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Archived content. No warranty is made as to technical accuracy. Content may contain URLs that were valid when originally published, but now link to sites or pages that no longer exist.

This document contains an alphabetical listing of the Microsoft(R) MS-DOS(R) version 5.0 messages and their descriptions. For other software messages, such as network or application program messages, refer to the documentation for your particular program.

If you cannot find an MS-DOS message in this reference, check in the beginning of the reference. The message may begin with a replaceable parameter. A replaceable parameter is a place holder that is identified by a word enclosed in angle brackets < >. For example, in this reference, you may see the message "<Number> searched, <number> sub directories found." On your screen, you would see the bracketed words "number" replaced by a number. The same thing is true for a drive letter, filename, command, directory, utility, and so forth.

What you see in this reference

What you see on your screen

Current time is <time>

Current time is 11:45:38.01a

Enter new time:

Enter new time:

File <filename> canceled by operator

File REPORT.DOC canceled by operator

<Utility> already installed

FASTOPEN already installed

Messages:

*This is the Edlin prompt. Start typing text here. For help, type ? at the prompt.

 

/B invalid with a black and white printer

You can use the /b switch with the GRAPHICS command with only COLOR4 and COLOR8 printers. Do not use the /b switch in combination with the /r switch, or if you have a black and white printer.

/DT was specified. Because there is no delete tracking file for this drive, the UNDELETE command cannot continue.

Because there was no PCTRACKER.DEL deletion-tracking file, the UNDELETE command was canceled. You may be able to restore files from data contained in directory files by using the UNDELETE command with the /dos switch. You create the tracker file when you use the MIRROR command with the /t switch.

<Filename> Contains <number> non-contiguous blocks

The files you specified are fragmented. To reduce fragmentation, make new copies of the files. Reducing file fragmentation helps your system read and write information more quickly.

<Filename> File not found

MS-DOS could not find the file that you specified. Make sure you typed the filename and path correctly.

<Filename> longer than <filename>

The FC command will only compare binary files that are the same length. FC will compare the two files until it reaches the end of the shorter file.

<Number> bytes disk space freed

The specified number of bytes previously used by file fragments are now free for other programs to use.

<Number> bytes disk space would be freed

The CHKDSK command identified the number of bytes currently used by file fragments. If you want to free these bytes, use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch. Then reply no to the message "Convert lost chains to files?"

<Number> bytes in bad sectors

This is the number of unusable sectors on your disk. The FORMAT command marked them as unusable when the disk was formatted. MS-DOS will not use these sectors.

<Number> code page driver cannot be initialized

The DISPLAY.SYS or PRINTER.SYS device driver in your CONFIG.SYS file is invalid or unrecognizable. Correct the command in your CONFIG.SYS file. Make sure you specified the correct code page and that the code page file exists. Then restart your computer.

<Number>Extended memory handles available.

The HIMEM extended-memory manager is making available the indicated number of extended-memory-block handles.

<Number> files recovered.

Either the RECOVER command saved the indicated number of files, or the UNFORMAT command restored the indicated number of files.

<Number> is not a choice. Please Enter <number>-<number>

You selected an invalid option. Select a valid option from the range shown.

<Number> lost allocation units found in <number> chains

Your disk contains some fragments of information that are not linked to any file or directory. Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to fix the errors.

<Number> searched, <number> subdirectories found.

While attempting to restore a disk without a Mirror image file, the UNFORMAT command searched through the entire disk for residual subdirectory information left by the FORMAT command.

<Program> not installed

To use this command, install the specified program first.

<Utility> already installed

This utility has already been installed. It stays in memory until you restart your computer. Reinstall the utility only if you restart your system.

A20 Hardware Error

There was an error in the high memory area. Restart your computer, and try again. If you still get this message, load MS-DOS into the low memory area. To do this, remove the DOS=HIGH command line in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

A copy of the EGA Device Driver is already loaded.

You tried to load the EGA device driver more than once. Make sure the CONFIG.SYS file contains only one device command loading the EGA.SYS device driver.

A copy of the EGA Device Driver is not installed.

The EGA device driver could not be installed. Make sure the device command in your CONFIG.SYS file that loads the EGA.SYS device driver has the correct syntax.

A filename with that first character already Exists.

Press any key and then re-type the first character.

The character you typed as the first character of a filename would result in a filename identical to that of an existing file. Press a key to continue, and then type a different letter.

A suspected MIRROR file starting at sector number has been found.

While searching the disk for a Mirror image file, the UNFORMAT command found what appears to be an image file at the specified location. MIRROR will continue searching the disk for another Mirror image file.

Abort Edit (Y/N)?

Type y to quit without saving your edits, or n to stay in Edlin.

Abort, Retry, Ignore, Fail?

This message may appear with all four of the listed options, or only two or three. It appears when an error has occurred in a program, and MS-DOS cannot continue without your instruction. This message often occurs when there is an error in writing to or reading from a device, such as a disk drive or a communications port.

To stop the program that caused the error, type a. To try again, type r. Use the "Retry" option if you have fixed the error (for example, if your disk was write-protected and you removed the write-protect tab). To continue as though the error did not occur, type i. Note that the system may become unstable, and you may lose data if you type i to ignore the error. To allow the program to handle the error, type f. The program will process the error, and will either continue or end, depending upon the error and the behavior of the program.

Access denied

You tried to write to a read-only file, the file is already being used by another program or person on a network, or you don't have writing privileges for this file on a network. Use the ATTRIB command to see if the file is read-only. If it is read-only and you want to write to this file, use the ATTRIB command with the -r switch to remove the read-only attribute. Otherwise, make sure another program isn't using this file. If you are on a network and you do have privileges for this file, another person may be using this file. Wait a while and then try again.

Active code page for device <device> is <number>

This message specifies the current code page used by the device.

Active code page not available from CON device

Your screen does not support the code page the system is currently using.

Active Code Page: <number>

The system is currently using the indicated code page. If the active code page is "none," no code page was loaded before you used the GRAFTABL command. If the active code page is "non-standard," GRAFTABL does not recognize the current code page in memory.

Add <filename>? (Y/N)

Type y if you want to add the file to the disk, or n if you do not want to add the file.

All available space in the Extended DOS Partition is assigned to logical drives

There is no more room for logical drives in the extended partition.

All files canceled by operator

All files in the print queue were canceled. This message appears on your network printer screen.

All files in directory will be deleted! Are you sure (Y/N)?

Type y to delete all the files in the directory, or n to cancel the command. To see what files are in the directory before deleting them, type n and use the DIR command to view the files.

All logical drives deleted in the Extended DOS Partition

You have deleted all logical drives in the extended MS-DOS partition on your disk.

All of the clusters for this file are available. Undelete (Y/N)?

The UNDELETE command can completely restore the deleted file because all of its contents are still available on the disk. To undelete the file, type y. To leave the file deleted, type n.

All specified file(s) are contiguous

All of the files you specified are written on the disk sequentially; none are fragmented.

Allocation Error, size adjusted

The size of the indicated file was not consistent with the amount of data actually allocated to the file. MS-DOS updated your directory entry to reflect the actual size of the file.

An incompatible DOSKey is already installed

There is more than one version of the Doskey program on your computer, and the installed version is incompatible with your system. Locate all versions of the program, and delete all but the correct one. If you are unsure which version to use, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the correct version from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Another program has control of the INT 2FH function number. Cannot Load EGA Device Driver.

Other software has taken control of the default or user-specified Interrupt 2Fh function number. As a result, loading the EGA device driver could produce unpredictable results, and the loading process was canceled. Specify a different INT 2Fh function number in the EGA command line.

ANSI.SYS must be installed to perform requested function

To perform the screen function you requested, the ANSI.SYS device driver must be loaded. Include a device command in your CONFIG.SYS file such as DEVICE=C:\DOS\ANSI.SYS, and restart your computer.

APPEND already installed

The APPEND command is already installed on your system. It will stay in memory as long as your system is on. Reinstall APPEND only if you restart your system.

APPEND / ASSIGN Conflict

If you are going to use both the APPEND and ASSIGN commands, use APPEND before you use the ASSIGN command for the first time. Also, you cannot append directories on a drive letter created with the ASSIGN command.

APPEND / TopView Conflict

If you use TopView(R), start it before you use the APPEND command for the first time.

Are you sure (<Y>/<N>)?

Type y to continue, or n to quit.

Are you sure you want to do this? If so, press Y; anything Else cancels.

The UNFORMAT command can partially rebuild the disk using residual information left by the FORMAT command. Type y if you want to rebuild the disk using the residual information. Press any other key to cancel the unformatting process.

Are you sure you want to update the system area of your drive <letter> (Y/N)?

Type y if you want to restore the disk to the condition before it was formatted or before you used the MIRROR command. If you want to leave the disk as it is, type n.

Attempting to recover allocation unit <number>

The FORMAT command detected a potentially corrupted allocation unit while trying to format the disk. It is now checking to see if the allocation unit is usable.

***Backing up files to drive <letter>: *** Diskette Number: <number>

The BACKUP command displays this message while backing up files to the drive you specified. Be sure to label backup disks with the appropriate number. This will make it easier for you to restore files later.

Bad command line syntax

The COMP command contained too many filename parameters, or your response to the "Option" prompt was not preceded by a slash ( / ) character or a minus (-) character.

Bad command or file name

MS-DOS couldn't interpret what you typed at the command prompt. Make sure you typed the command properly. Also make sure the file or program is on the disk, in the directory you specified, or in the search path.

Bad command or parameters

There is a syntax error in a command in your CONFIG.SYS file. Correct the command or parameters, and restart your computer.

Bad numeric argument : <number>

You did not supply a valid number for the /n switch with the COMP command. (The number field can only contain numbers between 0 and 9.)

Bad or Missing Command Interpreter

The command interpreter cannot be found. Restart your system from another system disk, and then check the CONFIG.SYS file of your original system disk for a SHELL command. If there is a SHELL command, make sure the path to the command interpreter is correct. If there is no SHELL command, either make sure there is a copy of the COMMAND.COM file in the root directory of the startup drive on the system disk, or add a SHELL command specifying the location of the COMMAND.COM file or an alternate command interpreter.

Bad or missing Keyboard Definition File

Make sure the KEYBOARD.SYS file is in your DOS directory, current directory, or root directory. You can also specify its path with the KEYB command, or in your CONFIG.SYS file with the install command. If you get this message again, the KEYBOARD.SYS file may be corrupted. Use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the file from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Bad Partition Table

There is no DOS partition on your hard disk. Use the FDISK command to create a primary DOS partition.

Bad sector being bypassed.

There is an unusable sector on the disk being restored. The UNFORMAT command is marking it to prevent its further use.

Batch file missing

Make sure the batch program exists and that you've typed the name correctly. Also confirm that it is in the search path or in the current directory. If this message occurs while running the batch program, there may be a command in the batch program that deletes or renames the batch program, or makes it inaccessible. Check the syntax of the batch program to determine the cause.

Baud rate required Specify a baud rate so the MODE command can initialize the COM port.

Because your source drive is either ASSIGNed, JOINed, or SUBSTed it is actually the same as the target drive. Specify a source drive that is different from the target (destination) drive.

Because your target drive is Either ASSIGNed, JOINed, or SUBSTed it is actually the same as the source drive

Specify a target (destination) drive that is different from the source drive.

Cannot change BUFSIZE

The Doskey program is already installed. To change the /bufsize switch, reinstall DOSKEY with the /reinstall and /bufsize switches. If you need to conserve memory, you can also restart your computer and install DOSKEY with just the /bufsize switch, because reinstalling with the /reinstall switch does not remove the previous Doskey program from memory.

Cannot CHDIR to <directory name> tree past this point not processed

The CHKDSK command checked the structure of the directory and was unable to change to this directory. None of the subdirectories in this directory will be verified.

Cannot CHDIR to root

The CHKDSK command could not change to the root directory, and was unable to continue checking the remaining subdirectories. Restart your computer. If you still get this message, the disk is damaged and should be reformatted.

Cannot CHKDSK a network drive

You cannot use the CHKDSK command on drives that have been redirected over the network.

Cannot CHKDSK a SUBSTed or ASSIGNed drive

You cannot use the CHKDSK command on drives that have been substituted or assigned. Use the original drive letters while running CHKDSK.

Cannot <command> a network drive

You cannot use this command on a network drive.

Cannot <command> a SUBSTed or ASSIGNed drive

You cannot use this command on a drive that has been redirected by using the ASSIGN command, or substituted using the SUBST command.

Cannot create a zero size partition

You can only create a partition with a size greater than zero. Using the FDISK command, specify the size of the partition in megabytes or the percentage of unused disk space. If you type a percentage, follow the number with a percent (%) sign. If you are creating an extended DOS partition and there is no room left, delete and recreate a smaller primary DOS partition. Or, reduce the size of any non-DOS partitions that exist.

Cannot create Extended DOS Partition without Primary DOS Partition on disk 1

You cannot create an extended DOS partition unless you already have a primary DOS partition. Create the primary DOS partition on your first hard disk. Then, if you have room on that disk or if you have a second hard disk, you can create an extended DOS partition.

Cannot create Logical DOS Drive without anExtended DOS Partition on the current drive

You must create an extended DOS partition before any logical drives can be created.

Cannot delete Extended DOS Partition while logical drives Exist

Delete all logical drives using the FDISK command. Then, delete the extended DOS partition.

Cannot delete <filename>.

If there is not enough disk space for expanding an entire file, the EXPAND command will try to delete the portion of the file that was expanded before disk space ran out. If the file cannot be deleted, this message appears.

Cannot delete Primary DOS Partition on drive 1 when anExtended DOS PartitionExists

All extended DOS partitions must be deleted before deleting a primary DOS partition.

Cannot DISKCOMP to or from a network drive

You cannot use the DISKCOMP command to compare disks over a network drive. To compare two files over a network, use the COMP or FC command.

Cannot DISKCOPY to or from a network drive

You cannot use the DISKCOPY command to copy disks over a network drive. To copy individual files over a network, use the COPY command.

Cannot do binary reads from a device

A device cannot perform a binary read. Use the COPY command with the /a switch to perform a binary read.

Cannot Edit .BAK file--rename file

You cannot edit an Edlin file with a .BAK extension. To edit a backup file, rename the file with an extension other than .BAK.

Cannot Execute <filename>

MS-DOS cannot run the file you specified. You may have run out of memory; access may be denied; or the file may be corrupt. Confirm that you have enough memory to run the program, and make sure the program isn't locked by a program such as SHARE. If the file is corrupt, you cannot use this copy of the program. Use a backup or master copy. If you are trying to use the file from a network server, make sure you have permission to access the file.

Cannot FDISK with network loaded

You cannot use the FDISK command while you are connected to a network. Disconnect from the network before using FDISK.

Cannot find FORMAT.COM

Add the directory containing your FORMAT.COM file to the path, or copy it to the directory containing the BACKUP.EXE file.

Cannot find GRAPHICS profile

MS-DOS cannot find the specified printer profile. Make sure you typed the correct path and filenames. If you are using the standard profile file, GRAPHICS.PRO, make sure it is in the same directory as the GRAPHICS.COM file. If you cannot find GRAPHICS.PRO, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the file from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Cannot find System Files

MS-DOS cannot find IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, and COMMAND.COM on your hard disk. Make sure the disk with which you started your computer is available.

Cannot format a network drive

You specified a network drive. You cannot format drives that are redirected over a network.

Cannot format an ASSIGNed or SUBSTed drive.

You cannot format a disk drive that has been created using the ASSIGN or SUBST commands. Use the ASSIGN command followed by the /status switch or the SUBST command to determine the true path of a logical drive. Then format the physical disk drive from which the logical drive originates. If you used the SUBST command to associate a path with a drive letter, format the entire disk containing the path. Before formatting a disk, make sure you have backup copies of all the files you want to save.

Cannot FORMAT nonremovable drive <letter>:

The BACKUP command does not format a hard disk. If you are sure you want to back up files to a hard disk, use the FORMAT command to format it, or use a hard disk that is already formatted.

Cannot install. Already resident, or unknown status.

You used the MIRROR command with the /t switch a second time since restarting your computer. If you want the Mirror program to track file deletions on an additional drive, remove it from memory using the MIRROR command with the /u switch. You can then use the MIRROR command with the /t switch for each drive you want to track.

Cannot label a JOINed, SUBSTed or ASSIGNed drive

You cannot create a volume label for a drive prepared with the JOIN, SUBST, or ASSIGN command.

Cannot label a network drive

You selected a network drive to label, but you cannot create a volume label for a network drive.

Cannot load COMMAND, system halted

Your system cannot load the COMMAND.COM file. One of the following may be the problem:

* The COMMAND.COM file may be damaged.
* Another program may have damaged memory.
* Another program may have left too little memory to start COMMAND.COM.
* The system could not locate COMMAND.COM.
Use a system disk to restart your computer. If memory was damaged, that may solve your problem. If not, make sure both the SHELL command in your CONFIG.SYS file and COMSPEC command in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file point to a valid version of COMMAND.COM. If you suspect COMMAND.COM was damaged, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy COMMAND.COM from your MS-DOS installation disk.

Cannot Loadhigh batch file

You cannot load a batch program (.BAT file) into upper memory. You can load only executable (.EXE) or command (.COM) programs into the upper memory area with the LOADHIGH command.

Cannot make directory Entry

The utility did not create the directory entry or volume label because the disk or root directory is full. There can be no more than 512 files and directories in the root directory of your hard disk. Move or delete some files to free disk space, or use another disk.

Cannot open <filename> - <reason>

The file cannot be opened. Resolve the specified problem and try again.

Cannot open specified country information file

Check the COUNTRY command in your CONFIG.SYS file to make sure you specified the correct path to the COUNTRY.SYS file. Make any necessary corrections, and restart your computer.

Cannot operate on a SUBST drive.

You cannot use the UNDELETE command to restore files on a drive created by the SUBST command. To restore files on this drive, return the drive and directory to its original path. Then you can use the UNDELETE command on this directory.

Cannot operate on specified drive (<letter>). It may be a network drive.

You cannot use the UNDELETE command to restore files on a network drive. UNDELETE works only on drives installed in or attached directly to your system.

Cannot perform a cyclic copy

When using the XCOPY command followed by the /s switch, you cannot copy to any subdirectories that are a subset of the directory you are copying from. Specify a destination that is not a subdirectory of the source directory.

Cannot process a network, SUBST, or unrecognized disk.

The UNFORMAT command cannot determine the type of disk drive that you specified with the UNFORMAT command. It may be a network drive, a drive created using the SUBST command, or a disk of unknown format.

Cannot process network drive.

The UNFORMAT command can restore disks on drives installed in or directly connected to your system. It cannot restore network drives.

Cannot read file allocation table

Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to correct the problem. If you still get this message, you may have to format the disk. You can also try to restore the file allocation table (FAT) using the MIRROR command. If you still get this message while using a hard disk, call your hardware vendor.

Cannot read system area of disk.

The UNFORMAT command could not read the file allocation table (FAT), or the root directory of the disk. The disk may be damaged or not formatted properly. Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to see if you can fix the problem. If not, you cannot unformat this disk. Format the disk again.

Cannot recover .Entry, processing continued

The "." entry (current directory) is corrupt and cannot be recovered. Move the files in this directory elsewhere and delete the directory.

Cannot recover ..Entry

The ".." entry (parent directory) is corrupt and cannot be recovered. Move the files in this directory elsewhere and delete the directory.

Cannot RECOVER a network drive

You cannot recover files on drives that are redirected over a network, or on files that are located on a network drive.

Cannot RECOVER an ASSIGNed or SUBSTed drive

You cannot recover files on disk drives that were created using the ASSIGN or SUBST commands. Type either the ASSIGN command or the SUBST command with the /d switch at the command prompt to reset all drive letters to their original assignments.

Cannot setup Expanded memory

There is no EMS (expanded memory) page frame above 640K. Make sure the page frame address is greater than 8000h. If you are using the EMM386 expanded-memory manager, confirm that you set the frame switch to none.

Cannot specify both /DT and /DOS.

The UNDELETE command contained both the /dt and /dos switches. UNDELETE can use only one method at a time to restore files. Retype the command and specify only one of these two switches, or type HELP UNDELETE at the command prompt to see the correct syntax for this command.

Cannot specify default drive

You cannot specify the default drive as both the source and destination for the system files. If the system files are in the default drive, specify a different drive for the destination.

Cannot start COMMAND,Exiting

Your system cannot load COMMAND.COM. Use a system disk to restart your computer. Then make sure the COMSPEC environment variable is set correctly.

Cannot unload resident deletion-tracking software. Vectors or memory have been altered.

You tried to unload your deletion-tracking program from memory using the MIRROR command with the /u switch. However, another program changed the internal state of your system such that removing the Mirror program from memory could cause unpredictable results. If you still want to remove the Mirror program from memory, restart your computer.

Cannot unload. Deletion-tracking software is not resident or is a different version.

Either you did not use the MIRROR command with the /t switch to load the Mirror program as a memory-resident (TSR) program, or you are attempting to remove the Mirror program from memory with a different version of the MIRROR command than you used to load it. To unload the Mirror program, locate and use the version of the MIRROR.COM file you used to start Mirror.

Cannot use FASTOPEN for drive letter

You cannot use the FASTOPEN command over a network, on a floppy disk, or on substituted drives.

Cannot use PRINT - Use NET PRINT

Because the PSPRINT print spooler has been loaded, use the NET PRINT command to print files over a network if you are using a Microsoft(R) LAN Manager or Microsoft(R) MS-NET compatible network.

Cannot write file allocation table

Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to identify the problem. If you still get this message, you may have to reformat the disk. If you continue to get this message with a hard disk, call your hardware vendor.

Cannot XCOPY from a reserved device

To copy files or directories from a device, use the COPY command instead of the XCOPY command.

Cannot XCOPY to a reserved device

To copy files or directories to a device, use the COPY command instead of the XCOPY command.

Can't copy date and time stamp from input file: <filename>

Generally, the date and time for the expanded file is set to the same date and time stamp as the compressed file. However, MS-DOS cannot read the date and time of the input (source) file.

Can't copy date and time stamp to output file: <filename>

Generally, the date and time for the output (expanded) file is set to the same date and time stamp as the compressed file. MS-DOS could read the date and time of the source file, but the stamps could not be copied to the expanded file.

Can't find/open file: <filename>

Make sure the filename is correct, and is not the name of a directory.

Can't open input file: <filename>

Make sure the input (source) file exists, and that another program is not using it.

Can't open output file: <filename>

The specified file cannot be opened. There may be too many files open already, the path may not be valid, and the destination filename may be the same as an existing directory name. Also, the file may be read-only, locked, or on a write-protected disk. Make sure you have correctly specified the path and filenames, and that the filename is not the same as an existing directory name. Use the ATTRIB command to see if the file is read-only, and make sure the SHARE command has not locked the file. If the destination file is on a floppy disk, make sure the disk is not write-protected. If you have other files open, close some files so the new file can be opened.

Can't read file: <filename>

The COMP command cannot read the specified file. Make sure the file is not locked or in use by another program. The file might also be corrupted or located on a bad sector. If this is the case, use a backup copy of the file.

Can't read from input file: <filename>

The input (source) file may be corrupted.

Can't write to output file: <filename>

Either a disk error has occurred, or access to this file has been denied. The file may be a read-only or locked file. Use the ATTRIB command to see if the file is read-only, and make sure the SHARE command has not locked the file. If you suspect a disk error, use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to fix any errors on the disk.

Checking Existing disk format

The format command is determining the disk type so it can save necessary information for the UNFORMAT command.

Checking for file fragmentation...

While restoring a disk without a Mirror image file, the UNFORMAT command is recovering files by tracing their entries in the file allocation table (FAT).

CHKDSK /F cannot be done in a Windows/DosShell Command Prompt

Quit Microsoft Windows(TM) or MS-DOS Shell before running the CHKDSK command with the /f switch.

CHKDSK not available on drive <letter>

You cannot use the CHKDSK command on the specified drive. For example, the drive may be a network drive, or was formed by the SUBST, ASSIGN, or JOIN command.

Code page not prepared

To prepare a device for a code page, add the correct device command to your CONFIG.SYS file, if necessary, and restart your computer. Then use the MODE CODEPAGE PREPARE command to prepare the code page. If you have installed the DISPLAY.SYS device driver, be sure the device command in your CONFIG.SYS file allows for additional code pages.

Code page <number> not prepared for all devices

The specified code page has not been loaded into memory for every device. To prepare a device for a code page, add the correct device command to your CONFIG.SYS file, if necessary, and restart your computer. Then use the MODE CODEPAGE PREPARE command to prepare the code page for each device.

Code page <number> not prepared for system

The specified code page has not been loaded into memory. To prepare a device for a code page, add the correct device command to your CONFIG.SYS file, if necessary, and restart your computer. Then use the MODE CODEPAGE PREPARE command to prepare the code page.

Code page operation not supported on this device

You have specified an invalid device and code page combination. Confirm that the device you specified exists and that you have specified a valid code page. Also make sure that code page is supported by that device.

Code page requested (<number>) is not valid for given keyboard code

The keyboard code and code page specified are not compatible. Retype the KEYB command with a compatible keyboard code and code page.

Code page specified has not been prepared

To prepare a device for a code page, add the correct device command to your CONFIG.SYS file, if necessary, and restart your computer. Then use the MODE CODEPAGE PREPARE command to prepare the code page. If you have installed the DISPLAY.SYS device driver, be sure the device command in your CONFIG.SYS file allows for additional code pages.

Code page specified is inconsistent with the selected code page

The code page you selected for your keyboard is not consistent with the code page for your console screen device (CON). Use the MODE CODEPAGE SELECT command if you want to change the code page for CON.

Command line parameters: FUNC=XX, to change INT 2FH function number. (where XX is 80 through FF hexadecimal inclusive) For Example: DEVICE=EGA FUNC=AC Number passed to FUNC is invalid. See Example above.

This message shows the syntax for the device command in your CONFIG.SYS file that loads the EGA.SYS device driver. In the example shown, the function number for Interrupt 2Fh is changed to the hexadecimal value ACh. The default value is BCh. Change the function number only if other software uses Interrupt 2Fh function BCh.

Compare another diskette (Y/N) ?

Type y if you want to compare more disks; type n if you don't.

Compare Error at LINE <number> file1 = <filename> file2 = <filename>

The two files differ at the specified location (measured in number of lines) from the beginning of the file. This number is given in hexadecimal, unless you specified the /d or /a switch.

Compare Error at OFFSET <number> file1 = <filename> file2 = <filename>

The two files differ at the specified location (measured in number of bytes) from the beginning of the file. This number is given in hexadecimal, unless you specified the /d or /a switch.

Compare Error on side <number>, track <number>

The disks are not identical. They differ on the specified side and track.

Compare OK

The two disks are identical.

Compare process Ended

The comparison is complete.

Comparing files <filename> and <filename>

The specified files are being compared.

Comparing <number> tracks <number> sectors per track, <number> side(s)

Tracks, sectors per track, and sides refer to the physical characteristics of the disk format.

CON code page driver cannot be initialized

There may be an error in your CONFIG.SYS file, or there isn't enough memory to set up the display configuration information. Check the device command in your CONFIG.SYS file to make sure the con command specifies a valid display name (EGA or LCD). For example, the following command installs the DISPLAY.SYS device driver for an EGA or VGA screen that has the 437 hardware code page: DEVICE=C:\DOS\DISPLAY.SYS CON=(EGA,437,1)

If you ran out of memory, change the number of supported code pages to the actual number of code pages you use. You can also remove other devices that you do not need, or change the order of loading your devices and programs. When you have finished, restart your computer.

Configuration too large for memory

There was not enough memory available to carry out the commands in your CONFIG.SYS file. Restart your computer with a different system disk. Then, in your CONFIG.SYS file, remove some devices, reduce the amount of memory used by devices, or reduce the number of files or buffers the system uses. When you have finished, restart your computer.

Content of destination lost before copy

You tried to combine several source files into one file. The destination file was also one of the source files. Therefore, instead of adding the other source files to the destination file, the destination file was overwritten before it could be copied. The original content of this file is lost. If you want to combine files with the destination file, list the destination file as the first source file.

Continue (Y/N)?

To continue, type y. To end the process, type n.

Convert lost chains to files (Y/N)?

Your disk contains some information that is not linked to any file or directory. If you type y, the chkdsk command will store this information in a file named FILEnnnn.CHK. You can view the contents of this file to determine if you want to save any of the information. If you type n, the CHKDSK command will free the disk space without saving the information.

Copy another diskette (Y/N)?

The DISKCOPY process is complete. Type y if you want to copy another disk, or n if you don't.

Copy process Ended

The DISKCOPY command could not copy the entire disk because of errors. The destination copy is not complete. Use the COPY or XCOPY command to copy specific files to the disk.

Copying <number> tracks <number> sectors per track, <number> side(s)

Tracks, sectors per track, and sides refer to the physical characteristics of the disk format.

Could not copy COMMAND.COM onto target disk

COMMAND.COM could not be copied to the target (destination) disk. Before using the disk to start your computer, copy COMMAND.COM to the disk or create a CONFIG.SYS file on the disk, and specify your command interpreter with the SHELL command.

Could not Expand second filename so as to match first

The FC and COMP commands expand wildcard characters in the second filename to match appropriate characters in the first filename. The wildcards must match or this expansion will fail. Make sure the wildcard characters match, or type the filenames without wildcard characters.

Could not successfully undelete the file. Press A to abort or R to retry

The UNDELETE command could not restore the file. To cancel the process, type a. To attempt to restore the file again, type r.

Current code page settings:

Shows current and prepared code pages for the specified device and for the system.

Current date is <date> Enter new date (mm-dd-yy):

Type a new date in the indicated format. If the displayed date is correct, press ENTER.

Current drive is no longer valid

Your current drive is either a network drive that is no longer connected, or a disk drive with no disk in it. Change to a valid drive, or insert a disk in the floppy disk drive.

Current fixed disk drive:

Shows the current hard disk. The first (or only) hard disk is 1, the second is 2, and so on. This message applies only to physical, not logical, disk drives when using the FDISK program.

Current keyboard does not support this code page

Make sure you specified the correct code page. If the code page is correct, use the KEYB command to change the keyboard code to one that is supported by the new code page.

Current keyboard ID: <number> code page: <number> Current CON code page: <number>

This message displays the current keyboard code and its associated code page, as well as the current code page used by your console screen device (CON).

Current time is <time> Enter new time:

Type a new time in the indicated format. If the time is already correct, press ENTER.

Date Error

There was an error when the device read the disk. Retry the process, or use a new disk. If the error is on your hard disk, run a diagnostic program such as the CHKDSK program to see if your hard disk is working correctly.

Delete (Y/N)?

Type y to delete the file, or n to continue without deleting the file.

Delete current volume label (Y/N)?

To delete the current volume label, type y. To cancel the process, type n.

Delete Logical DOS Drive(s) in the Extended DOS Partition

WARNING! Data in a deleted Logical DOS Drive will be lost.

If you want to save files on this drive, make sure you have a backup before continuing.

Delete tracking software must be installed before other PC Tools programs.

If you use the Mirror program at the same time as other PC Tools programs, install the Mirror program first. Close the PC Tools programs, install Mirror using the MIRROR command with the /t switch, and then restart the PC Tools programs.

Deleting crosslinked file.

While restoring a disk without a Mirror image file, the UNFORMAT command found a file which has a file allocation table (FAT) entry belonging to another file. The UNFORMAT command cannot recover this cross-linked file.

Deletion-tracking file contains <number> deleted files. Of those, <number> files have all clusters available, <number> files have some clusters available, <number> files have no clusters available.

The UNDELETE command can completely restore only those files for which all clusters are available. If only some clusters are available, UNDELETE can partially restore the file. Generally, a partial file is useful only if it's a text file. UNDELETE cannot restore files for which no clusters are available.

Deletion-tracking file not found.

The UNDELETE command was unable to find the PCTRACKR.DEL file in the root directory of the drive on which files were being restored. Either you didn't use the MIRROR command to track file deletions on this drive, or the PCTRACKR.DEL file was deleted. You may be able to restore files by using UNDELETE with the /dos switch.

Destination directory does not Exist: <directory name>

Make sure you specified an existing directory, and that you typed it correctly.

Device <device> not prepared

To prepare a device for a code page, add the correct device command to your CONFIG.SYS file, if necessary, and restart your computer. Then use the MODE CODEPAGE PREPARE command to prepare the code page.

Device Error during <(Status, Prepare, or Select)>

Check the device command line in your CONFIG.SYS file. Make sure that the command syntax, limits for subfonts, and additional code pages are all correct. Also confirm that your device supports code-page switching. Consult your hardware vendor if you are unsure about your device supporting code page switching.

Device or code page missing from font file

MS-DOS did not find a definition of the indicated code page for this device in the font file (files with a .CPI extension). Make sure the font file supports the code page you want to use, or use the MODE command to specify another code page for this device. This error may also cause specified code pages to be undefined. Use the MODE command to prepare and refresh lost code pages.

Directory already Exists

You cannot create two directories with the same name. Choose a new name for the directory you are creating, or rename or remove the old directory.

Directory is joined

The CHKDSK command does not process joined directories. If you want to check the joined directory, cancel the JOIN command by typing the JOIN command with the /d switch at the command prompt.

Directory is totally Empty, no . or .. tree past this point not processed

The directory you specified does not contain references to "." (current) and ".." (parent) directories. Any subdirectories contained in this directory will not be checked by the CHKDSK command. Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to try to correct the error. If you still get this message, copy the files and subdirectories elsewhere and delete the directory.

Directory <name>

The CHKDSK command is processing the specified directory.

Directory not Empty

You can only use the JOIN command to join onto an empty directory. Make sure the directory is empty before trying to join it.

** Disk error, BIOS code <number>. ** Disk error (BIOS code <number>) at cylinder <number>, drive <letter>.

While attempting to restore the partitions of a hard drive, the UNFORMAT command could not access the hard drive. If you recently set up the drive, make sure it is properly installed. Otherwise, the disk may be corrupt. Back up any information you can, and then perform a low-level format on the disk.

Disk Error writing FAT <number>

The CHKDSK command could not write to the file allocation table (FAT). Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to correct the error. If you still get this message with a hard disk, back up any information you can and reformat the disk.

Disk full. Edits lost.

There was not enough disk space to save the edits you made, so the edits could not be saved. Make sure there is enough disk space before editing the file again, and save frequently.

Disk fullError writing to BACKUP Log File

Press a key to back up without a log file, or type CTRL+C to quit the backup.

Disk <number>Error. The boot sector for this drive is incompatible with the MIRROR command.

Either the hard disk was not properly formatted, or the boot (startup) sector is corrupted. Make sure you have a backup of the information on this disk, and try to format the disk again.

Disk unsuitable for system disk

A corrupted track has been found in the area of this disk where the system information would be stored. You should use this disk to store data only. Use another disk to create a system disk.

Divide overflow

The program tried to divide by zero. There may be an error in the program.

Do not specify filename(s) Command format: DISKCOMP drive1: drive2: [/1] [/8]

Because the DISKCOMP command compares entire disks, you can specify only drive letters.

Do not specify filename(s) Command Format: DISKCOPY drive1: drive2: [/1] [/v]

Because the DISKCOPY command copies entire disks, you can specify only drive letters.

Do you see the leftmost 0? (Y/N)

The MODE command displays this message to help you align the test pattern on your screen. Type y if you can see the leftmost 0 in the test pattern, or type n if you want to shift the display to the right.

Do you see the rightmost 9? (Y/N)

The MODE command displays this message to help you align the test pattern on your screen. Type y if you can see the rightmost 9 in the test pattern, or type n if you want to shift the display to the left.

Do you wish to use the maximum available size for a Primary DOS Partition and make the partition active (<Y>/<N>)?

Type y to partition your entire hard disk as the primary active DOS partition. Type n to leave room to create extended DOS partitions, or if you do not want to make the partition active.

Does name specify a file name or directory name on the target (F = file, D = directory)?

The target (destination) file or directory does not exist. Type f if the destination you specified is a file, or d if the destination is a directory. Based on your response, the XCOPY command will create the file or directory for you.

Does not Exist

Either the "." (current directory) or ".." (parent directory) entry does not exist. If you ran the CHKDSK command with the /f switch, run CHKDSK again to see if it was fixed. If you still get this message, move the files elsewhere and delete the directory.

DOS is in HMA

MS-DOS is running in or using the high memory area (HMA).

DOS is in low memory

MS-DOS is running in conventional, low memory, rather than from the HMA or ROM.

DOS is in ROM

MS-DOS is running in read-only memory (ROM).

DOS version must be 2.0 or higher.

This program cannot run with versions of MS-DOS lower than 2.0.

DOSKey installed

The Doskey program has been installed and will remain resident in memory until you restart your computer.

Drive already SUBSTed

You can only substitute a drive once. To change the substitution, remove the current substitution using the SUBST command with the /d switch, and then use the SUBST command again.

Drive deleted.

You deleted a volume or partition.

Drive <letter> already deleted.

You tried to delete the drive, but it has already been deleted.

Drive <letter> cannot be inside volume label

Specify a volume label with up to 11 alphanumeric characters. Do not include the drive letter in the volume label. Type HELP LABEL at the command prompt to see the correct syntax for this command.

Drive <letter> could not be processed.

The Mirror program could not record information about the specified disk drive, or the UNFORMAT command could not process the indicated drive. If the drive exists, the disk may be damaged.

Drive <letter>Error. Cannot update the MIRROR control file.

An internal error occurred. Restart your computer and run the Mirror program again.

Drive <letter>Error. Could not close the MIRROR image file.

An internal error occurred. Restart your computer and run the Mirror program again.

Drive <letter>Error. Could not open the MIRROR image file.

The Mirror program could not open the MIRROR.FIL image file. The root directory of the disk may already contain the maximum number of files, or there may be too many files open in the system. If there are too many files in the root directory, delete or move one or more files in the root directory and then run the Mirror program again. Increase the value of the FILES command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and then restart your computer and run the Mirror program again.

Drive <letter>Error. Data was found in a file that appears to be a MIRROR control file. Cannot continue.

The Mirror program found a file with a name other than MIRORSAV.FIL in the location generally occupied by the MIRORSAV.FIL control file. Most likely, the MIRORSAV.FIL file was renamed. Either rename the file to MIRORSAV.FIL, or delete the file and then run the Mirror program again.

Drive <letter>Error. Insufficient memory to read all system info.

There is not enough memory available for the Mirror program to hold the system information for the indicated drive. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Drive <letter>Error. Insufficient space for the MIRROR control file.

Your disk is nearly full, and there is not enough room to hold the MIRORSAV.FIL control file on the indicated disk. Delete unnecessary files and run the Mirror program again.

Drive <letter>Error. Insufficient space for the MIRROR image file.

Your disk is nearly full, and there is not enough room to hold the MIRROR.FIL image file on the indicated disk. Delete unnecessary files and run the Mirror program again.

Drive <letter> error. There already is a MIRROR control file but it was not located in the last 25 percent of the data area. It has now been deleted and processing will continue.

The clusters containing the MIRORSAV.FIL control file were not in the correct location. Most likely, a disk-compaction program relocated them. The Mirror program deleted the original file and created an updated version in the proper location on the disk.

Drive <letter> error. There are no entries available in the root directory of the drive. Delete one or more files from the root directory.

The Mirror program cannot create one or more files because the root directory already contains the maximum number of files. Delete or move one or more files in the root directory, and then run the Mirror program again.

Drive letters have been changed or deleted

You may have to make changes in any files that specify drive letters, because the drive letters may have changed. Check your AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files to be sure none of the commands have been affected.

Drive types or diskette types not compatible

The formats of the disks you want to compare or copy must be identical. This message appears if the disks you specified have different formats.

Duplicate file name or file not found

MS-DOS cannot find the file you want to rename, or there is another file in the directory using the new name. Make sure you typed the correct filename and path. If a file with that name already exists, rename or delete it or specify a different filename for the file you want to rename.

Duplicate parameters not allowed

You cannot specify a parameter twice. Type HELP followed by the command name to see the correct syntax.

EMM386 already installed.

Your CONFIG.SYS file may contain two device commands to set up EMM386.EXE, or you tried to install the EMM386 expanded-memory manager after it was already installed. If you have the device command for loading EMM386 listed twice in your CONFIG.SYS file, remove one of the commands and then restart your computer.

EMM386 DMA buffer is too small. Add D=nn parameter and reboot.

A program that performs direct memory access (DMA) input and output requires a buffer larger than is currently provided by the EMM386 expanded-memory manager. To use this program, add d=nnn to the device command in your CONFIG.SYS file that loads EMM386.EXE. If the command already includes this switch, increase the number of specified kilobytes. Then restart your computer to allow the changes to take effect.

EMM386 driver not installed.

You used the emm386 command without first installing the EMM386.EXE device driver. Edit your CONFIG.SYS file to include a device command that installs the EMM386 expanded-memory manager, and then restart your computer.

EMM386: DMA mode not supported. Press ENTER to reboot.

A program attempted to perform direct memory access (DMA) using a mode not supported by the EMM386 expanded-memory manager. The system has become unstable and must be restarted.

EMM386ExceptionError # <number> - press ENTER to reboot

An internal error occurred. As a result, the system has become unstable. Press ENTER to restart your computer.

EMM386 not installed - incorrect DOS version.

The device command in your CONFIG.SYS file does not specify a version of EMM386.EXE that is compatible with the version of MS-DOS on your system. If you do not have a copy of the EMM386 expanded-memory manager that came with MS-DOS version 5.0, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the correct version from your MS-DOS installation disks.

EMM386 not installed - incorrect machine type.

EMM386.EXE can run only on a computer based on an Intel 80386 or 80486 or compatible microprocessor. The EMM386 expanded-memory manager was not installed.

EMM386 not installed - insufficient memory.

Not enough memory was available to install the EMM386 expanded-memory manager. Make sure that the device command in your CONFIG.SYS file that installs EMM386.EXE appears after the device command that installs the HIMEM extended-memory manager.

EMM386 not installed - other Expanded memory manager detected.

Your CONFIG.SYS file contains a device command that installs an expanded-memory manager before the device command that installs EMM386.EXE. EMM386.EXE cannot run if an expanded-memory manager is already present.

EMM386 not installed - protected mode software already running.

You cannot install the EMM386 expanded-memory manager when other protected-mode software is running. The device command that installs EMM386.EXE must appear after the device command that installs the HIMEM extended-memory manager. Both must appear before other device commands in your CONFIG.SYS file that install protected-mode software.

EMM386 not installed - unable to set page frame base address.

The EMM386 expanded-memory manager could not find 64K of contiguous space for the page frame. Try to relocate one or more adapters in the region between 640K and 1 megabyte to free up some space for the page frame. Or if you know that E000 is free, you can specify frame=E000.

EMM386 not installed - XMS manager not present.

A device command to install HIMEM.SYS (or other compatible extended-memory manager) does not appear before the device command that installs the EMM386 expanded-memory manager in your CONFIG.SYS file. Make sure you install HIMEM.SYS before EMM386.EXE.

EMM386 Privileged operationError #<number> Deactivate EMM386 and Continue (C) or reBoot (B) (C or B) ?

An internal error occurred. As a result, the system may become unstable. Type b to restart your computer, or type c to continue. Because the system can fail without warning, choose to continue only to save files and prepare to shut down your system.

EMM386/Windows interface failure. EMM386 will remain off.

An internal error occurred. Generally Windows version 3.0 in enhanced mode reactivates the EMM386 expanded-memory manager when it quits, but there was a failure in this process. Restart your computer if you would like to reactivate EMM386.EXE.

EMM386: Unable to start Enhanced Mode Windows due to base memory back fill.

Windows version 3.0 was unable to start in 386 enhanced mode because of a conflicting use of memory. You may need to modify the EMM386.EXE configuration to eliminate the base memory backfill, and then restart your computer before starting Windows again.

EMM386: Unable to start Enhanced Mode Windows due to invalid path specification for EMM386.

Windows version 3.0 in enhanced mode needs to load a virtual device driver to work correctly with upper memory blocks, but the path to the EMM386 expanded-memory manager is incorrect. Make sure the device command line of your CONFIG.SYS file specifies the correct location for EMM386.EXE, or use the /y switch to specify a correct location. You will find information about the /y switch in the README.TXT file.

EMM386: Unrecoverable privileged operationError # <number>- press ENTER to reboot

An internal error occurred; as a result, the system has become unstable. Press ENTER to restart your computer.

End of input file

The entire file has been read into memory. If the file was read in sections, this message indicates that the last section of the file is in memory.

Enter Fixed Disk Drive Number (1-<number>)

Type the hard disk number with which you want to use the FDISK command.

Enter partition size in Mbytes or percent of disk space (%) to create a Primary DOS Partition

Type the number of megabytes or the percentage of disk space for the primary DOS partition. The number must be less than or equal to the maximum space available for the partition. If you type a percentage, type the number followed by a percent (%) sign.

Enter Volume Label?

You cannot delete a primary or logical drive unless you type the volume label for the drive. Type the volume label to continue.

Entry Error

The last command you typed contained a syntax error. Check the syntax and retype the command.

Entry has a bad attribute

The "." (current directory) or ".." (parent directory)Entry contains incorrect information. The CHKDSK command will fix this Error if you specified the /f switch.Entry has a bad link

The "." (current directory) or ".." (parent directory) entry contains incorrect information. The CHKDSK command will fix this error if you specified the /f switch.

Entry has a bad size

The "." (current directory) or ".." (parent directory) entry contains incorrect information. The CHKDSK command will fix this error if you specified the /f switch.

Error accessing target file.

An error occurred while the Mirror program was attempting to save information on the target (destination) disk. The destination disk may be full. In this case, you must change disks or delete files from the destination disk before running the Mirror program again.

ERROR: AnExtended Memory Manager is already installed.

You were loading the HIMEM extended-memory manager while another extended-memory manager was resident in memory. Remove either the DEVICE=HIMEM.SYS command line or the DEVICE command that loads the other extended-memory manager from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

ERROR: An invalid path to SETVER.EXE was specified.

Make sure the SETVER.EXE file exists and that you typed the path correctly.

ERROR: Could not find the file SETVER.EXE.

You need the SETVER.EXE file to carry out this command. Make sure SETVER.EXE is in your DOS or current directory, or that it is on the path. If you cannot find SETVER.EXE, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy it from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Error during read of font file

The MODE command was unable to read the font file (files with a .CPI extension). Make sure the files are in your DOS or current directory, and that the directory is on the path. If you still get this message, there may be an error in the font file.

Error Executing FORMAT

You either replied "No" to the message "Proceed with Format?", or you specified the wrong format parameter for the BACKUP command with the /f switch. Make sure the parameter you specified is correct.

Error Executing the given program

The LOADFIX command was unable to start the specified program. This message may indicate an internal error in MS-DOS or in COMMAND.COM, or you may have run out of memory. Free some memory, and try again.

ERROR: HIMEM.SYS requires an 80x86-based machine.

The HIMEM extended-memory manager can load only on systems containing an Intel(R) 80286, 80386, or 80486, or compatible microprocessor.

ERROR: HIMEM.SYS requires DOS 3.00 or higher.

You can install the HIMEM extended-memory manager only when running MS-DOS version 3.0 or later. Remove the DEVICE command loading the HIMEM.SYS file from your CONFIG.SYS file if you are working with an earlier version of MS-DOS.

Error in compressed input file format: <filename>

The compressed file contains an error. Use the file from the MS-DOS installation disk to make another copy. If the error is on the installation disk, contact Microsoft customer service for a new disk.

Error in CONFIG.SYS line <number>

The specified line in your CONFIG.SYS file contains a syntax error, or the specified file cannot be found. Correct the line and restart your computer.

Error in COUNTRY command

Correct the syntax for the COUNTRY command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Error inEXE file

There is an error in the program you are running. The file may be damaged. If possible, use a backup copy to replace the damaged file.

ERROR: Insufficient memory.

Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSR) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

ERROR: Invalid drive specifier.

You typed an invalid drive letter when specifying the location of the SETVER.EXE file. Make sure you specified the correct drive and retype the command.

ERROR: Invalid filename.

Make sure the filename is in the correct format. A filename can contain up to eight characters with an extension of up to three characters. Make sure the filename does not contain any illegal characters and that it is not a reserved filename.

ERROR: Invalid switch.

You typed a switch that is not valid for this command. A switch is a parameter beginning with a slash, such as /s. Check the syntax and retype the command.

ERROR: Invalid version number, format must be 2.11 - 9.99.

You can only specify a version number between 2.11 and 9.99. Type a version number that is within the allowed values.

Error: missing COMSPEC

The COMSPEC environment variable is missing. The LOADFIX command relies on the command interpreter specified in the COMSPEC environment variable to start the specified program. Use the SET command to define COMSPEC and specify the location of COMMAND.COM or an alternate command interpreter.

ERROR: Missing parameter.

This command requires another parameter. Check the syntax and retype the command.

ERROR: No available Extended memory was found.

Either your system does not contain additional memory above 640K, or the memory is not configured as extended memory. If you have additional memory, refer to the documentation for information about configuring the memory as extended memory.

Error: No program name given

Specify the name of the program you want to run. Type the command again and specify the name and path of the program.

(Error occurred inEnvironment variable)

The error displayed with this message occurred in the DIRCMD environment variable, rather than on the command line. Use the SET command to view the current settings for the DIRCMD environment variable. Then type HELP DIR at the command prompt to see the correct syntax for the command.

Error opening logfile

The BACKUP command cannot create the log file. Specify a drive you can write to with the /l switch.

Error reading directory

An error occurred reading a directory on your floppy disk. The disk is unusable and should be discarded.

Error reading file

An error occurred reading the file currently being printed. The cause of the error is listed on your screen just before this message.

Error reading fixed disk

MS-DOS could not read your hard disk. Make sure the drive is installed correctly. If you still get this message, consult your system's manuals or call your vendor.

Error reading GRAPHICS profile

There is an error opening or reading the profile file (either the file you specified or the GRAPHICS.PRO file). Make sure another application is not using the profile. If you still get this message, the file may be corrupted. Use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the default GRAPHICS.PRO file from the MS-DOS installation disks. Any changes you made in the existing GRAPHICS.PRO will be overwritten.

Error reading hard disk.

The Mirror program was not able to access any data on your hard disk. The disk may be damaged. If you can, use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch from a floppy disk to fix the hard disk.

Error reading help file.

There may be an error in the DOSHELP.HLP file. If you continue to see this message, you can use the EXPAND command to create a new copy from the version on your MS-DOS installation disks.

Error reading logical sector number

The UNFORMAT command could not read data from the specified area of the disk. The disk may be damaged or the drive may be faulty. Reformat the disk using the low-level format tool, if available. If the disk is a floppy disk, discard the disk. If you still get this message, contact your hardware vendor.

Error reading partition table

The FORMAT command could not read the partition table. If it is a floppy disk, type FORMAT /u to do an unconditional format. However, you will not be able to UNFORMAT this disk if you do an unconditional format. If you still get this message, discard the disk. If the disk is a hard disk, contact your hardware vendor.

Error reading system areas.

The file allocation table (FAT) or root directory of the disk may be damaged and cannot be read. The Mirror program cannot record the information contained in these locations. Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to see if the problem can be fixed. If you still get this message with a floppy disk, discard the disk. If it is a hard disk, contact your hardware vendor.

Error reading the file.

While attempting to restore the partitions of a hard drive, the UNFORMAT command was unable to locate or read the PARTNSAV.FIL file on the floppy disk. Make sure that the file exists on the floppy disk, and try the UNFORMAT command with the /partn switch again.

ERROR: Specified Entry was not found in the version table.

The entry does not exist in the version table used by the SETVER command.

ERROR: The SETVER file in the specified path is not a compatible version.

Make sure the current version of the SETVER.EXE file is in your search path. Check for any other versions of SETVER.EXE and remove them from your search path. If you cannot find the correct version of SETVER.EXE, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy it from your MS-DOS installation disks.

ERROR: There is no more space in version table newEntries.

You have too many entries in your version table. Use the SETVER command to delete some entries before adding any new entries.

ERROR: Too many command line parameters.

You typed too many parameters for this command. This message generally refers to parameters other than switches (which begin with a slash, such as /s) or keywords (which contain an equal sign, such as cols=80). Check the syntax and retype the command.

Error tracking the MIRROR image file.

An error occurred while locating the Mirror image file and related files. This indicates that the UNFORMAT command may not be able to locate the files required to restore the disk. Delete the MIRORSAV.FIL, MIRROR.FIL, and MIRROR.BAK files and run the Mirror program again.

ERROR: Unable to control A20 line!

The HIMEM extended-memory manager was unable to load properly, and therefore cannot make extended memory available. You may be able to solve the problem by changing the value in the /m (or /machine) switch in the DEVICE command loading HIMEM.SYS. If the problem persists, contact your hardware vendor. While the problem exists, configure MS-DOS to load in low memory by adding the DOS=LOW command line to your CONFIG.SYS file. Then restart your computer.

ERROR: VDISK memory allocator already installed.

There is already a memory manager or program using extended memory installed, so the HIMEM extended-memory manager will not install. If you want to use HIMEM.SYS instead of your current memory manager, remove the command in your CONFIG.SYS file that loads the other memory manager. Otherwise, remove the command that loads HIMEM.SYS.

ERROR: Version table is corrupt.

The version table is corrupted. Use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the SETVER.EXE file from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Error writing directory

There was an error in writing to a directory. If the error occurred on your hard disk, try to format it again. If you still get this message, call your hardware vendor to determine the problem. If it is a floppy disk, discard the disk.

Error writing FAT

There was an error while writing to your file allocation table (FAT). If the error occurred on your hard disk, try to format it again. If you still get this message, call your hardware vendor to determine the problem. If it is a floppy disk, discard the disk.

Error writing fixed disk

MS-DOS could not write to your hard disk. Make a backup of any information on this disk and try to format it. Also make sure you have correctly installed your hard drive. If you still get this message, consult your system's manuals or call your vendor.

Error writing logical sector <number>

An error occurred while the UNFORMAT command was writing data to the specified area of the disk. The disk may be write-protected or damaged, or the drive may be faulty. Make sure the disk is not write-protected. Then use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to fix any problems on the disk, or use another disk. If you still get this message, call your hardware vendor.

Error writing partition table

The FORMAT command could not read the partition table. You should use the FDISK command on the disk to partition it, and then try formatting it again.

Error writing system areas.

The Mirror program cannot record the information contained in the system areas of the disk. The file allocation table (FAT) or root directory of the disk may be damaged, or the disk may be write-protected. Make sure the disk is not write-protected. If you suspect an error on the disk, use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to try to fix the disk. If you still get this message, the disk may need to be repaired or replaced.

Error writing the MIRROR image file.

The Mirror program could not write to the MIRROR.FIL file. You may not be able to write to the disk, or a sector allocated for the Mirror image file may be corrupted. Make sure you can write to the disk. If necessary, use the RECOVER command to rebuild the MIRROR.FIL image file and then run the Mirror program again.

Error writing to device

The COPY command could not write characters to the device. Make sure you have securely connected the cables and turned on the device.

Errors found, F parameter not specified Corrections will not be written to disk

The CHKDSK command found errors on the disk, but CHKDSK will not correct them because you did not specify the /f switch. To correct disk errors, use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch.

Errors on list device indicate that it may be off-line. Please check it.

Make sure you have plugged in your printer, turned it on, and that the printer is ready to print.

Existing format differs from that specified This disk cannot be unformatted Proceed with Format (Y/N)?

Make sure you have a copy of any important information on this disk before continuing, because you cannot unformat the disk.

Expanded memory not available

There is no expanded-memory manager (EMS) present, or there is no expanded memory available. Retype the FASTOPEN command without the /x switch to load it into conventional memory, or reduce the amount of expanded memory other programs use and retry the command. Also, try installing an expanded-memory manager like EMM386. If you have an expanded-memory manager other than MS-DOS version 5.0 EMM386.EXE set up on your system, make sure it supports the Lotus(R)-Intel(R)-Microsoft LIM/EMS specification version 4.0. For information about other expanded-memory managers, see the program's documentation for more information.

Expanded memory services unavailable.

The DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that installs the EMM386 expanded-memory manager includes the noems switch. This switch provides access to the upper memory area without enabling access to expanded memory. This message confirms that you have set up EMM386.EXE without enabling the expanded-memory manager.

Extended DOS Partition already Exists

You cannot create another extended DOS partition. To see how your disk is partitioned, choose option 4, "Display partition information" from the main Fdisk program menu.

Extended DOS Partition created

You have created an extended DOS partition on your hard disk.

Extended DOS Partition deleted

You have deleted an extended DOS partition from your hard disk.

Extended Error <number>

An MS-DOS system utility tried to access an error message stored in the COMMAND.COM file, but one of the following problems occurred:

* The utility could not find COMMAND.COM

* The error code was unknown to MS-DOS

* The COMSPEC environment variable did not specify the correct location of COMMAND.COM

* The command processor you're using is not COMMAND.COM

* The floppy disk in the drive from which you ran COMMAND.COM has been replaced with a different disk not containing COMMAND.COM

If you are using COMMAND.COM, make sure it is accessible and that you have the COMSPEC environment variable correctly in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. If all else looks correct, there may be an anomaly or unexpected error in the system utility or resident system software, especially network software or memory-resident (TSR) programs.

Fail on INT 24

The program stopped because it received a failure response to an interrupt message, probably because you chose "Fail" in response to the "Abort, Retry, Ignore, or Fail" message. You can now correct the problem that caused the message, and retry the command.

Failure to access code page font file

The code page information (.CPI) file cannot be found. These files are generally located in your DOS directory. Make sure the files exist and that you spelled them correctly. If necessary, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy them from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Failure to access device: <device>

You tried to specify a code page for a particular device, but MS-DOS cannot access the device listed. Retype the command using an existing device. If you are using a device driver, make sure it is properly installed in your CONFIG.SYS file.

FASTOPEN already installed

The Fastopen program is already installed on the system. If you want to specify different parameters, restart your computer before reinstalling Fastopen.

FASTOPEN cannot be installed under DosShell

The Fastopen program can be installed with MS-DOS Shell only if the Task Swapper is off. However, it is not advisable to install FASTOPEN while running MS-DOS Shell, because FASTOPEN could lock up your machine. Quit MS-DOS Shell, install the Fastopen program, and then start MS-DOS Shell again to use Fastopen with MS-DOS Shell.

FASTOPENEMS Entry count Exceeded. Use fewer Entries

The buffer the Fastopen program uses to keep track of files has reached its limit of 16K. FASTOPEN uses 48 bytes of memory for each file that it tracks. Either install the Fastopen program again specifying fewer files, or don't use the /x switch.

FatalError: Cannot allocate Memory for DOS

Your system does not have enough memory to run MS-DOS. You need at least 128K of conventional memory to run MS-DOS.

FCB unavailable

An application tried to access a file using a file control block (FCB) over a network or while the Share program was loaded, but the FCB was no longer available. End the process. If this problem occurs frequently, increase the value of the fcbs command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

FC: no differences Encountered

There were no differences between the two files.

File allocation table bad drive <letter>

The file allocation table (FAT) on the specified drive contains an error or has become corrupted. Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to check the disk and fix the error, if possible. If you still get this message, you may need to back up your files and reformat your disk.

File allocation unit is invalid,Entry truncated

A link to part of your file was lost or broken, so MS-DOS cut off your file at that point. Look at the end of your file to see where it was truncated.

File cannot be converted

The file is not in the correct format to be converted to a command (.COM) file. Possible problems include:

* The executable (.EXE) file contained an invalid header

* A stack was declared for the source .EXE file

* The source file specifies execution beginning at a time other than offset 100h

* The source file requires segment fixes

Review the requirements for .COM programs and relink, recompile, or rewrite your program in the appropriate format.

File cannot be copied onto itself

Specify a destination file that is different from the source file.

File creationError

MS-DOS cannot create the file you specified. Make sure you typed valid path and filenames. If you specified a destination filename, use the DIR command with the /a switch to make sure you did not specify a read-only, hidden or system file, or an existing subdirectory. Confirm that there is enough space for the file in the current directory and in your temporary directory, if appropriate. If the disk is write-protected, use another disk or remove the write-protection tab.

File Exists

The utility tried to copy over or rename a file that already exists.

File <filename> canceled by operator

The specified file will not be printed. This message appears on the printer screen.

File is READ-ONLY

The file is designated read-only. Use the ATTRIB command to remove the read-only attribute before editing the file.

File name must be specified

Specify the name of the file you want to create or edit.

File not found

Make sure the file exists in the specified directory, and that you typed the filename and path correctly. If this message appears on the printer screen, the file has been removed, renamed, or deleted between the time it was queued for printing and the time it actually began printing.

File not in PRINT queue

The file that you specified was not in the print queue, so you cannot remove it from the queue. Make sure you typed the filename correctly.

File1 Only Has <number> Lines File2 Only Has <number> Lines

You specified too many lines for the /n switch. You can only specify a number less than or equal to the number of lines in the file. Check your typing, and try the command again.

Files compare OK

The compared files are identical.

Files found in the root: <number>

The UNFORMAT command may be able to recover the indicated number of files in the root directory.

Files found: <number>

The UNFORMAT command was able to locate the indicated number of files. It will attempt to recover those files.

File(s) not found

MS-DOS did not find the file or files you specified. Make sure you typed the filename and path correctly.

Finish remainder of search (Yes/No/Quit)?

While the UNFORMAT command was restoring a disk without a Mirror image file, you interrupted the process of searching for subdirectories. This prompt asks whether you want UNFORMAT to continue searching for additional subdirectories. If you type y, UNFORMAT will continue to look for subdirectories on the disk. If you type n, UNFORMAT will attempt to recover files from the subdirectories it has already located. If you type q, UNFORMAT will stop without restoring the disk.

FIRST diskette bad or incompatible

The DISKCOMP command cannot recognize the format on the source disk. Use the CHKDSK command to help identify the problem.

Fix-ups needed - base segment (hex):

This message prompts you to type in segment reference fixes. These fixes are required when the code refers to segment base addresses, such as with far pointers. Using hexadecimal notation, type the base segment address for the code being converted. If the code is meant to run anywhere in memory, such as an overlay, rewrite the code to determine and set up its own segment references when it runs. You may inspect the .EXE header to determine where segment references occur in the code.

Fixed backup device <drive>: is full

Use another disk to finish the backup.

Font file contents invalid

The code page information (.CPI) files are corrupted. Use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the files from the MS-DOS installation disks into your DOS directory to replace the corrupted files.

FOR cannot be nested

You specified a FOR command that calls another FOR command. If you need to nest FOR commands, create a batch file for the second command and call the batch file from the first command.

Format another (Y/N)?

The FORMAT command displays this message when it has finished formatting a disk. Type y if you want to format another disk, or type n if you don't. If you accidentally type y, you can end the format process by typing CTRL+C in response to the message "Strike any key."

Format complete

The FORMAT command displays this message when it has finished formatting the disk in the specified drive.

Format not supported on drive <letter>:

The FORMAT command is not necessary or will not work on this drive. For example, you do not have to format a RAM drive. The disk being formatted may not be usable if it has been only partially formatted.

Format terminated

The format process has been discontinued.

Formatting while copying

The destination disk is being formatted with the same format as the source disk.

Function not supported on this computer - <function>

Your machine lacks the appropriate adapter, device, or ROM BIOS for this process.

General failure

Either you tried to access an unformatted disk, or there has been a hardware error. If it is a floppy disk, use the FORMAT command with t he /u switch to format the disk. If it is a hard disk, try low-level formatting the disk. If formatting the disk does not fix the problem, contact your hardware vendor.

Has invalid allocation unit, file truncated

A link to part of your file was lost or broken, and MS-DOS had to shorten your file. Look at the end of your file to see where it was truncated.

Help file could not be found.

Make sure the DOSHELP.HLP file exists and that the directory containing DOSHELP.HLP is on your search path. If you cannot find DOSHELP.HLP, you can use the EXPAND command to expand and copy it from your MS-DOS installation disks into your DOS directory.

Help not available for this command.

The help file does not contain information for the command you specified.

HMA not available : Loading DOS low

The high memory area (HMA) is not present or has already been allocated, or an extended memory (XMS) driver is not present. MS-DOS will be loaded into low memory. If you want to load MS-DOS into the high memory area, check your CONFIG.SYS file to make sure the HIMEM extended-memory manager has been loaded using the DEVICE command and the high memory area is available before trying to load MS-DOS. If you want to load MS-DOS into low memory in the future, include the DOS=LOW command line in your CONFIG.SYS file.

Ignoring this subdirectory.

A subdirectory contains invalid information. The UNFORMAT command will not restore files in this subdirectory.

Illegal device name

Your computer does not recognize this device name. Make sure you typed the device name correctly and that you've correctly set up and configured the device.

Incompatible file version #.

While restoring the partitions of a hard drive, the UNFORMAT command determined that the PARTNSAV.FIL file on the floppy disk was created by an incompatible version of the Mirror program. Use the versions of MIRROR and UNFORMAT on your MS-DOS installation disks.

Incompatible switches

Two of the switches you specified cannot be used together. A switch is a parameter beginning with a slash, such as /s. Check the syntax and retype the command.

Incorrect APPEND version

Make sure you are using the MS-DOS version 5.0 copy of the append command, or use the EXPAND command to copy the correct version from the MS-DOS installation disks into your DOS directory.

Incorrect DOS version

Make sure the directory that contains the correct version of this utility appears in the path before any other directories containing a copy of this utility. Also, confirm that the current directory does not contain another copy of this utility. If you cannot find the correct version of this utility, use the EXPAND command to copy the correct version from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Incorrect number of parameters

You specified either too many or too few parameters for the command line.

Incorrect parameter

Make sure each parameter you specified is correct.

Infinite retry not supported on network printer

Your system cannot support the infinite retry option through the network interface. You should either use a printer with a direct connection or not specify a retry value in the MODE command.

Infinite retry on parallel printer time-out:

MS-DOS will keep trying to print until the file prints, or you restart your computer.

Input file <filename> already inExpanded format

The file you specified is already uncompressed, so you don't have to uncompress it using the EXPAND command. Use the COPY command to copy the file to the destination.

Insert backup diskette <number> in drive <letter>:

Insert the specified backup disk into the specified drive. To quit the process, type CTRL+C.

Insert backup source diskette in drive <letter>:

Insert the source disk for the backup in the specified drive. To quit the process, type CTRL+C.

Insert disk with batch file

Insert the disk that contains the batch program in the appropriate drive. If you made a mistake or do not have a disk with the batch program, type CTRL+C to quit.

Insert diskette for drive <letter> and press any key when ready

Insert a disk in the appropriate drive and press a key to begin.

Insert DOS disk in drive <letter>:

You specified the FORMAT command with the /s switch, but the FORMAT command cannot find the MS-DOS system files (IO.SYS, COMMAND.COM, and MSDOS.SYS). Insert a disk containing these files in the specified drive, or type CTRL+C to stop the format.

Insert DOS system diskette in drive A: Press any key when ready . . .

Insert a system disk in drive A and press a key to continue. A system disk is a startable (bootable) disk containing the files COMMAND.COM, IO.SYS, and MSDOS.SYS.

Insert FIRST diskette in drive <letter>:

Insert the first disk you want to compare.

Insert last backup diskette in drive <letter>:

Insert the final backup disk from your last backup into the drive.

Insert new diskette for drive <letter>:

Insert the disk you want to format. All information on the disk will be erased. To quit the formatting process, press CTRL+C.

Insert restore target in drive <letter>:

Insert the disk where you want to place the restored files. To quit the process, type CTRL+C.

Insert SECOND diskette in drive <letter>:

Insert the second disk for comparison.

Insert SOURCE diskette in drive <letter>:

Insert the source disk in the specified drive.

Insert system disk in drive <letter>

Insert a system disk (a disk containing the files MSDOS.SYS, IO.SYS, and COMMAND.COM) in the specified drive and press a key to start the system copy process.

Insert target disk in drive <letter>

Place the target (destination) disk into the specified drive.

Insert TARGET diskette in drive <letter>:

Insert the target (destination) disk in the specified drive. If you have only one floppy drive, remove the source disk and insert the destination disk.

Insufficient disk space

The disk is full and the process cannot be completed. Move or delete some files to free disk space, or use another disk.

Insufficient disk space.Insert a new disk in drive <letter>: and press RETURN:

There is not enough room on the disk for the file. Insert a new disk in the specified drive and press ENTER, or press CTRL+C to cancel. You can then delete some files to make room on the disk before trying again, or specify a different destination.

Insufficient disk space *** Not able to restore file ***

The disk is full and the file cannot be restored. Move or delete some files to free disk space, or use another disk.

Insufficient disk space on drive <letter>:

There is not enough room on the disk for the file. Delete some files to make room on the disk before trying again, or specify a different destination.

Insufficient memory

There was not enough memory to carry out this command. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Insufficient memory for buffers.

There was not enough memory for the internal buffers of the EXPAND command. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident (TSR) programs or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Insufficient memory for COUNTRY.SYS file

There was not enough memory to load the COUNTRY.SYS file. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Insufficient memory for UMBs or virtual HMA.

There was not enough free memory available to allow EMM386.EXE to provide upper memory blocks (UMBs) or virtual high memory area (HMA). Make sure that the DEVICE command that installs EMM386.EXE appears immediately after the DEVICE command that installs HIMEM.SYS. Both commands must appear in your CONFIG.SYS file before any other DEVICE command. If you make changes to your CONFIG.SYS file, restart your computer to have the changes take effect.

Insufficient memory to load system files

There was not enough memory to keep all of the system files in RAM. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Insufficient memory to read Entire directory.

There was not enough memory for the UNDELETE command to read the directory file. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Insufficient memory to store macro. Use the DOSKEY command with the /BUFSIZE switch to increase available memory.

Use the DOSKEY command with the /macros switch to see a list of the macros currently resident in memory. Delete the ones you don't need to free some memory for the new macro. If you continue to see this message, install the Doskey program again. Note that any macros not saved in a batch file will be erased. To reinstall the Doskey program, restart your computer and specify the DOSKEY command with a larger /bufsize switch. You can also reinstall Doskey without having to restart your system by using the /bufsize and /reinstall switches. However, the memory used by your original Doskey will not be available unless you restart your computer.

Insufficient number of filespecs

You did not include enough information in the command. Check the syntax of the command. Type HELP followed by the command name to see the correct syntax.

Insufficient room In root directory, Move files from root directory and repeat CHKDSK

When the CHKDSK command converts lost chains into files, it places the files in the root directory. There are already too many files in the root directory. Copy some files from the root directory into a subdirectory and use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch again.

Intermediate file Error during pipe

MS-DOS could not create a temporary file. Make sure there is enough room in the directory for the temporary file and that the disk is not write-protected. If you set a TEMP environment variable, make sure it is set to a valid, writeable drive, and that there is room in the directory and on the disk.

InternalError

This message indicates a severe system error. Contact Microsoft Product Support Services to help you identify the problem.

Internal stack overflow System halted

Restart your computer, add or increase the STACKS command parameters in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer again. If you still get this message, return the stacks values to the default values (0,0 or 9,128 depending on your system), and restart your computer.

Invalid baud rate specified

You specified an incorrect baud rate. Valid choices are 110, 150, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, and 9600, and 19200 on some machines. Specify at least the first two digits of the baud rate.

Invalid boot record signature.

The UNFORMAT command detected invalid data in the partition information for a hard drive. Consequently, you cannot unformat the disk.

Invalid characters in volume label

Specify a volume label with up to 11 alphanumeric characters.

Invalid code page

Check the code page value, and try again.

Invalid code page specified

Make sure the code page value is correct for your keyboard layout, and try again.

Invalid COMMAND.COM

Your COMMAND.COM file is damaged and cannot be used. If you set a COMSPEC environment variable in your CONFIG.SYS file, make sure it specifies the correct version of COMMAND.COM. If necessary, use the EXPAND command to make another copy of the COMMAND.COM file from the MS-DOS installation disks.

Invalid country code or code page

The country code or code page specified in the COUNTRY command of your CONFIG.SYS file is either out of range or not found in the file you specified. Make sure the country code and country code page numbers are correct for the COUNTRY command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Invalid date

Type a valid date. The date format is determined by the country code setting in your CONFIG.SYS file.

Invalid device

The CTTY command displays this message if the specified device is invalid. Valid values for the device parameter are: PRN, LPT1, LPT2, LPT3, CON, AUX, COM1, COM2, COM3, COM4.

Invalid device parameters from device driver

The floppy disk that you are trying to format contains an error. If you want to format this disk, use the FORMAT command followed by the /u switch to do an unconditional format. However, if you use the unconditional switch, you will not be able to use the UNFORMAT command on the disk. Make sure you back up any files you want to save before formatting this disk.

Invalid directory

Make sure you typed the directory name correctly, or use the DIR command followed by the /ad switch to view a list of valid directories. You cannot specify a wildcard character with directory names.

Invalid disk change

You changed the disk while MS-DOS was writing to it. Insert the original disk and retry the command.

Invalid drive in search path

There is a drive on the path that does not exist. MS-DOS will still search for and carry out commands, but the directory on the invalid drive will be ignored.

Invalid drive or file name

Make sure the drive exists and that the filename is valid and exists on the path specified.

Invalid drive specification

The drive you specified does not exist. Retype the command with a valid drive letter.

Invalid drive specification Specified drive does not Exist or is non-removable

The DISKCOMP and DISKCOPY commands work only on local, removable drives. You may have specified a non-existent drive letter, a hard disk, or a drive letter that was assigned or substituted. Specify the name of a valid floppy drive.

Invalid Entry

The entry you typed was not valid. Check your typing and type a correct value.

Invalid Entry, please Enter <number>-<number>

The entry you typed was not valid. Make sure your entry is within the specified values.

Invalid Existing format This disk cannot be QuickFormatted Proceed with Unconditional Format (Y/N)?

You cannot use the FORMAT command followed by the /q switch with a disk that has an invalid format because the invalid format would not be erased. To unconditionally format the disk (deleting all existing data), type y. You will not be able to unformat the disk, so make sure you have a backup of any information you want to save before continuing. To quit the formatting process, type n.

Invalid filename character.

You typed a character which cannot appear in MS-DOS filenames. Type a valid filename.

Invalid filename or file not found

The RENAME command displays this message if you used the command to rename a file and place the newly named file in a different directory. If you want to do this, use the COPY command instead to copy the file to the new directory and give it a different name. You can then delete the old file.

The TYPE command displays this message if you included wildcard characters when specifying the file. If you want to view a set of files specified by wildcards, use the TYPE command to view each one separately.

Invalid filename. Press any key and then re-type filename.

The name you typed cannot be used by MS-DOS as a valid filename. Press a key to continue, and then type a different filename.

Invalid keyboard code specified

Make sure the keyboard code value is correct, and try again.

Invalid keyboard ID specified

Make sure the keyboard identification code for your keyboard layout is correct, and try again.

Invalid keyword

A keyword is a name followed by an equal sign and a value, like COLS=80. You typed a keyword that is not valid for this command. Check the syntax and retype the command.

Invalid macro definition.

The command you typed contained a syntax error. Type HELP DOSKEY at the command prompt for help on the correct syntax.

Invalid media or Track 0 bad - disk unusable

The disk may be unusable, or you may be trying to format the disk to an incorrect format. Make sure you are formatting the correct density. For example, you cannot format a double-density disk as a high-density disk.

If you continue to get this message, the disk may have bad sectors near the beginning of the disk. The FORMAT command can accommodate defective sectors on the disk, except those near the beginning. If the disk is a floppy disk, use another disk. If the disk is a hard disk, contact your hardware vendor.

Invalid media type

You have tried to access a non-DOS disk, a disk that was only partially formatted, or a disk whose formatting is corrupted. Specify another disk, or reformat this disk.

Invalid number of file/directory Entries

The Fastopen program can work with between 10 and 999 files at one time. The number you specified is not within that range. Retype the command using a value between 10 and 999.

Invalid number of parameters

You specified too many or too few parameters for this command. To find out which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Invalid option(s).

The UNFORMAT command was followed by a switch or parameter that the UNFORMAT command did not recognize. Type HELP UNFORMAT at the command prompt to see a list of valid options.

Invalid or unspecified drive.

Either you did not specify a drive to be restored by the UNFORMAT command, or the drive you specified is invalid. The UNFORMAT command cannot restore drives either redirected over a network or created using the SUBST, ASSIGN, or JOIN command.

Invalid parameter

You specified a parameter that is not valid for this command. To find out which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Invalid parameter combination

You specified two or more parameters that cannot be used together. To find out which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Invalid parameter - <parameter>

You used an incorrect parameter for the EMM386.EXE device driver. Check the syntax, and try again.

Invalid parameter specifications.

The UNDELETE command contained one or more switches that the UNDELETE command did not recognize. Type HELP UNDELETE to display the correct syntax for this command.

Invalid parameter specified.

The DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that installs EMM386.EXE contains an invalid parameter. Check the syntax and retype the command.

Invalid parameter(s) specified.

You used the MIRROR command with an incorrect switch or specified a drive that does not exist on your system. Type HELP MIRROR at the command prompt to see a list of valid switches. If you specify a drive, it must be on your system. (For example, you cannot specify a network drive.)

Invalid path

Make sure the path and file you specified are valid and retype the command.

Invalid Path, not all directories/files copied

Make sure the filename characters and format are valid, and the path exists.

Invalid path, not directory, or directory not Empty

Make sure the path is correct, that the name you specified is the name of a directory and not a file, and that the directory is empty and contains no hidden files. Use the DIR command followed by the /a switch to view hidden files. You can remove hidden, system, or read-only files by using the ATTRIB command to remove the file attributes and then deleting the file.

Invalid path or file name

Make sure the directory path and filename exist and are valid. The directory path cannot contain more than 64 characters, and the filename cannot contain more than 8 characters with an extension of up to 3 characters. Make sure the filename does not contain any illegal characters, and is not a reserved filename.

If you are renaming a file, use the DIR command to make sure you are renaming a file and not a directory. If you are renaming a directory, you cannot rename it from the command prompt. Use MS-DOS Shell to rename a directory.

Invalid path or file not found

Make sure the path is less than 64 characters and that the filename characters and format are valid.

Invalid path or System files not found

MS-DOS could not find the system files. Make sure you specified the correct path to the MSDOS.SYS, IO.SYS, and COMMAND.COM files, and that the files exist on the disk.

Invalid profile statement on line <number>

You used an invalid statement in the profile file on the specified line. Type a valid statement on the specified line. If you are using the GRAPHICS.PRO file, you may want to use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the default file from the MS-DOS installation disks.

Invalid STACK parameters

The STACKS command in your CONFIG.SYS file contains an invalid combination of stack size and number of stacks. Correct the parameters, and restart your computer.

Invalid sub-directory Entry

The "." (current directory) or ".." (parent directory) entry contains invalid information. If you haven't already done so, use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch to fix the directory. If you still get this message, move the files elsewhere and delete the directory.

Invalid switch

You typed a switch that is not valid for this command. A switch is a parameter beginning with a slash, such as /s. Check the syntax and retype the command.

Invalid syntax on DISPLAY.SYS code page driver

Check your CONFIG.SYS file to make sure the DEVICE command loading DISPLAY.SYS has the correct syntax, and restart your computer.

Invalid syntax on PRINTER.SYS code page driver

Check your CONFIG.SYS file to make sure the DEVICE command loading PRINTER.SYS has the correct syntax, and restart your computer.

Invalid time

Type a valid time. The time format is determined by the country code setting in your CONFIG.SYS file.

Is cross linked on allocation unit <number>

Two files or directories attempted to access the same disk space. Copy the specified file or directory elsewhere and delete the original.

Just checking this time. No changes written to disk.

You used the /j switch with the UNFORMAT command. The UNFORMAT command is simulating how it would restore the disk using a Mirror image file without actually making changes to the disk.

KEYB has not beenInstalled

An internal error occurred when you used the KEYB command to install your keyboard. The keyboard information is no longer in memory. The command may have been specified from the command prompt or in your CONFIG.SYS or AUTOEXEC.BAT file. Check the syntax and retype the KEYB command to install your keyboard. If this message is combined with an insufficient memory message, you can free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use, or by removing memory-resident programs (TSRs) from your CONFIG.SYS file. If you make changes to your CONFIG.SYS file, restart your computer to make the changes take effect.

Keyboard ID specified is inconsistent with the selected keyboard layout

The keyboard identification and the country or language keyboard codes you specified were incompatible. Make sure the keyboard code and identification numbers are compatible, and try the KEYB command again.

Label not found

A GOTO command in a batch program points to a nonexistent label. Make sure the label exists and is spelled correctly.

Last backup diskette not inserted

Insert the final backup disk from your most recent backup into the drive.

*** Last file not backed up ***

The destination disk may be full, or there may be an error in the source file or on the destination disk. Use another disk to back up this file separately.

Line too long

The replacement string caused the line to be longer than 253 characters. Divide the line in two and try again.

List output is not assigned to a device

The PRINT command has not been told where to send the print job. To specify the name of a print device, first restart your computer so you can reinstall PRINT, and then use the PRINT command followed by the /d switch.

LoadHigh: Invalid filename

The format of the program you specified is invalid, or the program is not in the path or current directory. The program must be an .EXE or .COM program to run in upper memory. Make sure you typed the filename correctly, that the program exists, and that it is in the path.

Lock violation

A program tried to access a file that another program was using. Close the file in the second program, and try the command again.

Logging to file filename

The BACKUP command is creating a backup log to the file specified.

Logical DOS Drive created, drive letters changed or added

You may have to make changes if you have files specifying drive letters and the drive letters have changed. For example, check your AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files to be sure none of the commands have been affected.

LPT<number> : not rerouted

You canceled the rerouting, or the MODE command could not reroute the parallel printer port. Make sure you have specified the proper parameters with the MODE command.

LPT<number> : rerouted to COM<number> :

Output being sent to the parallel printer port will now be sent to the serial port specified.

LPT<number> : set for 80

The parallel printer port has been set for 80 columns.

LPT<number> : set for 132

The parallel printer port has been set for 132 columns.

Make sure a diskette is inserted into the drive and the door is closed

Make sure you put the disk in the correct disk drive and that the drive door is closed.

Maximum number of Logical DOS Drives installed.

You have installed the maximum number of logical DOS drives allowed by MS-DOS. You cannot create any more logical DOS drives.

Maximum space available for logical drive is <number> Mbytes Enter logical drive size in Mbytes or percent of disk space (%)

Type the amount or percentage of disk space for the logical drive. If you type the percentage, follow the number with a percent (%) sign. The number must be less than or equal to the maximum space available for the logical drive.

Maximum space available for partition is <number> Mbytes

This is the maximum amount of space available for the partition.

Memory allocationError

Either MS-DOS could not process one of the INSTALL commands you specified in your CONFIG.SYS file, or the program you are running corrupted memory. First, restart your computer to see if that solves the problem. If you still get this message, remove or remark out all of the INSTALL commands from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer. Then reinsert the commands one by one to determine which command caused the error. Once you have identified the command that caused the problem, remove the INSTALL command from your CONFIG.SYS file. Then load that program from your AUTOEXEC.BAT file, or from the command prompt.

Memory control blocks destroyed

MS-DOS found a memory problem. Restart your computer.

Message stringError <number>. See header of FDISKC.MSG for Error definition

This message indicates an internal error in the Fdisk program. Contact Microsoft Product Support Services to help you identify the problem.

Minimum HMA size set to <number> K.

Because you specified the /hmamin switch when you loaded HIMEM.SYS, the HIMEM.SYS file is confirming the minimum amount of memory a program must request before it can use the high memory area (HMA).

MIRROR image file not found.

The disk was not formatted by MS-DOS version 5.0, and cannot be restored.

MODE <number> code page function completed

The MODE command you specified worked correctly, and has finished.

-- More --

Press a key to display the next page.

MS-DOS directory contains <number> deleted files. Of those, <number> files May be recovered.

This message indicates the number of files that can be recovered using information contained in a directory file, rather than the PCTRACKR.DEL deletion-tracking file. Using information in the PCTRACKR.DEL deletion-tracking file is more reliable than using directory information to undelete a file.

Multiple drive letters specified

You specified more than one drive letter, but the LABEL command does not allow you to specify more than one drive at a time. If you need to label more than one drive, use the LABEL command separately for each drive.

Must Enter both /T and /N parameters

Type both switches with this command.

Must specify COM1, COM2, COM3 or COM4

Specify COM1, COM2, COM3, or COM4 for the serial port that you want the MODE command to configure.

Must specify destination line number

Specify the line number where you want the text to be placed.

Must specify ON or OFF

This command does not accept any other options besides ON or OFF.

Name of list device [PRN]:

Specify the name of any valid device, which then becomes the print output device. If you press the ENTER key, the default list device is PRN.

Need DOS version 2.x or higher

You cannot use the UNFORMAT command with versions of MS-DOS lower than 2.0.

New file

Edlin did not find an existing file with this name, so Edlin is creating a new file.

NLSFUNC not installed

Install the Nlsfunc program before using this command.

No action taken.

You canceled the UNFORMAT command before it made any changes to the disk.

No Append

No paths are currently appended. Either no paths have been appended, or the list of appended directories was canceled using the APPEND command.

No code page has been selected

You have prepared a code page with the DEVICE command, but you have not specified which code page to use for the device.

No drive specified

DRIVER.SYS requires you to specify the drive number. Include a /d switch for each DEVICE=DRIVER.SYS command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

NoEGA hardware detected

The EGA device driver could not locate an EGA-compatible video device adaptor. If you have EGA hardware, make sure it is installed correctly.

NoEntries found.

The UNDELETE command did not find a directory entry for a deleted file. This indicates that no files have been deleted in the directory, or that new files were created that replaced the directory entries for deleted files. The UNDELETE command cannot recover files from this directory using information contained in the directory file. In the future, use the MIRROR command to help with deletion-tracking.

NoExtended DOS Partition to delete.

You do not have an extended DOS partition, so MS-DOS cannot delete one. To see how your disk is partitioned, choose option 4, "Display partition information," from the main Fdisk menu.

No files added

You specified the /a switch with the REPLACE command, but replace did not find any files that needed to be added to the specified destination directory.

No files found - <filename>

The REPLACE command could not find the files specified in the source path. Retype the command with the correct source path for the files.

No files or subdirectories found for the root.

If any files or subdirectories existed in the root directory before the disk was formatted, they cannot be recovered.

No files replaced

None of the files in the destination directory that needed to be replaced.

No fixed disks present

MS-DOS cannot find a fixed (hard) disk on your system. If you do have a hard disk, make sure it is installed correctly.

No free file handles

There are too many open files. Close some files that you have finished using, or increase the value of the FILES command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

No hard drives found.

No hard disk drive was found on your system, so the UNFORMAT command could not restore the partitions of your hard drive. If you do have a hard drive on your system, make sure it is installed correctly.

No Logical DOS Drive(s) to delete

If you would like to see how your system is currently set up, choose option 4, "Display partition information," from the main Fdisk menu.

No logical drives defined

To define a logical drive, use the FDISK command.

No memory available

There is not enough free memory available to use the COMP command. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

No Non-DOS Partition to delete

There are no non-DOS partitions on your disk. To see how your disk is currently partitioned, choose option 4,"Display partition information," from the main Fdisk menu.

No partitions defined

All partitions have been deleted from the hard disk.

No partitions to delete.

Choose option 4, "Display partition information," from the main Fdisk menu to see how your hard disk is set up.

No partitions to make active.

From the Fdisk menu, choose option 1, "Create DOS partition or logical DOS drive" to create a primary partition. After creating a primary partition, return to the Fdisk main menu and choose option 2, "Set active partition," to make the partition you just created the active partition.

No partitions to save

The hard disk in your system does not contain a primary DOS partition. Most likely, your system is not set up to start MS-DOS from the hard disk. Choose option 4, "Display partition information," from the main Fdisk menu to view partition information for your hard disk.

No Path

No path is defined.

No Primary DOS Partition to delete.

You do not have a primary DOS partition, so MS-DOS cannot delete one. To see how your disk is partitioned, choose option 4 "Display partition information" from the main Fdisk menu.

No retry on parallel printer time-out:

If the printer is not ready, MS-DOS will not try to print again.

No room for system on destination disk

Delete some files on the destination disk to make room for the system files, or use another disk.

No room in directory for file

The root directory or disk is full. Move some files out of the root directory, or copy the Edlin file to a subdirectory and edit it there. If the disk is full, delete some files or use another disk.

No source drive specified

Specify a source drive.

No space to create a DOS partition.

You do not have enough space on your current hard disk to create a DOS partition. Either remove or reduce the size of the existing partitions, and then use the FDISK command again to create the DOS partitions.

No sub-directories Exist

The directory does not contain subdirectories.

No system on default drive

You did not specify the location of the system files (MSDOS.SYS, IO.SYS, and COMMAND.COM) and the SYS command did not find them on the default drive. Specify the location of the system files. You can use the DIR command followed by the /a switch to check for the hidden system files.

No target drive specified

Specify a target (destination) drive.

Non-DOS Partition deleted

The non-DOS partition you selected was deleted from your disk.

Non-standard, missing, or bad partition table.

The Mirror program was not able to locate the table that describes primary DOS partition on your hard disk. Your hard disk may have been partitioned by software other than the FDISK command. Use the FDISK command to view partition information for your hard disk.

Non-System disk or diskError Replace and press any key when ready

You cannot start your system from that disk because it is not a system disk. To restart your system from a floppy disk, insert a disk containing the system files MSDOS.SYS, IO.SYS, and COMMAND.COM and press a key. To restart your system from the hard disk, remove the floppy disk from the drive and press a key. Once you have started MS-DOS again, you can create a system disk by using the FORMAT command followed by the /s switch or use the SYS command.

*** Not able to backup file ***

The specified file is either being used by another program, or there is something wrong with the file. Determine if another program is using the file, and close the file. If the file is not being used, use the CHKDSK command to see if the file contains any errors.

Not able to SYS to <name> file system

Specify an MS-DOS drive as the destination drive.

Not Enough memory.

Not enough memory was available to complete the process. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Not Enough room to merge the Entire file

The file is too large to merge. Divide the file into smaller files, and merge each file one at a time.

Not found

There are no further occurrences of the specified search or replace string.

Not ready

You specified a drive letter that does not contain a disk or has its drive door open. Make sure the disk is inserted correctly and the drive door is closed.

Not resetting hidden file filename

The specified files with a hidden attribute are not being modified. If you want to reset attributes on these files, you should use the ATTRIB command with the -h switch to remove the hidden attribute from these files before continuing the process.

Not resetting system file filename

The specified files with a system attribute are not being modified. If you want to reset attributes on these files, you should use the ATTRIB command with the -s switch to remove the system attribute from these files before continuing the process.

NOTE: SETVER device not loaded. To activate SETVER version reporting you must load the SETVER.EXE device in your CONFIG.SYS.

The SETVER command must be loaded as a device. Insert a DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file specifying the path to SETVER.EXE, and restart your computer.

Number passed to FUNC is invalid. See Example above.

The command that loaded EGA.SYS included a FUNC parameter with an Interrupt 2Fh function number that was less than 80h. The function number must be in the range 80h to FFh. See the examples listed on your screen for more information.

O.K.?

If you type y or press ENTER, Edlin will accept the last result of the search or replace process and will continue. If you type n, Edlin will undo the last replacement and continue. To end the search or replace process, type CTRL+C.

One or more CON code pages invalid for given keyboard code

The KEYB command examined all prepared code pages, and has found that at least one code page is incompatible for your screen console device (CON). This is only information to let you know that your keyboard and screen console are working with different code pages.

OnlyNon-startable partitions Exist.

You do not have any partitions that are marked "Active." Using the Fdisk program main menu, choose option 2, "Set active partition," to mark a primary partition on the first fixed (hard) disk as active.

Only <number> bytes are recoverable Truncate or Delete this file?

The UNFORMAT command could recover only a portion of a file. Choose whether to truncate or delete the file. Typically, a partial file is likely to be useful only if it is a text file.

Only partitions on Drive 1 can be made active.

You may only create an active partition on your first hard disk.

Operation completed. Insert a DOS boot disk in drive A and press ENTER to reboot....

The UNFORMAT command has successfully restored the partitions of your hard drive. To allow MS-DOS to use the hard disk, restart your computer using an MS-DOS version 5.0 system disk in drive A.

Original <path>: set to <drive>:

The original path specified was substituted using the SUBST command, and is currently set to the specified drive.

Out of disk space while writing output file: <filename>

Your destination disk is full, so the rest of the file will not fit on the disk. Delete some files to make room or use another disk.

Out of Environment space

The environment space cannot be expanded any further, so the specified environment variable cannot be added or redefined. You can increase the size of the existing environment by using the SET command to delete some of the existing environment variables before redefining or adding new environment variables. If you are using the SET command within a batch file and get this message, try typing the SET command again at the command prompt. If you are running a secondary prompt through another program such as MS-DOS Shell or Microsoft Windows, use the /e switch with the COMMAND command to allocate more environment space for the secondary command interpreter.

If you still get this message or want to create more permanent environment space, specify a larger environment using the /e switch with the SHELL command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and then restart your computer. The environment space will be reset to the number of bytes you specified. If you still get this message, try freeing some memory by removing some memory-resident (TSR) programs, device drivers or some existing environmental variables from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Out of memory

The utility ran out of memory before it could finish. You can free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Packed file corrupt

The program cannot be successfully loaded into the first 64K of conventional memory. This error is most likely to occur when you load device drivers into the upper memory area, thereby freeing more conventional memory. Try starting the program with the LOADFIX command. For help on the syntax of the LOADFIX command, type HELP LOADFIX at the command prompt. You can also reconfigure your system so MS-DOS loads into low memory. To do this, add the command DOS=LOW to your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Parameter format not correct

You typed a parameter that is not in a valid format for this command. For example, you may have added a numerical value for a switch that will not allow a value to be specified. To find out which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Parameter value not allowed

You typed a parameter value that is not among the values allowed by the command. To find out which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Parameter value not in allowed range

You typed a numeric parameter value that is not in the range of values allowed by this command. To find out which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Parameters not compatible

You specified switches that cannot be used together. To find out which switches are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Parameters not compatible with fixed disk

You used a parameter that is not compatible with the specified drive. Check they syntax and type the command again. You can get help on most commands by typing HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Parameters not supported

You have specified parameters that MS-DOS does not support on that drive. To find out which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Parameters not supported by drive

Make sure you specified the correct parameters with the FORMAT command. For example, you cannot type the command FORMAT A: /F:720 if the drive is a 1.2 megabyte drive. Type the FORMAT command again and specify the correct format with the /f switch.

Parse Error <number>

An error occurred on the command line. Check the syntax and try again.

Partition selected is not a Non-DOS Partition

You selected the option to delete a non-DOS partition, but the partition you selected is a DOS partition. Select a non-DOS partition, or press ESC to return to the main Fdisk menu.

Partition selected is not a Primary DOS Partition

You tried to delete a non-DOS primary partition but this Fdisk option can only be used for DOS primary partitions. Specify a primary DOS partition or press ESC to return to the main Fdisk menu.

Partition selected (<number>) is not startable, active partition not changed.

MS-DOS cannot be restarted from the partition you selected, so the active partition was not changed. You chose either an extended partition or a non-DOS primary partition. Use the Fdisk program again to select a DOS primary partition as the active partition.

Path(name) too long

The path you specified was too long. Make sure the path contains no more than 66 characters, including the drive letter and colon.

Path not found

MS-DOS cannot find the path you specified. Make sure you typed the directory names correctly and that the directory exists.

Please type the first character for <filename>

When MS-DOS deletes a file, it erases the first character of the filename in the file's directory. To restore the file using directory information, the UNDELETE command must supply MS-DOS with a first letter for the file. Type any valid filename character. (The letter does not have to be the first letter of the filename when it was deleted.)

Press any key to begin copying file(s)

This message occurs when you specify the XCOPY command with the /w switch. When you are ready to begin copying, press a key.

Press any key to begin recovery of the file(s) on drive <letter>

Press a key to begin the recovery. Recovered files are named FILE<NNNN>.REC. If you wish to end this command, press CTRL+C.

Press any key to continue . . .

Press a key on the keyboard to continue the process.

Press CTRL+C to abort, or correct this problem and press any other key to continue . . .

If you would like to end the process, press the CTRL key and the C key at the same time. To continue, take the necessary action to correct the problem and press any other key.

Previous Code Page: <Number>

This code page was active before the current code page. If the previous code page was "none," no graphics character font set was present when the GRAFTABL command was loaded. If the previous code page was "non-standard," the previous Graphics font set loaded in memory was not recognized by the GRAFTABL command.

Previously prepared code page replaced

The existing code page for the device was changed to another prepared code page.

Primary DOS Partition already Exists.

You cannot create two primary DOS partitions. To see how your disk is partitioned, choose option 4, "Display partition information," from the main Fdisk menu.

Primary DOS Partition created

You have successfully created a primary DOS partition on your disk.

Primary DOS Partition created, drive letters changed or added

You may have to make changes in any files that specify drive letters, because the drive letters may have changed. For example, check your AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files to be sure none of the commands have been affected.

Primary DOS Partition deleted

You have deleted the primary DOS partition from your disk.

PRINT queue is Empty

There are no files waiting to be printed.

PRINT queue is full

No more files can fit in the print queue. Wait until several files have printed and then try again, or cancel some files currently in the print queue.

Printbox ID not in GRAPHICS profile

Specify a printbox size (ID) that matches the first operand of a PRINTBOX in your profile file.

Printer Error

The printer is turned off or not ready to print. Make sure you connected the printer and turned it on.

Printer lines per inch set

The MODE command set the number of lines per inch for the printer.

Printer out of paper Error

The printer is out of paper, or there is no printer installed.

Printer type not in GRAPHICS profile

The printer type you specified must be listed in your profile file.

Probable non-DOS disk Continue (Y/N)?

The CHKDSK command should only be used on MS-DOS disks. Confirm that the disk or drive is an MS-DOS disk and that it is formatted. If you have a non-standard partitioning scheme, make sure the correct device drivers are loaded. Some disks not formatted with the MS-DOS FORMAT command may cause the CHKDSK command to display this message, but the CHKDSK process will still function properly.

Processing cannot continue

You may have run out of memory, or the file allocation table (FAT) may be corrupted. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you continue to see this message, back up the information and reformat the disk.

Profile statement out of sequence on line <number>

Correct the sequence of the statements in the specified line of the profile file. If you are using GRAPHICS.PRO, you may want to use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the default file from the MS-DOS installation disks.

Program too big to fit in memory

Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

QuickFormat another (Y/N)?

Type y if you want to format another disk using the /q switch. Type n if you do not want to format another disk.

RAMDrive: Bad Extended Memory Manager control chain

There is an error in your extended-memory manager program (HIMEM.SYS or another extended-memory manager). If you use HIMEM.SYS, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the correct version from your MS-DOS installation disks. If you use another extended-memory manager, make a copy from the master file, or do not use RAMDRIVE.SYS in extended memory.

RAMDrive:Error inExtended memory allocation

Either there is not enough extended memory for the RAMDrive cache, or HIMEM.SYS (or another extended-memory manager) could not access the extended memory. If you have extended memory, make sure HIMEM.SYS or your extended-memory manager is installed correctly.

RAMDrive:Expanded Memory Manager not present

For RAMDRIVE.SYS to use expanded memory, configure your system so it provides expanded memory. In your CONFIG.SYS file, make sure the DEVICE command that loads the expanded-memory manager precedes the DEVICE command that loads RAMDRIVE.SYS. Also make sure the expanded-memory manager exists and is loaded correctly.

RAMDrive:Expanded Memory Status shows Error

Expanded memory was not loaded properly. Make sure the expanded memory manager you are using exists and is loaded correctly.

RAMDrive:Extended Memory Manager not present

To use RAMDRIVE.SYS with the /e switch, an extended-memory manager (such as HIMEM.SYS) must be loaded before RAMDRIVE.SYS. Check your CONFIG.SYS file to make sure a DEVICE command loads an extended-memory manager before loading RAMDRIVE.SYS. If you do not have extended memory on your system, do not use the /e switch.

RAMDrive: Incompatible parameters: sector size adjusted

The SectorSize and DiskSize parameters you specified are not compatible. If you include a value for the SectorSize parameter, you must also include a value for the DiskSize parameter. Valid values for SectorSize are 128, 256, and 512. Valid values for DiskSize are in the range 4 through 32767. Although you can change the SectorSize value, the default value (512) is strongly recommended.

RAMDrive: Incorrect DOS version

Make sure the most recent version of the RAMDRIVE.SYS device driver appears in the path before any other directories containing a copy of this device driver. Also make sure the current directory does not contain an older version of RAMDRIVE.SYS. Check the DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that loads RAMDRIVE.SYS to make sure it is the correct version. If necessary, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the correct version from your MS-DOS installation disks.

RAMDrive: Insufficient memory

There is not enough conventional, extended, or expanded memory to run the RAMDRIVE.SYS device driver. If you specified the /e switch, you must have at least 4K of extended memory available, or if you specified the /a switch, you must have at least 16K of expanded memory available.

RAMDrive: Invalid parameter

You specified a parameter that is not valid with this command. Check the syntax and retype the command.

RAMDrive: I/OError accessing drive memory

RAMDRIVE.SYS could not access its allocated memory. The RAM disk may have been set up incorrectly, or an application corrupted the RAM disk. If an application affected the RAM disk memory, restart your computer. If you still get this message, make sure RAMDRIVE.SYS is installed correctly.

RAMDrive: NoExtended memory available

Your system does not have extended memory, or the extended memory isn't managed or configured properly by the extended-memory manager. If you do have extended memory, make sure it is configured correctly.

Rate and delay must be specified together Rate=<number> Delay=<number>

You must specify both the typematic rate and the delay value when you change the setting of either. Valid values for the rate are in the range 1 through 32, and the default value is 20 or 21 depending on your keyboard. Valid values for the delay are 1,2,3,4, and the default value is 2.

Read Error in: <filename>

MS-DOS could not read the specified file. Use the CHKDSK command with the /f switch on the file to see if the file contains an error that can be fixed.

Read fault Error

MS-DOS cannot read data from the device you specified. Make sure you correctly connected and configured the device.

Reading source file(s)

The XCOPY command is reading the source files that you specified.

Replace <filename>? (Y/N)

Type y if you want to replace the existing file, or type n if you do not want to replace the file.

Requested logical drive size Exceeds the maximum available space.

You tried to create a logical drive that is larger than the space available. Type a size smaller than or equal to the maximum available space.

Requested partition size Exceeds the maximum available space.

You tried to create a partition that is larger than the space available. Type a partition size smaller or equal to the maximum available space.

Required font not loaded

The DISPLAY.SYS file doesn't have the correct font size to carry out your request. Increase the number of subfonts in the DEVICE=DISPLAY.SYS command line in your CONFIG.SYS file, and then restart your computer.

Required parameter missing

The command you specified requires another parameter. To find out which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Required profile statement missing before line <number>

You left out a statement in the profile file before the specified line and need to add it. If you are using GRAPHICS.PRO, you may want to use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the default file from the MS-DOS installation disks.

Resident part of PRINT installed

The PRINT command has been set up with the parameters you specified. To change the /d, /b, /u, /m, /s, and /q switches, restart your computer.

Resident portion of MODE loaded

Part of the MODE command is currently resident in memory.

Restore file sequence Error

You have restored files in the wrong order. Insert the disks in the same order in which they were backed up.

*** Restoring files from drive <letter>: ***

This message is displayed during the file-restoration process.

Resync failed. Files are too different

The FC command could not find enough similarities to continue comparing the files. You can only use the FC command to compare these two files in binary mode.

Same drive specified more than once

There is no need to specify the same drive twice with the FASTOPEN command.

Same parameter Entered twice

You typed a parameter twice. To check the correct syntax, type HELP followed by the command name.

Saving UNFORMAT information

The FORMAT command is saving the information needed for the unformat command.

SECOND diskette bad or incompatible

The second disk does not have the same format as the first disk, is unformatted, or has an unrecognizable format. Use the CHKDSK command to help you identify the problem.

Sector not found

An error occurred while reading a sector from the disk. Copy all of the files on this disk to a new disk. You may be able to use the RECOVER command to recover data on this disk.

Sector size too large in file

An installable physical drive (not a logical or virtual drive) has a sector size that is larger than the sector size specified by the default devices in the BIOS. For more information about your installable device driver, see the device owner's manual. By default, MS-DOS supports a 512 byte sector size. If necessary, remove the DEVICE command from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

SHARE cannot be installed under DOSSHELL

To set up the SHARE command, first quit MS-DOS Shell. Then install SHARE from the command prompt, and start MS-DOS Shell again.

Share: InternalError

An internal error occurred. Restart your computer and try again.

Sharing violation

Another program is currently using the file. Close the file in the second program, and try the process again.

Simulation only.

You used the /test switch with the UNFORMAT command. The UNFORMAT command is simulating how it would restore the disk without using a Mirror image file. It will not make changes to the disk.

SMARTDrive: Bad Extended Memory Manager control chain

One or more programs that manage extended memory did not install themselves properly. Remove the incorrectly installed device.

SMARTDrive:Error inExtended memory allocation

An internal error occurred and the extended-memory manager did not provide memory requested by SMARTDRV.SYS. Make sure the HIMEM.SYS extended-memory (XMS) manager is installed correctly.

SMARTDrive:Error reading disk. Possible virtual addressing problem.

An internal error occurred. There may be a hardware problem. Contact your hardware vendor.

SMARTDrive:Expanded Memory Manager not present

You did not install an expanded-memory manager before installing SMARTDRV.SYS with the /a switch. Make sure that a DEVICE command that successfully installs an expanded-memory manager appears in your CONFIG.SYS file before the DEVICE command that installs SMARTDRV.SYS.

SMARTDrive:Expanded Memory Status shows Error

The expanded-memory manager reported an error to SMARTDRV.SYS. Make sure that the expanded-memory manager is installed correctly before installing SMARTDRV.SYS.

SMARTDrive:Extended Memory Manager not present

You did not install an extended-memory manager before installing SMARTDRV.SYS. Make sure that a DEVICE command that installs an extended-memory manager (such as HIMEM.SYS) appears in your CONFIG.SYS file before the DEVICE command that installs SMARTDRV.SYS.

SMARTDrive: Incompatible disk partition detected.

Your hard drive was not partitioned by the MS-DOS FDISK command and contains a disk-partition format unknown by SMARTDRV.SYS. To use SMARTDRV.SYS with this disk, back up your hard disk and then repartition it using the FDISK command, or load SMARTDRV.SYS with the /p switch if you can determine that it is safe to use SMARTDRV.SYS with your partition.

SMARTDrive: Incorrect DOS version

The DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that loads SMARTDRV.SYS specifies a version that is not compatible with the version of MS-DOS on your system. Make sure the DEVICE command loads the SMARTDRV.SYS file distributed with MS-DOS version 5.0.

SMARTDrive: Insufficient memory

There is not enough memory to initialize the SMARTDRV.SYS device driver, or there is not enough extended memory available for SMARTDRV.SYS. Make sure there is at least 128K of extended memory on your system. You can free memory by installing SMARTDRV.SYS in your CONFIG.SYS file before other device drivers, or by loading MS-DOS into conventional memory (DOS=LOW).

SMARTDrive: Invalid parameter

The DEVICE command that installs SMARTDRV.SYS contains an invalid parameter or switch. Check the syntax and fix the command.

SMARTDrive: I/OError accessing cache memory

An internal error occurred that prevented SMARTDRV.SYS from using the memory set aside for the disk cache. There may be a hardware problem. Contact your hardware vendor.

SMARTDrive: NoExtended memory available

There is no extended memory available to install SMARTDRV.SYS. Another program may have used the memory, or your system does not have extended memory. Make sure you have extended memory.

SMARTDrive: No hard drives on system

The SMARTDrive disk caching program could not locate any hard drives on your system. If your hard drive requires an installable device driver, make sure the DEVICE command that installs the hard drive appears before the DEVICE command that installs SMARTDRV.SYS in your CONFIG.SYS file.

SMARTDrive: Not Enough memory to load driver

Your system does not have enough memory available to install SMARTDRV.SYS. Make sure there is at least 128K of extended memory on your system. You can free memory by installing SMARTDRV.SYS in your CONFIG.SYS file before other device drivers, or by loading MS-DOS into conventional memory (DOS=LOW).

SMARTDrive: Too many bytes per track on hard drive

SMARTDRV.SYS cannot store data from this disk.

Source and target drives are the same

The source drive must be different from the target (destination) drive. Specify different source and destination drives.

SOURCE diskette bad or incompatible

Your disk has an unrecognizable format or bad sectors, or is incompatible with the source drive type. The DISKCOPY command cannot be used to copy this disk. Use the COPY or XCOPY command instead.

Source does not contain backup files

This disk does not contain backup files, so none can be restored. Insert a disk containing backup files.

Source path and target drive cannot be the same

Specify a source path that is different from the target (destination) drive.

Source path required

Specify the path of the original file or directory.

Specified COMMAND search directory bad

The directory containing COMMAND.COM has been damaged or is incorrect. Check your CONFIG.SYS file to make sure the COMSPEC environment variable is set correctly. If necessary, use an MS-DOS version 5.0 system disk to restart your computer. If the disk is a hard disk, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy COMMAND.COM from the MS-DOS installation disks onto your disk. If the disk is a floppy disk, use either the FORMAT command with the /s switch or the SYS command to create a new system disk. You may have to change your CONFIG.SYS file to reflect the new location of COMMAND.COM.

Specified COMMAND search directory bad access denied

The directory containing COMMAND.COM has been damaged or is incorrect. Check your CONFIG.SYS file to make sure the COMSPEC environment variable is set correctly. If necessary, use an MS-DOS version 5.0 system disk to restart your computer. If the disk is a hard disk, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy COMMAND.COM from the MS-DOS installation disks onto your disk. If the disk is a floppy disk, use either the FORMAT command with the /s switch or the SYS command to create a new system disk. You may have to change your CONFIG.SYS file to reflect the new location of COMMAND.COM.

Starting cluster is unavailable. This file cannot be recovered with the UNDELETE command. Press any key to continue.

Although the UNDELETE command located information about this deleted file in the PCTRACKR.DEL deletion-tracking file, the first cluster of the deleted file has been used by another file. As a result, the UNDELETE command cannot locate the remainder of the deleted file to restore it. Press a key to continue.

Subdirectories found in the root: <number>

The UNFORMAT command may be able to recover the indicated number of subdirectories in the root directory.

SyntaxError

Make sure you typed the command correctly and that the parameters are correct. You can get help on most commands by typing HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

SyntaxErrors in GRAPHICS profile

There are syntax errors in your profile file. Correct the errors, or use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the default GRAPHICS.PRO file from the MS-DOS installation disks. If you do this, you will overwrite any changes you made in the existing GRAPHICS.PRO.

System resource Exhausted

The Share program has no more space for open file names. Add the /f switch to the share command in your AUTOEXEC.BAT or CONFIG.SYS file to increase the filename buffer size of the SHARE command, and then restart your computer.

System transferred

MS-DOS system files have been transferred. You can now use this disk to start your computer.

System will now restart

You changed partitions, so MS-DOS will restart to ensure the hard drive is accessed normally.

Target cannot be used for backup

The target (destination) disk has an unrecognizable format, is unusable, or is incompatible with the source drive type. Use another disk.

TARGET diskette bad or incompatible

The target (destination) disk could not be formatted to match the source disk. Try again with another disk.

Target diskette may be unusable

An error occurred while writing to the target (destination) disk. Format the destination disk with the FORMAT command followed by the /u switch and try again, or use another disk for the destination disk.

If you saw the message "Formatting while copying" while using the DISKCOPY command, and this error occurred during the copy, then the destination disk cannot be used with the DISKCOPY command.

TARGET media has lower capacity than SOURCE Continue anyway (Y/N]?

You tried to copy a disk from a larger capacity disk to a smaller capacity disk using the DISKCOPY command. It may not be possible to reliably format the target (destination) disk to match the source disk. If you choose to continue, DISKCOPY will format the destination to match the source, or will report an error if it is not able to do so.

Terminate batch job (Y/N)?

Type y if you would like to end the batch program you are running. Type n to continue.

The Entire drive will be reconstructed, directory structures will be destroyed Are you sure (Y/N)?

If you type y, all files in the disk will be renamed and placed in the root directory. If you type n, no changes will be made.

CAUTION: You should not continue unless it is absolutely necessary. If you need to recover all the files on a disk, it is better to recover them one at a time so information will not be lost.

The Extended DOS Partition contains Logical DOS Drives. Do you want to display the logical drive information (<Y>/<N>)......?

If you want to see the logical drive information, type y. Otherwise, type n.

The file is a backup to a more recent MIRROR image file.

While searching the disk for a Mirror image file, the UNFORMAT command found what appears to be a backup image file at the specified location. There may be a more recent Mirror image file elsewhere on the disk. The Mirror program will continue to search for a more recent Mirror image file.

The filename already Exists. Type a different filename. Press F5 to bypass this file.

A file already exists with the same name as that of a file being restored. Either type a new name for the file being restored, or press the F5 key if you do not want to recover the file.

The following drives are supported: Drive <letter> - <number> files saved.

The number following the drive letter indicates the maximum number of entries the Mirror program will maintain in the file that records file deletions. This should match the size you specified with the /t switch when you installed the Mirror program. If the word "Default" appears instead of a number, you did not specify a size and Mirror will maintain a maximum number of entries in the file that is appropriate for the size of the disk.

The last file was not restored

There was not enough room on the destination disk for the file, or the file was corrupt. Use the RESTORE command to restore the file separately on another disk.

The last time the MIRROR or FORMAT command was used was at <time> on <date>. The prior time the MIRROR or FORMAT command was used was at <time> on <date>. If you wish to use the last file as indicated above, press L. If you wish to use the prior file as indicated above, press P. Press ESC to cancel UNFORMAT.

Two Mirror image files exist on your disk. To use the most recent one, type L. To use the older one, type p. You will normally want to use the most recent file unless you believe it doesn't contain the correct information. For example, if you used the FORMAT command, then immediately used the MIRROR command, and then decided you needed to unformat the disk, you would want to use the older file. The newer one created by Mirror will contain the state of the disk after formatting the disk, not before.

The master boot code has NOT been updated.

There is a physical problem reading or writing to the hard disk. There is probably a bad sector on the disk where the master boot (startup) record is located. Either use the FDISK command to delete the partition and create a new one, or use the low-level format that came with the hard disk to format the disk.

The MIRROR command cannot operate on a network drive.

The drive you specified for the MIRROR command is redirected over a network. Specify a drive that is not a network drive.

The MIRROR image file found has inconsistent information. It cannot be used.

The image file created by the FORMAT or MIRROR command is corrupted and cannot be used. The UNFORMAT command will rebuild the disk using residual data on the disk left by the FORMAT command.

The MIRROR process was unsuccessful.

The Mirror program did not record information about the drive you specified.

The only startable partition on Drive 1 is already set active.

There is only one primary partition on your first hard disk, and that partition is already active. You do not have to make the partition active again.

The saved information is incompatible with fixed disk <number>. Restoration is not possible; drive <letter> is skipped.

The UNFORMAT command determined that information in the PARTNSAV.FIL file for the indicated drive was inconsistent with the drive actually installed on the system. UNFORMAT could not restore the partition information for the drive.

The suspected MIRROR file is invalid. Continuing search.

A file that appeared to be a Mirror image file did not contain the information needed by the UNFORMAT command to recover the disk.

The system area does not agree with the MIRROR image file.

The system area and Mirror image file are different. You have changed files on your disk since using the MIRROR or FORMAT command. Using the UNFORMAT command will restore your disk to a less recent condition.

The system area of drive <letter> has been rebuilt. You may need to restart the system.

Restart your computer if the disk you recovered was the disk with which you started your system.

There is not Enough disk space for system files

The FORMAT command will not copy the system files. Delete some files from this disk to make room, or use a different disk.

There is not Enough space to create an UNFORMAT file. This disk cannot be unformatted. Proceed with Format (Y/N)?

Since you cannot UNFORMAT the disk, make sure you have a copy of any information you want to save before continuing. If you do not have a backup and want to make one, type n to quit the format. Or type y to continue.

There was anError creating the format recovery file This disk cannot be unformatted Proceed with Format (Y/N)?

There may not be enough room on the disk to create the format recovery file. This file contains information MS-DOS uses to recover information with the UNFORMAT command. If this file is not created, you will not be able to unformat the disk. Type y at this message if you are sure you do not want to recover any information from the disk. If you may need to unformat the disk, type n, and delete some files to make room for the recovery file. Then try formatting the disk again.

This file cannot be automatically recovered because not all of the clusters are available. Only some of the clusters for this file are available. Do you want to recover this file with only the available clusters? (Y/N)

The UNDELETE command can completely restore files for which all clusters are available. If only some clusters are available, UNDELETE can partially restore the file. However, the partial file is probably useful only if it is a text file.

Too many arguments in command line

Make sure the syntax of the command line is correct, and that you only specify one process at a time.

Too many block devices

Each block device (physical drive, not logical or virtual drive) is assigned a drive letter. You cannot install another block device that will result in a drive letter past Z. Specify fewer drives in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Too many characters in volume label

The volume label contains more than 11 characters. Specify a volume label with up to 11 alphanumeric characters.

Too many code pages specified

The number of code pages you specified to be supported on this device is out of the range of valid values. For EGA or VGA displays, the value can be between 0 and 6. For LCD displays, the value can be 0 or 1. Check the appropriate DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file and fix the error. Then, restart your computer.

Too many command-line arguments

Make sure the syntax of the command line is correct, and that you only specify one process at a time. Type HELP followed by the command name to see the correct syntax for this command.

Too many drive Entries

You specified more than 24 drives at the command prompt, but you can only specify up to 24 drives (C-Z). Retype the FASTOPEN command with up to 24 valid drive letters.

Too many Extended partitions.

The partition table for your hard disk contains descriptions for more partitions than MS-DOS allows. Most likely, the partition table itself is corrupted. If possible, back up any information you want to save. Use the FDISK command to change the partitions. (Or, if you used a third-party utility to partition your disk, use that tool.) If you still get this message, perform a low-level format on the disk.

Too many file/directory Entries

The total number of file or directory entries specified at the command prompt exceeded memory capacity, or a total of 999. For example, if you used the FASTOPEN command and specified that it should keep track of 600 files each on drives C and D, the total combined files would be greater than 999. Retype the command and make sure the total number of files and directories you specify is less than 999.

Too many filenames

You specified too many filenames for this command. Type HELP followed by the command name to see the correct syntax for this command.

Too many files open

You have reached the maximum number of files that may be opened. Close some files, or increase the value of the FILES command in your CONFIG.SYS file. Then, restart your computer.

Too many open files

You have reached the maximum number of files that may be opened. Close some files, or increase the value of the FILES command in your CONFIG.SYS file. Then, restart your computer.

Too many parameters

You typed too many parameters for this command. This message usually refers to parameters other than switches (which begin with a slash, such as /s) or keywords (that contain an equal sign such as COLS=80). To determine which parameters are valid for this command, type HELP at the command prompt followed by the command name.

Too much of memory fragmentation; MEM /C cannot be done

The memory is too fragmented, or an application that ran before the MEM command has corrupted the memory areas. Restart your computer, or if you are using MS-DOS through a DOS box (such as with Microsoft Windows), close the windowing program and try again. Note that you can still use the MEM command alone or with the /p switch.

Top level process aborted, cannot continue

You chose "Abort," but MS-DOS cannot return to the command interpreter. Use a system disk to restart your computer. If you see the error message "Abort, Retry, Fail?" again, choose "Fail" instead of "Abort."

Unable to access Drive <letter>

There is a hardware problem with the specified drive and it cannot be accessed. Call your hardware vendor.

Unable to allocate segment

There is not enough memory to carry out the command you specified. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs), or unneeded device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Unable to create directory

You may have a file with the same name, the path may be incorrect, the disk may be full, or the root directory may be full. Use the DIR command with the /a switch to make sure no hidden files have the same name as the directory. Also make sure the path is valid and that there is room on the disk. If you tried to create the directory in the root directory but the root was full, move or delete some files to make room, or create the directory within an existing directory.

Unable to create KEYB table in resident memory

Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, increase the amount of conventional memory you have available.

Unable to disable Weitek Coprocessor support

The EMM386.EXE device driver cannot disable support for the Weitek(R) coprocessor.

Unable to do requested command

The network cannot carry out the command due to errors. Contact your network administrator. Check the network connection to make sure the connection is secure and that the network is installed correctly. Restarting your computer may also help. If you continue to see this message, you may need to reinstall the network.

Unable toEnable Weitek Coprocessor support

The high memory area (HMA) is already in use. If you want to enable the Weitek Coprocessor, the HMA must be available. Make sure your CONFIG.SYS file contains the command line DOS=LOW and that no other programs are using the HMA before enabling the Weitek Coprocessor.

Unable to find the MIRROR control file. If you want to search for the MIRROR image file through the Entire hard drive, press Y, or press N to cancel the UNFORMAT command.

The UNFORMAT command cannot locate a Mirror image file in the usual location. UNFORMAT can search throughout the disk for the Mirror image file, but it may take a long time. To be able to recover the disk, you must type y. If UNFORMAT cannot locate a Mirror image file elsewhere on the disk, it will attempt to rebuild the disk using traces of information left by the FORMAT command. To quit the unformatting process, type n.

Unable to load command.com (or dosswap.exe), Retry (y/n)?

The MS-DOS command interpreter (COMMAND.COM) or Task Swapper (DOSSWAP.EXE) cannot be found on your disk, or there is not enough free memory in your system to contain the program. Make sure the COMMAND.COM and DOSSWAP.EXE files are in the path and are specified correctly in the COMSPEC environment variable, the files exist on the disk, and the files are in the same directory as the DOSSHELL files. To increase memory, close files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Unable to load MS-DOS Shell, Retry (y/n)?

MS-DOS cannot load MS-DOS Shell into memory. The DOSSHELL.EXE file cannot be found on your disk, or there is not enough free memory in your system for the program. Type y to try to load MS-DOS Shell again, or n to quit. Make sure the path to DOSSHELL.EXE is correct and that the file exists on the disk. Free memory by closing files and programs you no longer use. If you still get this message, remove memory-resident programs (TSRs) or unnecessary device drivers from your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

Unable to perform refresh operation

The code pages could not be reinstated with the MODE CODEPAGE REFRESH command. Either the files cannot be found, or you have run out of memory. Make sure the code page information (.CPI) files exist. You an also use the MODE command to prepare and select the code page again.

Unable to place EMM386 in Auto mode.

Due to an internal error, the EMM386 expanded-memory manager cannot automatically provide expanded memory to applications that request it. Use the EMM386 command with the W=ON switch to turn on expanded memory before running such applications.

Unable to print message

There was an error in your COMMAND.COM file. Save your work, and restart your computer. If you still get this message, you may want to use the EXPAND command to expand and copy COMMAND.COM from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Unable to reload with profile supplied

There is not enough memory for the Graphics program to load the new printer profile on top of the old printer profile. To use GRAPHICS with the new printer profile, restart your computer. Or, if you are using MS-DOS through a window (such as with MS-DOS Shell or Microsoft Windows), close the windowing program and try again.

Unable to shift screen <left>, <right>

The MODE command is unable to shift the test pattern on the screen any further.

Unable to turnEMM386 ON - protected mode software already running.

The EMM386 expanded-memory manager cannot be used when other protected-mode software is running. Quit the protected-mode software before using the EMM386 command with the W=ON switch.

Unable to write BOOT

If the first track of the disk or DOS partition is bad, MS-DOS cannot use the disk. If your disk is a floppy disk, it is unusable. If your disk is a hard disk, contact your hardware vendor.

Unexpected End of File

This message may appear if you press CTRL+Z at the LABEL prompt, or if the COMP command unexpectedly reached the end of one of the files. If you see this message with the COMP command, most likely the file allocation table (FAT) entry for the file has been corrupted, causing part of the file to be lost. The CHKDSK command with the /f switch may be able recover all or part of the missing portions of a text file.

UnknownError

An error occurred when attempting to open one of the two files for comparison. Make sure the two files are accessible, and try the command again.

Unrecognized command in CONFIG.SYS

One of the commands in your CONFIG.SYS file contains a syntax error. Make changes as necessary, and restart your computer.

Unrecoverable Error in directory Convert directory to file (Y/N)?

The CHKDSK command cannot fix the error in the directory. If you type y, CHKDSK will convert the corrupted directory into a file on your disk. If you type n, CHKDSK will leave the directory untouched. Since the directory is unusable, you should move the information in this directory elsewhere and delete the directory.

Unrecoverable read Error on drive <letter> Side <number>, track <number>

The data could not be read from the specified disk on the indicated side and track. Copy the files on this disk to another disk using the COPY or XCOPY command, and reformat the defective disk using the FORMAT command with the /u switch.

If the disk is the destination disk and the "Formatting while copying" message was displayed, you cannot use the DISKCOPY command with this disk.

Unrecoverable write Error on drive <letter> Side <number>, track <number>

The data could not be written to the disk in the specified drive on the indicated side and track. Try again with a new disk, or format the disk using the FORMAT command with the /u switch and try again.

Using default value of BCH for interrupt 2FH function calls.

The DEVICE command that loaded the EGA device driver did not include the FUNC parameter, so it is using the default parameter. The default value is BCh.

Using user defined value of xxH for interrupt 2FH function calls.

The DEVICE command that loaded the EGA device driver included a FUNC parameter with a valid Interrupt 2Fh function number.

Volume in drive <letter> has no label

The disk does not currently have a label. If you want to create a volume label, switch to the specified drive and use the LABEL command.

Volume label (11 characters,ENTER for none)?

Type a volume label of up to 11 characters and spaces, or press ENTER to indicate that you do not want a volume label for this disk.

Volume label does not match.

You must type the correct volume label for this drive, or you cannot delete the partition.

Volume label is not supported with /8 parameter

You cannot specify a volume label on a disk formatted with the /8 switch.

Walking the directory tree to locate all files...

While attempting to restore a disk without a Mirror image file, the UNFORMAT command is searching subdirectories to find all the files that were on the disk before it was formatted.

WARNING, ALL DATA ON NON-REMOVABLE DISK DRIVE <letter>: WILL BE LOST! Proceed with Format (Y/N)?

This message appears when you try to format a hard disk that already contains data. If you type y, the data on the disk will be deleted. If you type n, the FORMAT command will stop and return you to the command prompt.

WARNING! Data in the deleted Extended DOS Partition will be lost. Do you wish to continue (Y/N).................?

Make sure there is no data you want to save on this partition before continuing. Before deleting the extended DOS partition, you should have backed up any information in logical drives and deleted the logical drives from this partition.

WARNING! Data in the deleted Non-DOS Partition will be lost.

Make sure any files you want to save are backed up.

WARNING! Data in the deleted Primary DOS Partition will be lost. Do you wish to continue (Y/N).................?

If you delete the partition, the system information on this partition will be lost and you will not be able to start your computer from the (hard) drive. You will need to start your computer from a floppy disk. Make sure you have a system disk before continuing.

WARNING - directory full

There are more files on your disk than can be accommodated in the root directory. If you proceed after seeing this message, some of your files will be lost during the recovery process. Do not proceed unless absolutely necessary. If you need to recover all the files on a disk, recover them one at a time so information will not be lost.

WARNING! Diskette is out of sequence Replace diskette or continue if OK

Restore the disks in the order that you backed them up.

WARNING:EMM386 installed without a LIM 3.2 compatible Page Frame

The EMM386 expanded-memory manager was unable to create a page frame that conforms to version 3.2 of the Lotus/Intel/Microsoft extended-memory specification (LIM EMS). If the DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that installs EMM386.EXE contains the P<n> switch, make sure the addresses for pages 0 through 3 are contiguous, if possible.

WARNING! File <filename> is a read-only file Replace the file (Y/N)?

Type y if you want to restore the read-only file from the backup disk. Type n if you do not want to restore this file.

WARNING! File <filename> was changed after it was backed up Replace the file (Y/N)?

The file you specified has been changed since you created the backup. If you replace the file from the backup, you will lose any changes made since the backup was created. Type y if you want to continue, or type n if you do not.

WARNING! Files in the target drive <drive>:\BACKUP directory will be Erased

If you do not want the BACKUP command to erase the files, insert a different disk, or type CTRL+C to cancel the backup process. Specify a different backup subdirectory, or use the BACKUP command with the /a switch to add the backup files without deleting existing backup files.

WARNING! Files in the target drive <drive>:\ root directory will be Erased

If you do not want the BACKUP command to erase the files, type CTRL+C to cancel the backup process. Use a different disk or use the BACKUP command with the /a switch to add the backup files without deleting existing files.

WARNING: Invalid parameter ignored:

The DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that loads the HIMEM extended-memory manager contains an invalid parameter or switch. Fix the invalid parameter.

WARNING! Logical drives past Z:Exist and will be ignored

You can create up to 24 logical drives. Extra drives will not be accessible. Use the FDISK command to repartition the disk with fewer logical drives.

WARNING! No files were found to back up

Make sure you typed the filenames correctly, and that the files exist.

WARNING! No files were found to restore

The RESTORE command did not find the file that you specified on the backup disk(s). Make sure you typed the filename correctly or use the "*.*" wildcard specification if you want to restore all the files on the backup disk(s).

WARNING! No partitions are set active - disk 1 is not startable unless a partition is set active

If you do not set a primary partition as active, you will not be able to start your computer from the hard disk. To set an active partition, choose option 2, "Set active partition," from the main Fdisk menu.

WARNING: Option ROM or RAM detected within page frame.

The DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that loads the EMM386 expanded-memory manager specifies the address of a page frame that overlaps with read-only memory (ROM) or conventional random-access memory (RAM). Make sure that the addresses specified in the DEVICE command are correct. You can use the /x switch to prevent EMM386.EXE from using a particular range of memory for a page.

Warning! Partitions were saved from <number> fixed disk(s), but this system has <number>.

The PARTNSAV.FIL file contains partitioning information for a different number of disk drives than exists on your system. Most likely, a fixed (hard) drive was added or removed since PARTNSAV.FIL was created by the Mirror program. The UNFORMAT command will only be able to restore the partition information for drives that were on the system when PARTNSAV.FIL was created.

WARNING: Shadow RAM disable not supported on this system.

You turned off shadow RAM using the /SHADOWRAM:OFF switch, but the HIMEM extended-memory manager could not disable it. Remove the /SHADOWRAM:OFF switch from the DEVICE=HIMEM.SYS command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

WARNING: Shadow RAM is in use and can't be disabled.

You turned off shadow RAM using the /SHADOWRAM:OFF switch, but the HIMEM extended-memory manager could not disable it. Remove the /SHADOWRAM:OFF switch from the DEVICE=HIMEM.SYS command in your CONFIG.SYS file, and restart your computer.

WARNING: The A20 Line was already Enabled.

The HIMEM extended-memory manager determined that another program had already enabled an internal communication channel used by the extended-memory manager. This could mean that another memory manager was active before HIMEM.SYS was loaded, or that HIMEM.SYS may not be able to control the A20 line.

WARNING: The High Memory Area is unavailable.

The HIMEM extended-memory manager could not use the memory in the high memory area (HMA). Either the high memory area is already being used, or your computer does not have a high memory area.

Warning! The next step writes changes to disk.

The UNFORMAT command is preparing to restore files and subdirectories. If you want to quit without making changes to the disk, type CTRL+C.

WARNING! The partition set active is not startable.

Set a primary DOS partition as the active partition. The primary DOS partition must contain the files MSDOS.SYS, IO.SYS, and COMMAND.COM so that you can start your system.

WARNING: This disk cannot be unformatted if system files are transferred Proceed with system transfer anyway (Y/N)?

Because you cannot unformat the disk, make sure you have a copy of any information you want to save before continuing.

WARNING: This version of HIMEM.SYS may cause conflicts withEMM386.

The DEVICE commands in your CONFIG.SYS file that install HIMEM.SYS and EMM386.EXE specify versions of these files that may be incompatible. If you do not have the HIMEM.SYS and EMM386.EXE files that came with MS-DOS version 5.0, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the correct version from your MS-DOS installation disks.

WARNING! Unrecognized DOS INT 25h/26h handler. Some other TSR programs may behave Erratically while deletion-tracking software is resident! Try installing MIRROR program before your other resident programs.

You installed the Mirror program after another memory-resident (TSR) program that monitors the same system events as Mirror. As a result, Mirror may interfere with the program that was loaded first. Restart your computer and then use the MIRROR command with the /t switch before installing other memory-resident programs.

WARNING: User specified ranges overlap.

The DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that installs the EMM386 expanded-memory manager specifies address ranges that overlap. Make sure the specified address ranges are separate or contiguous.

WARNING: Weitek Coprocessor not installed.

The DEVICE command in your CONFIG.SYS file that installs the EMM386 expanded-memory manager contains the W=ON switch to enable support for the Weitek coprocessor. However, there is no Weitek coprocessor on your system. Remove the W=ON switch from your CONFIG.SYS file.

Weitek Coprocessor is inaccessible untilEMM386 is re-activated.

Reactivate the EMM386 expanded-memory manager in order to access the Weitek Coprocessor.

Weitek Coprocessor not installed.

You used the EMM386 command with the W switch to enable or disable support for a Weitek coprocessor. However, EMM386.EXE cannot locate a Weitek coprocessor on your system. If you have a Weitek coprocessor installed, make sure it is functioning properly.

What drive do you want to delete?

Type the letter of the logical drive that you want to delete. Before continuing, make sure you have made a backup of any information you want to save.

What Non-DOS partition do you want to delete?

Type the number of the non-DOS partition that you want to delete.

What primary partition do you want to delete?

Type the number of the primary partition that you want to delete.

Write failure, diskette unusable

Use a different disk for the destination.

Write fault Error

MS-DOS cannot write data to the device. Make sure you correctly connected and configured the device.

Write protect Error

You cannot format or write a file to a write-protected disk. Either remove the write-protection or use another disk.

Wrong DOS version.

You cannot use the UNFORMAT command with versions of MS-DOS lower than 2.0.

XMS Driver not installed.

An error occurred and the HIMEM extended-memory manager was not able to load the extended memory handler.

You must have the file WINA20.386 in the root of your boot drive to run Windows inEnhanced Mode

Make sure WINA20.386 is in the root directory of the drive you use to start MS-DOS. If the file has been moved, make sure the command line SWITCHES=/W appears in your CONFIG.SYS file and the command line DEVICE=[<drive>:][<path>]WINA20.386 appears in the [386Enh] section of your Windows SYSTEM.INI file. If you cannot find this file, use the EXPAND command to expand and copy the file from your MS-DOS installation disks.

Your target disk is unformatted and No FORMAT program was found. Do you have another disk with FORMAT on it (Y/N)?

You specified an unformatted target (destination) disk. The BACKUP command tried to start the MS-DOS Format program to format the disk, but it could not find FORMAT.COM. If you have a floppy disk containing FORMAT.COM, type y and insert the disk into the specified disk drive. Press a key to continue, or CTRL+C to quit. If you do not have a disk containing FORMAT.COM, type n to cancel the backup process. Use a different disk for the destination disk, or use the EXPAND command to expand and copy FORMAT.COM from your MS-DOS installation disks.

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