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SNMP Service (System Services for the Windows Server 2003 Family and Windows XP Operating Systems)

Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2

Service Name: SNMP

Executable Name: Snmp.exe

Log On As: LocalSystem

Description: The SNMP service allows incoming Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) requests to be serviced by the local computer. SNMP includes agents that monitor activity in network devices and report to the network console workstation. SNMP provides a method of managing network hosts such as workstation or server computers, routers, bridges, and hubs from a centrally located computer running network management software. SNMP performs management services by using a distributed architecture of management systems and agents.

SNMP can be used to:

  • Configure remote devices. Configuration information can be sent to each networked host from the management system.

  • Monitor network performance. You can track the speed of processing and network throughput, and collect information about the success of data transmissions.

  • Detect network faults or inappropriate access. You can configure trigger alarms on network devices when certain events occur. When an alarm is triggered, the device forwards an event message to the management system. Common types of events that need alarms include a device being shut down and restarted, a link failure being detected on a router, and inappropriate access.

  • Audit network usage. You can monitor both overall network usage to identify user or group access, and types of usage for network devices and services.

The SNMP service also includes an SNMP agent that allows remote, centralized management of computers running the following:

  • Microsoft® Windows® XP Home Edition

  • Microsoft® Windows® XP Professional

  • Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Professional

  • Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Server

  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 family

The SNMP agent also allows management of the following services:

  • Windows XP or the Windows Server 2003 family and Windows 2000–based WINS

  • Windows XP or the Windows Server 2003 family and Windows 2000–based DHCP

  • Windows XP or the Windows Server 2003 family and Windows 2000–based IIS

  • LAN Manager

If this service is stopped or disabled, the computer cannot respond to SNMP requests. If the computer is being monitored by network management tools, those tools cannot collect data from the computer nor control its functionality through the SNMP service.

Available on: Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition; Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition; Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition and Windows Server 2003, Web Edition.

Installed through: Add/Remove Windows Components, Management and Monitoring Tools, and Simple Network Management Protocol.

Startup type: Automatic

Service status: Started

This service depends on the following system components:

Event Log

The following system components depend on this service:

None

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