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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xiii
Foreword xv
Introduction xvii
Who Is This Book For? xvii
How This Book Is Organized xviii
Conventions Used in This Book xviii
Other Server Core Resources xix
Contact the Author xix
Support xx
1 Examining Server Core 1
What Is Server Core? 1
Full vs. Server Core 3
The Server Core GUI 3
Supported Server Roles 6
Supported Optional Features 7
Server Core Architecture 9
Driver Support 10
Service Footprint 11
Why Is Server Core Useful? 14
Benefits of Server Core 14
Possible Usage Scenarios 15
Non-Usage Scenarios 16
2 Deploying Server Core 17
Planning for Installation 17
System Requirements 17
Upgrade Constraints 18
Manually Installing Server Core 18
Performing a Manual Install from DVD 18
Performing a Manual Install over the Network 20
Deploying Server Core Using the Windows AIK 21
Types of Unattended Installs 21
Installing the Windows AIK 22
Creating a Basic Answer File for Unattended Installs 23
Performing an Unattended Install from a DVD 31
Performing an Install from a Configuration Set 32
Performing an Install from Image 37
Deploying Server Core Using Windows Deployment Services 40
Deploying Server Core Using Microsoft Deployment 44
3 Initial Configuration 47
Methods for Performing Initial Configuration 47
Setting the Local Administrator Password 47
Managing Local Users and Groups 49
Changing the Computer Name 51
Configuring TCP/IP Networking Settings 53
Configuring Date and Time Settings 58
Configuring Regional and Language Settings 59
Configuring Automatic Updates 60
Configuring Windows Error Reporting 62
Participating in the Customer Experience Improvement Program 64
Activating Windows 65
Enabling Remote Desktop 67
Enabling Remote Administration of Windows Firewall 69
Joining a Domain 71
Other Initial Configuration Tasks 72
4 Installing Roles and Features 77
Understanding Roles and Features 77
Tools for Installing Roles and Features 78
Understanding Packages 79
Understanding Package Names 80
Understanding Package Dependencies 82
Enumerating Installed Roles and Features 83
Enumerating Installed Roles and Features Using Oclist 84
Using Find to Simplify the Output of Oclist 84
Enumerating Installed Roles and Features Using WMI 85
Installing and Uninstalling Roles and Features Using Ocsetup 86
Installing a Role or Feature Using Ocsetup 86
Installing the DHCP Server Role 86
Verifying Installation of the Role 86
Uninstalling the DHCP Server Role 86
Installing the Web Server (IIS) Role 87
Adding HTTP Logging to the Web Server (IIS) Role 87
Installing Roles and Features That Have Dependencies 87
Removing Roles and Features That Have Dependencies 88
Installing Multiple Roles and Features Using Ocsetup with an Answer File 88
Unattended Installation of Roles and Features 89
Sysprep Support for Server Roles 92
Permanently Removing Unneeded Roles and Features 93
5 Local Management 95
Using the Command Prompt 95
Starting the Command Prompt 95
Customizing the Command Prompt 100
Running Multiple Commands 103
Command Redirection 103
Working with Environment Variables 104
Commands for Common Tasks 107
Using Scripts 110
WMI Support in Server Core 111
Using WMIC 116
6 Remote Management 117
Using Remote Desktop 117
Enabling Remote Desktop Using Scregedit.wsf 117
Enabling Remote Desktop Using an Answer File 118
Using Scregedit.wsf to Require Network Level Authentication for Remote Desktop 119
Using an Answer File to Require Network Level Authentication for Remote Desktop 119
Using Remote Desktop to Administer Server Core 120
Using TS Remote App for Publishing Cmd to Administer Server Core 122
Managing Terminal Services on Server Core 124
Using WinRS 125
Configuring WinRM on Server Core 125
Using WinRS to Administer Server Core in a Domain 126
Using WinRS to Administer Server Core in a Workgroup 126
Requirements for Using WinRS 127
Configuring WinRM and WinRS Using Group Policy 128
Using MMC Snap-ins and RSAT 128
Using MMC Consoles to Administer Server Core in a Domain 128
Using MMC Snap-ins to Administer Server Core in a Workgroup 132
Using RSAT to Administer Server Core in a Domain 133
Installing RSAT on a Full Installation of Windows Server 2008 134
Installing RSAT on Windows Vista SP1 134
Using RSAT to Administer Server Core Remotely in a Domain 135
Using RSAT to Administer Server Core Remotely in a Workgroup 136
Using Other GUI Tools 136
Using Windows Explorer Remotely 137
Using Task Scheduler Remotely 137
Using Registry Editor Remotely 138
Using Group Policy 138
Group Policy Tools on Server Core 138
Using WMI Filters to Administer Server Core with Group Policy 138
Managing Local Group Policy on Server Core 140
Using Windows PowerShell 141
7 Active Directory Domain Services Role 143
Installing AD DS on Server Core 143
Creating a New Forest Using Unattended Dcpromo 144
Creating a New Domain Tree Using Unattended Dcpromo 158
Creating a New Child Domain Using Unattended Dcpromo 159
Installing a Replica Domain Controller into an Existing Domain Using Unattended Dcpromo 160
Removing a Domain Controller Using Unattended Dcpromo 165
Preparing an Existing Active Directory Environment for Windows Server 2008 Domain Controllers 169
Managing Server Core Domain Controllers 172
Managing Server Core Domain Controllers Using MMC Consoles 172
Managing Server Core Domain Controllers Using Command-Line Utilities 174
Performing Common Active Directory Management Tasks 175
Working with Server Core Read-Only Domain Controllers 182
Additional Limitations of RODCs 183
Preparing a Forest for RODCs 184
Installing an RODC on Server Core 185
Configuring the Password Replication Policy for an RODC 186
8 DHCP Server Role 189
Installing the DHCP Server Role on Server Core 189
Installing the DHCP Server Role from the Command Prompt 189
Installing the DHCP Server Role Using an Answer File 189
Starting the DHCP Server Service 190
Removing the DHCP Server Role 191
Managing a Server Core DHCP Server 192
Managing DHCP Servers 192
Viewing and Modifying DHCP Server Configuration 197
Creating and Managing Scopes 199
Maintaining DHCP Servers 207
9 DNS Server Role 213
Installing the DNS Server Role on Server Core 213
Installing the DNS Server Role on a Domain Controller 213
Installing the DNS Server Role from the Command Prompt 216
Installing the DNS Server Role Using an Answer File 217
Removing the DNS Server Role 218
Managing a Server Core DNS Server 218
Managing DNS Servers 218
Configuring DNS Servers 220
Creating and Managing Zones 222
Creating and Managing Resource Records 227
Performing Other DNS Management Tasks 234
Maintaining DNS Servers 240
10 File and Print Services Roles 245
Installing and Managing the File Services Role on Server Core 245
Installing File Services Role Services from the Command Line 245
Installing File Services Role Services Using an Answer File 246
Managing Disks and File Systems 247
Managing Shared Folders 266
Implementing DFS 272
Installing and Managing the Print Services Role on Server Core 282
Managing Server Core Print Servers Using Print Management 282
Managing Server Core Print Servers from the Command Line 284
11 Web Server Role 295
Understanding the Web Server Role 295
Understanding IIS 7.0 Components and Their Dependencies 295
Understanding the Limitations of IIS 7.0 on Server Core 303
Installing the Web Server Role 303
Installing a Default Web Server 304
Installing a Classic ASP Web Server 305
Installing All IIS 7.0 Components 306
Installing PHP on Server Core 306
Installing the Web Server Role Using an Answer File 307
Managing the Web Server Role 308
Using Appcmd.exe 308
Common Management Tasks 310
12 Hyper-V and Other Roles 321
Installing and Managing the Hyper-V Role on Server Core 321
Hyper-V Terminology 321
Installing the Hyper-V Role 324
Managing the Hyper-V Role 327
Installing and Managing the AD LDS Role on Server Core 348
Installing the AD LDS Role 349
Managing the AD LDS Role 349
Installing and Managing the Streaming Media Services Role on Server Core 353
Installing the Streaming Media Services Role 353
Managing the Streaming Media Services Role 354
13 Maintaining Server Core 357
Managing Services 357
Managing Services from the Command Line 357
Managing Services Using the Services Snap-in 363
Managing Devices and Device Drivers 364
Managing Devices from the Command Line 364
Managing Devices Using the Device Manager Snap-in 369
Managing Processes 371
Displaying Processes and Process Details 372
Stopping a Process 374
Starting a Process 376
Managing Scheduled Tasks 376
Managing Scheduled Tasks from the Command Line 376
Managing Scheduled Tasks Using the Task Scheduler Snap-in 380
Event Logging 382
Viewing Events from the Command Line 383
Viewing Events Using Event Viewer 390
Configuring Event Subscriptions 391
Performance Monitoring 397
Collecting and Analyzing Performance Data Using the Reliability and Performance Monitor 397
Collecting and Analyzing Performance Data from the Command Line 398
Backup and Recovery 403
Installing the Windows Server Backup Feature 404
Performing Backup and Recovery Using the Windows Server Backup Snap-in 405
Performing Backup and Recovery from the Command Line 410
Installing Software Updates 416
Installing Updates Manually 417
Viewing Installed Updates 418
Uninstalling Updates 419
Installing Applications 421
Supported Types of Applications 421
Installing and Uninstalling Applications 422
Index 425

 

 

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