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Enable-ADOptionalFeature

Enable-ADOptionalFeature

Enables an Active Directory optional feature.

Syntax

Enable-ADOptionalFeature [-Identity] <ADOptionalFeature> [-Scope] {<Unknown> | <ForestOrConfigurationSet> | <Domain>} [-Target] <ADEntity> [-AuthType {<Negotiate> | <Basic>}] [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-PassThru <switch>] [-Server <string>] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [<CommonParameters>]
  • Identity

  • Scope

  • Target

  • AuthType

  • Credential

  • PassThru

  • Server

  • Confirm

  • WhatIf

Detailed Description

The Enable-ADOptionalFeature enables an Active Directory optional feature that is associated with a particular Domain mode or Forest mode. Active Directory optional features that depend on a specified domain mode or Forest mode must be explicitly enabled after the domain mode or forest mode is set.

The Identity parameter specifies the Active Directory optional feature that you want to enable. You can identify an optional feature by its distinguished name (DN), feature GUID, or object GUID. You can also set the parameter to an optional feature object variable, such as $<localOptionalFeatureObject> or you can pass an optional feature object through the pipeline to the Identity parameter. For example, you can use the Get-ADOptionalFeature cmdlet to retrieve an optional feature object and then pass the object through the pipeline to the Enable-ADOptionalFeature cmdlet.

The Scope parameter specifies the scope at which the optional feature will be enabled. Possible values for this parameter are Domain and Forest.

The Target parameter specifies the domain or forest on which the optional feature will be enabled. You can identify the domain or forest by its fully-qualified domain name (FQDN), NetBIOS name, or distinguished name (DN) of the domain naming context (domain NC).

Parameters

AuthType

Specifies the authentication method to use. Possible values for this parameter include:
Negotiate or 0
Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

The following example shows how to set this parameter to Basic.
-AuthType Basic

The following lists the acceptable values for this parameter:

  • Negotiate

  • Basic

Default Value: Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.AuthType.Negotiate

Data Type: ADAuthType

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Credential

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as "User1" or "Domain01\User01" or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object The following example shows how to create credentials.
$AdminCredentials = Get-Credential "Domain01\User01"

The following shows how to set the Credential parameter to these credentials.
-Credential $AdminCredentials

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory PowerShell returns a terminating error.

Default Value:

Data Type: PSCredential

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Identity

Specifies an Active Directory optional feature object by providing one of the following values. The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the attribute.

Fully qualified domain name
Example: corp.contoso.com
Feature GUID (featureGUID)
Example: 599c3d2e-f72d-4d20-8a88-030d99495f20
Object GUID (objectGUID)
Example: 482ab21c-823e-401e-879a-ac7383d64eb9

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If two or more objects are found, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an optional feature object instance.

This example shows how to set the parameter to a fully qualified domain name.
-Identity "corp.contoso.com"

This example shows how to set this parameter to an optional feature object instance named "optionalFeatureInstance".
-Identity $optionalFeatureInstance

Default Value:

Data Type: ADOptionalFeature

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue)

pipelineInput

Position?

1

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

PassThru

Returns the new or modified object. By default (i.e. if -PassThru is not specified), this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Default Value:

Data Type: switch

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Scope

Specifies the scope at which the feature is enabled or disabled. Possible values for this parameter include:
Domain or 0
Forest or 1

The following example shows how to set this parameter so that optional features are enabled or disabled within the scope of the forest.
-Scope Forest

The following lists the acceptable values for this parameter:

  • Unknown

  • ForestOrConfigurationSet

  • Domain

Default Value:

Data Type: ADOptionalFeatureScope

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

3

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Server

Specifies the Active Directory Domain Services instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Active Directory Domain Services or Active Directory Snapshot instance.
Domain name values:
Fully qualified domain name
Examples: corp.contoso.com
NetBIOS name
Example: CORP

Directory server values:
Fully qualified directory server name
Example: corp-DC12.corp.contoso.com
NetBIOS name
Example: corp-DC12
Fully qualified directory server name and port
Example: corp-DC12.corp.contoso.com:3268

The default value for the Server parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:
-By using Server value from objects passed through the pipeline.
-By using the server information associated with the Active Directory PowerShell provider drive, when running under that drive.
-By using the domain of the computer running Powershell.

The following example shows how to specify a full qualified domain name as the parameter value.
-Server "corp.contoso.com"

Default Value:

Data Type: string

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Target

Specifies the domain or forest in which to modify the optional feature. You can identify the target domain or forest by providing one of the following values:
Fully-qualified domain name of the forest or domain
Example: corp.Fabrikam.com
NetBIOS name of the forest or domain
Example: corp
You can also where Scope is set to domain (not forest), use the following:
Distinguished name of the domain naming context (domain NC)
Example: DC=corp,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com

The following example shows how to set this parameter using a DN to a domain NC when the scope of the command is set to domain level.
-Target "DC=corp,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com"

Default Value:

Data Type: ADEntity

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

4

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before executing the command.

Default Value:

Data Type: SwitchParameter

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

true

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

WhatIf

Describes what would happen if you executed the command without actually executing the command.

Default Value:

Data Type: SwitchParameter

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

true

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Input Type

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADOptionalFeature


An optional feature object is received by the Identity parameter.

Return Type

None

Notes


  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory Snapshot.
    This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.

    Recycle Bin Feature: Once the Active Directory Recycle Bin is enabled, all objects deleted before the Active Directory Recycle Bin was enabled (tombstone objects) become recycled objects. They are no longer visible in the Deleted Objects container and they cannot be recovered using Active Directory Recycle Bin. The only way to restore these objects is though an authoritative restore from an AD DS backup taken before the Active Directory Recycle Bin was enabled.


Examples

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 1 --------------------------

Command Prompt: C:\PS>
Enable-ADOptionalFeature 'Recycle Bin Feature' -Scope ForestOrConfigurationSet -Target 'fabrikam.com' -server dc1 
                           

Enable the optional feature 'Recycle Bin Feature' for the forest 'fabrikam.com'. This operation must be performed on the Domain Controller that holds the naming master FSMO role.

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 2 --------------------------

Command Prompt: C:\PS>
Enable-ADOptionalFeature 'Feature 1' -Scope ForestOrConfigurationSet -Target 'CN=Configuration,CN={0241853A-6BBF-48AA-8AE0-9C35D0C91B7B}' -server lds.fabrikam.com:50000

Enable the optional feature 'Recycle Bin Feature' for the AD LDS instance lds.fabrikam.com. This operation must be performed on the AD LDS instance that holds the naming master FSMO role.

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 3 --------------------------

Command Prompt: C:\PS>
 Set-ADObject -Identity "CN=Partitions,CN=Configuration,CN={4F971828-5BE4-4E94-B532-58F2BFB6A3A5}" -replace @{"msDS-Behavior-Version"=4}

Sets the ForestMode (Forest Functional Level) to Windows2008R2Forest on an AD LDS instance. The ForestMode must be Windows2008R2Forest or higher in order to enable the Recycle Bin Feature for AD LDS.

See Also

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