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Event ID 1001 — DHCP Client Lease Validity

Updated: December 11, 2007

Applies To: Windows Server 2008

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Each time a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client starts, it requests IP addressing information from a DHCP server, including:

  • IP address
  • Subnet mask
  • Additional configuration parameters, such as a default gateway address, Domain Name System (DNS) server addresses, a DNS domain name, and Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) server addresses

When a DHCP server receives a request, it selects an available IP address from a pool of addresses defined in its database (along with other configuration parameters) and offers it to the DHCP client. If the client accepts the offer, the IP addressing information is leased to the client for a specified period of time.

Event Details

Product: Windows Operating System
ID: 1001
Source: Microsoft-Windows-DHCP-Client
Version: 6.0
Symbolic Name: EVENT_FAILED_TO_OBTAIN_LEASE
Message: Your computer was not assigned an address from the network (by the DHCP server) for the network adapter with MAC address %1. The following error occurred:
%2. Your computer will continue to try to obtain an address on its own from the DHCP server.

Resolve

Identify and fix any network connectivity problems

To resolve this issue, identify and fix any network connectivity problems between the‚  DHCP server and domain controller by doing the following:

  • Determine if there is a network connectivity problem by using the ping command.
  • Perform additional troubleshooting steps, if necessary, to help identify the cause of the problem.

To perform these tasks, refer to the following sections.

Note: The following procedures include steps for using the ping command to perform troubleshooting. Therefore, before performing these steps, check whether the firewall or Internet Protocol security (IPsec) settings on your network allow Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) traffic. ICMP is the TCP/IP protocol that is used by the ping command.

To perform these procedures, you must have membership in the local Administrators group, or you must have been delegated the appropriate authority.

Determine if there is a network connectivity problem

To determine if there is a network connectivity problem between the‚  DHCP‚  server and domain controller:

  1. At the DHCP server, click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then click OK.
  2. At the command prompt, type ping server_FQDN, where server_FQDN is the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the domain controller (for example, server1.contoso.com), and then press ENTER.

If the ping was successful, you will receive a reply similar to the following:

Reply from IP_address: bytes=32 time=3ms TTL=59

Reply from IP_address: bytes=32 time=20ms TTL=59

Reply from IP_address: bytes=32 time=3ms TTL=59

Reply from IP_address: bytes=32 time=6ms TTL=59

  1. At the command prompt, type ping IP_address, where IP_address is the IP address of the domain controller, and then press ENTER.

If you can successfully ping the domain controller by IP address, but not by FQDN, this indicates a possible issue with DNS host name resolution.

If you cannot successfully ping the domain controller by IP address, this indicates a possible issue with network connectivity, firewall configuration, or IPsec configuration.

Perform additional troubleshooting steps

The following are some additional troubleshooting steps that you can perform to help identify the root cause of the problem:

  • Ping other computers on the network to help determine the extent of the network connectivity issue.
  • If you can ping other servers but not the domain controller, try to ping the domain controller from another computer. If you cannot ping the domain controller from any computer, first ensure that the domain controller is running. If the domain controller is running, check the network settings on the domain controller.
  • Check the TCP/IP settings on the local computer by doing the following:
  1. Click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then click OK.
  2. At the command prompt, type ipconfig /all, and then press ENTER. Make sure that the information listed is correct.
  3. Type ping localhost to verify that TCP/IP is installed and correctly configured on the local computer. If the ping is unsuccessful, this may indicate a corrupt TCP/IP stack or a problem with your network adapter.
  4. Type ping IP_address, where IP_address is the IP address assigned to the computer. If you can ping the localhost address but not the local address, there may be an issue with the routing table or with the network adapter driver.
  5. Type ping DNS_server, where DNS_server is the IP address assigned to the DNS server. If there is more than one DNS server on your network, you should ping each one. If you cannot ping the DNS servers, this indicates a potential problem with the DNS servers, or with the network between the computer and the DNS servers.
  6. If the domain controller is on a different subnet, try to ping the default gateway. If you cannot ping the default gateway, this might indicate a problem with the network adapter, the router or gateway device, cabling, or other connectivity hardware.
  • In Device Manager, check the status of the network adapter. To open Device Manager, click Start, click Run, type devmgmt.msc, and then click OK.
  • Check network connectivity indicator lights on the computer and at the hub or router. Check network cabling.
  • Check firewall settings by using the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security snap-in.
  • Check IPsec settings by using the IP Security Policy Management snap-in.

Verify

To verify that the computer has a valid lease:

  1. At the DHCP-enabled client computer, click Start, in Start Search type cmd, and then press ENTER.
  2. To verify a DHCP client lease, type ipconfig /all to view lease-status information.
  3. The output of the ipconfig command should show an IPv4 or IPv6 address marked "preferred."

Related Management Information

DHCP Client Lease Validity

DHCP Infrastructure

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