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Analyzing security and viewing results

Updated: January 21, 2005

Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2

Analyzing security and viewing results

Security Configuration and Analysis performs security analysis by comparing the current state of system security against an analysis database. During creation, the analysis database uses at least one security template. If you choose to import more than one security template, the database will merge the various templates and create one composite template. It resolves conflicts in order of import; the last template that is imported takes precedence.

Viewing security analysis results

Security Configuration and Analysis displays the analysis results by security area, using visual flags to indicate problems. It displays the current system and base configuration settings for each security attribute in the security areas. To change the analysis database settings, right-click the entry and click Properties.

 

Visual flag Meaning

Red X

The entry is defined in the analysis database and on the system, but the security setting values do not match.

Green check

The entry is defined in the analysis database and on the system and the setting values match.

Question mark

The entry is not defined in the analysis database and, therefore, was not analyzed.

If an entry is not analyzed, it may be that it was not defined in the analysis database or that the user who is running the analysis may not have sufficient permission to perform analysis on a specific object or area.

Exclamation point

This item is defined in the analysis database, but does not exist on the actual system. For example, there may be a restricted group that is defined in the analysis database but does not actually exist on the analyzed system.

No highlight

The item is not defined in the analysis database or on the system.

If you choose to accept the current settings, the corresponding value in the base configuration is modified to match them. If you change the system setting to match the base configuration, the change will be reflected when you configure the system with Security Configuration and Analysis.

To avoid continued flagging of settings that you have investigated and determined to be reasonable, you can modify the base configuration. The changes are made to a copy of the template.

For more information, see Analyze system security, Resolving security discrepancies, and Security Setting Descriptions.

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