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Using the RollAlternateserviceAccountPassword.ps1 Script in the Shell

Exchange 2010
 

Applies to: Exchange Server 2010 SP3, Exchange Server 2010 SP2

Topic Last Modified: 2012-07-23

You can use the RollAlternateServiceAccountPassword.ps1 script in Exchange Server 2010 Service Pack 1 (SP1) to update an alternate service account credential (ASA credential) and distribute the update to specified Client Access servers.

noteNote:
The Exchange Management Shell doesn't load scripts automatically. You must precede all scripts with ".\" For example, to run the RollAlternateServiceAccountPassword.ps1 script, type .\RollAlternateServiceAccountPassword.ps1.
noteNote:
This script is provided in English only.

For more information about how to use Kerberos authentication with a Client Access server array or load-balancing solution, see Using Kerberos with a Client Access Server Array or a Load-Balancing Solution and Configuring Kerberos Authentication for Load-Balanced Client Access Servers.

For more information about how to use and write scripts, see Scripting with the Exchange Management Shell.


RollAlternateServiceAccountPassword.ps1 -Scope <Object> -Identity <Object> -Source <Object> -

You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure. To see what permissions you need, see the "Client Access Security" entry in the Client Access Permissions topic.

This script facilitates setup and maintenance of the ASA credential. After you've created the ASA credential and set the appropriate Service Principle Names, you can use the script to distribute the credential to all targeted Client Access servers.

To use the script, you must identify which servers you want to target and which credential you want to use as your ASA credential.

You can choose to have the script target all the Client Access servers in the forest, all members of a particular Client Access server array, or specific servers. The available parameters are ToEntireForest, ToArraryMembers, and ToSpecificServers. If you target the script to specific servers or to members of a specific server array, the Identity parameter must be specified with the servers or server array names you want to target.

The script can copy the alternate service account password from an existing server. Or, you can specify the account you want to use and let the script generate a new password for the account. The available parameters are GenerateNewPasswordFor and CopyFrom. The GenerateNewPasswordFor parameter requires that you specify an account string in the following format: DOMAIN\Account Name. If you're using a computer account, you must append "$" at the end of the account name, for example CONTOSO\ClientServerAcct$. The CopyFrom parameter takes the name of an existing Client Access server as the credential source.

The password is created by the script. No user input is required. The script will try to distribute the password to all target computers, and will then try to update the Active Directory account credential with the newly-generated password.

The newly-generated password is 73 characters long and will satisfy standard strong password requirements. If your password requirements differ, you may need to set the password manually and then copy it to the target servers.

To prevent service interruption, the script examines each Client Access server and maintains the current password in addition to adding the new password. After the script has run, the shared ASA credential will be able to use either of 2 passwords: the current password as stored in Active Directory or the new password that hasn't yet been set in Active Directory.

All passwords that are no longer valid, such as an expired password, will be removed from the destination servers. If the password in Active Directory can't be changed, perhaps because the password has expired, the script will attempt a password reset. This will require the account running the script to have permissions to reset either Active Directory computer account passwords or user account passwords, depending on whether your alternate service account is a computer account or a user account.

If the passwords aren't changed successfully for all target Client Access servers, updating the Active Directory password can cause an authentication failure. If the script is run in unattended mode, it won't update the Active Directory password with the new password unless all target Client Access servers have been updated successfully. If the script is run in attended mode, you will be asked whether you want to update the password in Active Directory.

If you want the script to create a scheduled task to maintain the password on an ongoing basis, use the CreateScheduledTask parameter. This parameter requires a string for the name of the task you want to create.

noteNote:
Run the script and verify that it works correctly in attended mode before you create the unattended scheduled task.

The script creates a .cmd file in the folder where the script is located. It then creates a task to run that .cmd file every three weeks. You can use Windows Task Scheduler to modify the scheduled task, for example, to set it to run more or less often. By default, the task will run as the currently logged-on user. In addition, the script will only run when the user is logged on to the computer. We recommend that you modify the scheduled task to run whether the user is logged on or not. You can also choose to run it under a different account, if that account has Active Directory permissions to reset passwords as well as the Exchange Enterprise Administrator role. When creating a scheduled task, the script will automatically run in unattended mode.

The script won't manage the SPNs of the ASA credential or allow you to remove an alternate service account from a server. To remove an alternate service account from a server, use the Set-ClientAccessServer cmdlet. If you have to remove Kerberos authentication, see Using Kerberos with a Client Access Server Array or a Load-Balancing Solution.

We recommend that you run the script and verify that it works correctly in attended mode before you create the unattended scheduled task. For troubleshooting information, see Troubleshooting the RollAlternateServiceAccountCredential.ps1 Script.

The output of the script when you run it interactively with the -verbose flag should indicate what script operations were successful. To confirm that the Client Access servers were updated, you can verify the last modified time stamp on the ASA credential. The following example generates a list of Client Access servers and the last time the alternate service account was updated.

Get-ClientAccessServer -IncludeAlternateServiceAccountCredentialstatus |Fl Name, AlternateServiceAccountConfiguration

You can also examine the event log on the computer on which the script is run. The event log entries for the script are in the Application Event log and are from the source MSExchange Management Application. The following table lists the events that are logged and what the events mean.

Script Event IDs and their explanations

Event Explanation

14001

Start

14002

Success (information)

14003

Successful but with Warnings.

The script encountered some issues but was able to overcome them, or user input confirmed they weren't necessary. If the script is running in interactive mode, read the script output for further warning details.

14004

Failed

If the script runs as a scheduled task, its results are logged to the Exchange server Logging folder in a subfolder called RollAlternateServiceAccountPassword.

You can use the log to confirm that the task has been running successfully.

 

Parameter Required Description

ToEntireForest

Optional

The ToEntireForest parameter targets the script to all Client Access servers in the forest.

ToArrayMembers

Optional

The ToArrayMembers parameter targets the script to all members of a specific Client Access server array.

noteNote:
If you're using the ToArrayMembers parameter or the ToSpecificServers parameter, you must specify the server names or the server array names using the Identity parameter.

ToSpecificServers

Optional

The ToSpecificServers parameter targets the script to specific servers.

noteNote:
If you're using the ToArrayMembers parameter or the ToSpecificServers parameter, you must specify the server names or the server array names using the Identity parameter.

Identity

Required

The Identity parameter specifies name of the Client Access server array or the names of the specific servers that you're targeting.

GenerateNewPasswordFor<String>

Optional

The GenerateNewPasswordFor parameter specifies that the script should generate a new password for the ASA. The string value must be the ASA account in the following format: DOMAIN\Account Name. If you're using a computer account, you must append the $ character at the end of the account name.

CopyFrom<String>

Optional

The CopyFrom parameter specifies that the credential is copied from another Client Access server. The string value specified is the name of the Client Access server.

Mode

Optional

The Mode switch specifies whether the script runs in attended or unattended mode. Unattended mode doesn't prompt for user input and automatically chooses more conservative options, when necessary.

CreateScheduledTask<String>

Optional

The CreateScheduledTask parameter tells the script to create a scheduled task to perform the ASA credential update. The string value is the name of the scheduled task that will be created.

noteNote:
This script creates a .cmd file in the folder where the script is located. The scheduled task will run the .cmd file once every three weeks. You can edit the task directly in Windows Task Scheduler to change the frequency of the task.

WhatIf

Optional

The WhatIf switch instructs the command to simulate the actions that it would take on the object. By using the WhatIf switch, you can view what changes would occur without having to apply any of those changes. You don't have to specify a value with the WhatIf switch.

Confirm

Optional

The Confirm switch causes the command to pause processing and requires you to acknowledge what the command will do before processing continues. You don't have to specify a value with the Confirm switch.

Verbose

Optional

The Verbose parameter tells the script to perform verbose logging, so that additional information about the script's actions is written to the log file.

Debug

Optional

The Debug parameter tells the script to run in debugging mode. This parameter should be used to determine why the script fails.

This example uses the script to push the credential to all Client Access servers in the forest for first-time setup.

.\RollAlternateserviceAccountPassword.ps1 -ToEntireForest -GenerateNewPasswordFor "Contoso\ComputerAccount$" -Verbose

This example generates a new password for a user account ASA credential and distributes the password to all members of Client Access server arrays where the name matches *mailbox*.

.\RollAlternateserviceAccountPassword.ps1 -ToArrayMembers *mailbox* -GenerateNewPasswordFor "Contoso\UserAccount" -Verbose

This example schedules a once-a-month automated password roll scheduled task called “Exchange-RollAsa”. It will update the ASA credential for all Client Access servers in the entire forest with a new, script-generated password. The scheduled task is created, but the script is not run. When the scheduled task is run, the script runs in unattended mode.

.\RollAlternateServiceAccountPassword.ps1 -CreateScheduledTask "Exchange-RollAsa" -ToEntireForest -GenerateNewPasswordFor 'contoso\computerAccount$'

This example updates the ASA credential for all Client Access servers in the Client Access server array named CAS01. It obtains the credential from the Active Directory computer account ServiceAc1 in the domain Contoso.

.\RollAlternateserviceAccountPassword.ps1 -ToArrayMembers "CAS01" -GenerateNewPasswordFor "CONTOSO\ServiceAc1$" 

This example shows how you can use the script to distribute the ASA to a new computer or to a computer that's being put back into service either because you're increasing the size of your server array or because you're re-introducing array members after maintenance.

You must update the ASA credential before the Client Access server receives traffic. Copy the shared ASA credential from any Client Access server that's already configured correctly. For example, if Server A currently has a working ASA credential and you’ve just added Server B to the array, you can use the script to copy the credential (including the password) from Server A to Server B. This is useful if Server B was down or not yet a member of the array when the password was rolled the last time.

.\RollAlternateServiceAccountPassword.ps1 -CopyFrom ServerA -ToSpecificServers ServerB -Verbose
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