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Supported SQL Server Features

SQL Server 2014

This topic discusses SQL Server features that are or not supported for use with memory-optimized objects.

The following SQL Server features are supported on a database that has memory-optimized objects, including memory-optimized filegroup.

For information about supported data types, see Supported Data Types.

  • Options and operations supported on memory-optimized tables. For more information, see CREATE TABLE (SQL Server).

  • Options and operations supported on natively compiled stored procedures. For more information, see CREATE PROCEDURE (Transact-SQL).

  • Ability to access memory-optimized tables using interpreted Transact-SQL. Interpreted Transact-SQL provides surface area equivalent to accessing tables that are not memory optimized using stored procedures that are not natively compiled and using Transact-SQL. For more information, see Accessing Memory-Optimized Tables Using Interpreted Transact-SQL.

  • Multi-versioning and optimistic concurrency control. For more information, see Transaction Isolation Levels.

  • Backup and Restore of a database that contains memory-optimized data filegroup. For more information, see Back Up and Restore of SQL Server Databases.

  • Catalog views, dynamic management views, and extended events for supportability. For more information, see New and Updated Properties, System Views, Stored Procedures, Wait Types, and DMVs for In-Memory OLTP.

  • SQL Server Management Objects. For more information, see SQL Server Management Objects Support for In-Memory OLTP.

  • SQL Server Management Studio. For more information, see SQL Server Management Studio Support for In-Memory OLTP.

  • SQL Server PowerShell. For more information, see SQL Server PowerShell Overview.

  • Import and Export Bulk Data by using the bcp utility. For more information, see Import and Export Bulk Data by Using the bcp Utility (SQL Server).

  • Crash recovery.

  • Multiple containers in a memory-optimized data filegroup to store In-Memory OLTP objects and reduce recovery time objective (RTO).

  • SQL Server transaction log blocks calculate checksum and validate.

  • The new SNAPSHOT table hint. For more information, see Table Hints (Transact-SQL).

  • DB COMPAT level.

  • Partially contained database. Contained database authentication is supported. However, all In-Memory OLTP objects are marked as breaking containment in the DMV dm_db_uncontained_entities.

  • Service broker, with limitations. Cannot access a queue from a natively compiled stored procedure. Cannot access a queue in a remote database in a transaction that accesses memory-optimized tables.

  • Failover Clustering: As part of the SQL Server AlwaysOn offering, AlwaysOn Failover Cluster Instances leverages Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) functionality to provide local high availability through redundancy at the server-instance level—a failover cluster instance (FCI). For more information, see AlwaysOn Failover Cluster Instances (SQL Server).

  • Integration with AlwaysOn: SQL Server provides several options for creating high availability for a server or database, including AlwaysOn. For more information, see High Availability Solutions (SQL Server). Memory-optimized tables cannot be queried on a readable secondary.

  • Log shipping: SQL Server Log shipping allows you to automatically send transaction log backups from a primary database on a primary server instance to one or more secondary databases on separate secondary server instances. For more information, see About Log Shipping (SQL Server).

  • Transactional replication to memory-optimized tables on subscribers is supported with some restrictions. For more information, see Replication to Memory-Optimized Table Subscribers.

  • Resource Governor: SQL Server Resource Governor is a feature that you can use to manage SQL Server workload and system resource consumption. Resource Governor enables you to specify limits on the amount of CPU, physical IO, and memory that incoming application requests can use. For more information, see Managing Memory for In-Memory OLTP and Resource Governor.

  • In-Memory OLTP has restrictions on supported code pages for (var)char columns in memory-optimized tables and supported collations used in indexes and natively compiled stored procedures. For more information, see Collations and Code Pages.

  • BACPAC support.

The following SQL Server features are not supported on a database that has memory-optimized objects (including memory-optimized data filegroup).

Unsupported Feature

Feature Description

Data compression for memory-optimized tables.

You can use the data compression feature to help compress the data inside a database, and to help reduce the size of the database. For more information, see Data Compression.

Partitioning of memory-optimized tables and HASH indexes.

The data of partitioned tables and indexes is divided into units that can be spread across more than one filegroup in a database. For more information, see Partitioned Tables and Indexes.

Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) on the memory-optimized data filegroup of a database.

Transparent data encryption (TDE) performs real-time I/O encryption and decryption of the data and log files. For more information, see Transparent Data Encryption (TDE).

TDE can be enabled on a database that has In-Memory OLTP objects. In-Memory OLTP log records are encrypted if TDE is enabled. The checkpoint files for durable tables are not encrypted, even if TDE is enabled on the database.

Replication

Replication configurations other than transactional replication to memory-optimized tables on subscribers are incompatible with tables or views referencing memory-optimized tables. Replication using sync_mode=’database snapshot’ is not supported if there is a memory-optimized filegroup. For more information, see Replication to Memory-Optimized Table Subscribers.

Multiple Active Result Sets (MARS)

Multiple Active Result Sets (MARS) is not supported with memory-optimized tables. This error can also indicate linked server use. Linked server can use MARS. Linked servers are not supported with memory-optimized tables. Instead, connect directly to the server and database that hosts the memory-optimized tables.

Mirroring

Database mirroring is a solution for increasing the availability of a SQL Server database. For more information, see Database Mirroring (SQL Server).

Linked Server

For more information, see Linked Servers (Database Engine).

Bulk logging

Regardless of the recovery model of the database, all operations on durable memory-optimized tables are always fully logged.

Minimal logging

Minimal logging is not supported for memory-optimized tables. For more information about minimal logging, see The Transaction Log (SQL Server) and Prerequisites for Minimal Logging in Bulk Import.

Change tracking

Change tracking can be enabled on a database with In-Memory OLTP objects. However, changes in memory-optimized tables are not tracked.

DDL triggers

Both database-level and server-level DDL triggers are not supported with In-Memory OLTP tables and natively compiled stored procedures.

Change Data Capture (CDC)

CDC should not be enabled on a database that has In-Memory OLTP objects, as it prevents certain operations such as DROP.

Database Containment

Database containment is not supported in a database that has natively-compiled stored procedures and memory-optimized tables. For more information, see Contained Databases

Context Connections

Accessing memory-optimized tables using the context connection from inside CLR stored procedures is not supported.

Cursors

Keyset and dynamic cursors on queries accessing memory-optimized tables. These queries are degraded to static becoming read-only.

TABLESTAMP

TABLESTAMP is not supported. See FROM (Transact-SQL) for more information.

AUTO_CLOSE

AUTO_CLOSE is not supported. For more information, see Set the AUTO_CLOSE Database Option to OFF.

Database Snapshots

Database Snapshots are not supported. For more information, see Database Snapshots (SQL Server).

Transactional DDL

Transactional DDL is not supported in In-Memory OLTP.

Event Notifications

Event notifications are not supported. For more information, see Event Notifications.

Fiber mode

Fiber mode is not supported with In-Memory OLTP.

Policy-based management (PBM).

Prevent and log only modes of PBM are not supported. Existence of such policies on the server may prevent In-Memory OLTP DDL from executing successfully. On demand and on schedule modes are supported.

DACFX deploy/extract

DAC Framework deploy/extract is not supported in In-Memory OLTP.

With a few exceptions, cross-database transactions are not supported. The following table describes which cases are supported, and the corresponding restrictions. (See also, Cross-Database Queries.)

Databases

Allowed

Description

User databases, model, and msdb

No

Cross-database queries and transactions are not supported.

Queries and transactions that access memory-optimized tables or natively compiled stored procedures cannot access other databases, with the exception of the system databases master (read-only access) and tempdb.

Resource database, and tempdb

Yes

There are no restrictions on cross-database transactions that, besides a single user database, use only resource database and tempdb.

master

read-only

Cross-database transactions that touch In-Memory OLTP and the master database fail to commit if it includes any writes to the master database. Cross-database transactions that only read from master and use only one user database are allowed.

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