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Glossary

.adm file

A system policy template file that defines the system policies and restrictions that you can set for the desktop, shell, and/or system security.

See also: System Policy

.bat file

Batch file. An ASCII text file containing a sequence of operating-system commands, possibly including parameters and operators supported by the batch command language. When the user types the name of the batch file at the command prompt, the computer processes the commands sequentially.

.cab file

Cabinet file. A single cabinet file that stores multiple compressed files. These files are commonly used in software installation and to reduce the file size and the associated download time for Web content.

.inf file

Information file. A file created for a particular adapter that provides the operating system with information required to set up a device, such as a list of valid logical configurations for the device, the names of driver files associated with the device, and so on. An .inf file is provided typically on a disk by the device manufacturer or may be included in the operating system.

.ins file

Internet settings file. A file that provides Windows Update Setup with Internet settings that configure the browser and associated components. You can create multiple versions of your browser package by changing the .ins file used by each package. Use the Profile Manager to create, save, and load .ins files.

A

add-on component

A component that is not included in your package, but is one that your users can install after they complete Windows Update Setup.

Authenticode

A technology that makes it possible to identify the company or individual that published a piece of software and verify that it has not changed since publication. Corporate administrators can configure security zones, preset ratings, and customize certification authorities so that their users do not download unsigned software. The administrator can also set system policies and restrictions to control whether users can modify their security settings.

auto-config URL

The location of the Internet settings (.ins) file used to configure the browser in this package. Using the .ins file, you can control the settings of several users from a central location.

auto-proxy script

In the IEAK, files in JScript (.js), JavaScript (.jvs), or proxy auto-configuration (.pac) format that enable you to configure and maintain advanced proxy settings. When an auto-proxy script file is specified, Internet Explorer uses the script to determine dynamically whether to connect directly to a host or to use a proxy server.

auto-proxy URL

The location of the auto-proxy script file. By changing this file, you can control the proxy settings of several users from a central location.

automatic configuration

A process that let corporate administrators manage and update user settings, system policies, and restrictions for Microsoft Internet Explorer from a central location. A pointer to an automatic-configuration file can be manually set within the browser or by configuring the browser installation using the IEAK.

automatic installation

See definition for: install on demand

automatic proxy

A feature that allows an administrator to configure Internet Explorer so that the browser determines dynamically whether to connect directly to a host or to use a proxy server.

automatic search

A feature of Internet Explorer which enables users to type a conversational word into the Address bar to search for frequently used pages. Users do not need to remember the exact URLs for these pages.

Automatic Version Synchronization (AVS)

A technology that automatically checks for updated versions of each Internet Explorer component every time the Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK) is run. Updated components can be downloaded from Microsoft and included in subsequent IEAK packages.

B

bandwidth

In analog communications, the difference between the highest and lowest frequencies in a given range. For example, an analog telephone line accommodates a bandwidth of 3,000 hertz (Hz), the difference between the lowest (300 Hz) and highest (3,300 Hz) frequencies it can carry. In digital communications, bandwidth is expressed in bits per second (bps).

batch-mode setup

Running the setup program from a command in a batch file or directly from a command prompt.

See also: .bat file

bitmap

A file format for images used to customize the graphics in an Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK) package.

C

cache

An area on the hard disk reserved for storing images, text, and other files the user previously viewed on the Internet.

CD Autorun screen

The first screen that appears when users install the CD-ROM version of your custom Internet Explorer package. You can customize the title bar, background, and text color that appears on this screen.

certificate

See definition for: digital certificate

channels

A channel is a Web site enabled for information-receiving programs. The mechanism that makes this possible is the Channel Definition Format (.cdf) file. Channels can be organized into categories and placed on the user's desktop.

code signing

The process of signing a completed Internet Explorer package with a digital certificate. Signing the package requires two steps: obtaining a digital certificate and signing the code.

See also: digital certificate

component

The administrator can include many Internet components from Microsoft and other companies with the Internet Explorer browser. The administrator can include many Internet components from Microsoft and other companies with the Internet Explorer browser. Examples of components are Outlook Express and Microsoft NetMeeting.

Connection Manager

A client dialer used to obtain Internet access.

Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK)

A tool for creating, editing, and managing Connection Manager profiles. The Connection Manager is a client dialer. CMAK is available in Windows 2000 server and in the Windows 2000 Administration Kit.

See also: Connection Manager; Connection Manager profile

Connection Manager profile

One way to automate a dial-up connection, similar to dial-up networking entries.

connection settings

Settings that Internet Explorer uses to connect to the Internet. Connection settings are typically collections of settings for dial-up networking entries, such as proxy settings, account and passwords, and modem configurations.

content ratings

Microsoft Internet Explorer provides a way to help administrators control the types of content that the computer can access on the Internet. The administrator can adjust the settings to reflect appropriate content in the areas of language, nudity, sex, and violence.

See also: Parental Internet Content Selection (PICS)

corporate administrator

An individual who is responsible for setting up and maintaining computers and applications across a corporation. Administrators also manage user and group accounts, assign passwords and permissions, and help users with networking issues.

custom component

A component that you include in your package, in addition to the Internet components downloaded from Microsoft using Automatic Version Synchronization (AVS).

custom package

Contains customized versions of all of the installation tools, browser code, and additional components necessary to quickly and easily deploy Internet Explorer to the organization.

customization code

A license code issued to an organization when it downloads the Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK). A customization code is not required to install the IEAK, but it is required to generate IEAK packages.

Customization wizard

See definition for: Internet Explorer Customization Wizard

D

deployment

The process of distributing and installing a software program throughout an entire organization. A deployment is not the same as a "pilot," which is where you provide the software application to a smaller group of users to identify and evaluate problems that might occur during the actual deployment.

Dial-Up Networking (DUN)

A connection to a data communications network using a public-switch telecommunications network rather than a dedicated circuit or other private network.

digital certificate

An electronic certification issued by certification authorities that shows where a program comes from and proves that the installation package has not been altered. Administrators should sign their code with a digital certificate if planning to distribute an Internet Explorer package over the Internet.

digital signature

A personal authentication method based on encryption and secret authorization codes used for "signing" electronic documents.

DNS server

A computer maintained by an ISP that matches IP addresses to host names. Some ISPs provide a specific DNS address.

domain name

Name of the network connection used by DNS that defines the owner of that organization in a hierarchical format: server.organization.type. For example, www.whitehouse.gov identifies the Web server at the White House, which is part of the U.S. government. In an e-mail address, the domain name is located after the "@" sign.

Domain Name System (DNS)

A set of guidelines and rules developed by the Internet community at large, which allows the use of both domain name addresses (such as bluestem.prairienet.org) and IP addresses (such as 192.12.3.4) to navigate the Internet. The domain name address is used by human users and is automatically translated into the numerical IP address, which is used by packet-routing software.

download site

An HTTP or FTP server where users can download your package. If a connection times out, Windows Update Setup attempts to connect to the next download site specified in IE5Sites.dat to continue the setup process at the beginning of the .cab file.

See also: .cab file

Dynamic HTML

A collection of features that extends the capabilities of traditional HTML, giving Web authors more flexibility, design options, and creative control over the appearance and behavior of Web pages.

See also: HTML

E

electronic software distribution (ESD)

A secure communications system that customers use to download and pay for software. This can operate over the Internet or on a direct modem-to-modem connection. ESD systems can let users use software for a trial period before purchasing.

encryption

The process of disguising a message or data in such a way as to hide its substance.

F

Favorites

Predefined links to Web sites. Favorites are also known as "bookmarks." Favorites in Internet Explorer can be configured to automatically notify the user when content changes.

file path

The physical location of the distribution files on a Web server. For example, "C:\inetpub\wwwroot\ie5\download."

folder Webviews

Administrators can customize how My Computer and Control Panel appear on a company's computers by customizing the HTTP files that serve as templates for them. Folder Webviews require Windows Desktop Update to be installed.

G

gateway

A device connected to multiple physical TCP/IP networks capable of routing or delivering IP packets between them. A gateway translates between different transport protocols or data formats (for example, IPX and IP) and is generally added to a network primarily for its translation ability.

In the context of interoperating with Novell NetWare networks, a gateway acts as a bridge between the server message block (SMB) protocol used by Windows networks and the NetWare core protocol (NCP) used by NetWare networks. A gateway is also called an IP router.

H

hands-free installation

Configuring Windows Update Setup so that users aren't prompted to make decisions and are informed of the installation progress and errors. This option is only available to corporate administrators.

See also: silent installation

home page

In the context of Internet Explorer, the home page is the first page users see when they start the browser. "Home page" is also a more general term for the main page of a Web site, which usually contains a main menu or table of contents with links to other pages within the site.

HTML

The language used to create and design Web pages. HTML is a set of tags that Web authors use to create page layout, format text, insert graphics and multimedia, and more.

HTTP

See definition for: Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

A simple markup language used to create hypertext documents that are portable from one platform to another. HTML files are simple ASCII text files with codes embedded (indicated by markup tags) to denote formatting and hypertext links.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

A protocol that makes hypertext information, such as Web pages, available over the Internet when a browser is connected to an appropriate server.

I

IEAK

See definition for: Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK)

IMAP

Internet Message Access Protocol. A popular protocol for receiving e-mail messages. It allows an e-mail client to access and manipulate a remote e-mail file without downloading it to the local computer. It is used mainly by corporate users who want to read their e-mail from a remote location.

See also: POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3)

IMAP server

A server that uses IMAP to provide access to multiple server-side folders.

See also: IMAP; POP3 server

independent software vendor (ISV)

A third-party software developer; an individual or an organization that independently creates computer software.

install on demand

A feature that prompts a user to install components not already installed on their machine, when the user views a Web page requiring that component. The IEAK lets you restrict the availability of this feature to your users.

Integrated Services Digital Networking (ISDN)

A worldwide digital-communication networking system, which is available from most telephone companies. ISDN is used for high-speed communication with the Internet, commercial online services, or corporate networks.

Internet Component Download service

A system service for downloading and installing software from Web sites on the Internet and intranets. This service also provides certificate checking. Internet Component Download is supported by Microsoft Internet Explorer version 3.0 and later.

Internet Content Provider (ICP)

An organization that prepares content for posting to the Web.

Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK)

A set of tools that enables corporate administrators, ISPs, and ICPs to create, distribute, and manage customized Internet Explorer packages across an organization. The IEAK contains the Internet Explorer Customization Wizard, the IEAK Profile Manager and the IEAK Toolkit.

Internet Explorer Customization Wizard

The primary component of the Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK), used to generate a customized version of Internet Explorer for installation in a specific organization.

Internet sign-up server (ISS)

An HTTP server that automates the task of adding new customers to an ISP's customer database. The Internet sign-up server collects information from each customer, adds the information to the ISP's customer database, and then passes a configuration packet back to the customer's desktop computer. The configuration packet contains information that is used to configure the customer's Internet browser for subsequent connection to the ISP's services.

ISDN

See definition for: Integrated Services Digital Networking (ISDN)

ISV

See definition for: independent software vendor (ISV)

J

There are no glossary terms that begin with this letter.

K

kiosk mode start page

A page in kiosk (full-screen) mode, in which the browser toolbar and menu bar are not displayed, that appears after the user has installed Internet Explorer.

L

lab

A collection of non-production machines used to test an Internet Explorer package. The lab is not the same as a pilot group.

LDAP

See definition for: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)

legacy

Any feature in the computer system based on older technology for which compatibility continues to be maintained in other system components.

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)

An open standard for storing and retrieving people's names, e-mail addresses, phone numbers, and other information. The Windows Address Book supports LDAP for accessing directory services, and it comes with built-in access to several popular directory services. Administrators can specify an additional service for their users.

M

media

Physical material used for storing computer-based information. Typical media choices for IEAK package distribution are CD-ROM, Web download, or floppy disk.

MIME

See definition for: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME)

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME)

A standard that extends SMTP to allow the transmission of such data as video, sound, and binary files across the Internet without translating the data into ASCII format.

See also: SMTP

N

name resolution

The process used on the network for resolving a computer address as a computer name. Name resolution enables computers to find and connect to other computers on the network.

O

There are no glossary terms that begin with this letter.

P

Parental Internet Content Selection (PICS)

Rules that enable Web content providers to use meta tags to voluntarily rate their content according to agreed-upon PICS criteria. A browser can then block user access to Web sites based on the values of the tags.

See also: content ratings

passport

A single sign-in service that lets you use a single name and password on multiple participating Web sites.

PICS

See definition for: Parental Internet Content Selection (PICS)

pilot group

A representative sample of production machines that are used to test an Internet Explorer package before a full deployment to the entire organization. Unlike a test lab, a pilot group uses production machines and users.

See also: deployment

platform

A type of client, such as Windows 2000, Windows NT4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows 3.x, Macintosh, or UNIX.

POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3)

A popular protocol used for receiving e-mail messages. This protocol is often used by ISPs. POP3 servers allow access to a single Inbox in contrast to IMAP servers, which provide access to multiple server-side folders.

See also: SMTP; IMAP

POP3 server

A server that provides access to a single Inbox.

See also: IMAP server

Profile Manager

A tool in the Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK) used by corporate administrators to create and dynamically manage browser and desktop automatic configuration settings.

proxy

A firewall and content cache server that provides Internet security and improves network performance.

Q

Quick Launch bar

A special toolbar area located next to the Start button, designed to provide users with easy access to the Web, e-mail, the desktop, and other basic system services, and to programs or other icons they use most frequently. This toolbar is generally reserved for the user to customize.

R

RAS

See definition for: Remote Access Service (RAS)

realms

A feature of the Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK) that provide a prefix (such as company) or suffix (such as @company.com) to a user name when connecting to a Connection Manager service.

See also: Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK); Connection Manager

registry

A database repository for information about a computer's configuration. The registry contains information that Windows continually references during operation, such as:

Profiles for each user.

The programs installed on the computer and the types of documents each can create.

Property settings for folders and program icons.

What hardware exists on the system.

Which ports are being used.

The registry is organized hierarchically as a tree and is made up of keys and their subkeys, hives, and value entries.

registry key

An identifier for a record or group of records in the registry.

Remote Access Service (RAS)

A Windows NT 4.0 service that provides remote networking for telecommuters, mobile workers, and system administrators who monitor and manage servers at multiple offices.

S

Secure Password Authentication (SPA)

A protocol where the server uses an encrypted password to confirm the identity of the user.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

A protocol that supplies secure data communication through data encryption and decryption. This protocol enables communications privacy over networks through a combination of public-key cryptography and bulk data encryption.

security

On a network, protection of a computer system and its data from harm or loss, implemented especially so that only authorized users can gain access to shared files.

security zone

In Internet Explorer, a segment of the Internet or intranet assigned a particular level of security, depending on how much the administrator trusts the content of the Web site. Security zones allow an administrator to restrict user access to certain Web sites.

server-based sign-up

See definition for: sign-up package

Shell Integration

One of the two components installed with Windows Desktop Update. Shell Integration enables users to browse their computers in the same way they browse the Web. Users will find the Go and Favorites menus everywhere.

sign-up package

A set of HTML pages that collect sign-up information from the customer and transfers that information, on demand, to the ISP's sign-up server. The sequence of pages guides the customer through the sign-up process, much like a wizard in a Windows-based program.

See also: Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

silent installation

Configuring Windows Update Setup so that users are not prompted to make decisions about installation options and are not informed of the installation progress or errors. This option is only available to corporate administrators.

See also: hands-free installation

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)

A member of the TCP/IP suite of protocols that governs the exchange of electronic mail between message transfer agents.

single-disk branding

Customizing an existing installation of Internet Explorer, including Internet sign-up for ISPs, without reinstalling Internet Explorer. This option does not enable you to package and install custom components.

SMTP

See definition for: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)

System Policy

A Windows NT 4.0-style policy based on registry settings made using Poledit.exe, the System Policy Editor.

See also: registry

System Policy Editor

The utility Poledit.exe, used by administrators to set system policy on Windows NT 4.0-based and Windows 95-based computers.

T

title bar text

The text at the top of a program window. Title bar text can be branded for several parts of an Internet Explorer package, including the browser itself, the CD Autorun screen, and Outlook Express.

When you customize the title bar text for Internet Explorer, the text is also added to Outlook Express. The Outlook Express title bar is updated if you distribute Outlook Express as part of your package, or if it is already installed on your user's computer.

U

URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

A Web address, such as "http://www.microsoft.com".

Usenet

Usenet groups are also called newsgroups. They are text-based newsgroups that serve as bulletin boards that any user can post to.

user agent string

Text that identifies the specific version and origin of the browser.

V

versioning

There are two types of Internet Explorer versioning: Each Internet Explorer package is assigned a version number, and versioning can be enforced so that older packages are not allowed to overwrite newer versions of the same package. Individual components in Internet Explorer are also versioned, and the component does not download or install if a compatible version of the component already exists on the client machine. The version number contains a two-letter code denoting the mode you used when building the IEAK package (IC for Internet content providers, IS for Internet service providers, and CO for corporate administrators).

virtual machine

A program that provides an independent operating system environment within another operating system. A virtual machine permits the user to run programs that are native to a different operating system.

W

watermark

A bitmap that is displayed behind the Internet Explorer toolbar. Color the watermark so that it does not obscure the text or graphics of toolbar buttons.

Web path

In the context of the Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK), the Web path is the path used to connect a browser to the Internet Explorer installation files. For example, "www.mycompany.com/ie5."

Web Proxy AutoDiscovery (WPAD)

A standard networking protocol used to help Internet client software automatically locate and interface with cache services within a network.

Welcome page

The page displayed the first time the user runs Internet Explorer. Subsequently, Internet Explorer displays the user's home page each time the user starts the browser.

wildcard character

A keyboard character that can be used to represent one or many characters when conducting a query. The question mark (?) represents a single character, and the asterisk (*) represents one or more characters.

Windows Desktop Update

Windows Desktop Update consists of two components: Active Desktop and Shell Integration. Windows Desktop Update is included in Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, and Windows XP. This component is not reinstalled on machines using any of these operating systems.

Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)

A software service that dynamically maps IP addresses to computer names (NetBIOS names). This allows users to access resources by name instead of requiring them to use IP addresses that are difficult to recognize and remember. WINS servers support clients running Windows NT 4.0 and earlier versions of Microsoft operating systems.

Windows Update Setup

The setup program that installs Internet Explorer and other Internet components. The IEAK allows you to customize Windows Update Setup to provide a better experience for your users.

WINS

See definition for: Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)

X

There are no glossary terms that begin with this letter.

Y

There are no glossary terms that begin with this letter.

Z

There are no glossary terms that begin with this letter.

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