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NTDS Object

The NTDS object contains performance counters that provide statistics about Active Directory performance. For example, there are several counters associated with the directory replication agent (DRA), which monitors replication activity. Because there are many performance counters from which to choose, you first need to determine the statistics you want to monitor and then find the matching performance counter.

These counters can also help during capacity planning by providing some baseline analysis. For example, you can create events that run whenever performance exceeds your baseline criteria. Typically, counters that are suited for capacity planning contain the word "Total" in their name, and come in three types:

  • Statistic . Shows total actions per second. For example, the counter DRA Inbound Properties Total/Sec shows the total number of object properties received from inbound replication partners.

  • Ratio . Shows the percentage of total activity. For example, the counter DS % Writes from LDAP shows the percentage of directory writes coming from LDAP queries.

  • Accumulative . Shows activity since the last start of the computer. For example, the counter DRA Inbound Bytes Total Since Boot shows the total number of inbound bytes replicated, the sum of the number of bytes of uncompressed data (never compressed) and compressed data (after compression).

Each counter has its own guidelines and limits. The counters listed in Table 8.1 are important to performance monitoring for the reasons described.

Table   8.1 Active Directory System Monitor Counters on the NTDS Object

Counter

Description

DRA Inbound Bytes Compressed (Between Sites, After Compression)/sec

The compressed size (in bytes) of compressed replication data inbound from directory system agents (DSAs) in other sites (per second).

DRA Inbound Bytes Compressed (Between Sites, Before Compression)/sec

The uncompressed size (in bytes) of compressed replication data inbound from DSAs in other sites (per second).

DRA Inbound Bytes Not Compressed (Within Site)/sec

The uncompressed size (in bytes) of replication data that was not compressed at the source — that is, inbound from other DSAs in the same site (per second).

DRA Inbound Bytes Total/sec

The total number of bytes (per second) received through replication. It is the sum of the number of bytes of uncompressed data (never compressed) and compressed data (after compression).

DRA Inbound Full Sync Objects Remaining

The number of objects remaining until the full synchronization process is completed.

DRA Inbound Objects/sec

The number of objects received (per second) through inbound replication from replication partners.

DRA Inbound Objects Applied/sec

The number of objects received (per second) from replication partners and applied by the local directory service. This counter excludes changes that are received but not applied (for example, when the update is already made). This counter indicates how many replication updates are occurring on the server as a result of changes generated on other servers.

DRA Inbound Objects Filtered/sec

The number of objects received (per second) from replication partners that contained no updates that needed to be applied.

DRA Inbound Object Updates Remaining in Packet

The number of object updates received in the current directory replication update packet that have not yet been applied to the local server. This counter tells you whether the monitored server is receiving changes, but is taking a long time applying them to the database.

DRA Inbound Properties Applied/sec

The number of changes (per second) to object properties that are applied through inbound replication as a result of reconciliation logic.

DRA Inbound Properties Filtered/sec

The number of changes (per second) to object properties received during the replication that are already made.

DRA Inbound Properties Total/sec

The total number of changes (per second) to object properties received from replication partners.

DRA Inbound Values (DNs only)/sec

The number of values of object properties received (per second) from replication partners in which the values are for object properties that belong to distinguished names. This number includes objects that reference other objects. Values for distinguished names, such as group or distribution list memberships, are more expensive to apply than other kinds of values because a group or distribution list object can include hundreds or thousands of members. In contrast, a simple object might have only one or two attributes. A high number from this counter might explain why inbound changes are slow to be applied to the database.

DRA Inbound Values Total/sec

The total number of values of object properties received (per second) from replication partners. Each inbound object has one or more properties, and each property has zero or more values. A value of zero indicates that the property is to be removed.

DRA Outbound Bytes Compressed (Between Sites, After Compression)/sec

The compressed size (in bytes) of compressed replication data that is outbound to DSAs in other sites (per second).

DRA Outbound Bytes Compressed (Between Sites, Before Compression)/sec

The uncompressed size (in bytes) of compressed replication data outbound to DSAs in other sites (per second).

DRA Outbound Bytes Not Compressed (Within Site)/sec

The uncompressed size (in bytes) of outbound replication data that was not compressed — that is, outbound to DSAs in the same site — per second.

DRA Outbound Bytes Total/sec

The total number of bytes sent per second. It is the sum of the number of bytes of uncompressed data (never compressed) and compressed data (after compression).

DRA Outbound Objects Filtered/sec

The number of objects (per second) acknowledged by outbound replication partners that required no updates. This counter includes objects that the outbound partner did not already have.

DRA Outbound Objects/sec

The number of objects sent (per second) though outbound replication to replication partners.

DRA Outbound Properties/sec

The number of properties sent per second. This counter tells you whether a source server is returning objects or not. Sometimes, the server might stop working correctly and not return objects quickly or at all.

DRA Outbound Values (DNs only)/sec

The number values of object properties sent (per second), to replication partners in which the values are for object properties that belong to distinguished names. Values for distinguished names, such as group or distribution list memberships, are more expensive to apply than other kinds of values because a group or distribution list object can include hundreds or thousands of members. In contrast, a simple object might have only one or two attributes.

DRA Outbound Values Total/sec

The total number of values of object properties sent (per second), to replication partners.

DRA Remaining Replication Updates

The number of changes to objects that have been received in the current directory replication update packet for the DRA that have not yet been applied to the local server. A sharp decline in the rate at which objects are applied to the database indicates normal operation, while a gradual decline indicates that complex objects are being applied. This counter is a helpful gauge of whether a server is slow to replicate.

DRA Pending Replication Synchronizations

The number of directory synchronizations that are queued for this server that are not yet processed. This counter helps in determining replication backlog — the larger the number, the larger the backlog.

DRA Sync Requests Made

The number of synchronization requests made to replication partners since computer was last restarted.

DS Security Descriptor Suboperations/sec

The number of suboperations (per second) of security descriptor propagation. One operation of security descriptor propagation comprises many suboperations. There is approximately one suboperation for each object that the propagation operation causes the propagator to examine.

DS Security Descriptor Propagation Events

The number of events of Security Descriptor Propagation that are queued but not yet processed.

DS Threads in Use

The current number of threads in use by the directory service (different from the number of threads in the directory service process). This counter represents the number of threads currently servicing API calls by clients, and you can use it to determine whether additional CPUs would be beneficial.

LDAP Client Sessions

The number of sessions of connected LDAP clients.

LDAP Bind Time

The time (in milliseconds) required for the completion of the last successful LDAP binding.

Kerberos Authentications/sec

The number of times per second that clients use a client ticket to this domain controller to authenticate to this domain controller.

NTLM Authentications/sec

The number of NTLM authentications (per second) serviced by this domain controller.

LDAP Successful Binds/sec

The number LDAP bindings (per second) that occurred successfully.

LDAP Searches/sec

The number of search operations per second performed by LDAP clients.

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