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Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject

Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject

Applies a fine-grained password policy to one more users and groups.

Syntax

Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject [-Identity] <ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy> [-Subjects] <ADPrincipal[]> [-AuthType {<Negotiate> | <Basic>}] [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Partition <string>] [-PassThru <switch>] [-Server <string>] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [<CommonParameters>]
  • Identity

  • Subjects

  • AuthType

  • Credential

  • Partition

  • PassThru

  • Server

  • Confirm

  • WhatIf

Detailed Description

The Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject cmdlet applies a fine-grained password policy to one or more global security groups and users.

The Identity parameter specifies the fine-grained password policy to apply. You can identify a fine-grained password policy by its distinguished name, GUID or name. You can also set the Identity parameter to a fine-grained password policy object variable, such as $<localPasswordPolicyObject>, or pass a fine-grained password policy object through the pipeline to the Identity parameter. For example, you can use the Get-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy cmdlet to get a fine-grained password policy object and then pass the object through the pipeline to the Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject cmdlet.

The Subjects parameter specifies the users and global security groups. You can identify a user or global security group by its distinguished name (DN), GUID, security identifier (SID) or Security Accounts Manager (SAM) account name. You can also specify user and global security group object variables, such as $<localUserObject>. If you are specifying more than one user or group, use a comma-separated list. To pass user and global security group objects through the pipeline to the Subjects parameter, use the Get-ADUser or the Get-ADGroup cmdlets to retrieve the user or group objects, and then pass these objects through the pipeline to the Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject cmdlet.

Parameters

AuthType

Specifies the authentication method to use. Possible values for this parameter include:
Negotiate or 0
Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

The following example shows how to set this parameter to Basic.
-AuthType Basic

The following lists the acceptable values for this parameter:

  • Negotiate

  • Basic

Default Value: Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.AuthType.Negotiate

Data Type: ADAuthType

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Credential

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as "User1" or "Domain01\User01" or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object The following example shows how to create credentials.
$AdminCredentials = Get-Credential "Domain01\User01"

The following shows how to set the Credential parameter to these credentials.
-Credential $AdminCredentials

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory PowerShell returns a terminating error.

Default Value:

Data Type: PSCredential

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Identity

Specifies an Active Directory fine-grained password policy object by providing one of the following property values. The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the attribute.

Distinguished Name (distinguishedName)
Example: CN=Strict Password Policy,CN=Password Settings Container,CN=System,DC=corp,DC=contoso,DC=com
GUID (objectGUID)
Example: 599c3d2e-f72d-4d20-8a88-030d99495f20
Name (name)
Example: PasswordPolicyLevel1

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If two or more objects are found, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to a fine-grained password policy object instance.

This example shows how to set the parameter to a distinguished name.
-Identity "CN=Strict Password Policy,CN=Password Settings Container,CN=System,DC=corp,DC=contoso,DC=com"

This example shows how to set this parameter to a fine-grained password policy object instance named "fineGrainedPasswordPolicyInstance".
-Identity $fineGrainedPasswordPolicyInstance

Default Value:

Data Type: ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

1

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Partition

Specifies the distinguished name of an Active Directory partition. The distinguished name must be one of the naming contexts on the current directory server. The cmdlet searches this partition to find the object defined by the Identity parameter.
The following two examples show how to specify a value for this parameter.
-Partition "CN=Configuration,DC=EUROPE,DC=TEST,DC=CONTOSO,DC=COM"

-Partition "CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=EUROPE,DC=TEST,DC=CONTOSO,DC=COM"

In many cases, a default value will be used for the Partition parameter if no value is specified. The rules for determining the default value are given below. Note that rules listed first are evaluated first and once a default value can be determined, no further rules will be evaluated.

In AD DS environments, a default value for Partition will be set in the following cases: - If the Identity parameter is set to a distinguished name, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from this distinguished name.
- If running cmdlets from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from the current path in the drive.
- If none of the previous cases apply, the default value of Partition will be set to the default partition or naming context of the target domain.

In AD LDS environments, a default value for Partition will be set in the following cases:
- If the Identity parameter is set to a distinguished name, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from this distinguished name.
- If running cmdlets from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from the current path in the drive.
- If the target AD LDS instance has a default naming context, the default value of Partition will be set to the default naming context. To specify a default naming context for an AD LDS environment, set the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory directory service agent (DSA) object (nTDSDSA) for the AD LDS instance.
- If none of the previous cases apply, the Partition parameter will not take any default value.

Default Value:

Data Type: string

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

PassThru

Returns the new or modified object. By default (i.e. if -PassThru is not specified), this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Default Value:

Data Type: switch

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Server

Specifies the Active Directory Domain Services instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Active Directory Domain Services or Active Directory Snapshot instance.
Domain name values:
Fully qualified domain name
Examples: corp.contoso.com
NetBIOS name
Example: CORP

Directory server values:
Fully qualified directory server name
Example: corp-DC12.corp.contoso.com
NetBIOS name
Example: corp-DC12
Fully qualified directory server name and port
Example: corp-DC12.corp.contoso.com:3268

The default value for the Server parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:
-By using Server value from objects passed through the pipeline.
-By using the server information associated with the Active Directory PowerShell provider drive, when running under that drive.
-By using the domain of the computer running Powershell.

The following example shows how to specify a full qualified domain name as the parameter value.
-Server "corp.contoso.com"

Default Value:

Data Type: string

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Subjects

Specifies one or more users or groups. To specify more than one user or group, use a comma-separated list. You can identify a user or group by one of the following property values.
Distinguished Name (DN)
Example: CN=SaraDavis,CN=Users,DC=corp,DC=contoso,DC=com
GUID (objectGUID)
Example: 599c3d2e-f72d-4d20-8a88-030d99495f20
Security Identifier (objectSid)
Example: S-1-5-21-3165297888-301567370-576410423-1103
SAM Account Name (sAMAccountName)
Example: saradavis

Note: The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the attribute.

You can also provide objects to this parameter directly.

The following example shows how to set this parameter to a list of users and groups by using a distinguished name and SAM account names.
-Subjects "CN=SaraDavis, CN=Users,DC=corp,DC=contoso,DC=com","donhall","saradavisreports"

Default Value:

Data Type: ADPrincipal[]

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

true

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue)

pipelineInput

Position?

2

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

true

required

Variable Length?

true

variableLength

Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before executing the command.

Default Value:

Data Type: SwitchParameter

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

true

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

WhatIf

Describes what would happen if you executed the command without actually executing the command.

Default Value:

Data Type: SwitchParameter

Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

true

variableLength

Accept wildcard characters?

false

globbing

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

pipelineInput

Position?

named

position

Value Attributes

Name Value PSMAML Attribute

Required?

false

required

Variable Length?

false

variableLength

Input Type

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy, Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADPrincipal


A fine-grained password policy object is received by the Identity parameter. One or more principal objects that represent users and security group objects are received by the Subjects parameter. Derived principal types, such as the following are also accepted by the Subjects parameter:
Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADGroup
Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser

Return Type

None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy


Returns the modified fine-grained password policy object when the PassThru parameter is specified. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Notes


  • This cmdlet does not work with AD LDS.
    This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.
    This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory Snapshot.


Examples

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 1 --------------------------

Command Prompt: C:\PS>
Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject DomainUsersPSO -Subjects 'Domain Users'


                          

Apply the Fine-Grained Password Policy named DomainUsersPSO to a Global Security Group 'Domain Users'.

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 2 --------------------------

Command Prompt: C:\PS>
Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject DlgtdAdminsPSO -Subjects BobKe,KimAb


                          

Apply the Fine-Grained Password Policy named DlgtdAdminsPSO to two users, with SamAccountNames BobKe and KimAb.

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 3 --------------------------

Command Prompt: C:\PS>
Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject DlgtdAdminsPSO -Subjects DlgtdAdminGroup

Apply the Fine-Grained Password Policy named DlgtdAdminsPSO to the group DlgtdAdminGroup.

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 4 --------------------------

Command Prompt: C:\PS>
Get-ADGroup -Filter {lastname -eq "John"} | Add-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicySubject DlgtdAdminsPSO

Apply the Fine-Grained Password Policy named DlgtdAdminsPSO to any users whose last names is John.

See Also

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