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Recover a Backup Catalog

Applies To: Windows Server 2008 R2

You can use the Catalog Recovery Wizard to recover a local backup catalog that has been corrupted.

Windows Server Backup stores the details about your backups (what volumes are backed up and where the backups are located) in a file called a backup catalog. The catalog is stored in the same place that you store your backups at the path: <StorageLocation>\WindowsImageBackup\<ComputerBackedUp>\Catalog\. Windows Server Backup also keeps a master catalog on the computer being backed up at the path: <systemdrive>\System Volume Information\WindowsImageBackup\Catalog\. If that file gets corrupted, you will be alerted and an event is added to the event log (Event 514). To continue with future backups, you will need to either restore the catalog using an available backup or delete the catalog.

If you have no backups that you can use to recover the catalog (so you need to delete the catalog), the information about previous backups will be lost and you will not be able to access the backups using the Windows Server Backup snap-in. In this case, you should create a new backup once your catalog is deleted.

ImportantImportant
You will only see the Catalog Recovery Wizard in Windows Server Backup if your catalog is corrupted.

noteNote
You can also use the Wbadmin restore catalog and the Wbadmin delete catalog commands to perform these tasks. For syntax and examples for Wbadmin, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=140216.

To recover a backup catalog

  1. Click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Windows Server Backup.

  2. In the Actions pane of the snap-in default page, under Windows Server Backup, click Recover Catalog. This opens the Catalog Recovery Wizard.

  3. On the Specify Storage Type page, do one of the following, and then click Next:

    • Click Local drives.

      1. On the Select Backup Location page, select the drive that contains the backup that you want to use from the drop-down list. If you are using DVDs or other media, make sure the last DVD of the series is in the drive. Click Next.

      2. On the Select Server page, if you are using a backup stored on a internal or external hard disk, select the server’s whose backup you want to use.

    • Click Remote shared folder.

      On the Specify Remote Folder page, type the path to the folder that contains the backup that you want to use.

    • Click I do not have any usable backups if you do not have a backup that you can use to recover the catalog, and just want to delete the catalog.

  4. On the Confirmation page, review the details, and then click Finish to recover the catalog.

  5. On the Summary page, click Close.

  6. Once the catalog recovery is completed or you have deleted the catalog, you must close and then re-open Windows Server Backup to refresh the view.

Additional considerations

  • To recover a backup catalog using Windows Server Backup, you must be a member of the Backup Operators or Administrators group, or you must have been delegated the appropriate authority.

  • You can also perform this task remotely for another server using the Connect To Another Computer option in the Windows Server Backup Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in. Make sure that you are a member of the Administrators or Backup Operators group on the remote server. If you are a Backup Operator, ensure that the Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM) security settings on the remote computer are set to allow Backup Operators to connect to it.

    You can only use this feature if the local and remote servers are running the same version of Windows—either both running Windows Server 2008 or both running Windows Server 2008 R2. In addition, you cannot use this feature to manage a computer running any version of Windows client operating system.

Additional references

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