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Setting Up IIS 7.0

The way you set up IIS 7.0 depends on the role and operating system you are using. As discussed previously, you can configure IIS 7.0 to support one of three server roles: application server, Web server, and server running SharePoint Services. You can also configure IIS 7.0 as part of a desktop installation. I discuss deploying IIS 7.0 in each of these situations in the sections that follow.

Installing Application Servers

You can install an application server with or without Web server support by following these steps:

  1. Start Server Manager by clicking the Server Manager icon on the Quick Launch toolbar or by clicking Start, Administrative Tools, Server Manager.
  2. In Server Manager, select the Roles node in the left pane, and then, under Roles Summary, click Add Roles. This starts the Add Roles Wizard. If the wizard displays the Before You Begin page, read the Welcome page, and then click Next. You can avoid seeing the Welcome page the next time you start this wizard by selecting the Do Not Show Me This Page Again check box before clicking Next.
  3. On the Select Server Roles page, select the Application Server role. You’ll then see the Add Features Required For Application Server dialog box. This dialog box lists the features that are required in order to install an application server. Click Add Required Features to close the dialog box and add the .NET Framework 3.0 components and the Windows Process Activation Service components to the application server installation.
  4. When you are deploying an application server with Web Server support, you can elect to accept the default common Web features or configure the exact features you’d like to use. If you have not installed Web Server (IIS) components previously and want to select the Web server (IIS) components for installation, select Web Server (IIS), and then click Next twice. Otherwise, just click Next twice to continue.
  5. You should now see the Select Role Services page. If not previously installed, select Web Server (IIS) Support to install the application server with Web server support in the standard default configuration. You’ll then see a dialog box listing the additional required roles. After you review the required roles, click Add Required Role Services to close the dialog box.

    Note The required roles are the same as those listed in Table 2-1 as Web Common. I recommend selecting Web Server (IIS) Support if the application server will host Web sites or Web services. This will ensure that Setup selects the required Web Common features by default, and this will be helpful later in the setup process.



  6. Select other role services to install as appropriate, and then click Next. If you select a role service with additional required features, you’ll see a dialog box listing the additional required roles. After you review the required roles, click Add Required Role Services to close the dialog box.
  7. If you selected the WS-Atomic Transactions feature, you’ll see the Choose A Certificate For SSL Encryption page next. You have the following options:
    • Choose An Existing Certificate For SSL Encryption Select this option if you previously obtained a certificate from a certification authority (CA) and want to install it for use with the WS-AT site that Setup will configure on the server. If you’ve previously imported certificates using the Certificate snap-in or the Import Certificate Wizard, you’ll see a list of available certificates, and you can click the certificate you want to use. Otherwise, click Import to start the Certificate Import Wizard, and then follow the prompts to import the certificate.
    • Create A Self-Signed Certificate For SSL Encryption Select this option if you are using WS-Atomic transactions with a limited number of clients or for testing/development purposes and want to create and then automatically install a self-signing certificate for use with the WS-AT site that Setup will configure on the server. You will need to install the same certificate manually on all clients that need to be able to authenticate with the server.
    • Choose A Certificate For SSL Encryption Later Select this option if you haven’t obtained a certificate from a CA yet but plan to later. When you choose this option, IIS disables SSL on the WS-AT site until you import the certificate, as discussed in Chapter 10.
  8. If you selected Web Server (IIS) on the Select Server Roles page, as discussed in Step 5, click Next twice to display the Select Role Services page for Web server features. You can then select the Web server features to install. In most cases, you’ll want to select additional features rather than trying to remove features. When selecting or clearing role services, keep the following in mind before you click Next to continue:
    • If you select a role service with additional required features, you’ll see a dialog box listing the additional required roles. After you review the required roles, click Add Required Role Services to accept the additions and close the dialog box. If you click Cancel instead, Setup clears the feature you previously selected.
    • If you try to remove a role service that is required based on a previous selection, you’ll see a warning prompt about dependent services that Setup must also remove. In most cases, you’ll want to click Cancel to preserve the previous selection. If you click Remove Dependent Role Services, Setup will remove the previously selected dependent services, which could cause the Web server to not function as expected
  9. Click Next. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click the Print, E-mail, Or Save This Information link to generate an installation report and display it in Windows Internet Explorer. You can then use standard Windows Internet Explorer features to print or save the report. After you’ve reviewed the installation options and saved them as necessary, click Install to begin the installation process.
  10. When Setup finishes installing the application server with the features you’ve selected, you’ll see the Installation Results page. Review the installation details to ensure that all phases of the installation completed successfully. If any portion of the installation failed, note the reason for the failure, and then use these troubleshooting techniques:
    1. Click the Print, E-mail, Or Save The Installation Report link to create or update the installation report and display it in Windows Internet Explorer.
    2. Scroll down to the bottom of the installation report in Windows Internet Explorer, and then click Full Log (For Troubleshooting Only) to display the Server Manager log in Notepad.
    3. In Notepad, press Ctrl+F, type the current date in the appropriate format for your language settings, such as 2007-08-30, and then click Find Next. Notepad will then move through the log to the first Setup entry from the current date.
    4. Review the Server Manager entries for installation problems, and take corrective actions as appropriate.

Installing Web Servers

You can install a Web server by following these steps:

  1. Start the Server Manager by clicking the Server Manager icon on the Quick Launch toolbar or by clicking Start, Administrative Tools, Server Manager.
  2. In Server Manager, select the Roles node in the left pane and then, under Roles Summary, click Add Roles. This starts the Add Roles Wizard. If the wizard displays the Before You Begin page, read the Welcome page, and then click Next. You can avoid seeing the Welcome page the next time you start this wizard by selecting the Do Not Show Me This Page Again check box before clicking Next.
  3. On the Select Server Roles page, select the Web Server (IIS) role. You’ll then see the Add Features Required For Web Server dialog box. This dialog box lists the features that are required to install a Web server. Click Add Required Features to close the dialog box and add the Windows Activation Service components to the Web server installation. Click Next twice to continue.
  4. On the Select Role Services page, Setup selects the core set of standard features by default. When selecting or clearing role services, keep the following in mind before you click Next to continue:
    • If you select a role service with additional required features, you’ll see a dialog box listing the additional required roles. After you review the required roles, click Add Required Role Services to accept the additions and close the dialog box. If you click Cancel instead, Setup will clear the feature you previously selected.
    • If you try to remove a role service that is required based on a previous selection, you’ll see a warning prompt about dependent services that Setup must also remove. In most cases, you’ll want to click Cancel to preserve the previous selection. If you click Remove Dependent Role Services, Setup will also remove the previously selected dependent services, which could cause the Web server to not function as expected.
  5. Click Next. On the Confirm Installation Options page, click the Print, E-mail, Or Save This Information link to generate an installation report and display it in Windows Internet Explorer. You can then use standard Windows Internet Explorer features to print or save the report. After you’ve reviewed the installation options and saved them as necessary, click Install to begin the installation process.
  6. When Setup finishes installing the application server with the features you’ve selected, you’ll see the Installation Results page. Review the installation details to ensure that all phases of the installation completed successfully. If any portion of the installation failed, note the reason for the failure and then use these troubleshooting techniques:
    • Click the Print, E-mail, Or Save The Installation Report link to create or update the installation report and display it in Windows Internet Explorer.
    • Scroll down to the bottom of the installation report in Windows Internet Explorer and then click Full Log (For Troubleshooting Only) to display the Server Manager log in Notepad.
    • In Notepad, press Ctrl+F, type the current date in the appropriate format for your language settings, such as 2007-08-30, and then click Find Next. Notepad will then move through the log to the first Setup entry from the current date.
    • Review the Server Manager entries for installation problems and take corrective actions as appropriate.

Installing Windows SharePoint Services

Windows SharePoint Services uses one of two distinctly different configurations: independent server configuration and dependent load-balanced configuration. With an independent server configuration, you install Windows SharePoint Services on a single server that has its own database for storing application and user information. With a dependent load-balanced configuration, you install SharePoint Services on a computer as part of a Web farm where all servers share a Microsoft SQL Server 2000 or SQL Server 2005 database. Although both types of installations are configured using a similar initial setup process, if you want to connect to the SQL Server database and use load balancing, you must configure a server that is part of a Web farm.

Note Windows SharePoint Services 2008 is a supplement to the Windows Server 2008 operating system. As such, Windows SharePoint Services 2008 is not included in Windows Server 2008 and must be installed separately. Once you've downloaded the installer packages from Microsoft and double-clicked each one to install it, you can configure this role using Server Manager, as discussed in this section. However, because SharePoint is a supplement, the wizard pages and related setup options may be different.



You can install Windows SharePoint Services on a computer by following these steps:

  1. Start Server Manager by clicking the Server Manager icon on the Quick Launch toolbar or by clicking Start, Administrative Tools, Server Manager.
  2. In Server Manager, select the Roles node in the left pane, and then, under Roles Summary, click Add Roles. This starts the Add Roles Wizard. If Setup displays the Before You Begin page, read the Welcome page and then click Next. You can avoid seeing the Welcome page the next time you start this wizard by selecting the Do Not Show Me This Page Again check box before clicking Next.
  3. On the Select Server Roles page, select the Windows SharePoint Services role. You’ll then see the Add Role Services And Features Required For Windows Share-Point Services dialog box. As listed previously in Table 2-1, this dialog box lists the features that are required in order to install SharePoint Services. Click Add Required Features to close the dialog box and add the Web Server (IIS), Windows Activation Service, and .NET Framework 3.0 components to the Share-Point installation. Click Next.
  4. Read the introduction to Windows SharePoint Services. As necessary, click the links provided to learn more about the features offered with Windows SharePoint Services. Click Next when you are ready to continue.
  5. On the Select Configuration Type page, choose the type of installation. If you are deploying a single-server solution, select Install Only On This Server and then click Next. If you are deploying a server that is part of a Web farm, select Install As Part Of A Server Farm, and then click Next.
  6. Although individual SharePoint sites can use different languages, the administration site for Windows SharePoint Services can use only the language chosen during Setup, and you cannot change this language later. On the Select The Language For The Administration Site page, use the selection drop-down list provided to choose the desired language for the administration site, such as English, German, or Korean, and then click Next.
  7. If you are installing a single-server configuration of Windows SharePoint Services, on the Specify E-mail Settings page, configure the default e-mail settings that SharePoint will use to send e-mail notifications to administrators. You can use the options provided as follows:
    • Outbound SMTP Server Sets the fully qualified domain name of the e-mail server that will send notifications to administrators, such as mail.adatum.com.
    • From E-mail Address Sets the e-mail address that will appear in the From field of notification messages, such as wss-admin@adatum.com.
    • Reply-To E-mail Address Sets the reply-to e-mail address for notification messages, such as wss-incoming@adatum.com.
  8. If you have not previously installed Web Server (IIS), click Next twice to display the Select Role Services page for Web server features. You can then select the Web server features to install. In most cases, you’ll want to select additional features rather than trying to remove features. When selecting or clearing role services, keep the following in mind before you click Next to continue:
    • If you select a role service with additional required features, you’ll see a dialog box listing the additional required roles. After you review the required roles, click Add Required Role Services to accept the additions and close the dialog box. If you click Cancel instead, Setup will clear the feature you previously selected.
    • If you try to remove a role service that is required based on a previous selection, you’ll see a warning prompt about dependent services that Setup must also remove. In most cases, you’ll want to click Cancel to preserve the previous selection. If you click Remove Dependent Role Services, Setup will also remove the previously selected dependent services, which could cause the Web server to not function as expected.
  9. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click the Print, E-mail, Or Save This Information link to generate an installation report and display it in Windows Internet Explorer. You can then use standard Windows Internet Explorer features to print or save the report. After you’ve reviewed the installation options and saved them as necessary, click Install to begin the installation process.
  10. If you are setting up a server that is part of a Web farm, you must configure a connection to the shared SQL Server database and perform other preliminary setup tasks by using the Windows SharePoint Services Central Administration tool.
  11. When Setup finishes installing the application server with the features you’ve selected, you’ll see the Installation Results page. Review the installation details to ensure that all phases of the installation completed successfully. If any portion of the installation failed, note the reason for the failure and then use these troubleshooting techniques:
    1. Click the Print, E-mail, Or Save The Installation Report link to create or update the installation report and display it in Windows Internet Explorer.
    2. Scroll down to the bottom of the installation report in Windows Internet Explorer and then click Full Log (For Troubleshooting Only) to display the Server Manager log in Notepad.
    3. In Notepad, press Ctrl+F, type the current date in the appropriate format for your language settings, such as 2007-08-30, and then click Find Next. Notepad will then move through the log to the first Setup entry from the current date.
    4. Review the Server Manager entries for installation problems and take corrective actions as appropriate.

Adding or Removing Web Server Features on Windows Vista

In earlier versions of Windows, you use Add/Remove Windows Components in the Add or Remove Programs application to add or remove operating system components. In Windows Vista, you configure operating system components as Windows features that you can turn on or off rather than add or remove.

You can configure Web server features on a computer running Windows Vista by completing these steps:

  1. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.
  2. In Control Panel, click Programs.
  3. Under Programs And Features, click Turn Windows Features On Or Off. This displays the Windows Features dialog box.
  4. You’ll find Windows features for Web servers under the following nodes:
    • Internet Information Services/FTP Publishing Service Includes the FTP Management Console and the FTP Server
    • Internet Information Services/Web Management Tools Includes the IIS 6 Management and IIS 7.0 Management components
    • Internet Information Services/World Wide Web Services Includes the Application Development, Common HTTP, Health and Diagnostics, Performance, and Security features
    • Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 Includes the XPS View and the HTTP Activation and Non-HTTP Activation components for WCF
    • Microsoft Message Queue (MSMQ) Server Includes the MSMQ Core server components in addition to support and integration components for message queuing
    • Windows Process Activation Service Includes the .NET Environment, Configuration APIs, and Process Model

    To turn features on, select feature check boxes. To turn features off, clear feature check boxes. As you select features, Windows Vista selects any required related features automatically without a warning prompt.

  5. When you click OK, Windows Vista reconfigures components as appropriate for any changes you’ve made. You may need your original installation media.
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