This page describes the steps for generating or publishing a script.

Do not show this page again - Skip this page the next time you start the Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard.

Next > - Proceeds to the Choose Method page.

Cancel - Ends the wizard without generating or publishing a script from the database.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

Choose Objects Page

Use this page to choose which objects you want to include in the scripts generated by this wizard. In the following wizard page, you will have the option to save these scripts to the location of your choice or use them to publish database objects to a remote Web hosting provider that has installed the SQL Server Database Publishing Services.

Script Entire Database Option - Click to generate scripts for all objects in the database and to include a script for the database itself.

Select specific database objects - Click to limit the wizard to generate scripts for only the specific objects in the database that you choose:

  • Database objects - Select at least one object to include in the script.

  • Select All - Selects all available check boxes.

  • Deselect All - Clears all the check boxes. You must then select at least one database object to continue.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

Set Scripting Options Page

Use this page to specify if you want the wizard to save scripts to the location of your choice or to use them to publish database objects to a remote Web hosting provider. To publish, you must have access to a Web service installed by using the Database Publishing Services Web service.

Options - If you want the wizard to save scripts to a location of your choice, select Save scripts to a specific location. You can later run the scripts against either an instance of the Database Engine, or against SQL Database. If you want the wizard to publish your database objects to a remote Web hosting provider, select Publish to Web service.

Save Scripts to a Specific Location – save one or more .Transact-SQL script files to a location you specify.

  • Advanced - Display the Advanced Scripting Options dialog box where you can select advanced options for generating scripts.

  • Save to file - Save the script to one or more .sql files. Click the browse button () to specify a name and location for the file. Select the Overwrite existing file check box to replace the file if one already exists with the same name. Click Single file or Single file per object to specify how the scripts should be generated. Click Unicode text or ANSI text to specify the kind of text that should be used in the script.

  • Save to Clipboard - Save the Transact-SQL script to the Clipboard.

  • Save to new query window - Generate the script to a Database Engine Query Editor window. If no editor window is open, a new editor window is opened as the target for the script.

Publish to Web Service - Publish the objects that you selected to a remote Web hosting service for which you have configured a provider.

  • Manage Providers - Display the Manage Providers dialog box. Use the Manage Providers dialog box to add, edit, and delete hosting providers. Each provider specifies the connection information to a Web hosting service and the target databases on that service.

  • Advanced - Display the Advanced Publishing Options dialog box where you can select advanced options for publishing scripts.

  • Provider - Select the provider that specifies the connection information for the Web hosting service that hosts the database where you want to publish the objects that you selected. You must have at least one provider in the Manage Providers dialog box to select a provider.

  • Target database - Select the target database where you want to publish the objects that you selected. You must select a provider before selecting a target database.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

Advanced Scripting Options Page

Use this page to specify how you want this wizard to generate scripts. Many different options are available. Options are greyed out if they are not supported by the version of SQL Server or SQL Database specified in Database engine type.

Options - Specify advanced options by selecting a value from the list of available settings to the right of each option.

General – The following options apply to the entire script.

  • ANSI Padding - Includes ANSI PADDING ON in the script. The default is True.

  • Append to file - When True, this script is added to the bottom of an existing script, specified on the Set Scripting Options page. When False, the new script overwrites a previous script. The default is False.

  • Continue scripting on error - When True, scripting stops when an error occurs. When False, scripting continues. The default is False.

  • Convert UDDTs to base types - When True, user-defined data types (UDDT) are converted into the underlying base data types that were used to create them. Use True when the UDDT does not exist in the database where the script will run. When False, UDDTs are used. The default is False.

  • Generate script for dependent objects - Generates a script for any object that is required to be present when the script for the selected object is executed. The default is True.

  • Include descriptive headers - When True, descriptive comments are added to the script separating the script into sections for each object. The default is False.

  • Include if NOT EXISTS - When True, the script includes a statement to check whether the object already exists in the database, and does not try to create a new object if the object already exists. The default is False.

  • Include system constraint names - When False, the default value of constraints that were automatically named on the origin database are automatically re-named on the target database. When True, constraints have the same name on the origin and target databases.

  • Include unsupported statements - When False, the script does not contain statements for objects that are not supported on the selected server version or engine type. When True, the script contains the unsupported objects. Each statement for an unsupported object will have a comment that the statement must be edited before the script can be run against the selected SQL Server version or engine type. The default is False.

  • Schema qualify object names - Includes the schema name in the name of objects that are created. The default is True.

  • Script binding - Generates a script for binding default and rule objects. The default is False. For more information, see CREATE DEFAULT (Transact-SQL) and CREATE RULE (Transact-SQL).

  • Script collation - Includes collation information in the script. The default is False. For more information, see Collation and Unicode Support.

  • Script defaults - Includes default objects used to set default values in table columns. The default is True. For more information, see CREATE DEFAULT (Transact-SQL).

  • Script drop and create - When Script CREATE, Transact-SQL statements are included to create objects. When Script DROP, Transact-SQL statements are included to drop objects. When Script DROP and CREATE, the Transact-SQL drop statement is included in the script, followed by the create statement, for each scripted object. The default is Script CREATE.

  • Script extended properties - Includes extended properties in the script if the object has extended properties. The default is True.

  • Script for engine type - Creates a script that can be run on the selected type of either SQL Database or an instance of the SQL Server Database Engine. Objects not supported on the specified type are not included in the script. The default is the type of the origin server.

  • Script for server version - Creates a script that can be run on the selected version of SQL Server. Features new to a version cannot be scripted for earlier versions. The default is the version of the origin server.

  • Script logins - When the object to be scripted is a database user, this option creates the logins on which the user depends. The default is False.

  • Script object-Level permissions - Includes scripts to set permission on the objects in the database. The default is False.

  • Script statistics - When set to Script Statistics, this option includes the CREATE STATISTICS statement to re-create statistics on the object. The Script statistics and histograms option also creates histogram information. The default is Do not script statistics. For more information, see CREATE STATISTICS (Transact-SQL).

  • Script USE DATABASE - Adds the USE DATABASE statement to the script. To make sure that database objects are created in the correct database, include the USE DATABASE statement. When the script is expected to be used in a different database, select False to omit the USE DATABASE statement. The default is True. For more information, see USE (Transact-SQL).

  • Types of data to script - Selects what should be scripted: Data only, Schema only, or both. The default is Schema only.

Table/View Options - The following options apply only to scripts for tables or views.

  • Script change tracking - Scripts change tracking if it is enabled on the origin database or tables in the origin database. The default is False. For more information, see About Change Tracking (SQL Server).

  • Script check constraints – Adds CHECK constraints to the script. The default is True. CHECK constraints require data that is entered into a table to meet some specified condition. For more information, see Unique Constraints and Check Constraints.

  • Script data compression options - Scripts data compression options if they are configured on the origin database or tables in the origin database. For more information, see Data Compression. The default is False.

  • Script foreign keys - Adds foreign keys to the script. The default is True. Foreign keys indicate and enforce relationships between tables.

  • Script full-text indexes - Scripts the creation of full-text indexes. The default is False.

  • Script indexes - Scripts the creation of indexes. The default is True. Indexes help you find data quickly.

  • Script primary keys - Scripts the creation of primary keys on tables. The default is True. Primary keys uniquely identify each row of a table.

  • Script triggers - Scripts the creation of DML triggers on tables. The default is False. A DML trigger is an action programmed to execute when a data manipulation language (DML) event occurs in the database server. For more information, see DML Triggers.

  • Script unique keys - Scripts the creation of unique keys on tables. Unique keys prevent duplicate data from being entered. The default is True. For more information, see Unique Constraints and Check Constraints.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

Manage Providers Page

Use this dialog box to view, add, edit, delete, or test hosting provider connections. A hosting provider specifies the connection information for a Web service created by using the Database Publishing Service project in the SQL Server Hosting Toolkit on CodePlex.

Configured providers - Lists the name and Web service address of each hosting provider that has been saved.

New - Opens the Provider configuration for new provider dialog box to add a new hosting provider.

Edit - Opens the corresponding Provider configuration dialog box to edit an existing hosting provider.

Delete - Deletes the selected hosting provider.

Test - Tests the connection to a hosting service by using the information from the selected provider.

OK - Saves all changes that you have made on the Hosting Provider dialog box.

Cancel - Undoes all changes that you have made on the Hosting Provider dialog box.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

Advanced Publishing Options Page

Use this page to specify how you want this wizard to publish a database. Many different options are available. Options are greyed out if they are not supported by the version of SQL Server or SQL Database specified in Database engine type.

Options - Specify advanced options by selecting a value from the list of available settings to the right of each option.

General – The following options apply to the entire publication.

  1. Convert UDDTs to base types - When True, user-defined data types (UDDT) are converted into the underlying base data types that were used to create them. Use True when the UDDT does not exist in the database where the script will be run. When False, UDDTs are used. The default is False.

  2. Publish collation - Includes collation information for table columns. The default is False. For more information, see Collation and Unicode Support.

  3. Publish defaults - Includes default objects used to set default values in table columns. The default is True. For more information, see CREATE DEFAULT (Transact-SQL).

  4. Publish dependent objects - Publishes any object that is required to be present when the script for the selected object is executed. The default is True.

  5. Publish extended properties - Includes extended properties in the script that is sent to the provider for publishing, if the object has extended properties. The default is True.

  6. Publish for server version - Creates a script that is sent to the remote provider for publishing in a way that can be run on the selected version of SQL Server. Features new to a version cannot be scripted for earlier versions. The default is the version of the origin server.

  7. Publish object-Level permissions - Includes the permissions on the selected objects in the database. The default is False.

  8. Publish statistics - When set to Publish Statistics, includes the CREATE STATISTICS statement to re-create statistics on the object. The Publish statistics and histograms option also creates histogram information. The default is Do not publish statistics. For more information, see CREATE STATISTICS (Transact-SQL).

  9. Publish vardecimal options - Enables the vardecimal table format on the target database table when it is enabled on the origin database table. The default is True.

  10. Schema qualify object names - Includes the schema name in the name of objects that are created. The default is True.

  11. Script binding - Includes binding for default and rule objects in the script sent to the provider for publishing. The default is True. For more information, see CREATE DEFAULT (Transact-SQL) and CREATE RULE (Transact-SQL).

  12. Types of data to publish - Selects what should be scripted: Data only, Schema Only, or both. The default is Schema and Data.

Publishing Options – Specifies whether to use transactions when publishing to the Web host provider.

  1. Publish using transaction - Uses transactions when publishing to a remote Web hosting provider. If the target database cannot complete the publishing, the transactions are rolled back. The default is True.

Table/View Options - The following options apply only to tables or views.

  1. Publish check constraints - Includes the creation of CHECK constraints in the publishing process. The default is True. CHECK constraints require data that is entered into a table to meet some specified condition. For more information, see Unique Constraints and Check Constraints.

  2. Publish foreign keys - Includes the creation of foreign keys in the publishing process. The default is True. Foreign keys indicate and enforce relationships between tables. For more information, see Primary and Foreign Key Constraints.

  3. Publish full-text indexes - Scripts the creation of full-text indexes. The default is False.

  4. Publish indexes - Includes indexes on tables in the publishing process. The default is True. Indexes help you find data quickly.

  5. Publish primary keys - Includes the creation of primary keys in the publishing process. The default is True. Primary keys uniquely identify each row of a table. For more information, see Primary and Foreign Key Constraints.

  6. Publish triggers - Includes the creation of DML triggers in the publishing process. The default is True. A DML trigger is an action programmed to execute when a data manipulation language (DML) event occurs in the database server. For more information, see DML Triggers.

  7. Publish unique keys - Includes the creation of unique keys on tables in the publishing process. Unique keys prevent duplicate data from being entered. The default is True. For more information, see Unique Constraints and Check Constraints.

  8. Publish change tracking - Includes change tracking in the publishing process, if it is enabled on the origin database or tables in the origin database. The default is False. For more information, see About Change Tracking (SQL Server).

  9. Publish data compression options - Includes data compression options in the publishing process, if they are configured on the origin database or tables in the origin database. The default is True. For more information, see Data Compression.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

Provider Configuration Page

Use this dialog box to view or modify hosting provider settings. You can use this dialog box to do the following:

  • View, add, or edit connection information for a hosting provider.

  • View, add, edit, or delete a database for a provider connection.

  • Automatically configure databases for a hosting provider.

A hosting provider specifies the connection information for a Web service created by using the Database Publishing Service project in the SQL Server Hosting Toolkit on CodePlex.

Name - Name for the hosting provider.

Web service address - HTTPS address for the hosting service.

Web service authentication - The user name and password required to log on to the hosting service.

Save password - Encrypt and save the password on your local computer.

Available databases - Databases that are configured for hosting providers are listed in ascending order in the format: server_name.database_name.

New - Open the Database configuration dialog box and add a new database.

Edit - Open the Database configuration dialog box for the selected database.

Delete - Delete the selected database.

Set as default - Select the database as the default.

OK - Save all changes that you made in this dialog box and return to the wizard.

Cancel - Undo all changes that you made in this dialog box and return to the wizard.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

Summary Page

This page summarizes the options that you have selected in this wizard. To change an option, click Previous. To begin generating scripts that will be saved or published, click Next.

Review your selections - Displays the selections you have made for each page of the wizard. Expand a node to see the selected options for the corresponding page.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

Save or Publish Scripts Page

Use this page to monitor the progress of the wizard as it occurs.

Details - View the Action column to see the progress of the wizard. After generating the scripts, the wizard saves the scripts to a file or uses them to publish to a Web service, depending on your selections. When each of these steps are complete, click the value in the Result column to see the outcome of the corresponding step.

Save Report - Click to save the results of the wizard's progress to a file.

Cancel - Click to close the wizard before processing has completed, or if an error occurs.

Finish - Click to close the wizard after processing has completed, or if an error occurs.

[Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard]

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