Export (0) Print
Expand All

Diskshadow

Published: April 17, 2012

Updated: April 17, 2012

Applies To: Windows 8, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2012

DiskShadow.exe is a tool that exposes the functionality offered by the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS). By default, DiskShadow uses an interactive command interpreter similar to that of DiskRAID or DiskPart. DiskShadow also includes a scriptable mode.

noteNote
Membership in the local Administrators group, or equivalent, is the minimum required to run DiskShadow.

For examples of how to use DiskShadow commands, see Examples.

For interactive mode, type the following at the command prompt to start the DiskShadow command interpreter:

diskshadow

For script mode, type the following, where script.txt is a script file containing DiskShadow commands:

diskshadow -s script.txt

You can run the following commands in the DiskShadow command interpreter or through a script file:

 

Parameter Description

Set

Sets the context, options, verbose mode, and metadata file for creating shadow copies.

Simulate restore

Tests writer involvement in restore sessions on the computer without issuing PreRestore or PostRestore events to writers.

Load metadata

Loads a metadata .cab file prior to importing a transportable shadow copy or loads the writer metadata in the case of a restore.

Writer

Verifies that a writer or component is included or excludes a writer or component from the backup or restore procedure.

Add

Adds volumes to the set of volumes that are to be shadow copied, or adds aliases to the alias environment.

Create

Starts the shadow copy creation process, using the current context and option settings.

Exec

Executes a file on the local computer.

Begin backup

Starts a full backup session.

End backup

Ends a full backup session and issues a BackupComplete event with the appropriate writer state, if needed.

Begin restore

Starts a restore session and issues a PreRestore event to involved writers.

End restore

Ends a restore session and issues a PostRestore event to involved writers.

Reset

Resets DiskShadow to the default state.

List

Lists writers, shadow copies, or currently registered shadow copy providers that are on the system.

Delete shadows

Deletes shadow copies.

Import

Imports a transportable shadow copy from a loaded metadata file into the system.

Mask

Removes hardware shadow copies that were imported by using the import command.

Expose

Exposes a persistent shadow copy as a drive letter, share, or mount point.

Unexpose

Unexposes a shadow copy that was exposed by using the expose command.

Break

Disassociates a shadow copy volume from VSS.

Revert

Reverts a volume back to a specified shadow copy.

Exit

Exits DiskShadow.

  • At a minimum, only add and create are necessary to create a shadow copy. However, this will forfeit the context and option settings, will be a copy backup, and will only create a shadow copy with no backup execution script.

This is a sample sequence of commands that will create a shadow copy for backup. It can be saved to file as script.dsh, and executed with DISKSHADOW /s script.dsh

Assume the following:

  • You have an existing directory called c:\diskshadowdata.

  • Your system volume is C: and your data volume is D:.

  • You have a backupscript.cmd file in c:\diskshadowdata.

  • Your backupscript.cmd file will perform the copy of shadow data p: and q: to your backup drive.

You can enter these commands manually or script them:

#DiskShadow script file
set context persistent nowriters
set metadata c:\diskshadowdata\example.cab
set verbose on
begin backup
add volume c: alias SystemVolumeShadow
add volume d: alias DataVolumeShadow

create

expose %SystemVolumeShadow% p:
expose %DataVolumeShadow% q:
exec c:\diskshadowdata\backupscript.cmd
end backup
#End of script

Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft