Export (0) Print
Expand All

File format reference for Word 2013, PowerPoint 2013, and Excel 2013

 

Applies to: Office 365 ProPlus, Office 2013

Topic Last Modified: 2014-05-02

Audience:  IT Professionals

Summary: Learn about the file formats and their extensions that are used by Word 2013, Excel 2013, and PowerPoint 2013.

ImportantImportant:
This article is part of the Content roadmap for Office 2013 compatibility. Use the roadmap as a starting point for articles, downloads, scripts, and videos that help you assess Office 2013 compatibility.
Are you looking for information about opening and saving Office documents in different file formats? You can find this information by searching for "2013 file format" on Office.com.
Are you looking for information about learning to use the new versions of Office applications? You can find this information in End user training resources for Office 2013 and Office 365.
Are you looking for information about file formats in Access 2013? You can find this information in Which Access file format should I use?.

In this article:

The following table describes the file formats that are supported in Word 2013, alphabetized by extension.

 

Extension Name of file format Description

.doc

Word 97–2003 Document

The binary file format for Word 97–Word 2003.

.docm

Word Macro-Enabled Document

The XML-based and macro-enabled file format for Word 2013, Word 2010 and Office Word 2007. Stores Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) macro code.

.docx

Word Document

The default XML-based file format for Word 2013, Word 2010 and Office Word 2007.

.docx

Strict Open XML Document

Conforms to the Strict profile of the Open XML standard (ISO/IEC 29500). This profile of Open XML doesn't allow a set of features that are designed specifically for backward-compatibility with existing binary documents, as specified in Part 4 of ISO/IEC 29500.

.dot

Word 97–2003 Template

Template for Word 97–Word 2003 files.

.dotm

Word Macro-Enabled Template

Template for creating new Word 2013, Word 2010 and Office Word 2007 files that contain macros. Users who want to include UI customizations or macros in the template should use this file format.

.dotx

Word Template

Template for creating new Word 2013, Word 2010 and Office Word 2007 files that do not contain macros.

.htm, .html

Web Page

A web page that is saved as a folder that contains an .htm file and all supporting files, such as images, sound files, cascading style sheets, scripts, and more. Good for posting on a site or editing with Microsoft Office FrontPage or another HTML editor.

.htm, .html

Web Page, Filtered

Saving in the Web Page, Filtered file format removes Microsoft Office-specific tags. If users save in filtered HTML and then re-open the file in an Office application, text and general appearance are preserved. However, some features might work differently.

.mht; .mhtml

Single File Web Page

A web page as a single file that includes an .htm file and all supporting files, such as images, sound files, cascading style sheets, scripts, and more.

.odt

OpenDocument Text

A file format for saving Word 2013 files so that they can be opened in document applications that use the OpenDocument format. Users can also open documents in the .odt format in Word 2013. Formatting might be lost when users save and open .odt files.

.pdf

PDF

Portable Document Format (PDF), a PostScript-based electronic file format that was developed by Adobe Systems. It preserves document formatting and enables file sharing.

Files that use the PDF file format can be saved and opened by using Word 2013.

ImportantImportant:
PDF files that are opened in Word 2013 might not have a perfect page-to-page correspondence with the original. For example, the pages might break at different locations.

.rtf

Rich Text Format

RTF controls the representation and formatting of a document, both on the screen and in print. When they use the .rtf file format, documents created under different operating systems and with different software applications can be transferred between those operating systems and applications.

.txt

Plain Text

When users save a Word 2013 document as a .txt file, the document loses all formatting.

.wps

Works 6-9 Document

This is the default file format of Microsoft Works, versions 6.0 through 9.0.

.xml

Word 2003 XML Document

The XML format supported in Office Word 2003.

.xml

Word XML Document

The XML file format supported in Word 2013, Word 2010, and Office Word 2007 (Open XML).

.xps

XPS Document

XML Paper Specification, a file format that preserves document formatting and enables file sharing. When the XPS file is viewed online or printed, it keeps exactly the format that users intended, and the data in the file cannot be easily changed.

You can use Word 2013 to save documents in the XPS Document file format, but you can't open them by using Word 2013.

The following tables describe the file formats that are supported in Excel 2013.

 

Extension Name of file format Description

.csv

CSV (Comma delimited)

Saves a workbook as a comma-delimited text file for use on another Windows operating system, and makes sure that tab characters, line breaks, and other characters are interpreted correctly. Saves only the active sheet.

.csv

CSV (Macintosh)

Saves a workbook as a comma-delimited text file for use on the Macintosh operating system, and makes sure that tab characters, line breaks, and other characters are interpreted correctly. Saves only the active sheet.

.csv

CSV (MS-DOS)

Saves a workbook as a comma-delimited text file for use on the MS-DOS operating system, and makes sure that tab characters, line breaks, and other characters are interpreted correctly. Saves only the active sheet.

.dbf

DBF 3, DBF 4

dBase III and IV. Users can open these files formats in Excel, but, users can't save an Excel file to dBase format.

.dif

DIF (Data Interchange Format)

Saves only the active sheet.

.htm, .html

Web Page

A web page that is saved as a folder that contains an .htm file and all supporting files, such as images, sound files, scripts, and more.

.mht, .mhtml

Single File Web Page

A web page that is saved as a single file that includes an .htm file and all supporting files, such as images, sound files, scripts, and more.

.ods

OpenDocument Spreadsheet

A file format for saving Excel 2013 files so that they can be opened in spreadsheet applications that use the OpenDocument Spreadsheet format, such as Google Docs and OpenOffice.org Calc. Users can also open spreadsheets in the .ods format in Excel 2013. When users save and open .ods files, they might lose formatting.

.pdf

PDF

Portable Document Format, a format that preserves document formatting and enables file sharing. When the PDF format file is viewed online or printed, it keeps the format that users intended. Data in the file cannot be easily changed. The PDF format is also useful for documents that will be reproduced by using commercial printing methods.

.prn

Formatted Text (Space delimited)

Lotus space-delimited format. Saves only the active sheet.

.slk

SYLK (Symbolic Link Format)

Saves only the active sheet.

.txt

Text (Tab delimited)

Saves a workbook as a tab-delimited text file for use on another Windows operating system, and makes sure that tab characters, line breaks, and other characters are interpreted correctly. Saves only the active sheet.

.txt

Text (Macintosh)

Saves a workbook as a tab-delimited text file for use on the Macintosh operating system, and makes sure that tab characters, line breaks, and other characters are interpreted correctly. Saves only the active sheet.

.txt

Text (MS-DOS)

Saves a workbook as a tab-delimited text file for use on the MS-DOS operating system, and makes sure that tab characters, line breaks, and other characters are interpreted correctly. Saves only the active sheet.

.txt

Unicode Text

Saves a workbook as Unicode text, a character encoding standard that was developed by the Unicode Consortium. Saves only the active sheet.

.xla

Excel 97–2003 Add-In

The Excel 97–2003 Add-In, a supplemental program that runs additional code and supports VBA projects.

.xlam

Excel Add-In

The XML-based and macro-enabled Add-In format for Excel 2013 and Office Excel 2007. An Add-In is a supplemental program that runs additional code. Supports VBA projects and Excel 4.0 macro sheets (.xlm).

.xls

Excel 97–Excel 2003 Workbook

The Excel 97–Excel 2003 Binary file format.

.xls

Microsoft Excel 5.0/95 Workbook

The Excel 5.0/95 Binary file format.

.xlsb

Excel Binary Workbook

The binary file format for Excel 2013, Excel 2010 and Office Excel 2007. This is a fast load-and-save file format for users who need the fastest way possible to load a data file. Supports VBA projects, Excel 4.0 macro sheets, and all the new features that are used in Excel 2007, Excel 2010 and Excel 2013. But, this is not an XML file format and is therefore not optimal for accessing and manipulating content without using Excel 2013, Excel 2010 or Excel 2007 and the object model.

.xlsm

Excel Macro-Enabled Workbook

The XML-based and macro-enabled file format for Excel 2013, Excel 2010 and Office Excel 2007. Stores VBA macro code or Excel 4.0 macro sheets (.xlm).

.xlsx

Excel Workbook

The default XML-based file format for Excel 2013, Excel 2010, and Office Excel 2007. Can't store VBA macro code or Microsoft Excel 4.0 macro sheets (.xlm).

.xlsx

Strict Open XML Spreadsheet

An ISO strict version of the Excel Workbook file format (.xlsx).

.xlt

Excel 97 - Excel 2003 Template

The Excel 97 - Excel 2003 Binary file format for an Excel template.

.xltm

Excel Macro-Enabled Template

The macro-enabled file format for an Excel template for Excel 2013, Excel 2010, and Office Excel 2007. Stores VBA macro code or Excel 4.0 macro sheets (.xlm).

.xltx

Excel Template

The default file format for an Excel template for Excel 2013, Excel 2010, and Office Excel 2007. Can't store VBA macro code or Excel 4.0 macro sheets (.xlm).

.xlw

Excel 4.0 Workbook

An Excel 4.0 file format that saves only worksheets, chart sheets, and macro sheets. Users can open a workbook in this file format in Excel 2013. But, users can't save an Excel file to this file format.

.xml

XML Spreadsheet 2003

XML Spreadsheet 2003 file format.

.xml

XML Data

XML Data format.

.xps

XPS Document

XML Paper Specification, a file format that preserves document formatting and enables file sharing. When the XPS file is viewed online or printed, it maintains exactly the format that users intended, and the data in the file cannot be easily changed.

NoteNote:
Excel 2013 does not support the following:
  • Excel Chart (Excel 2.0, 3.0, and 2.x file formats) (.xlc)

  • Lotus 1-2-3 file formats (all versions) (.wk1, .wk2, .wk3, .wk4, .wks)

  • Microsoft Works (all versions) (.wks)

  • DBASE II file format (.dbf)

  • Quattro Pro for MS-DOS file format (.wq1)

  • Quattro Pro 5.0 and 7.0 for Windows (.wb1, .wb3)

The following tables describe the file formats that are supported in PowerPoint 2013.

 

Extension Name of file format Description

.bmp

Device Independent Bitmap

A slide that is saved as a graphic for use on web pages.

.emf

Enhanced Windows Metafile

A slide that is saved as a 32-bit graphic (for use with Microsoft Windows 95 and later versions).

.gif

GIF Graphics Interchange Format

A slide that is saved as a graphic for use on web pages.

.jpg

JPEG File Interchange Format

A slide that is saved as a graphic for use on web pages.

.mp4

MPEG-4 Video

A presentation that is saved as a video.

.odp

OpenDocument Presentation

A format that can be opened in presentation applications that use the OpenDocument Presentation format, such as Google Docs and OpenOffice.org Impress. Users can also open presentations in the .odp format in PowerPoint 2013. Some information might be lost when users save and open .odp files.

.pdf

PDF

Portable Document Format, a PostScript-based electronic file format that was developed by Adobe Systems. It preserves document formatting and enables file sharing.

.png

PNG Portable Network Graphics Format

A slide that is saved as a graphic for use on web pages.

.pot

PowerPoint 97–2003 Template

A template for PowerPoint 97 to Office PowerPoint 2003 presentations.

.potm

PowerPoint Macro-Enabled Template

A template for PowerPoint 2013, PowerPoint 2010, and Office PowerPoint 2007 presentations that contain macros.

.potx

PowerPoint Template

A template for creating new PowerPoint 2013, PowerPoint 2010, and Office PowerPoint 2007 presentations.

.ppa

PowerPoint 97-2003 Add-In

A PowerPoint 97 to Office PowerPoint 2003 add-in.

.ppam

PowerPoint Add-In

An add-in that stores custom commands, Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) code, and specialized features.

.pps

PowerPoint 97–2003 show

A presentation that always opens in Slide Show view instead of in Normal view.

.ppsm

PowerPoint Macro-Enabled Show

A slide show that includes macros.

.ppsx

PowerPoint Show

A presentation that always opens in Slide Show view instead of in Normal view.

.ppt

PowerPoint 97–2003 Presentation

The default PowerPoint 97 to Office PowerPoint 2003 format.

.pptm

PowerPoint Macro-Enabled Presentation

A presentation that contains Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) code.

.pptx

PowerPoint Presentation

The default PowerPoint 2013, PowerPoint 2010, and Office PowerPoint 2007 XML-based file format.

.pptx

PowerPoint Picture Presentation

A PowerPoint 2013, PowerPoint 2010 or PowerPoint 2007 presentation where each slide is converted into a picture. Saving a file as a PowerPoint Picture presentation reduces the file size, but some information is lost.

.pptx

Strict Open XML Presentation

An ISO strict version of the PowerPoint Presentation file format (.pptx).

.rtf

Outline/RTF

A presentation outline that is saved as a text-only document that provides smaller file sizes and the ability to share macro-free files with other users who might not have the same version of PowerPoint or the operating system. Any text in the notes pane is not saved with this file format.

.thmx

Office Theme

A style sheet that includes definitions of a color theme, font theme, and effect theme.

.tif

TIFF Tag Image File Format

A slide that is saved as a graphic for use on web pages.

.wmf

Windows Metafile

A slide that is saved as a 16-bit graphic (for use with Microsoft Windows 3.x and later versions).

.wmv

Windows Media Video

A presentation that is saved as a video. PowerPoint 2013 presentations can be saved at High Quality (1024 x 768, 30 frames per second); Medium Quality (640 x 480, 24 frames per sec); and Low Quality (320 X 240, 15 frames per second).

The WMV file format plays on many media players, such as Windows Media Player.

.xml

PowerPoint XML Presentation

The XML format that is supported in PowerPoint 2013, PowerPoint 2010, and Office PowerPoint 2007.

.xps

XPS Document

XML Paper Specification (XPS), an electronic paper format for exchanging documents in their final form.

NoteNote:
PowerPoint 2013 does not support the following:
  • Opening or saving to PowerPoint 95 (or earlier) file formats

  • Pack and Go Wizard (.ppz) files.

  • Web Page (.htm, .html) files

This section provides additional file formats and whether they are supported in the applications in Office 2013.

Users can paste data from the Office Clipboard into Word 2013, Excel 2013, and PowerPoint 2013 if the Office Clipboard data is in one of the formats shown in the following table.

 

File format Extension Description

Picture

.wmf or .emf

Pictures in Windows Metafile Format (WMF) or Windows Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF).

NoteNote:
If users copy a Windows metafile picture from another program, Excel pastes the picture as an enhanced metafile.

Bitmap

.bmp

Pictures stored in Bitmap format (BMP).

Excel file formats

.xls

Binary file formats for Excel versions 5.0/95, Excel 97-2003, and Excel 2013.

SYLK

.slk

Symbolic Link Format.

DIF

.dif

Data Interchange Format.

Text (tab-delimited)

.txt

Tab-separated text format.

CSV (Comma-delimited)

.csv

Comma-separated values format.

Formatted text (Space-delimited)

.rtf

Rich Text Format (RTF). Only from Excel.

Embedded object

.gif, .jpg, .doc, .xls, or .bmp

Excel objects, objects from correctly registered programs that support OLE 2.0 (OwnerLink), and Picture or another presentation format.

Linked object

.gif, .jpg, .doc, .xls, or .bmp

OwnerLink, ObjectLink, Link, Picture, or other format.

Office drawing object

.emf

Office drawing object format or Picture (Windows enhanced metafile format, EMF).

Text

.txt

Display Text, OEM Text.

HTML

.htm, .html

Hypertext Markup Language.

NoteNote:
When users copy text from another program, Excel pastes the text in HTML format, regardless of the format of the original text.

Single File Web Page

mht, .mhtml

This file format integrates inline graphics, applets, linked documents, and other supporting items referenced in the document.

If the file format that users want to use is not supported in Word 2013, Excel 2013, or PowerPoint 2013, they can try the following methods to open the file.

  • Search the Internet for a company that makes file format converters for file formats that are not supported in the application.

  • Save to a file format that another program supports. For example, users might want to import their Word, Excel, or PowerPoint file into another program that does not support the Word, Excel, or PowerPoint. However, the other program might support importing another supported file format, such as a text file format. In this case, users can save their work in text file format, and then from the other program, import the text file.

Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft