Export (0) Print
Expand All
ABS
AND
ASC
COS
DAY
DDB
EXP
FV
IF
INT
LEN
LN
LOG
MAX
Me
MID
MIN
MOD
NOT
IS
NPV
ODD
OR
PI
PMT
PV
SIN
SLN
SUM
SYD
T
TAN
VAR
Expand Minimize

About constants in formulas

Archived content. No warranty is made as to technical accuracy. Content may contain URLs that were valid when originally published, but now link to sites or pages that no longer exist.

A constant is a value that is not calculated. For example, the date 10/9/2008, the number 210, and the text "Quarterly Earnings" are all constants. Constants can be of the following data types:

  • String (Example: =[Last Name] = "Smith")

    String constants are enclosed in double quotes and can be up to 255 characters.

  • Number (Example: =[Cost] >= 29.99)

    Numeric constants can include decimal places, and can be positive or negative.

  • Date (Example: =[Date] <> 7/7/2002)

    Date constants do not require delimiters.

  • Boolean (Example: =IF([Cost]>[Revenue], "Loss", "No Loss")

    Yes and No are Boolean constants. You can use them in conditional expressions. In the above example, if Cost is greater than Revenue, the IF function returns Yes, and the formula returns the string "Loss". If Cost is equal to or less than Revenue, the function returns No, and formula returns the string "No Loss".

Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft