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Windows Server 2008 Glossary - O

Updated: June 10, 2009

Applies To: Windows Server 2008

For more Windows Server terms, see either the Windows Server 2008 R2 Glossary or the Windows Server 2003 Glossary.

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The integrity level of an object, stored in a token or an object’s system access control list (SACL). The access check algorithm uses the object protection level to perform Mandatory Integrity Control (MIC).

A set of tools, documentation, and samples that enable OEMs to preinstall Windows efficiently on new computers according to the terms of the OEM Licensing Agreement.

A state that marks a component in a failover cluster or server cluster as unavailable. A node in an offline state is either inactive or not running. Clustered services and applications, and the resources within them, also have an offline state.

A trust relationship between two domains in which only one of the two domains trusts the other domain. For example, domain A trusts domain B, and domain B does not trust domain A. One-way trusts are often used to enable authenticated access to resource domains.

A trust relationship between two domains in which only one of the two domains trusts the other domain. For example, domain A trusts domain B, and domain B does not trust domain A. One-way trusts are often used to enable authenticated access to resource domains.

A state that marks a component in a failover cluster or server cluster as available. When a node is online, it is an active member of the cluster and can own and run clustered services and applications, honor cluster database updates, contribute votes to the quorum algorithm, and maintain heartbeats. Clustered services and applications, and the resources within them, also have an online state.

A content file that can be used to store content to display in the customizable areas of Windows Welcome, Welcome Center, and the Get Connected Wizard.

A volume that contains an operating system (for example, Windows Vista) that can be loaded by Windows Boot Manager. A given system can have multiple operating system volumes. The operating system on the current volume can be started only if it has an entry in the Boot Configuration Data (BCD).

A set of tools, documentation, and samples that enable OEMs to preinstall Windows efficiently on new computers according to the terms of the OEM Licensing Agreement.

A claim in intermediate or normalized form within an organization's namespace.

A version of elevation prompt that allows an administrator to enter administrative credentials to allow a process to run with the full access token of the administrator during the standard user session.

A version of elevation prompt that allows an administrator to enter administrative credentials to allow a process to run with the full access token of the administrator during the standard user session.

A password that the user sets when the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is enabled. An owner password is required to turn the TPM on or off, and to use certain TPM functions.

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