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Start or stop a service (SharePoint 2013)

Published: October 16, 2012

Summary: Learn how to start and stop a service in SharePoint 2013.

Applies to:  SharePoint Server 2013 | SharePoint Foundation 2013 

SharePoint 2013 includes services that reside on individual servers in the farm. In some cases, you can configure global service settings and start or stop a service. Services are managed directly in Central Administration instead of through a separate administration site. You can also remotely monitor and manage services. Additionally, you can manage services by using Windows PowerShell 3.0.

For more information about services and service applications, see About service applications and services in SharePoint 2013.

Before you begin

note Note:

Because SharePoint 2013 runs as websites in Internet Information Services (IIS), administrators and users depend on the accessibility features that browsers provide. SharePoint 2013 supports the accessibility features of supported browsers. For more information, see the following resources:

Starting or stopping a service

You can manage services by using the SharePoint Central Administration website or by using Windows PowerShell 3.0.

To start or stop a service by using Central Administration

  1. Confirm that the user account that is performing this procedure is a member of the Farm Administrators SharePoint group.

  2. On the the SharePoint Central Administration website, click System Settings.

  3. On the System Settings page, in the Servers section, click Manage services on server.

  4. To change the server on which you want to start or stop the service, on the Server menu, click Change Server, and then click the server name that you want.

  5. By default, only configurable services are displayed. To view all services, on the View menu, click All.

  6. To start or stop a service, click Start or Stop in the Action column of the relevant service.

  7. Click OK to start or stop the service.

To start a service by using Windows PowerShell

  1. Verify that you have the following memberships:

    • securityadmin fixed server role on the SQL Server instance.

    • db_owner fixed database role on all databases that are to be updated.

    • Administrators group on the server on which you are running the Windows PowerShell cmdlets.

    An administrator can use the Add-SPShellAdmin cmdlet to grant permissions to use SharePoint 2013 cmdlets.

    note Note:

    If you do not have permissions, contact your Setup administrator or SQL Server administrator to request permissions. For additional information about Windows PowerShell permissions, see Add-SPShellAdmin.

  2. Start the SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

    • For Windows Server 2008 R2:

      • On the Start menu, click All Programs, click Microsoft SharePoint 2013 Products, and then click SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

    • For Windows Server 2012:

      • On the Start screen, click SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

        If SharePoint 2013 Management Shell is not on the Start screen:

      • Right-click Computer, click All apps, and then click SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

    For more information about how to interact with Windows Server 2012, see Common Management Tasks and Navigation in Windows Server 2012.

  3. At the Windows PowerShell command prompt, type the following command:

    Start-SPServiceInstance -Identity <ServiceGUID>
    

    Where <ServiceGUID> is the GUID of the service. If you do not know the service GUID, you can retrieve a list of all services in the farm together with their GUIDs by using the Get-SPServiceInstance cmdlet.

For more information, see Start-SPServiceInstance.

To stop a service by using Windows PowerShell

  1. Start the SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

    • For Windows Server 2008 R2:

      • On the Start menu, click All Programs, click Microsoft SharePoint 2013 Products, and then click SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

    • For Windows Server 2012:

      • On the Start screen, click SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

        If SharePoint 2013 Management Shell is not on the Start screen:

      • Right-click Computer, click All apps, and then click SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

    For more information about how to interact with Windows Server 2012, see Common Management Tasks and Navigation in Windows Server 2012.

  2. At the Windows PowerShell command prompt, type the following command:

    Stop-SPServiceInstance -Identity <ServiceGUID>
    

    Where <ServiceGUID> is the GUID of the service. If you do not know the service GUID, you can retrieve a list of all services in the farm together with their GUIDs by using the Get-SPServiceInstance cmdlet.

For more information, see Stop-SPServiceInstance.

note Note:

We recommend that you use Windows PowerShell when performing command-line administrative tasks. The Stsadm command-line tool has been deprecated, but is included to support compatibility with previous product versions.

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