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Accessibility in Windows Small Business Server 2011 Standard

Applies To: Windows Small Business Server 2011 Standard

In Windows SBS 2011 Standard, you can use the Ease of Access Center to configure settings for accessibility. You can also use a variety of keyboard shortcuts. The following topics provide details:

noteNote
The information throughout this topic applies to Windows SBS 2011 Standard as well as to Windows Server 2008.

Using Narrator

In Windows SBS 2011 Standard, to use Narrator (one of the accessibility features), you might need to start the Windows Audio service. You can also set the startup type of the service to Automatic so that it always starts when the server is started.

To start the Windows Audio service and change the startup type to Automatic

  1. Click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Services.

  2. In the list of services, double-click Windows Audio.

  3. For Startup type, make sure Automatic is selected.

  4. View the service status. If it is not already started, click Start and then click OK.

Note that when you start the Windows Audio service, the operating system automatically starts the Windows Audio Endpoint Builder service. These two services work together to manage audio and audio devices.

Additional references

For information about using Remote Desktop Connection with a large monitor, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=94254.

What’s New in Ease of Access (Accessibility)?

This version of Windows includes the Ease of Access Center, a centralized location for accessibility settings and programs that used to be found in Accessibility Options. The Ease of Access Center also features a questionnaire that you can use to get suggestions for accessibility features that you might find useful.

Where can I find the Ease of Access Center?

The Ease of Access Center is located in Control Panel. Open Ease of Access Center by clicking the Start button, clicking Control Panel, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking Ease of Access Center.

What happened to Utility Manager?

The Ease of Access Center replaces it. If you're accustomed to opening Utility Manager by pressing the Windows key Windows Update Icon + U, you can still get to the same settings with that keyboard shortcut. Now, that keyboard shortcut opens the Ease of Access Center, where more settings are available in one place.

What happened to the accessibility wizard?

It has been replaced by an optional questionnaire in the Ease of Access Center. Based on the answers you provide to the questions, the questionnaire recommends accessibility settings and assistive technologies and settings that can make the computer easier to use.

What Accessibility Features Does Windows Offer?

Windows offers several programs and settings that can make the computer easier and more comfortable to use. Additional assistive technology products can be added to your computer if you need other accessibility features. More information about accessibility and assistive technology products is available on the Microsoft Accessibility website.

The Ease of Access Center is a central location that you can use to set up the accessibility settings and programs available in Windows. In the Ease of Access Center, you'll find quick access for setting up the accessibility settings and programs included in Windows. You'll also find a link to a questionnaire that Windows can use to help suggest settings that you might find useful.

  • Open Ease of Access Center by clicking the Start button, clicking Control Panel, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking Ease of Access Center.

Use the computer without a display

Windows comes with a basic screen reader called Narrator that will read aloud text that appears on the screen. Windows also has settings for providing audio descriptions for videos and controlling how dialog boxes appear.

Additionally, many other programs and hardware are compatible with Windows and available to help individuals who are blind, including screen readers, Braille output devices, and many other useful products. For more information, review the Microsoft Accessibility website.

Make the computer easier to see

Several settings are available to help make the information on the screen easier to understand. For example, the screen can be magnified, screen colors can be adjusted to make the screen easier to see and read, and unnecessary animations and background images can be removed.

Use the computer without a mouse or keyboard

Windows includes an on-screen keyboard that you can use to type. You can also use Speech Recognition to control your computer with voice commands as well as dictate text into programs.

Make the mouse easier to use

You can change the size and color of the mouse pointer, as well as use the keyboard to control the mouse.

Make the keyboard easier to use

You can adjust the way Windows responds to mouse or keyboard input so that key combinations are easier to press, typing is easier, or inadvertent key presses are ignored.

Use text and visual alternatives for sounds

Windows can replace two types of audio information with visual equivalents. You can replace system sounds with visual alerts and you can display text captions for spoken dialog in multimedia programs.

Make it easier to focus on reading and typing tasks

There are a number of settings that can help make it easier to focus on reading and typing. You can have Narrator read information on the screen, adjust how the keyboard responds to certain keystrokes, and control whether certain visual elements are displayed.

Keyboard Shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts can make it easier to interact with your computer because you don't need to use the mouse as often.

Ease of Access keyboard shortcuts

 

Press this key To do this

Right SHIFT for eight seconds

Turn Filter Keys on and off

Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (or PRTSCRN)

Turn High Contrast on or off

Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK

Turn Mouse Keys on or off

SHIFT five times

Turn Sticky Keys on or off

NUM LOCK for five seconds

Turn Toggle Keys on or off

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +U

Open the Ease of Access Center

General keyboard shortcuts

 

Press this key To do this

F1

Display Help

CTRL+C

Copy the selected item

CTRL+X

Cut the selected item

CTRL+V

Paste the selected item

CTRL+Z

Undo an action

CTRL+Y

Redo an action

DELETE

Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin

SHIFT+DELETE

Delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first

F2

Rename the selected item

CTRL+RIGHT ARROW

Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word

CTRL+LEFT ARROW

Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word

CTRL+DOWN ARROW

Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph

CTRL+UP ARROW

Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph

CTRL+SHIFT with an arrow key

Select a block of text

SHIFT with any arrow key

Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document

CTRL with any arrow key+SPACEBAR

Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop

CTRL+A

Select all items in a document or window

F3

Search for a file or folder

ALT+ENTER

Display properties for the selected item

ALT+F4

Close the active item, or exit the active program

ALT+SPACEBAR

Open the shortcut menu for the active window

CTRL+F4

Close the active document (in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)

ALT+TAB

Switch between open items

CTRL+ALT+TAB

Use the arrow keys to switch between open items

CTRL+Mouse scroll wheel

Change the size of icons on the desktop

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +TAB

Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Windows Flip 3-D

CTRL+Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +TAB

Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Windows Flip 3-D

ALT+ESC

Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened

F6

Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop

F4

Display the Address bar list in Windows Explorer

SHIFT+F10

Display the shortcut menu for the selected item

CTRL+ESC

Open the Start menu

ALT+underlined letter

Display the corresponding menu

ALT+underlined letter

Perform the menu command (or other underlined command)

F10

Activate the menu bar in the active program

RIGHT ARROW

Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu

LEFT ARROW

Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu

F5

Refresh the active window

ALT+UP ARROW

View the folder one level up in Windows Explorer

ESC

Cancel the current task

CTRL+SHIFT+ESC

Open Task Manager

SHIFT when you insert a CD

Prevent the CD from automatically playing

Dialog box keyboard shortcuts

 

Press this key To do this

CTRL+TAB

Move forward through tabs

CTRL+SHIFT+TAB

Move back through tabs

TAB

Move forward through options

SHIFT+TAB

Move back through options

ALT+underlined letter

Perform the command (or select the option) that goes with that letter

ENTER

Replaces clicking the mouse for many selected commands

SPACEBAR

Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box

Arrow keys

Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons

F1

Display Help

F4

Display the items in the active list

BACKSPACE

Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box

Microsoft keyboard shortcuts

 

Press this key To do this

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon 

Open or close the Start menu

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +PAUSE

Display the System Properties dialog box

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +D

Display the desktop

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon  +M

Minimize all windows

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon SHIFT+M

Restore minimized windows to the desktop

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +E

Open Computer

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +F

Search for a file or folder

CTRL+Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +F

Search for computers (if you are on a network)

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +L

Lock your computer or switch users

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +R

Open the Run dialog box

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +T

Cycle through programs on the taskbar

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +TAB

Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Windows Flip 3-D

CTRL+Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +TAB

Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Windows Flip 3-D

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +SPACEBAR

Bring all gadgets to the front and select Windows Sidebar

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +G

Cycle through Sidebar gadgets

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +U

Open Ease of Access Center

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +X

Open Windows Mobility Center

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon with any number key

Open the Quick Launch shortcut that is in the position that corresponds to the number. For example, Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +1 to launch the first shortcut in the Quick Launch menu.

Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts

 

Press this key To do this

CTRL+N

Open a new window

END

Display the bottom of the active window

HOME

Display the top of the active window

F11

Maximize or minimize the active window

NUM LOCK+ASTERISK (*) on numeric keypad

Display all subfolders under the selected folder

NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN (+) on numeric keypad

Display the contents of the selected folder

NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN (-) on numeric keypad

Collapse the selected folder

LEFT ARROW

Collapse the current selection (if it is expanded), or select the parent folder

ALT+LEFT ARROW

View the previous folder

RIGHT ARROW

Display the current selection (if it is collapsed), or select the first subfolder

ALT+RIGHT ARROW

View the next folder

CTRL+Mouse scroll wheel

Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons

ALT+D

Select the Address bar

Windows Sidebar keyboard shortcuts

 

Press this key To do this

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +SPACEBAR

Bring all gadgets to the front and select Sidebar

Windows logo key Windows Update Icon +G

Cycle through Sidebar gadgets

TAB

Cycle through Sidebar controls

Windows Photo Gallery keyboard shortcuts

 

Press this key To do this

CTRL+F

Open the Fix pane

CTRL+P

Print the selected picture

ENTER

View the selected picture at a larger size

CTRL+I

Open or close the Details pane

CTRL+PERIOD (.)

Rotate the picture clockwise

CTRL+COMMA (,)

Rotate the picture counter-clockwise

F2

Rename the selected item

CTRL+E

Search for an item

ALT+LEFT ARROW

Go back

ALT+RIGHT ARROW

Go forward

PLUS SIGN (+)

Zoom in or resize the picture thumbnail

MINUS SIGN (-)

Zoom out or resize the picture thumbnail

CTRL+Mouse scroll wheel

Change the size of the picture thumbnail

CTRL+B

Best fit

LEFT ARROW

Select the previous item

DOWN ARROW

Select the next item or row

UP ARROW

Previous item (Easel) or previous row (Thumbnail)

PAGE UP

Previous screen

PAGE DOWN

Next screen

HOME

Select the first item

END

Select the last item

DELETE

Move the selected item to the Recycle Bin

SHIFT+DELETE

Permanently delete the selected item

LEFT ARROW

Collapse node

RIGHT ARROW

Expand node

Keyboard shortcuts for working with videos

 

J

Move back one frame

K

Pause the playback

L

Move forward one frame

I

Set the start trim point

O

Set the end trim point

M

Split a clip

HOME

Stop and rewind all the way back to the start trim point

ALT+RIGHT ARROW

Advance to the next frame

ALT+LEFT ARROW

Go back to the previous frame

CTRL+K

Stop and rewind playback

CTRL+P

Play from the current location

HOME

Move the start trim point

END

Move to the end trim point

PAGE UP

Seek to nearest split point before the current location

PAGE DOWN

Seek to nearest split point after the current location

Windows Help viewer keyboard shortcuts

 

Press this key To do this

ALT+C

Display the Table of Contents

ALT+N

Display the Connection Settings menu

F10

Display the Options menu

ALT+LEFT ARROW

Move back to the previously viewed topic

ALT+RIGHT ARROW

Move forward to the next (previously viewed) topic

ALT+A

Display the customer support page

ALT+HOME

Display the Help and Support home page

HOME

Move the to beginning of a topic

END

Move to the end of a topic

CTRL+F

Search the current topic

CTRL+P

Print a topic

F3

Move to the Search box

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