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Migrate from Windows Internal Database to SQL Server

Updated: July 19, 2011

Applies To: Windows Server 2003 with SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008 R2 with SP1, Windows Server Update Services, Windows Small Business Server 2011 Standard

This topic explains how to migrate the Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) database from a Windows Internal Database instance (installed by default during WSUS setup) to a full version of Microsoft SQL Server.

If you chose to use Windows Internal Database as the WSUS database when you set up your WSUS server, you may want to upgrade the database to a full installation of SQL Server. SQL Server lets you administer the WSUS database through the SQL Server Management Studio.

See the WSUS database requirements section of the WSUS Deployment Guide for the complete list of requirements.

noteNote
You cannot use SQL authentication. WSUS supports Windows authentication only.

This topic presents two scenarios for migrating the Windows Internal Database database to an instance of SQL Server:

WarningWarning
The procedures in this document use Registry Editor. Serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly by using Registry Editor or by using another method. These problems might require that you reinstall the operating system. We cannot guarantee that these problems can be resolved, so modify the registry at your own risk.

TipTip
Before you edit the registry, export the keys in the registry that you plan to edit, or back up the whole registry. If a problem occurs, you can then restore the registry to its previous state.

Use the following steps to migrate the WSUS database from a Windows Internal Database instance to an instance of SQL Server running on the WSUS server.

  1. Install SQL Server by using the Server and Client Tools option on your WSUS server.

  2. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Services.

  3. Right-click IIS Admin Service, and then click Stop.

  4. Right-click Update Services, and then click Stop.

  5. Run the following SQL command to detach the WSUS database (SUSDB) from the Windows Internal Database instance by using the sqlcmd utility. For more information about the sqlcmd utility, see sqlcmd Utility.

    sqlcmd -S np:\\.\pipe\MSSQL$MICROSOFT##SSEE\sql\query
    use master
    alter database SUSDB set single_user with rollback immediate
    go
    sp_detach_db SUSDB
    go
    
  6. In SQL Server Management Studio, under the Instance node, right-click Databases, select Properties, and then click Attach.

  7. In this step, you will verify that NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE has login permissions to the instance of SQL Server and to the WSUS database. If it does not, you will have to add it to both locations. This account should also be a member of the webService role on the WSUS database.

    • To verify permissions on the instance of SQL Server, in SQL Server Management Studio, open the instance, click Security, and then click Logins. The NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE account should be listed. If it is not, you need to add it.

    • To verify permissions on the database, right-click the database, select Properties, and then click Permissions. The NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE account should be listed. If it is not, you need to add it.

    • To verify members of the webService role, under the WSUS database, click Roles, right-click webService, and then click Properties. The NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE account should be listed as a member of this role. If it is not, you need to add it.

  8. In the Attach Databases box, under Databases to attach, locate the susdb.mdf file (by default, this is C:\WSUS\UpdateServicesDbFiles if you installed Windows Internal Database), and then click OK.

  9. In this step, you will edit the registry to point WSUS to the instance of SQL Server that now holds the WSUS database and to recognize the new database for future WSUS updates. If you have not already done so, export the keys in the registry that you plan to edit or back up the whole registry.

    1. Click Start, click Run, type regedit, and then click OK.

    2. Locate the following key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\UpdateServices\Server\Setup\SqlServerName, in the Value text box, type [ServerName]\[InstanceName], and then click OK. If the instance name is the default instance, type [ServerName].

    3. Find the following key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Update Services\Server\Setup\wYukonInstalled. In the Value text box, type 0, and then click OK.

  10. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Services.

  11. Right-click IIS Admin Service, and then click Start.

  12. Right-click Update Services, and then click Start.

  13. Verify that the database migration was successful by opening the WSUS administrative console. (Click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Microsoft Windows Server Update Services 3.0.)

    noteNote
    You might have to restart the server for these settings to take effect.

The goal of this scenario is to move and upgrade the WSUS database that is running in a Windows Internal Database instance on the WSUS server to an instance of SQL Server that is running on a remote server.

See the Remote SQL Server installation section of the Windows Server Update Services 3.0 SP2 Deployment Guide for more information about remote SQL Server installation, requirements, and limitations. Each step, where appropriate, indicates the server on which you perform the procedure.

WSUS server starting configuration:

  • Windows Internal Database

Database server starting configuration:

  • SQL Server

  1. On the WSUS server: Install SQL Server by using the Server and Client Tools option. This step will enable you to use the SQL Server Enterprise Manager on the WSUS server.

  2. On the WSUS server:

    1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Services.

    2. Right-click IIS Admin Service, and then click Stop.

    3. Right-click Update Services, and then click Stop.

  3. On the WSUS server: Run the following SQL command to detach the WSUS database by using the sqlcmd utility. For more information about the sqlcmd utility, see sqlcmd Utility.

    sqlcmd -S np:\\.\pipe\MSSQL$MICROSOFT##SSEE\sql\query 
    use master
    alter database SUSDB set single_user with rollback immediate
    go
    sp_detach_db ‘SUSDB’
    go
    
  4. On the WSUS server: Copy the SUSDB.mdf and SUSDB_log.ldf files from the front-end server to the back-end server.

  5. On the database server:

    1. To attach SUSDB to the destination instance of SQL server, under the Instance node, right-click Databases, select Properties, and then click Attach.

    2. In the Attach Databases box, under Databases to attach, locate the SUSDB.mdf file (by default this is C:\WSUS\UpdateServicesDbFiles if you installed Windows Internal Database), and then click OK.

  6. On the database server:

    • To verify permissions on the instance of SQL Server, in SQL Server Management Studio, open the instance, click Security, and then click Logins. The WSUS server account should be listed. If it is not, you need to add it.

    • To verify permissions on the database, right-click the database, select Properties, and then click Permissions. The WSUS server account should be listed. If the server account is not listed, you need to add it.

    • To verify members of the webService role, under the WSUS database, click Roles, right-click webService, and then click Properties. The front-end server account should be listed as a member of this role. If the server account is not listed, you need to add it.

  7. On the WSUS server: In this step, you will edit the registry to point WSUS to the destination instance of SQL and to recognize the new database for future WSUS updates. If you have not already done so, export the keys in the registry that you plan to edit or back up the whole registry.

    1. Click Start, click Run, type regedit, and then click OK.

    2. Locate the following key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\UpdateServices\Server\Setup\SqlServerName. In the Value text box, type [BEName]\[InstanceName], and then click OK. If the instance name is the default instance, type [BEName].

      noteNote
      When typing [BEName], do not add the domain name before the name.

    3. Locate the following key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Update Services\Server\Setup\wYukonInstalled. In the Value text box, type 0, and then click OK. This indicates that Windows Internal Database is not used.

    4. Locate the following key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\UpdateServices\Server\Setup\SqlInstanceIsRemote. In the Value text box, change the value to 1, and then click OK.

  8. On the WSUS server:

    1. Click Start, point to Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Services.

    2. Right-click IIS Admin Service, and then click Start.

    3. Right-click Update Services, and then click Start.

  9. On the WSUS server: Verify that the database migration was successful by opening the WSUS administrative console. (Click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Microsoft Windows Server Update Services 3.0).

    noteNote
    You might have to restart the WSUS server for these settings to take effect.

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