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Obtaining WSH Environment Information

Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Scripting Guide

The WScript object has a number of properties that provide information about the script host being used and the script being run. This metadata includes the information shown in Table 3.7.

Table 3.7 WSH Environment Properties

Property

Description

ScriptFullName

Full path of the currently running script (for example, C:\Scripts\Monitor.vbs).

ScriptName

File name of the currently running script (for example, Monitor.vbs).

Version

WSH version number (for example, 5.6).

Build

WSH build number. The full version number of Windows Script Host consists of the product release version number followed by the build version number. For example, if the Windows Script Host product release version number is 5.6, and the build version number is 6626, the full version number is 5.6.6626.

The build number is perhaps most useful if you are testing beta copies of WSH. Otherwise, the version number will typically suffice.

Name

Always returns Windows Script Host.

FullName

Full path to the script host (either Wscript.exe or CScript.exe).

Path

Full path to the folder where the script host is located. Does not include the file name (Wscript.exe or Cscript.exe).

This metadata can be extremely useful. For example, the version number can be used to verify that a computer has the correct version of WSH installed; if you have a script that requires WSH 5.6, the script can first check the version number and then terminate if Version is not 5.6. For example:



If Wscript.Version <> "5.6" Then
    Wscript.Echo "This script must be run under WSH 5.6."
    Wscript.Quit
End If

Likewise, you might have a script that makes extensive use of Wscript.Echo. In that case, you probably do not want to run the script under WScript; this can result in hundreds of message boxes that must be responded to. Consequently, your script might check to see which script host it is running under and then terminate if the host is not CScript.

You can determine the script host by using the FullName property and using the VBScript function Right to check the last 11 characters. (To ensure that the check is done correctly, you should also convert these 11 characters to uppercase using the UCase function.) If the last 11 characters equal WSCRIPT.EXE, the script is running under WScript. If the last 11 characters are CSCRIPT.EXE, the script is running under CScript.

Note

  • Why the last 11 characters? The value of ScriptFullName will vary depending on where WSH has been installed; it might be C:\Winnt\System32\CScript.exe, or it might be E:\Windows\System32\Wscript.exe. However, the last 11 characters in the path will always be either Wscript.exe or Cscript.exe.

For example, the following script snippet checks the script host and then displays a message and terminates if the host is WSCRIPT.EXE:



If UCase(Right(Wscript.FullName, 11)) = "WSCRIPT.EXE" Then
    Wscript.Echo "This script must be run under CScript."
    Wscript.Quit
End If

The script in Listing 3.14 displays the available WSH environment properties by retrieving them and echoing them to the screen.

Listing 3.14 Displaying Information About the WSH Environment

  
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Wscript.Echo "Script Full Name: " & Wscript.ScriptFullName
Wscript.Echo "Script Name: " & Wscript.ScriptName
Wscript.Echo "Version: " & WScript.Version
Wscript.Echo "Build: " & Wscript.BuildVersion
Wscript.Echo "Name: " & Wscript.Name
Wscript.Echo "Full Name: " & Wscript.FullName
Wscript.Echo "Path: " & Wscript.Path

The following is typical output from the script:



Script Full Name: C:\scripts\wsh_info.vbs
Script Name: wsh_info.vbs
Version: 5.6
Build: 6626
Name: Windows Script Host
Full Name: C:\WINDOWS\System32\CScript.exe
Path: C:\WINDOWS\System32

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