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Windows PowerShell commands (SharePoint Server 2010)

SharePoint 2010
 

Applies to: SharePoint Server 2010, SharePoint Foundation 2010

Topic Last Modified: 2010-09-02

This article discusses the Windows PowerShell cmdlets that are needed to install Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 on a stand-alone server or on a server farm.

In this article:

For information about the commands and syntax that are used in scripted deployment of a SharePoint Server 2010 farm, see Scripted deployment reference (SharePoint Server 2010).

In SharePoint Server 2010, you can use Windows PowerShell cmdlets as an alternative interface to perform several operations that control how the SharePoint products are configured. Additionally, you can streamline deployment by using command-line installations in combination with other administrator tools to automate unattended installations.

You can run the Windows PowerShell cmdlets in the SharePoint 2010 Management Shell, or you can add the snap-in that contains the cmdlets. By using a management shell, you can eliminate the step to register the snap-in that contains the cmdlets by using the Add-PSSnapin cmdlet. For more information about how to use Windows PowerShell with Microsoft SharePoint 2010 Products, see SharePoint 2010 Products administration by using Windows PowerShell.

To use the cmdlets, verify that you meet the following minimum requirements: See Add-SPShellAdmin. For information about how to add a user to the SharePoint_Shell_Access role for the specified database, see Add-SPShellAdmin.

noteNote
When you create a new farm or join a server to a farm for the first time, ignore the following error message that appears: "The local farm is not accessible. Cmdlets with FeatureDependencyId are not registered."

The cmdlets must be run in a specific order to run successfully. If you use SharePoint Products Configuration Wizard to configure the installation, it calls the commands (also known as configuration tasks) in the correct order for you. However, if you use cmdlets, you must ensure that you are performing the tasks in the correct order. The Windows PowerShell cmdlets must be performed in the following order:

  1. New-SPConfigurationDatabase

  2. Install-SPHelpCollection

  3. Initialize-SPResourceSecurity

  4. Install-SPService

  5. Install-SPFeature

  6. New-SPCentralAdministration

  7. Install-SPApplicationContent

noteNote
Use a fresh Windows PowerShell process to perform operations on a new farm. For example, when you add a server to a new farm that was in a different farm, restart the Windows PowerShell process before you add the server to the new farm.

You can use the following Windows PowerShell cmdlets to install and configure SharePoint Server 2010.

 

Windows PowerShell cmdlet Description

New-SPConfigurationDatabase

Creates a new configuration database on the specified database server. This is the central database for a new SharePoint farm. This command also creates the administration content database.

Install-SPHelpCollection

Installs the Help site collection files for SharePoint 2010 Products in the current farm. You must specify the All parameter to install all Help Collection CABs under %Program Files%\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\HCCab\<LCID> in the Help site collection.

Initialize-SPResourceSecurity

Enforces resource security on the local server. This cmdlet enforces security for all resources, including files, folders, and registry keys.

Install-SPService

Installs and optionally provisions services on a farm. This cmdlet installs all services, service instances, and service proxies that are specified in the registry on the local server computer.

Install-SPFeature

Installs a specific SharePoint feature by using the Feature.xml file. When you create a new farm, you must specify the AllExistingFeatures parameter to install all available features.

New-SPCentralAdministration

Creates a new Central Administration Web application and starts the central administration service on the local computer. Central Administration is available only on computers where this service runs.

Install-SPApplicationContent

Copies shared application data to existing Web application folders.

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