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Compound Operators (Transact-SQL)

Compound operators execute some operation and set an original value to the result of the operation. For example, if a variable @x equals 35, then @x += 2 takes the original value of @x, add 2 and sets @x to that new value (37).

Transact-SQL provides the following compound operators:

Operator

Link to more information

Action

+=

+= (Add EQUALS) (Transact-SQL)

Adds some amount to the original value and sets the original value to the result.

-=

-= (Subtract EQUALS) (Transact-SQL)

Subtracts some amount from the original value and sets the original value to the result.

*=

*= (Multiply EQUALS) (Transact-SQL)

Multiplies by an amount and sets the original value to the result.

/=

/= (Divide EQUALS) (Transact-SQL)

Divides by an amount and sets the original value to the result.

%=

Modulo EQUALS (Transact-SQL)

Divides by an amount and sets the original value to the modulo.

&=

&= (Bitwise AND EQUALS) (Transact-SQL)

Performs a bitwise AND and sets the original value to the result.

^=

^= (Bitwise Exclusive OR EQUALS) (Transact-SQL)

Performs a bitwise exclusive OR and sets the original value to the result.

|=

|= (Bitwise OR EQUALS) (Transact-SQL)

Performs a bitwise OR and sets the original value to the result.

expression operator expression

expression

Is any valid expression of any one of the data types in the numeric category.

Returns the data type of the argument with the higher precedence. For more information, see Data Type Precedence (Transact-SQL).

For more information, see the topics related to each operator.

The following examples demonstrate compound operations.

DECLARE @x1 int = 27;
SET @x1 += 2 ;
SELECT @x1 AS Added_2;

DECLARE @x2 int = 27;
SET @x2 -= 2 ;
SELECT @x2 AS Subtracted_2;

DECLARE @x3 int = 27;
SET @x3 *= 2 ;
SELECT @x3 AS Multiplied_by_2;

DECLARE @x4 int = 27;
SET @x4 /= 2 ;
SELECT @x4 AS Divided_by_2;

DECLARE @x5 int = 27;
SET @x5 %= 2 ;
SELECT @x5 AS Modulo_of_27_divided_by_2;

DECLARE @x6 int = 9;
SET @x6 &= 13 ;
SELECT @x6 AS Bitwise_AND;

DECLARE @x7 int = 27;
SET @x7 ^= 2 ;
SELECT @x7 AS Bitwise_Exclusive_OR;

DECLARE @x8 int = 27;
SET @x8 |= 2 ;
SELECT @x8 AS Bitwise_OR;
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