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Numbering your network

Updated: January 21, 2005

Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2

Numbering your network

For private TCP/IP networks that are not directly or indirectly connected to the Internet, you can use any range of valid IP addresses from Class A, B, or C.

For private TCP/IP networks that are indirectly connected to the Internet by using a network address translator (NAT) or an application layer gateway such as a proxy server, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) recommends that you use the private IP addresses shown in the following table.

 

Private network ID Subnet mask Range of IP addresses

10.0.0.0

255.0.0.0

10.0.0.1 - 10.255.255.254

172.16.0.0

255.240.0.0

172.16.0.1 - 172.31.255.254

192.168.0.0

255.255.0.0

192.168.0.1 - 192.168.255.254

Numbers in these ranges are reserved by IANA for private use on TCP/IP networks and are not used on the Internet.

Usually, for security reasons, you should not connect more than a few TCP/IP systems within your network directly to the Internet. For any host systems on your network that connect to the Internet, you must obtain the use of registered IP addresses from your Internet service provider (ISP).

Notes

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