Export (0) Print
Expand All

Migrating the Certification Authority

Published: October 17, 2013

Updated: October 17, 2013

Applies To: Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2



Review all procedures in this topic and complete only the procedures that are required for your migration scenario.

You can back up the CA database and private key by using the Certification Authority snap-in or by using Certutil.exe at a command prompt. Complete either one of the backup procedures described in this section.

noteNote
If a hardware security module (HSM) is used by the CA, back up the private keys by following procedures provided by the HSM vendor.

After completing backup steps, the Active Directory Certificate Services service (Certsvc) should be stopped to prevent issuance of additional certificates. Before adding the CA role service to the destination server, the CA role service should be removed from the source server.

The backup files created during these procedures should be stored in the same location to simplify the migration. The location should be accessible from the destination server; for example, removable media or a shared folder on the destination server or another domain member.

The following procedure describes the steps to back up the CA database and private key by using the Certification Authority snap-in while logged on to the source CA.

noteNote
If you prefer, you can use the certutil application to back up the CA database and private key. Using certutil for CA backup is covered in the next section.

You must use an account that is a CA administrator. On an enterprise CA, the default configuration for CA administrators includes the local Administrators group, the Enterprise Admins group, and the Domain Admins group. On a standalone CA, the default configuration for CA administrators includes the local Administrators group.

  1. Choose a backup location and attach media, if necessary.

  2. Log on to the source CA.

  3. Open the Certification Authority snap-in.

  4. Right-click the node with the CA name, point to All Tasks, and then click Back Up CA.

  5. On the Welcome page of the CA Backup wizard, click Next.

  6. On the Items to Back Up page, select the Private key and CA certificate and Certificate database and certificate database log check boxes, specify the backup location, and then click Next.

  7. On the Select a Password page, type a password to protect the CA private key, and click Next.

    securitySecurity Note
    Use a strong password; for example, at least eight characters long with a combination of uppercase and lowercase characters, numbers, and punctuation characters.

  8. On the Completing the Backup Wizard page, click Finish.

  9. After the backup completes, verify the following files in the location you specified:

    • CAName.p12 containing the CA certificate and private key

    • Database folder containing files certbkxp.dat, edb#####.log, and CAName.edb

  10. Open a Command Prompt window, and type net stop certsvc to stop the Active Directory Certificate Services service.

    ImportantImportant
    The service should be stopped to prevent issuance of additional certificates. If certificates are issued by the source CA after a database backup is completed, repeat the CA database backup procedure to ensure the database backup contains all issued certificates.

  11. Copy all backup files to a location that is accessible from the destination server; for example, a network share or removable media.

    securitySecurity Note
    The private key must be protected against compromise. Protect a shared folder by limiting its access control list to authorized CA administrators. Protect removable media against unauthorized access and damage.

The following procedure describes the steps to back up the CA database and private key by using the Backup-CARoleService cmdlet while logged on to the source CA.

ImportantImportant
You must use an account that is a CA administrator. On an enterprise CA, the default configuration for CA administrators includes the local Administrators group, the Enterprise Admins group, and the Domain Admins group. On a standalone CA, the default configuration for CA administrators includes the local Administrators group.

  1. Log on with local administrative credentials to the CA computer.

  2. Right-click Windows PowerShell and click Run as Administrator.

  3. Type the following command and press ENTER:

    Backup-CARoleService –path <BackupDirectory>
    
    noteNote
    BackupDirectory specifies the directory in which the backup files are created. The specified value can be a relative or absolute path. If the specified directory does not exist, it is created. The backup files are created in a subdirectory named Database.

  4. The service must be stopped to prevent issuance of additional certificates. Type the following command and press ENTER:

    Stop-service certsvc
    
  5. After the backup completes, verify the following files in the location you specified:

    • CAName.p12 containing the CA certificate and private key

    • Database folder containing files certbkxp.dat, edb#####.log, and CAName.edb

  6. Copy all backup files to a location that is accessible from the destination server; for example, a network share or removable media.

    securitySecurity Note
    The private key must be protected against compromise. Protect a shared folder by granting permission to only authorized CA administrators. Protect removable media against unauthorized access and damage.

The following procedure describes the steps to back up the CA database and private key by using Certutil.exe while logged on to the source CA.

ImportantImportant
You must use an account that is a CA administrator. On an enterprise CA, the default configuration for CA administrators includes the local Administrators group, the Enterprise Admins group, and the Domain Admins group. On a standalone CA, the default configuration for CA administrators includes the local Administrators group.

  1. Log on with local administrative credentials to the CA computer.

  2. Open a Command Prompt window.

  3. Type Certutil.exe –backupdb<BackupDirectory> and press ENTER.

  4. Type Certutil.exe –backupkey<BackupDirectory> and press ENTER.

    noteNote
    BackupDirectory specifies the directory in which the backup files are created. The specified value can be a relative or absolute path. If the specified directory does not exist, it is created. The backup files are created in a subdirectory named Database.

  5. Type a password at the prompt, and press ENTER. You must retain a copy of the password to access the key during CA installation on the destination server.

    securitySecurity Note
    Use a strong password; for example, at least eight characters with a combination of uppercase and lowercase characters, numbers, and symbols.

  6. Type net stop certsvc and press ENTER to stop the Active Directory Certificate Services service. The service must be stopped to prevent issuance of additional certificates.

  7. After the backup completes, verify the following files in the location you specified:

    • CAName.p12 containing the CA certificate and private key

    • Database folder containing files certbkxp.dat, edb#####.log, and CAName.edb

  8. Copy all backup files to a location that is accessible from the destination server; for example, a network share or removable media.

    securitySecurity Note
    The private key must be protected against compromise. Protect a shared folder by granting permission to only authorized CA administrators. Protect removable media against unauthorized access and damage.

Complete one of the following procedures to back up the CA registry settings.

The files created during the backup procedure should be stored in the same location as the database and private key backup files to simplify the migration. The location should be accessible from the destination server; for example, removable media or a shared folder on the destination server or another domain member.

You must be logged on to the source CA using an account that is a member of the local Administrators group.

  1. Click Start, point to Run, and type regedit to open the Registry Editor.

  2. In HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\CertSvc, right-click Configuration, and then click Export.

  3. Specify a location and file name, and then click Save. This creates a registry file containing CA configuration data from the source CA.

  4. Copy the registry file to a location that is accessible from the destination server; for example, a shared folder or removable media.

  1. Open a Command Prompt window.

  2. Type reg export HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\CertSvc\Configuration <output file>.reg and press ENTER.

  3. Copy the registry file to a location that is accessible from the destination server; for example, a shared folder or removable media.

If your source CA is using a custom CAPolicy.inf file, you should copy the file to the same location as the source CA backup files.

The CAPolicy.inf file is located in the %SystemRoot% directory, which is usually C:\Windows.

It is important to remove the CA role service from the source server after completing backup procedures and before installing the CA role service on the destination server. Enterprise CAs and standalone CAs that are domain members store in Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) configuration data that is associated with the common name of the CA. Removing the CA role service also removes the CA's configuration data from AD DS. Because the source CA and destination CA share the same common name, removing the CA role service from the source server after installing the CA role service on the destination server removes configuration data that is required by destination CA and interferes with its operation.

The CA database, private key, and certificate are not removed from the source server by removing the CA role service. Therefore, reinstalling the CA role service on the source server restores the source CA if migration fails and performing a rollback is required. See Restoring Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) to the source server in the event of migration failure.

WarningWarning
Although it is not recommended, some administrators may choose to leave the CA role service installed on the source server to enable the source CA to be brought online quickly in the case of migration failure. If you choose not to remove the CA role service from the source server before installing the CA role service on the destination server, it is important that you disable the Active Directory Certificate Services service (Certsvc) and shut down the source server before installing the CA role service on the destination server. Do not remove the CA role service from the source server after completing the migration to the destination server. Removing the CA role service from the source server after migrating to the destination server interferes with the operation of the destination CA.

  • To remove the CA on a computer running Windows Server 2003, use the Add/Remove Windows Components wizard.

  • To remove the CA on a computer running Windows Server 2008 or later, use the Remove Roles and Features Wizard in Server Manager.

Because computer names must be unique within an Active Directory domain, it is necessary to remove the source server from its domain and delete the associated computer account from Active Directory before joining the destination server to the domain.

If you have access to a domain member computer running Windows Server 2008 or later , complete the following procedure to remove the source server from the domain by using Netdom.exe.

If you do not have access to a computer running Windows Server 2008 or later, then complete the procedure Join a Workgroup (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=207683). Joining a workgroup also removes a domain member computer from its domain.

  1. On a domain member computer running Windows Server 2008 or later, open an elevated Command Prompt window.

  2. Type netdom remove <source server name> /d:<domain name> /ud:<domain user account> /pd:* and press ENTER. For additional command-line options, see Netdom remove syntax (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=207681).

    TipTip
    Using Windows PowerShell, you can run the command: remove-computer <computer name>

    For more information, see Remove-Computer (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd347703.aspx).

  3. Shut down the source server.

After removing the source server from its domain, delete the source server's computer account from AD DS by completing the procedure Delete a Computer Account (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=138386).

TipTip
You can also use Windows PowerShell to remove the computer account from AD DS. For more information, see Remove-ADComputer (http://technet.microsoft.com/library/hh852313).

Before joining the destination server to the domain, change the computer name to the same name as the source server. Then complete the procedure to join the destination server to the domain.

If your destination server is running on the Server Core installation option, you must use the command-line procedure.

To rename the destination server, you must be a member of the local Administrators group. To join the server to the domain, you must be a member of the Domain Admins or Enterprise Admins groups, or have delegated permissions to join the destination server to an organizational unit (OU) in the domain.

ImportantImportant
If you are migrating a standalone CA that is not a domain member, complete only the steps to rename the destination server and do not join the destination server to the domain.

  1. On the destination server, open an elevated Command Prompt window.

  2. Type netdom renamecomputer <computer name> /newname:<new computer name>

    TipTip
    Using Windows PowerShell, you can run the command: rename-computer <new computer name>

  3. Restart the destination server.

  4. After the destination server restarts, log on by using an account that has permission to join computers to the domain.

  5. Open an elevated Command Prompt window, type netdom join <computer name> /d:<domain name> /ud:<domain user account> /pd:* [/ou:<OU name>] and press ENTER. For additional command-line options, see Netdom join syntax (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=207680).

    TipTip
    Using Windows PowerShell, you can run the command: add-computer -DomainName <domain name>

    For more information, see Add-Computer (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd347556.aspx).

  6. Restart the destination server.

This section describes two different procedures for adding the CA role service to the destination server, including special instructions for using failover clustering.

Review the following statements to determine which procedures to complete.

If you are migrating to a failover cluster, the procedures to import the CA certificate and add the CA role service must be completed on each cluster node. After the CA role service is added to each node, you should stop the Active Directory Certificate Services service (Certsvc).

Additionally, it is important to ensure that the shared storage used by the CA is online and assigned to the node you are adding the CA role service to.

The CA database and log files must be located on shared storage. Specify the shared storage location during step 12 of the CA installation procedure.

  1. Log on to the destination server.

  2. Start Server Manager.

  3. In the console tree, double-click Storage, and click Disk Management.

  4. Ensure that the shared storage is online and assigned to the node you are logged on to.

If you are adding the CA role service by using Server Manager, you must complete the following procedure to import the CA certificate.

  1. Start the Certificates snap-in for the local computer account.

  2. In the console tree, double-click Certificates (Local Computer), and click Personal.

  3. On the Action menu, click All Tasks, and then click Import to open the Certificate Import Wizard. Click Next.

  4. Locate the <CAName>.p12 file created by the CA certificate and private key backup on the source CA, and click Open.

  5. Type the password, and click OK.

  6. Click Place all certificates in the following store.

  7. Verify Personal is displayed in Certificate store. If it is not, click Browse, click Personal, click OK.

    noteNote
    If you are using a network HSM, complete steps 8 through 10 to repair the association between the imported CA certificate and the private key that is stored in the HSM. Otherwise, click Finish to complete the wizard and click OK to confirm that the certificate was imported successfully.

  8. In the console tree, double-click Personal Certificates, and click the imported CA certificate.

  9. On the Action menu, click Open. Click the Details tab, copy the serial number to the Clipboard, and then click OK.

  10. Open a Command Prompt window, type certutil –repairstore My "{Serialnumber}" and then press ENTER.

If your destination server is a domain member, you must use an account that is a member of the Domain Admins or Enterprise Admins group in order for the installation wizard to access objects in AD DS.

ImportantImportant
If you made a backup CAPolicy.inf file from the source CA, review the settings and make adjustments, if necessary. Copy the CAPolicy.inf file to the %windir% folder (C:\Windows by default) of the destination CA before adding the CA role service.

  1. Log on to the destination server, and start Server Manager.

  2. In the console tree, click Roles.

  3. On the Action menu, click Add Roles.

  4. If the Before you Begin page appears, click Next.

  5. On the Select Server Roles page, select the Active Directory Certificate Services check box, and click Next.

  6. On the Introduction to AD CS page, click Next.

  7. On the Role Services page, click the Certification Authority check box, and click Next.

    noteNote
    If you plan to install other role services on the destination server, you should complete the CA installation first, and then install other role services separately. Installation procedures for other AD CS role services are not described in this guide.

  8. On the Specify Setup Type page, specify either Enterprise or Standalone, to match the source CA, and click Next.

  9. On the Specify CA Type page, specify either Root CA or Subordinate CA, to match the source CA, and click Next.

  10. On the Set Up Private Key page, select Use existing private key and Select a certificate and use its associated private key.

    noteNote
    If an HSM is used by the CA, select the private key by following procedures provided by the HSM vendor.

  11. In the Certificates list, click the imported CA certificate, and then click Next.

    noteNote
    If you are using a custom CSP that requires strong private key protection, click Allow administrator interaction when the private key is accessed by the CA. The CSPs included with Windows Server do not require this setting to be enabled.

  12. On the CA Database page, specify the locations for the CA database and log files.

    noteNote
    If you are migrating the CA to a failover cluster, the specified locations for database and log files must be on shared storage that is attached to all nodes. Because the location is common to cluster nodes, click Yes to overwrite the existing CA database as you add the CA role service to other nodes.

    ImportantImportant
    If you specify locations that are different from the locations used on the source CA, then you must also edit the registry settings backup file before the CA is restored. If the locations specified during setup are different from the locations specified in the registry settings, the CA cannot start.

  13. On the Confirmation page, review the messages, and then click Configure.

  14. If you are migrating to a failover cluster, stop the Active Directory Certificate Services service (Certsvc) and HSM service if your CA uses an HSM. Then repeat the procedures to import the CA certificate and add the CA role service on other cluster nodes.

Use the following procedure to add the CA role service by using the Install-ADCSCertificateAuthority cmdlet with the ExistingCertificateParameterSet:

Install-AdcsCertificationAuthority [-AllowAdministratorInteraction [<SwitchParameter>]] [-CAType <CAType>]
[-CertFile <String>] [-CertFilePassword <SecureString>] [-CertificateID <String>] [-Credential <PSCredential>]
[-DatabaseDirectory <String>] [-Force [<SwitchParameter>]] [-LogDirectory <String>] [-OverwriteExistingDatabase
[<SwitchParameter>]] [-OverwriteExistingKey [<SwitchParameter>]] [-Confirm [<SwitchParameter>]] [-WhatIf
[<SwitchParameter>]] [<CommonParameters>]

The ExistingCertificateParameterSet is the preferred for migration because you can use the -CertificateID parameter to identify the CA certificate from the Importing the CA certificate section in order to configure for the CA. The value for -CertificateID can be either the thumbprint or the serial number of the imported certificate.

  1. Right-click Windows PowerShell and click Run as Administrator.

  2. To install the CA role service binaries with the Certification Authority and Certificate Templates MMC tools, type the following command and press ENTER:

    Add-WindowsFeature ADCS-Cert-Authority -IncludeManagementTools
    
    
  3. Type the Install-AdcsCertificationAuthority cmdlet with the appropriate parameters and press ENTER. For example, to restore an Enterprise Subordinate CA by using the certificate you imported in the Importing the CA certificate section, type the following command and press ENTER:

    Install-AdcsCertificationAuthority –CAType EnterpriseSubordinateCA –CertificateID "YourCertSerialNumber or YourCertThumbprint" –credential (get-credential domain\administrator)
    
    

    Type the password for a member of the Enterprise Admins group or Domain Admins group as needed.

For more information about using Windows PowerShell to install other AD CS role services, see Deploying AD CS Using Windows PowerShell. For more general information about Windows PowerShell cmdlets for AD CS, see AD CS Deployment Cmdlets in Windows PowerShell.

The procedures in this section should be completed only after the CA role service has been installed on the destination server.

If you are migrating to a failover cluster, add the CA role service to all cluster nodes before restoring the CA database. The CA database should be restored on only one cluster node and must be located on shared storage.

Restoring the source CA backup includes the following tasks:

This section describes two different procedures for restoring the source CA database backup on the destination server.

If you are migrating to a Server Core installation, you must use the procedure "To restore the CA database by using Certutil.exe" or "To restore the CA database by using Windows PowerShell." In general, it is possible to remotely manage a CA running on a Server Core installation by using the Certification Authority snap-in and Server Manager; however, it is only possible to restore a CA database remotely by using Windows PowerShell.

If you are migrating to a failover cluster, ensure that shared storage is online and restore the CA database on only one cluster node.

  1. Log on to the destination server by using an account that is a CA administrator.

  2. Start the Certification Authority snap-in.

  3. Right-click the node with the CA name, point to All Tasks, and then click Restore CA.

  4. On the Welcome page, click Next.

  5. On the Items to Restore page, select Certificate database and certificate database log.

  6. Click Browse. Navigate to the parent folder that holds the Database folder (the folder that contains the CA database files created during the CA database backup).

    CautionCaution
    Do not select the Database folder. Select its parent folder.

  7. Click Next and then click Finish.

  8. Click Yes to start the CA service (certsvc).

  1. Log on to the destination server by using an account that is a CA administrator.

  2. Right-click Windows PowerShell and click Run as Administrator.

  3. Type the following command to stop the CA service and press ENTER:

    Stop-service certsvc
    
    
  4. Type the following command and press ENTER:

    Restore-CARoleService –path < CA Database Backup Directory> -DatabaseOnly - Force
    
    
    noteNote
    The value of <CA Database Backup Directory> is the parent directory of the Database directory. For example, if the CA database backup files are located in C:\Temp\Database, then the value of <CA Database Backup Directory> is C:\Temp. Include the force flag because an empty CA database will already be present after you perform the steps in Adding the CA role service by using Server Manager.

  5. Type the following command to restart the CA service and press ENTER:

    Start-service certsvc
    
    
  1. Log on to the destination server by using an account that is a CA administrator.

  2. Open a Command Prompt window.

  3. Type the following command to stop the CA service and press ENTER:

    Net stop certsvc
    
    
  4. Type certutil.exe -f -restoredb <CA Database Backup Directory> and press ENTER.

    noteNote
    The value of <CA Database Backup Directory> is the parent directory of the Database directory. For example, if the CA database backup files are located in C:\Temp\Database, then the value of <CA Database Backup Directory> is C:\Temp.

  5. Type the following command to restart the CA service and press ENTER:

    Net start certsvc
    
    

The CA configuration information is stored in the registry in: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\CertSvc

Before importing the registry settings from the source CA to the target CA, create a backup of the default target CA registry configuration by using the procedure Backing up CA registry settings. Be sure to perform these steps on the target CA and to name the registry file a name such as "DefaultRegCfgBackup.reg" to avoid confusion.

ImportantImportant
Some registry parameters should be migrated without changes from the source CA computer, and some should not be migrated. If they are migrated, they should be updated in the target system after migration because some values are associated with the CA itself, whereas others are associated with the domain environment, the physical host, the Windows version, or other factors that may be different in the target system.

A suggested way of performing the registry configuration import is first to open the registry file you exported from the source CA in a text editor and analyze it for settings that may need to be changed or removed. The following table shows the configuration parameters that should be transferred from the source CA to the target CA.

 

Registry location Configuration parameter

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\system\currentcontrolset\services\certsvc\Configuration

LDAPFlags

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\system\currentcontrolset\services\certsvc\Configuration\CAname

DSConfigDN

ForceTeletex

CRLEditFlags

CRLFlags

InterfaceFlags (required only if has been changed manually)

EnforceX500NameLengths

SubjectTemplate

ValidityPeriod

ValidityPeriodUnits

KRACertHash

KRACertCount

KRAFlags

CRLPublicationURLs

CRLPeriod

CRLPeriodUnits

CRLOverlapPeriod

CRLOverlapUnits

CRLDeltaPeriod

CRLDeltaPeriodUnits

CRLDeltaOverlapPeriod

CRLDeltaOverlapUnits

CACertPublicationURLs (check for custom entries with hard-coded host names or other data specific to the source CA)

CACertHash

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\system\currentcontrolset\services\certsvc\Configuration\CAname\ExitModules\CertificateAuthority_MicrosoftDefault.Exit

PublishCertFlags

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\system\currentcontrolset\services\certsvc\Configuration\CAname\PolicyModules\CertificateAuthority_MicrosoftDefault.Policy

EnableRequestExtensionList

EnableEnrolleeRequestExtensionList

DisableExtensionList

SubjectAltName

SubjectAltName2

RequestDisposition

EditFlags

  1. Right-click the .reg text file created by exporting the settings from the source CA.

  2. Click Edit to open the file in a text editor.

  3. If the target CA's computer name is different from the source CA's computer name, search the file for the host name of the source CA computer. For each instance of the host name found, ensure that it is the appropriate value for the target environment. Change the host name, if necessary. Update the CAServerName value.

    ImportantImportant
    If the host name is located in the .reg file as part of the CA name, such as in the Active value within the Configuration key or the CommonName value within the CAName key, do not change the setting. The CA name must not be changed as part of the migration. This means the new target CA must have the old CA's name, even if part of that name is the old CA's host name.

  4. Check any registry values that indicate local file paths, such as the following, to ensure drive letter names and paths are correct for the target CA. If there is a mismatch between the source and the target CA, either update the values in the file or remove them from the file so that the default settings are preserved on the target CA.

    These storage location settings are elected during CA setup. They exist under the Configuration registry key:

    • DBDirectory

    • DBLogDirectory

    • DBSystemDirectory

    • DBTempDirectory

    The following settings under the Configuration\{CA Name} registry key contain, in their default values, a local path. (Alternatively, you can update these values after importing them by using the Certification Authority snap-in. The values are located on the CA properties Extensions tab.)

    • CACertPublicationURLs

    • CRLPublicationURLs

WarningWarning
Some registry values are associated with the CA, while others are associated with the domain environment, the physical host computer, the Windows version, or even other role services. Consequently, some registry parameters should be migrated without changes from the source CA computer and others should not. Any value that is not listed in the .reg text file that is restored on the target CA retains its existing setting or default value. An issue that can occur, if the registry values are not properly verified, is explained in the following TechNet Wiki article: AD: Certification Authority Web Enrollment Configuration Failed 0x80070057 (WIN32: 87).

Remove any registry values that you do not want to import into the target CA. Once the .reg text file is edited, it can be imported into the target CA. By importing the source server registry settings backup into the destination server, the source CA configuration is migrated to the destination server.

  1. Log on to the destination server as a member of the local Administrators group.

  2. Open a Command Prompt window.

  3. Type net stop certsvc and press ENTER.

  4. Type reg import <Registry Settings Backup.reg> and press ENTER.

  1. Click Start, type regedit.exe in the Search programs and files box, and press ENTER to open the Registry Editor.

  2. In the console tree, locate the key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\CertSvc\Configuration, and click Configuration.

  3. In the details pane, double-click DBSessionCount.

  4. Click Hexadecimal. In Value data, type 64, and then click OK.

  5. Verify the locations specified in the following settings are correct for your destination server, and change them as needed to indicate the location of the CA database and log files.

    • DBDirectory

    • DBLogDirectory

    • DBSystemDirectory

    • DBTempDirectory

    ImportantImportant
    Complete steps 6 through 8 only if the name of your destination server is different from the name of your source server.

  6. In the console tree of the registry editor, expand Configuration, and click your CA name.

  7. Modify the values of the following registry settings by replacing the source server name with the destination server name.

    noteNote
    In the following list, CACertFileName and ConfigurationDirectory values are created only when certain CA installation options are specified. If these two settings are not displayed, you can proceed to the next step.

    • CAServerName

    • CACertFileName

    • ConfigurationDirectory – This value should appear in Windows Registry under the following location: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\CertSvc\Configuration.

The steps described for importing the source CA registry settings and editing the registry in case of a server name change are intended to retain the network locations that were used by the source CA to publish CRLs and CA certificates. If the source CA was published to default Active Directory locations, after completing the previous procedure, there should be an extension with publishing options enabled and an LDAP URL that references the source server's NetBIOS name; for example, ldap:///CN=<CATruncatedName><CRLNameSuffix>,CN=<ServerShortName>,CN=CDP,CN=Public Key Services,CN=Services,<ConfigurationContainer><CDPObjectClass>.

Because many administrators configure extensions that are customized for their network environment, it is not possible to provide exact instructions for configuring CRL distribution point and authority information access extensions.

Carefully review the configured locations and publishing options, and ensure that the extensions are correct according to your organization's requirements.

  1. Review and modify the CRL distribution point and authority information access extensions and publishing options by following example procedures described in Specify CRL Distribution Points (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=145848).

  2. If the destination server name is different from the source server name, add an LDAP URL specifying a location that references the destination server's NetBIOS name with the substitution variable <ServerShortName>; for example ldap:///CN=<CATruncatedName><CRLNameSuffix>,CN=<ServerShortName>,CN=CDP,CN=Public Key Services,CN=Services,<ConfigurationContainer><CDPObjectClass>.

  3. Ensure that the CDP options are set so that the former CDP location is not included in the CDP extension of newly issued certificates or in the Freshest CRL extension of CRLs.

The following procedure is required only for an enterprise CA. A standalone CA does not have certificate templates.

  1. Log on with administrative credentials to the destination CA.

  2. Open a command prompt window.

  3. Type certutil -setcatemplates +<templatelist> and press ENTER.

    noteNote
    Replace <templatelist> with a comma-separated list of the template names that are listed in the catemplates.txt file created during the procedure "To record a CA templates list by using Certutil.exe." For example, certutil -setcatemplates +Administrator,User,DomainController. Review the list of templates created during Backing up a CA templates list.

If the name of the destination server is different from the source server, the destination server must be granted permissions on the source server's CDP and AIA containers in AD DS to publish CRLs and CA certificates. Complete the following procedure in the case of a server name change.

  1. Log on as a member of the Enterprise Admins group to a computer on which the Active Directory Sites and Services snap-in is installed. Open Active Directory Sites and Services (dssite.msc).

  2. In the console tree, click the top node.

  3. On the View menu, click Show services node.

  4. In the console tree, expand Services, expand Public Key Services, and then click AIA.

  5. In the details pane, right-click the name of the CA, and then click Properties.

  6. Click the Security tab, and then click Add.

  7. Click Object Types, click Computers, and then click OK.

  8. Type the name of the CA, and click OK.

  9. In the Allow column, click Full Control, and click Apply.

  10. The previous CA computer object is displayed (as Account Unknown with a security identifier following it) in Group or user names. You can remove that account. To do so, select it and then click Remove. Click OK.

  11. In the console tree, expand CDP, and then click the folder with the same name as the CA.

  12. In the details pane, right-click the cRLDistributionPoint item at the top of the list, and then click Properties.

  13. Click the Security tab, and then click Add.

  14. Click Object Types, click Computers, and then click OK.

  15. Type the name of the destination server, and click OK.

  16. In the Allow column, click Full Control, and click Apply.

  17. The previous CA computer object is displayed (as Account Unknown with a security identifier following it) in Group or user names. You can remove that account. To do so, select it and then click Remove. Click OK.

  18. Repeat steps 13 through 18 for each cRLDistributionPoint item.

noteNote
If you are using file//\\computer\share syntax in the CDP Extensions for publishing the CRL to a shared folder location, then you may need to adjust the permissions to that shared folder so that the destination CA has the ability to write to that location.

If you are hosting the CDP on the destination server and using a AIA or CDP path that includes an alias name (for example, pki.contoso.com) for the destination, you may need to adjust the DNS record so that it points to the correct destination IP address.

If you are migrating to a failover cluster, complete the following procedures after the CA database and registry settings have been migrated to the destination server.

noteNote
Migration of a CA to a failover cluster running on the Server Core installation option of Windows Server 2008 R2 is not described in this guide.

If you are migrating to a failover cluster, complete the following procedures to configure failover clustering for AD CS.

  1. Click Start, point to Run, type Cluadmin.msc, and then click OK.

  2. In the console tree of the Failover Cluster Management snap-in, click Services and Applications.

  3. On the Action menu, click Configure a service or Application. If the Before you begin page appears, click Next.

  4. In the list of services and applications, select Generic Service, and click Next.

  5. In the list of services, select Active Directory Certificate Services, and click Next.

  6. Specify a service name, and click Next.

  7. Select the disk storage that is still mounted to the node, and click Next.

  8. To configure a shared registry hive, click Add, type SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\CertSvc, and then click OK. Click Next twice.

  9. Click Finish to complete the failover configuration for AD CS.

  10. In the console tree, double-click Services and Applications, and select the newly created clustered service.

  11. In the details pane, click Generic Service. On the Action menu, click Properties.

  12. Change Resource Name to Certification Authority, and click OK.

If you use a hardware security module (HSM) for your CA, complete the following procedure.

  1. Open the Failover Cluster Management snap-in. In the console tree, click Services and Applications.

  2. In the details pane, select the previously created name of the clustered service.

  3. On the Action menu, click Add a resource, and then click Generic Service.

  4. In the list of available services displayed by the New Resource wizard, click the name of the service that was installed to connect to your network HSM. Click Next twice, and then click Finish.

  5. Under Services and Applications in the console tree, click the name of the clustered services.

  6. In the details pane, select the newly created Generic Service. On the Action menu, click Properties.

  7. On the General tab, change the service name if desired, and click OK. Verify that the service is online.

  8. In the details pane, select the service previously named Certification Authority. On the Action menu, click Properties.

  9. On the Dependencies tab, click Insert, select the network HSM service from the list, and click OK.

If you are migrating to a failover cluster, complete the following procedures to grant all cluster nodes permissions to on the following AD DS containers:

  • The AIA container

  • The Enrollment container

  • The KRA container

  1. Log on to a domain member computer as a member of the Domain Admins group or Enterprise Admins group.

  2. Click Start, point to Run, type dssite.msc, and then click OK.

  3. In the console tree, click the top node.

  4. On the View menu, click Show services node.

  5. In the console tree, expand Services, then Public Key Services, and then click AIA.

  6. In the details pane, right-click the name of the source CA, and then click Properties.

  7. Click the Security tab, and then click Add.

  8. Click Object Types, click Computers, and then click OK.

  9. Type the computer account names of all cluster nodes, and click OK.

  10. In the Allow column, select the Full Control check box next to each cluster node, and click OK.

  11. In the console tree, click Enrollment Services.

  12. In the details pane, right-click the name of the source CA, and then click Properties.

  13. Click the Security tab, and then click Add.

  14. Click Object Types, click Computers, and then click OK.

  15. Type the computer account names of all cluster nodes, and click OK.

  16. In the Allow column, select the Full Control check box next to each cluster node, and click OK.

  17. In the console tree, click KRA.

  18. In the details pane, right-click the name of the source CA, then click Properties.

  19. Click the Security tab, and then click Add.

  20. Click Object Types, click Computers, and then click OK.

  21. Type the names of all cluster nodes, and click OK.

  22. In the Allow column, select the Full Control check box next to each cluster node, and click OK.

When the CA service was installed on the first cluster node, the Enrollment Services object was created and the DNS name of that cluster node was added to the dNSHostName attribute of the Enrollment Services object. Because the CA must operate on all cluster nodes, the value of the dNSHostName attribute of the Enrollment Services object must be the service name specified in step 6 of the procedure "To configure AD CS as a cluster resource."

If you are migrating to a clustered CA, complete the following procedure on the active cluster node. It is necessary to complete the procedure on only one cluster node.

  1. Log on to the active cluster node as a member of the Enterprise Admins group.

  2. Click Start, point to Run, type adsiedit.msc, and then click OK.

  3. In the console tree, click ADSI Edit.

  4. On the Action menu, click Connect to.

  5. In the list of well-known naming contexts, click Configuration, and click OK.

  6. In the console tree, expand Configuration, Services, and Public Key Services, and click Enrollment Services.

  7. In the details pane, right-click the name of the cluster CA, and click Properties.

  8. Click dNSHostName, and click Edit.

  9. Type the service name of the CA as displayed under Failover Cluster Management in the Failover Cluster Manager snap-in, and click OK.

  10. Click OK to save changes.

In a CA's default configuration, the server's short name is used as part of the CRL distribution point and authority information access locations.

When a CA is running on a failover cluster, the server's short name must be replaced with the cluster's short name in the CRL distribution point and authority information access locations. To publish the CRL in AD DS, the CRL distribution point container must be added manually.

ImportantImportant
The following procedures must be performed on the active cluster node.

  1. Log on to the active cluster node as a member of the local Administrators group.

  2. Click Start, click Run, type regedit, and then click OK.

  3. Locate the registry key \HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\CertSvc\Configuration.

  4. Click the name of the CA.

  5. In the right pane, double-click CRLPublicationURLs.

  6. In the second line, replace %2 with the service name specified in step 6 of the procedure "To configure AD CS as a cluster resource."

    TipTip
    The service name also appears in the Failover Cluster Management snap-in under Services and Applications.

  7. Restart the CA service.

  8. Open a command prompt, type certutil -CRL, and press ENTER.

    noteNote
    If a "Directory object not found" error message is displayed, complete the following procedure to create the CRL distribution point container in AD DS.

  1. At a command prompt, type cd %windir%\System32\CertSrv\CertEnroll, and press ENTER. The CRL file created by the certutil –CRL command should be located in this directory.

  2. To publish the CRL in AD DS, type certutil -f -dspublish "CRLFile.crl" and press ENTER.

After completing the procedures to migrate the CA, you should complete the procedures described in Verifying the Certification Authority Migration.

Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft