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Glossary

Archived content. No warranty is made as to technical accuracy. Content may contain URLs that were valid when originally published, but now link to sites or pages that no longer exist.

A

ACLs (access control list) : A list that indicates which users or groups have permission to access or modify a particular file on Windows NT.

active memory : An area of cached memory that stores Web pages and allows for quicker save and recalculation processes.

Administrator role : A collection of rights that allow a user to modify all Web site content and manage site settings and accounts.

Advanced author role : A collection of rights that allow a user to view, add, and change pages, documents in libraries, discussion boards, themes, and borders, as well as manage tasks and recalculate links.

Announcements list : A place to post information for the team. By default, a view of the Announcements list appears on the home page.

Anonymous user access : The ability to access a Web server on which one does not have an account. Usually, anonymous users have more restricted access rights than users with accounts.

Author Lists right : A right that allows a user to add, modify, or remove items in a list, document library, discussion board, or survey.

Author role : A collection of rights that allow the user to view, add, and modify pages, and items in a list, document library, discussion board or survey.

B

border : Page regions reserved for content that you want to appear consistently on all your Web pages. Shared borders usually contain link bars  hyperlinks to the other pages in the current Web site.

Browser role : A collection of rights that allow a user to view items in a list, document library, discussion board or survey.

C

cache : A special memory subsystem in which frequently used data values, such as files that are made available for use offline, are duplicated for quick access.

category : A classification for labeling and grouping Web pages and files by common criteria such as page contents, file types, or similar distinction.)

CGI : A standard method of extending Web server functionality by executing programs or scripts on a Web server in response to Web browser requests, such as in form processing. Use of a common gateway interface (CGI) can make a Web page more dynamic.

character set : A grouping of alphabetic, numeric, and other characters that have some relationship in common. For example, the standard ASCII character set includes letters, numbers, symbols, and control codes that make up the ASCII coding scheme.

collaboration database : A SQL-based database that stores information about the dynamic content from a team Web site, such as document libraries, link bars, and lists.

column : Container that is common to all items in a list, document library, discussion board, or survey. Stores a single piece of information for an item. Also known as "field."

Contacts list : Stores information such as name, telephone number, e-mail address, and street address for people who work with your team.

Contributor role : A collection of rights that enable a user to  view pages and documents in a library, and contribute to discussions.   

CSS (cascading style sheet) : A cascading style sheet is a document containing style information that can be referenced by multiple web pages. Styles define appearance and formatting of content on web pages and allow authors more control over how content is displayed in browsers.

D

data type : The characteristic of a field that determines what type of data it can hold. Data types include Boolean, Integer, Long, Currency, Single, Double, Date, String, and Variant (default).

database : A collection of data related to a particular subject or purpose. Within a database, information about a particular entity, such as an employee or order, is categorized into tables, records, and fields.

Design Lists right : A right that allows a user to add, modify, or remove fields and views of a list, document library, discussion board, or survey.

discussion : Comments that users attach to Web pages and documents. Known in administrative tasks as "Web document discussion" to differentiate from discussion boards.

discussion board : A Web site component that enables users to participate in topics of discussion by posting and replying to comments.

discussion comment : A remark or topic of discussion that is associated with a Web page or document and is stored on a discussion server.

discussion rights : Rights that allow a user to view, add, modify, and close discussion comments that are attached to a Web page or document.

discussion server : A computer that stores discussion text and information about the location of the file being discussed.

discussion thread : In an online forum, such as a newsgroup, a series of messages or articles in which replies to a message are nested directly under it, instead of the messages being arranged in chronological or alphabetical order.

document library : A folder where a collection of files is shared and the files often use the same template. Each file in a library is associated with user-defined information that is displayed in the content listing for that library.

E

Events list : A place to post important dates. By default, a view of the Events list appears on the home page.

external hyperlink : A hyperlink pointing to a page or file that is outside of the current Web site.

F

frames page : A Web page that divides a Web browser window into different scrollable areas that can independently display several Web pages. One window can remain unchanged, while the other windows change based on hyperlinks that the user selects.

FrontPage Server Extensions : A set of programs and scripts that support authoring in FrontPage and extend the functionality of a Web server.

FrontPage-patched Apache Web server : The version of Apache Web server used by FrontPage Server Extensions. The patch is available as part of the FrontPage 2002 Server Extensions download for UNIX.

full-text search index : An index that allows Web site users to perform a full-text search on a Web site. On the Windows platform, full-text search is provided by Index Server. On UNIX, it is provided by Wide Area Information Server (WAIS).

G

general discussions : Discussion comments that are associated with a whole document, rather than any particular part of the document. General discussions are displayed in the discussion pane.

H

home page : Main page of a Web site. Usually has hyperlinks to other pages, both within and outside the site. One Web site can contain many home pages. For example, the Microsoft home page contains a Products home page, which contains other home pages.

HTML Administration Pages : Web pages with options for managing your team Web site or a FrontPage2002-based Web. Use the Server Administration pages to set up a server and use the Site Administration pages to manage Web settings such as accounts.

hyperlink : Colored and underlined text or a graphic that you click to go to a file, a location in a file, an HTML page on the World Wide Web, or an HTML page on an intranet. Hyperlinks can also go to newsgroups and to Gopher, Telnet, and FTP sites.

I

iCalendar : An Internet standard for creating and sharing electronic calendaring and scheduling information

image file cache : An area of cached memory that stores data about images in a Web site. In SharePoint Team Services, the image file cache stores HEIGHT and WIDTH property information about the images on a Web page.

import : Copying data from a client program, such as Microsoft Excel 2002, into the team Web site.

include file cache : In FrontPage, you can use the Include Page component to insert other pages into the current page. This area of cached memory stores data about these included files.

inline discussion : Discussion comments that are associated with a particular paragraph, image or table. In a Web browser, inline discussions are displayed in the body of the document; in a Microsoft Word document, they are displayed in the discussion pane.

in-memory document cache : Same as active memory. An area of cached memory that stores Web pages and allows for quicker save and recalculation processes.

Internet Services Manager : An administration tool included with Windows 2000 used for administering Internet Information Services.

ISAPI : A Web server application-development interface, developed by Process Software and Microsoft, that can be used in place of CGI. Stands for Internet Server Application Programming Interface.

J

JavaScript : A cross-platform, World Wide Web scripting language. JavaScript code is inserted directly into an HTML page. JavaScript makes it possible to build Java programs.

L

LAN : A computer network technology designed to connect computers separated by a short distance. A local area network (LAN) can be connected to the Internet and can also be configured as an intranet.

link bar : A collection of graphic or text buttons representing hyperlinks to pages both within your Web site and to external sites.

list, interactive list : A Web site component that stores and displays information that users can add to by using their browsers.

list field : One of a set of elements that comprises an item in a list, document library, discussion board, survey. On a form, list fields enable users to enter data; in a view, list fields display data.

list form : A set of data-entry fields on a page that are processed on a Web server that is running SharePoint Team Services. List forms enable users to add, modify, and remove items in lists, document libraries, and surveys.

local administrators group : The group of users who have permission to perform administrative tasks on the local server computer. The permissions for this group are set by using the administration tools for the operating system.

Lock files : System files that ensure that information on the Web site can only be altered by users with sufficient access rights.

M

Manage Lists right : A right that allows a user to add, modify, and remove lists, document libraries, discussion boards, and surveys.

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) : In Windows NT version 4.0 and Windows 2000, a utility designed to manage servers and services through a common user interface. MMC snap-ins include FrontPage Server Extensions, Internet Information Server (IIS), and SQL Server.

MSDE : Microsoft Data Engine. A data store based on Microsoft SQL Server technology, but designed and optimized for use on smaller computer systems, such as a single user computer or a small workgroup server.

multi-hosting : The ability of a Web server to support more than one Internet address and more than one home page. Also called multi-homing.

N

network domain name : A group of users in a network who share a common set of shared resources, such as server disk drives and printers. A large network may have several domains based upon the needs of each set of users.

network place : A folder on a network file server, Web server, or Exchange 2000 server. Create a shortcut to a network place to work with files there. Some network places, such as document libraries, have features not available with local folders.

P

properties : A named attribute of a control, field, or object that you set to define one of the object's characteristics (such as size, color, or screen location) or an aspect of its behavior (such as whether the object is hidden).

Q

Quick Launch bar : A link bar that appears on the home page of a SharePoint team Web site and contains hyperlinks to specific pages within the team Web site

R

recalculate web : A feature that checks a Web site's hyperlinks to see if they are valid. This feature also performs other tasks such as deleting unused themes and updating component information on the server.

relative URL : The Internet address of a page relative to the Internet address of the current page. For example, the relative URL Doc/Sample.htm refers to the page Sample.htm in the folder Doc, below the current folder.

remote host : A Web server on a separate server computer. A remote host is connected to other servers by way of a network connection.

Rights : Permission to perform specific actions with site content, such as viewing or modifying a page. Rights are enabled or disabled for a user role. Users can perform only those actions allowed by the rights assigned to their role.

Role : A collection of rights that can be assigned to a user account. You can use the default roles, modify them, or create your own custom roles.

root web : The default, top-level Web provided by a Web server or virtual server. To access the root Web, you supply the URL of the server without specifying a page name or subweb.

row : The set of information, stored in a set of columns, that constitutes an item in a list, document library, discussion board, or survey.

S

scripting language : A programming language designed specifically for Web site programming. Examples include JavaScript and VBScript.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) : A proposed open standard that was developed by Netscape Communications for establishing a secure communications channel to prevent the interception of critical information, such as credit card numbers.

server health : A set of tests that you can run to help ensure the integrity of your Web site system files and security settings. You can also make sure that the information in your team Web site database is current with your Web site files.

SMTP mail server : An e-mail server that uses the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. SMTP is available with Windows NT Server version 4.0 and Windows 2000 Server.

SQL server : A network or Web server that uses the standardized query language protocol for requesting information from a database.

subscription : A feature that notifies a user by e-mail when there is a change to a file or a folder on the Web site. For example, a user who subscribes to a document library receives an e-mail message when someone adds or removes a library file.

subweb, child web : A named subdirectory of the root Web that is a complete Web site. Each subweb can have independent administration, authoring and browsing permissions from the root Web and other subwebs.

survey : A Web site component that enables users to respond to a set of questions specified by the creator of the survey. Results are tallied in a graphical summary.

T

Tasks list : Provides a to-do list for team members.

template : A file or files that contain the structure and tools for shaping such elements as the style and page layout of finished files. For example, Microsoft Word templates can shape a single document, and Microsoft FrontPage templates can shape an entire Web site. 

theme : A theme applies a set of coordinated graphic elements to a document, page or across all pages in a Web site.  Themes can consist of designs and color schemes for fonts, navigation bars, and other page elements.

top link bar : A link bar that appears across the top of every page in a SharePoint team Web site and contains hyperlinks to sections of the site, such as Document Libraries.

U

URL (Uniform Resource Locator) : An address that specifies a protocol (such as HTTP or FTP) and a location of an object, document, World Wide Web page, or other destination on the Internet or an intranet. Example: http://www.microsoft.com/.

usage analysis : Data collected to evaluate how the Web site is being used, such as visitor user names, how often each page was visited, and the types of Web browsers used.

V

VBScript (Visual Basic Scripting Edition) : A subset of the Visual Basic for Applications programming language optimized for Web-related programming. As with JavaScript, code for VBScript is embedded in HTML documents.

vCard : The Internet standard for creating and sharing virtual business cards.

view : A set of fields on a Web page that display items in a list or document library. The view can display sorted or filtered items, a selection of fields, or a custom layout.

view bar : A region on a page that displays a list, document library, discussion board, or survey that enables you to select among different views.

View Lists right : A right that allows a user to view items in a list, document library, discussion board, or survey. They cannot add, modify, or remove the items.

virtual server : One of multiple Web sites running on the same server, each with a unique domain name and IP address. A Web server that supports virtual servers is called a multi-hosting Web server.

W

Web address : The path to an object, document, file, page, or other destination. An address can be a URL (Web address) or a UNC path (network address), and can include a specific location within a file, such as a bookmark within a document or a cell range within a spreadsheet.

Web Query : In Microsoft Excel, a query that retrieves data stored on your intranet or the Internet.

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