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Import-PSSession

Updated: June 24, 2011

Applies To: Windows PowerShell 2.0

Imports commands from another session into the current session.

Syntax

Import-PSSession [-Session] <PSSession> [[-CommandName] <string[]>] [[-FormatTypeName] <string[]>] [-AllowClobber] [-ArgumentList <Object[]>] [-CommandType {<Alias> | <Function> | <Filter> | <Cmdlet> | <ExternalScript> | <Application> | <Script> | <All>}] [-DisableNameChecking] [-Module <string[]>] [-Prefix <string>] [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Import-PSSession cmdlet imports commands (such as cmdlets, functions, and aliases) from a PSSession on a local or remote computer into the current session. You can import any command that Get-Command can find in the PSSession.

Use an Import-PSSession command to import commands from a customized shell, such as a Microsoft Exchange Server shell, or from a session that includes Windows PowerShell modules and snap-ins or other elements that are not in the current session.

To import commands, first use the New-PSSession cmdlet to create a PSSession. Then, use the Import-PSSession cmdlet to import the commands. By default, Import-PSSession imports all commands except for commands that have the same names as commands in the current session. To import all the commands, use the AllowClobber parameter.

You can use imported commands just as you would use any command in the session. When you use an imported command, the imported part of the command runs implicitly in the session from which it was imported. However, the remote operations are handled entirely by Windows PowerShell. You need not even be aware of them, except that you must keep the connection to the other session (PSSession) open. If you close it, the imported commands are no longer available.

Because imported commands might take longer to run than local commands, Import-PSSession adds an AsJob parameter to every imported command. This parameter allows you to run the command as a Windows PowerShell background job. For more information, see about_Jobs.

When you use Import-PSSession, Windows PowerShell adds the imported commands to a temporary module that exists only in your session and returns an object that represents the module. To create a persistent module that you can use in future sessions, use the Export-PSSession cmdlet.

The Import-PSSession cmdlet uses the implicit remoting feature of Windows PowerShell. When you import commands into the current session, they run implicitly in the original session or in a similar session on the originating computer.

Parameters

-AllowClobber

Imports the specified commands, even if they have the same names as commands in the current session.

If you import a command with the same name as a command in the current session, the imported command hides or replaces the original commands. For more information, see about_Command_Precedence.

By default, Import-PSSession does not import commands that have the same name as commands in the current session.

 

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

False

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ArgumentList <Object[]>

Imports the variant of the command that results from using the specified arguments (parameter values).

For example, to import the variant of the Get-Item command in the certificate (Cert:) drive in the PSSession in $s, type "import-pssession -session $s -command Get-Item -argumentlist cert:".

 

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

All command in the PSSession, except for commands with the same names as commands in the current session.

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CommandName <string[]>

Imports only the commands with the specified names or name patterns. Wildcards are permitted. Use "CommandName" or its alias, "Name".

By default, Import-PSSession imports all commands from the session, except for commands that have the same names as commands in the current session. This prevents imported commands from hiding or replacing commands in the session. To import all commands, even those that hide or replace other commands, use the AllowClobber parameter.

If you use the CommandName parameter, the formatting files for the commands are not imported unless you use the FormatTypeName parameter. Similarly, if you use the FormatTypeName parameter, no commands are imported unless you use the CommandName parameter.

 

Required?

false

Position?

3

Default Value

All commands in the PSSession, except for commands with the same names as commands in the current session.

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

true

-CommandType <CommandTypes>

Imports only the specified types of command objects. The default value is Cmdlet. Use "CommandType" or its alias, "Type".

Valid values are:

-- Alias: The Windows PowerShell aliases in the remote session.

-- All: The cmdlets and functions in the remote session.

-- Application: All the files other than Windows-PowerShell files in the paths that are listed in the Path environment variable ($env:path) in the remote session, including .txt, .exe, and .dll files.

-- Cmdlet: The cmdlets in the remote session. "Cmdlet" is the default.

-- ExternalScript: The .ps1 files in the paths listed in the Path environment variable ($env:path) in the remote session.

-- Filter and Function: The Windows PowerShell functions in the remote session.

-- Script: The script blocks in the remote session.

 

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

All command in the PSSession, except for commands with the same names as commands in the current session.

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DisableNameChecking

Suppresses the message that warns you when you import a cmdlet or function whose name includes an unapproved verb or a prohibited character.

By default, when a module that you import exports cmdlets or functions that have unapproved verbs in their names, the Windows PowerShell displays the following warning message:

"WARNING: Some imported command names include unapproved verbs which might make them less discoverable. Use the Verbose parameter for more detail or type Get-Verb to see the list of approved verbs."

This message is only a warning. The complete module is still imported, including the non-conforming commands. Although the message is displayed to module users, the naming problem should be fixed by the module author.

 

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

False

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-FormatTypeName <string[]>

Imports formatting instructions for the specified Microsoft .NET Framework types. Enter the type names. Wildcards are permitted.

The value of this parameter must be the name of a type that is returned by a Get-FormatData command in the session from which the commands are being imported. To get all of the formatting data in the remote session, type *.

If the command does not include either the CommandName or FormatTypeName parameters, Import-PSSession

imports formatting instructions for all .NET Framework types returned by a Get-FormatData command in the remote session.

If you use the FormatTypeName parameter, no commands are imported unless you use the CommandName parameter.

Similarly, if you use the CommandName parameter, the formatting files for the commands are not imported unless you use the FormatTypeName parameter.

 

Required?

false

Position?

4

Default Value

Types in the System.Management.Automation namespace

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

true

-Module <string[]>

Imports only the commands in the specified Windows PowerShell snap-ins and modules. Enter the snap-in and module names. Wildcards are not permitted.

Import-PSSession cannot import providers from a snap-in.

For more information, see about_PSSnapins and about_Modules.

 

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

All command in the PSSession, except for commands with the same names as commands in the current session.

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Prefix <string>

Adds the specified prefix to the nouns in the names of imported commands.

Use this parameter to avoid name conflicts that might occur when different commands in the session have the same name.

For example, if you specify the prefix "Remote" and then import a Get-Date cmdlet, the cmdlet is known in the session as Get-RemoteDate and it is not confused with the original Get-Date cmdlet.

 

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Session <PSSession>

Specifies the PSSession from which the cmdlets are imported. Enter a variable that contains a session object or a command that gets a session object, such as a New-PSSession or Get-PSSession command. You can specify only one session. This parameter is required.

 

Required?

true

Position?

1

Default Value

None

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, -OutVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters.

Inputs and Outputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet. The return type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet returns.

 

Inputs

None

You cannot pipe objects to this cmdlet.

Outputs

System.Management.Automation.PSModuleInfo

Import-PSSession returns the same module object that New-Module and Get-Module return. However, the imported module is temporary and exists only in the current session. To create a permanent module on disk, use the Export-PSSession cmdlet.

Notes

Import-PSSession relies on the Windows PowerShell remoting infrastructure. To use this cmdlet, the computer must be configured for WS-Management remoting. For more information, see about_Remote and about_Remote_Requirements.

You cannot use Import-PSSession to import variables or Windows PowerShell providers.

When you import commands that have the same names as commands in the current session, the imported commands can hide aliases, functions, and cmdlets in the session and they can replace functions and variables in the session. To avoid name conflicts, use the Prefix parameter. For more information, see about_Command_Precedence.

Help topics for commands that are imported from another session do not include the prefix that you assign by using the Prefix parameter. To get help for an imported command, use the original (non-prefixed) command name.

Import-PSSession converts all commands into functions before it imports them. As a result, imported commands behave a bit differently than they would if they retained their original command type. For example, if you import a cmdlet from a PSSession and then import a cmdlet with the same name from a module or snap-in, the cmdlet that is imported from the PSSession always runs by default because functions take precedence over cmdlets. Conversely, if you import an alias into a session that has an alias with the same name, the original alias is always used, because aliases take precedence over functions. For more information, see about_Command_Precedence.

Import-PSSession uses the Write-Progress cmdlet to display the progress of the command. You might see the progress bar while the command is running.

To find the commands to import, Import-PSSession uses the Invoke-Command cmdlet to run a Get-Command command in the PSSession. To get formatting data for the commands, it uses the Get-FormatData cmdlet. You might see error messages from Invoke-Command, Get-Command, and Get-FormatData when you run an Import-PSSession command. Also, Import-PSSession cannot import commands from a PSSession that does not include the Get-Command, Get-FormatData, Select-Object, and Get-Help cmdlets.

Imported commands have the same limitations as other remote commands, including the inability to start a program with a user interface, such as Notepad.

Because Windows PowerShell profiles are not run in PSSessions, the commands that a profile adds to a session are not available to Import-PSSession. To import commands from a profile, use an Invoke-Command command to run the profile in the PSSession manually before importing commands.

The temporary module that Import-PSSession creates might include a formatting file, even if the command does not import formatting data. If the command does not import formatting data, any formatting files that are created will not contain formatting data.

To use Import-PSSession, the execution policy in the current session cannot be Restricted or AllSigned, because the module that Import-PSSession creates contains unsigned script files that are prohibited by these policies. To use Import-PSSession without changing the execution policy for the local computer, use the Scope parameter of Set-ExecutionPolicy to set a less restrictive execution policy for a single process.

Example 1

C:\PS>$s = new-pssession -computername Server01

C:\PS> import-pssession -session $s

Description
-----------
This command imports all commands from a PSSession on the Server01 computer into the current session, except for commands that have the same names as commands in the current session. 

Because this command does not use the CommandName parameter, it also imports all of the formatting data required for the imported commands.







Example 2

C:\PS>$s = new-pssession https://ps.testlabs.com/powershell

C:\PS> import-pssession -session $s -commandname *-test -formatTypeName *

C:\PS> new-test -name test1

C:\PS> get-test test1 | run-test

Description
-----------
These commands import the commands with names that end in "-test" from a PSSession into the local session, and then they show how to use an imported cmdlet.

The first command uses the New-PSSession cmdlet to create a PSSession. It saves the PSSession in the $s variable.

The second command uses the Import-PSSession cmdlet to import commands from the PSSession in $s into the current session. It uses the CommandName parameter to specify commands with the Test noun and the FormatTypeName parameter to import the formatting data for the Test commands.

The third and fourth commands use the imported commands in the current session. Because imported commands are actually added to the current session, you use the local syntax to run them. You do not need to use the Invoke-Command cmdlet to run an imported command.







Example 3

C:\PS>$s1 = new-pssession -computername s1 

C:\PS> $s2 = new-pssession -computername s2

C:\PS> import-pssession -session s1 -type cmdlet -name New-Test, Get-Test -FormatTypeName *

C:\PS> import-pssession -session s2 -type cmdlet -name Set-Test -FormatTypeName *

C:\PS> new-test Test1 | set-test -runtype full

Description
-----------
This example shows that you can use imported cmdlets just as you would use local cmdlets. 

These commands import the New-Test and Get-Test cmdlets from a PSSession on the Server01 computer and the Set-Test cmdlet from a PSSession on the Server02 computer. 

Even though the cmdlets were imported from different PSSessions, you can pipe an object from one cmdlet to another without error.







Example 4

C:\PS>$s = new-pssession -computername Server01

C:\PS> import-pssession -session $s -commandname *-test* -formattypename *

C:\PS> $batch = new-test -name Batch -asjob

C:\PS> receive-job $batch

Description
-----------
This example shows how to run an imported command as a background job. 

Because imported commands might take longer to run than local commands, Import-PSSession adds an AsJob parameter to every imported command. The AsJob parameter lets you run the command as a background job.

The first command creates a PSSession on the Server01 computer and saves the PSSession object in the $s variable.

The second command uses Import-PSSession to import the Test cmdlets from the PSSession in $s into the current session.

The third command uses the AsJob parameter of the imported New-Test cmdlet to run a New-Test command as a background job. The command saves the job object that New-Test returns in the $batch variable.

The fourth command uses the Receive-Job cmdlet to get the results of the job in the $batch variable.







Example 5

C:\PS>$s = new-pssession -comp Server01

C:\PS> invoke-command -session $s {import-module TestManagement}

C:\PS> import-pssession -session $s -module TestManagement

Description
-----------
This example shows how to import the cmdlets and functions from a Windows PowerShell module on a remote computer into the current session.

The first command creates a PSSession on the Server01 computer and saves it in the $s variable. 

The second command uses the Invoke-Command cmdlet to run an Import-Module command in the PSSession in $s.

Typically, the module would be added to all sessions by an Import-Module command in a Windows PowerShell profile, but profiles are not run in PSSessions.

The third command uses the Module parameter of Import-PSSession to import the cmdlets and functions in the module into the current session.







Example 6

C:\PS>import-pssession $s -CommandName Get-Date, SearchHelp  -formatTypeName * -AllowClobber


Name              : tmp_79468106-4e1d-4d90-af97-1154f9317239_tcw1zunz.ttf
Path              : C:\Users\User01\AppData\Local\Temp\tmp_79468106-4e1d-4d90-af97-1154f9317239_tcw1zunz.ttf\tmp_79468106-4e1d-4d90-af97-1154f9317239_
                    tcw1zunz.ttf.psm1
Description       : Implicit remoting for http://server01.corp.fabrikam.com/wsman
Guid              : 79468106-4e1d-4d90-af97-1154f9317239
Version           : 1.0
ModuleBase        : C:\Users\User01\AppData\Local\Temp\tmp_79468106-4e1d-4d90-af97-1154f9317239_tcw1zunz.ttf
ModuleType        : Script
PrivateData       : {ImplicitRemoting}
AccessMode        : ReadWrite
ExportedAliases   : {}
ExportedCmdlets   : {}
ExportedFunctions : {[Get-Date, Get-Date], [SearchHelp, SearchHelp]}
ExportedVariables : {}
NestedModules     : {}

Description
-----------
This example shows that Import-PSSession creates a module in a temporary file on disk. It also shows that all commands are converted into functions before they are imported into the current session.

The command uses the Import-PSSession cmdlet to import a Get-Date cmdlet and a SearchHelp function into the current session. 

The Import-PSSession cmdlet returns a PSModuleInfo object that represents the temporary module. The value of the Path property shows that Import-PSSession created a script module (.psm1) file in a temporary location. The ExportedFunctions property shows that the Get-Date cmdlet and the SearchHelp function were both imported as functions.







Example 7

C:\PS>import-pssession $s -CommandName Get-Date -formatTypeName * -AllowClobber

C:\PS> get-command get-date

CommandType   Name       Definition
-----------   ----       ----------
Function      Get-Date   ...
Cmdlet        Get-Date   Get-Date [[-Date] <DateTime>] [-Year <Int32>] [-Month <Int32>]

C:\PS> Get-Date
09074   

C:\PS> (get-command -type cmdlet -name get-date).pssnapin.name
Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility

C:\PS> Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility\get-date

Sunday, March 15, 2009 2:08:26 PM

Description
-----------
This example shows how to run a command that is hidden by an imported command.

The first command imports a Get-Date cmdlet from the PSSession in the $s variable. Because the current session includes a Get-Date cmdlet, the AllowClobber parameter is required in the command.

The second command uses the Get-Command cmdlet to get the Get-Date commands in the current session. The output shows that the session includes the original Get-Date cmdlet and a Get-Date function. The Get-Date function runs the imported Get-Date cmdlet in the PSSession in $s.

The third command runs a Get-Date command. Because functions take precedence over cmdlets, Windows PowerShell runs the imported Get-Date function, which returns a Julian date.

The fourth and fifth commands show how to use a qualified name to run a command that is hidden by an imported command. 

The fourth command gets the name of the Windows PowerShell snap-in that added the original Get-Date cmdlet to the current session.

The fifth command uses the snap-in-qualified name of the Get-Date cmdlet to run a Get-Date command.

For more information about command precedence and hidden commands, see about_Command_Precedence.







Example 8

C:\PS>import-pssession -session $s -commandName *Item* -AllowClobber

Description
-----------
This command imports commands whose names include "Item" from the PSSession in $s. Because the command includes the CommandName parameter but not the FormatTypeData parameter, only the command is imported.

Use this command when you are using Import-PSSession to run a command on a remote computer and you already have the formatting data for the command in the current session.







Example 9

C:\PS>$m = import-pssession -session $s -CommandName *bits* -formattypename *bits*

C:\PS> get-command -module $m

CommandType     Name
-----------     ----
Function        Add-BitsFile
Function        Complete-BitsTransfer
Function        Get-BitsTransfer
Function        Remove-BitsTransfer
Function        Resume-BitsTransfer
Function        Set-BitsTransfer
Function        Start-BitsTransfer
Function        Suspend-BitsTransfer

Description
-----------
This command shows how to use the Module parameter of Get-Command to find out which commands were imported into the session by an Import-PSSession command.

The first command uses the Import-PSSession cmdlet to import commands whose names include "bits" from the PSSession in the $s variable. The Import-PSSession command returns a temporary module, and the command saves the module in the $m variable.

The second command uses the Get-Command cmdlet to get the commands that are exported by the module in the $m variable. 

The Module parameter takes a string value, which is designed for the module name. However, when you submit a module object, Windows PowerShell uses the ToString method on the module object, which returns the module name. 

The Get-Command command is the equivalent of "get-command $m.name".







See Also

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