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Add-History

Updated: April 21, 2010

Applies To: Windows PowerShell 2.0

Appends entries to the session history.

Syntax

Add-History [[-InputObject] <PSObject[]>] [-PassThru] [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Add-History cmdlet adds entries to the end of the session history, that is, the list of commands entered during the current session.

You can use the Get-History cmdlet to get the commands and pass them to Add-History, or you can export the commands to a CSV or XML file, then import the commands, and pass the imported file to Add-History. You can use this cmdlet to add specific commands to the history or to create a single history file that includes commands from more than one session.

Parameters

-InputObject <PSObject[]>

Adds the specified HistoryInfo object to the session history. You can use this parameter to submit a HistoryInfo object from Get-History, Import-Clixml, or Import-CSV to Add-History.

 

Required?

false

Position?

1

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PassThru

Returns a history object for each history entry. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

 

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This command supports the common parameters: Verbose, Debug, ErrorAction, ErrorVariable, OutBuffer, OutVariable, WarningAction, and WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters.

Inputs and Outputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet. The return type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet returns.

 

Inputs

Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.HistoryInfo

You can pipe a HistoryInfo object to Add-History.

Outputs

None or Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.HistoryInfo

When you use the PassThru parameter, Add-History generates a HistoryInfo object. Otherwise, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Notes

The session history is a list of the commands entered during the session along with the ID. The session history represents the order of execution, the status, and the start and end times of the command. As you enter each command, Windows PowerShell adds it to the history so that you can reuse it. For more information about the session history, see about_History.

To specify the commands to add to the history, use the InputObject parameter. The Add-History command accepts only HistoryInfo objects, such as those generated for each command by Get-History. You cannot pass it a path and file name or a list of commands.

You can use the -InputObject parameter to pass a file of HistoryInfo objects to Add-History. To do so, export the results of a Get-History command to a file by using Export-CSV or Export-Clixml and then import the file by using Import-CSV or Import-Clixml. You can then pass the file of imported HistoryInfo objects to Add-History through a pipeline or in a variable. For more information, see the examples.

The file of HistoryInfo objects that you pass to Add-History must include the type information, column headings, and all of the properties of the HistoryInfo objects. If you intend to pass the objects back to Add-History, do not use the NoTypeInformation parameter of Export-CSV and do not delete the type information, column headings, or any fields in the file.

To edit the session history, export the session to a CSV or XML file, edit the file, import the file, and use Add-History to append it to the current session history.

Example 1

C:\PS>get-history | export-csv c:\testing\history.csv

C:\PS>import-csv history.csv | add-history

Description

-----------

These commands add the commands typed in one Windows PowerShell session to the history of a different Windows PowerShell session. The first command gets objects representing the commands in the history and exports them to the History.csv file. The second command is typed at the command line of a different session. It uses the Import-Csv cmdlet to import the objects in the History.csv file. The pipeline operator passes the objects to the Add-History cmdlet, which adds the objects representing the commands in the History.csv file to the current session history.

Example 2

C:\PS>import-clixml c:\temp\history.xml | add-history -passthru | foreach-object {invoke-history}

Description

-----------

This command imports commands from the History.xml file, adds them to the current session history, and then executes the commands in the combined history.

The first command uses the Import-Clixml command to import a command history that was exported to the History.xml file. The pipeline operator (|) passes the commands to the Add-History parameter, which adds the commands to the current session history. The PassThru parameter passes the objects representing the added commands down the pipeline.

The command then uses the ForEach-Object cmdlet to apply the Invoke-History command to each of the commands in the combined history. The Invoke-History command is formatted as a script block, which is enclosed in braces ({}) because ForEach-Object requires a script block even when there is only one command to apply.

Example 3

C:\PS>get-history -id 5 -count 5 | add-history

Description

-----------

This command adds the first five commands in the history to the end of the history list. It uses the Get-History cmdlet to get the five commands ending in command 5. The pipeline operator (|) passes them to the Add-History cmdlet, which appends them to the current history. The Add-History command does not include any parameters, but Windows PowerShell associates the objects passed through the pipeline with the InputObject parameter.

Example 4

C:\PS>$a = import-csv c:\testing\history.csv

C:\PS>add-history -inputobject $a -passthru

Description

-----------

These commands add the commands in the History.csv file to the current session history. The first command uses the Import-Csv cmdlet to import the commands in the History.csv file and store its contents in the variable $a. The second command uses the Add-History cmdlet to add the commands from History.csv to the current session history. It uses the InputObject parameter to specify the $a variable and the PassThru parameter to generate an object to display at the command line. Without the PassThru parameter, Add-History does not generate any output to display.

Example 5

C:\PS>add-history -inputobject (import-clixml c:\temp\history01.xml)

Description

-----------

This command adds the commands in the History01.xml file to the current session history. It uses the InputObject parameter to pass the results of the command in parentheses to Add-History. The command in parentheses, which is executed first, imports the History01.xml file into Windows PowerShell. Add-History then adds the commands in the file to the session history.

See Also

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