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BCD System Store Settings for UEFI

Updated: October 20, 2013

Applies To: Windows 8.1

For a typical deployment scenario, you do not need to modify the BCD store. This topic discusses the various BCD settings in the BCD store that you can modify. On UEFI systems, this includes settings for the following boot applications:

  1. Windows Boot Manager

  2. Windows Boot Loader

  3. Windows Resume from Hibernate

  4. Windows Memory Tester

The following sections describe the available settings for each of these boot applications in detail and how to modify each application for UEFI systems.

For simplicity, the BCDEdit examples in this section modify the BCD system store. To modify another store, such as a copy of the BCD-template, include the store name in the command line.

Windows Boot Manager ({bootmgr}) manages the boot process. UEFI-based systems contain a firmware boot manager, Bootmgfw.efi, that loads an EFI application that is based on variables that are stored in NVRAM.

The BCD settings for the device and path elements in Windows Boot Manager indicate the firmware boot manager. The template that is named BCD-template for Windows includes the following settings for Windows Boot Manager.

Windows Boot Manager
--------------------
identifier              {bootmgr}
device                  partition=\Device\HarddiskVolume1
path                    \EFI\Microsoft\Boot\bootmgfw.efi
description             Windows Boot Manager

The device element specifies the volume that contains Windows Boot Manager. For UEFI systems, the device element for Windows Boot Manager is set to the system partition volume letter. To determine the correct volume letter, use the Diskpart tool to view the disk partitions. The following example assumes that the system has a single hard drive that has multiple partitions, including a system partition that has been assigned a drive letter of S.

The following Diskpart commands select disk 0 and then list the details of the volumes on that disk, including their drive letters. It shows volume 2 as the system partition.

DISKPART> select disk 0
DISKPART> list volume

  Volume ###  Ltr  Label   Fs     Type        Size     Status     Info
  ----------  ---  ------  -----  ----------  -------  ---------  ------
  Volume 0     D           NTFS   Partition    103 GB  Healthy
  Volume 1     C           NTFS   Partition     49 GB  Healthy    Boot
  Volume 2     S           FAT32  Partition    200 MB  Healthy    System

If the system partition does not have an assigned drive letter, assign one by using the Diskpart assign command. The following example assumes that the system partition is volume 2 and assigns it S as the drive letter.

Diskpart
select disk 0
list volume
select volume 2   // assuming volume 2 is the system partition
assign letter=s

After you have determined the system partition volume, set the device element for Windows Boot Manager to the corresponding drive letter. The following example sets device to drive S.

Bcdedit /set {bootmgr} device partition=s:// system partition

The path element specifies the location of the Windows Boot Manager application on that volume. For UEFI systems, path indicates the firmware boot manager, whose path is \EFI\Microsoft\Boot\Bootmgfw.efi.

You can confirm that BCD-template has the correct path by enumerating the values in the store, as follows:

bcdedit /store bcd-template /enum all

To explicitly set path to \EFI\Microsoft\Boot\Bootmgfw.efi, use the following command.

Bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \efi\microsoft\boot\bootmgfw.efi

You should set Windows Boot Manager to be the first item in the display order of the UEFI firmware, as shown in the following example.

Bcdedit /set {fwbootmgr} displayorder {bootmgr} /addfirst

You should also specify the topmost Windows boot loader application in the Windows Boot Manager display order. The following example shows how to put a specified Windows boot loader at the top of the display order.

Bcdedit /set {bootmgr} displayorder {<GUID>} /addfirst

In the preceding example, <GUID> is the identifier for the specified Windows boot loader object. The next section discusses this identifier in greater detail.

noteNote
A multiboot system that has multiple installed operating systems has multiple instances of the Windows boot loader. Each instance of the Windows boot loader has its own identifier. You can set the default Windows boot loader ({default}) to any of these identifiers.

A BCD store has at least one instance, and optionally multiple instances, of the Windows boot loader. A separate BCD object represents each instance. Each instance loads one of the installed versions of Windows that has a configuration that the object's elements have specified. Each Windows boot loader object has its own identifier, and the object's device and path settings indicate the correct partition and boot application.

BCD-template for Windows has a single Windows boot loader object that has the following settings.

Windows Boot Loader
-------------------
identifier              {9f25ee7a-e7b7-11db-94b5-f7e662935912}
device                  partition=C:
path                    \Windows\system32\winload.efi
description             Microsoft Windows Server 8
locale                  en-US
inherit                 {bootloadersettings}
osdevice                partition=C:
systemroot              \Windows

The identifier for this Windows boot loader is {9f25ee7a-e7b7-11db-94b5-f7e662935912}. You can use this GUID on your system or let the BCDEdit tool generate a new GUID for you.

To simplify BCDEdit commands, you can specify one of the Windows boot loaders in the BCD system store as the default loader. You can then use the standard identifier ({default}) in place of the full GUID.The following example specifies the Windows boot loader for EFI as the default boot loader, assuming that it uses the identifier GUID from BCD-template.

Bcdedit /default {9f25ee7a-e7b7-11db-94b5-f7e662935912}

The following elements specify key locations:

The device element specifies the partition that contains the boot application.

The osdevice element specifies the partition that contains the system root.

For the Windows boot loader for EFI, both elements are usually set to the drive letter of the Windows system partition. However, if BitLocker is enabled or a computer has multiple installed versions of Windows, osdevice and device might be set to different partitions.BCD-template sets both elements to drive C, which is the typical value. You can also explicitly set the osdevice and device values, as shown in the following example. The example also assumes that you have specified the Windows boot loader for EFI as the default boot-loader object.

Bcdedit /set {default} device partition=c:
Bcdedit /set {default} osdevice partition=c:

The path element of a Windows boot loader specifies the location of the boot loader on that volume. For UEFI systems, path indicates the Windows boot loader for EFI, whose path is \Windows\System32\Winload.efi.

You can confirm that BCD-template has the correct path value by enumerating the values in the store. You can also explicitly set the path value, as shown in the following example.

Bcdedit /set {default} path \windows\system32\winload.efi

The Windows memory tester ({memdiag}) runs memory diagnostics at boot time. The BCD settings for the application's device and path elements indicate the correct application.

noteNote
Note: Intel Itanium computers do not include a Windows memory tester and do not require {memdiag} settings.

BCD-template for Windows has the following settings.

Windows Memory Tester
---------------------
identifier              {memdiag}
device                  partition=\Device\HarddiskVolume1
path                    \boot\memtest.exe
description             Windows Memory Diagnostic

For UEFI systems, the device element for the Windows memory tester is set to the system partition drive letter. The following example assumes that the system partition is drive S, as used in earlier examples.

Bcdedit /set {bootmgr} device partition=s:  // system partition

The path element specifies the location of Windows Test Manager on the volume that the device element has specified. For UEFI systems, path indicates the EFI version of the application (\EFI\Microsoft\Boot\Memtest.efi).

You can confirm that BCD-template has the correct path value by enumerating the values in the store. You can also use the BCDEdit tool to explicitly set the path value, as shown in the following example.

Bcdedit /set {memdiag} path \efi\microsoft\boot\memtest.efi

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