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Verifying Active Directory Installation

Updated: May 27, 2010

Applies To: Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

There are several verification tasks that you can perform on a computer on which Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) has been newly installed. Successfully completing the requirements of each verification task will provide a strong indication of a healthy, operational domain controller.

The individual procedures in this task are provided so that you can test specific criteria to determine the health of an Active Directory installation. To thoroughly test the domain controller for all directory service issues, you can run the dcdiag /v command. The output of this command provides detailed information about the conditions on the domain controller. For information about using the Dcdiag.exe command-line tool, see Dcdiag (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=104689).

Task requirements

The following tools are recommended to perform the procedures for this task:

  • Active Directory Sites and Services

  • DNS Manager

  • Event Viewer

  • Dcdiag.exe

  • Ntdsutil.exe

To complete this task, perform the following procedures:

  1. Determine Whether a Server Object Has Child Objects

  2. Verify That an IP Address Maps to a Subnet and Determine the Site Association

    Check that the new domain controller is located in the correct site so that the new domain controller can locate replication partners and become part of the replication topology.

  3. Move a Server Object to a New Site

    If you have performed an unattended installation and the domain controller was not placed in the site that you expected, you can move the server object to the correct site.

  4. Configure DNS Server Forwarders

  5. Complete all procedures for the Verifying DNS Configuration task.

  6. Check the Status of the SYSVOL and Netlogon Shares

  7. Verify DNS Registration and TCP/IP Connectivity

  8. Verify a Domain Computer Account for a New Domain Controller

  9. Verify Active Directory Replication

  10. Verify the Availability of the Operations Masters

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