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Advanced configuration

Updated: January 21, 2005

Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2

Advanced configuration

Beyond the configuration of an IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, DNS server, and WINS server, you can configure TCP/IP for:

  • Advanced IP settings

  • Advanced DNS settings

  • Advanced WINS settings

  • Advanced options

Advanced IP settings

Advanced IP settings include:

  • Multiple IP addresses

    You can use multiple IP addresses per network connection for multiple IP numbering schemes, such as public addresses used for the Internet and private addresses, and for multiple logical IP networks on the same physical network segment.

  • Multiple default gateways

    You can use TCP/IP to detect downed routers by using a feature called dead gateway detection. If multiple default gateways are configured, a failing TCP connection updates the IP routing table with the next default gateway in the list.

For more information about configuring advanced IP settings, see Configure TCP/IP for static addressing.

Advanced DNS settings

Advanced DNS settings include:

  • Multiple DNS servers

    If multiple DNS servers are configured, and TCP/IP fails to receive any response from the current DNS server, TCP/IP switches to the next DNS server.

  • Unqualified name resolution

    For unqualified names, you can configure TCP/IP to either:

    • Append the primary and connection-specific DNS suffixes to the unqualified name for DNS queries.

    • Append a series of configured DNS suffixes to the unqualified name for DNS queries.

  • Connection-specific DNS suffixes

    You can configure each connection in Network Connections to have its own DNS suffix, in addition to the primary DNS suffix that is configured for the computer on the Computer Name tab (available in System in Control Panel).

  • DNS dynamic update behavior

    If you have DNS servers that support DNS dynamic update (such as the Windows 2000 DNS service or the Windows Server 2003 DNS service), you can enable the DNS dynamic update of the domain name and IP addresses for the computer. If you configure a connection-specific DNS suffix, you can also enable the DNS dynamic update of the domain name and IP addresses for the connection.

For more information about configuring advanced DNS settings, see Configure TCP/IP to use DNS.

Advanced WINS settings

Advanced WINS settings include:

  • Multiple WINS servers

    If multiple WINS servers are configured, and TCP/IP fails to receive any response from the current WINS server, TCP/IP switches to the next WINS server.

  • Enabling and disabling the use of the Lmhosts file

    If the Lmhosts file is enabled, TCP/IP parses the Lmhosts file found in the systemroot\System32\Drivers\Etc folder during NetBIOS name resolution. By default, the use of the Lmhosts file is enabled. For more information, see TCP/IP database files.

  • Enabling and disabling the use of NetBIOS over TCP/IP

    You can enable or disable the use of NetBIOS over TCP/IP. If the use of NetBIOS over TCP/IP is disabled, NetBIOS programs cannot run over TCP/IP. Therefore, you may not be able to connect to computers that are running an operating system other than Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows Server 2003 operating systems. By default, the use of NetBIOS over TCP/IP is specified by the settings obtained from a DHCP server.

For more information about configuring advanced WINS settings, see Configure TCP/IP to use WINS.

Note

  • You can no longer configure the NetBIOS scope ID on the WINS tab. To configure the NetBIOS scope ID, set the following registry value to the name of the scope ID that you want to use:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NetBT\Parameters\ScopeID

    Caution

    • Incorrectly editing the registry may severely damage your system. Before making changes to the registry, you should back up any valued data on the computer.

Advanced options

Advanced options include:

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